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temple. The excavations undertaken by K. O. Müller under the cella of the Pythian temple were interrupted by his death. In Peloponnesus, too, various interesting remains have been found. The article in the Staatszeitung concludes with the remark, that at no long period from this time the museums of Greece will bear a comparison with the richest in Europe, since most of the discoveries made hitherto were merely accidental, and the places of Greece which are the most important in a religious point of view, have not yet been touched upon, or at least, only very cursorily.


GÖTTINGEN.—The university of that place has suffered very severe losses during the last few years. The political disturbances, after the accession of the present King of Hanover, caused the well-known withdrawal of the seven professors, Albrecht, Dahlmann, the brothers Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm, Weber, Ewald, and Gervinus. Death too has made great havoc among the professors, and has deprived the university of some of its greatest ornaments, as Pott, Göschen, Blumenbach, Himly, Schrader, Reuss, Heeren, Dissen, Artaud, K. O. Müller, Trefurt, and Herbart. The vacancies which have thus been produced among the teachers, and which it has been impossible to fill up, were naturally followed by a decrease in the number of students, and while in 1837 their number amounted to 909, it was reduced in the winter 1838-9 to 656, and in the summer of 1839 to 664. Subsequently, however, the number increased again. In the winter of 1839-40 the number of students amounted to 675, in the summer of 1840 to 693; in the winter of 1840-1 to 704; in the summer of 1841 to 703; in the winter of 1841-2 to 728; in the summer of 1842 to 728, and in the last winter, 1842-3 to 691. For this last half year the courses of lectures announced were 199, to be delivered by 95 professors. Much care also has lately been spent upon the institutions connected with the university, and the great activity among the young professors who have been appointed, justify the hope that the university of Göttingen will soon recover its former position among the German universities.

i We beg to tender our most cordial thanks to some of the members of our own Universities, especially Cambridge, Dublin, and Durham, for the kindness

with which they have complied with our request to furnish us with intelligence respecting the Universities.

BRESLAU.-In the summer of 1841 this university had 612 students, and in the winter following 639. In the summer of 1842 their number amounted to 669, the last winter to 676, of whom 193 studied Roman Catholic theology, 108 Protestant theology, 123 jurisprudence, 114 medicine, and 138 philosophy. The number of professors is 39 ordinary and 10 extraordinary professors, 26 privatdocenten and 11 other teachers.

GREIFSWALD.-In the winter of 1841-2 this university had 191, and in the summer following 226 students.

JENA.-In the winter of 1841-2 the number of students amounted to 414, among whom 106. were studying theology, 149 jurisprudence, 83 medicine, and 76 philosophy. In the summer of 1842 their number amounted to 429. Of the 423 who attended lectures during the last winter, 1842-3, 110 were studying theology, 155 jurisprudence, 63 medicine, and 95 philosophy. Professor Göttling of this university had been invited to come to Göttingen as the successor of K. O. Müller, but he declined the offer. The place was subsequently offered to, and accepted by, Professor K. F. Hermann of Marburg.

and winter connected with faculty.

WÜRZBURG.-During the last winter, 1842-3, the number of students amounted to 512, and thirty-nine professors had announced their courses of lectures, 4 in the theological, 6 in the juristical, 15 in the medical, and 11 in the philosophical faculty. Four professors also lectured on subjects connected with political economy. During the summer and winter of 1841 and 1842: upwards of 6000 florins were spent upon the increase of the university library; the ordinary sum destined to be expended for that purpose every year is about 3500 forins. Professor von Lasaulx, who is chiefly engaged upon investigations concerning the religious institutions of the ancients, has recentdy published four very interesting dissertations, in which he brings the religion of Greece into connexion with the Christian religion. 1. Abhandlung über den Sinn der Oedipussage, Würzburg, 1841. 4to. 2. Die Sühnopfer der Griechen und Römer und ihr Verhältniss zu dem einen auf Golgatha, Würzburg, 1841. 4to. 3. Abhandlung über die Gebete der Griechen und Römer, Würzburg, 1842. 4to. 4. Abhandlung über die Linosklage, Würzburg, 1842. 4to. An abstract of them is given in Jahn and Klotz's Neue Jahrbücher für Philologie und Paedagogik, Vol. xxxvII. p. 232, foll.


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WORKS RECENTLY PUBLISHED IN ENGLAND. Boeckh, Public Economy of Athens. Translated from the German,

by G. C. Lewis, Esq. M. A. second edition. London, J. W. Parker,

1842. 1 vol. 8vo. Demosthenes, Speeches against Aphobus and Onetor; translated, with

notes explanatory of the Athenian Laws and Institutions, by C. R.

Kennedy, M. A. London, J. W. Parker, 1842. 1 vol. 8vo.. Donaldson, The New Cratylus, or Contributions towards a more ac

curate knowledge of the Greek Language. London, J. W. Parker.

I vol. 8vo. Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities. Edited by Dr. William

Smith. London, Taylor and Walton, 1842. 1 vol. 8vo. Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. Edited

by Dr. William Smith. London, Taylor and Walton, Parts I. and II. Lays of Ancient Rome, by the Right Hon. T. Babington Macaulay.

Third edition. London, Longman, 1843. 8vo. Linwood, A Lexicon to Æschylus, containing a critical explanation of

the more difficult passages in the Seven Tragedies. London, Taylor

and Walton 1843. 1 vol. 8vo. Niebuhr, History of Rome, Vol. III. translated by W. Smith, Ph. D.

and L. Schmitz, Ph. D. London, Taylor and Walton, 1842. 8vo. Orion, an epic poem, in three books, by R. H. Horne. London,

Millar, 1843. 8vo. Pindar, Epinician Odes, and the Fragments of his lost compositions. · Revised and explained by J. W. Donaldson, M. A. London, J. W.

Parker. 1 vol. 8vo. Travels and Researches in Asia Minor, Mesopotamia, Chaldea, and

Armenia, by W. F. Ainsworth. London, Parker. 2 vols. 1842. Wyttenbach, The Stranger's Guide to the Roman Antiquities of the

City of Treves. Translated from the German, by Dawson Turner,

Esq. London, J. W. Parker. 1 vol. 8vo. What is the power of the Greek Article, and how may it be explained in the English version of the New Testament? by John Taylor. London, Taylor and Walton, 1842. 1 vol. 8vo.


Alexandri Aphrodisiensis Quæstionum Naturalium et Moralium ad

Aristotelis Philosophiam illustrandam libri quatuor, ex recens. L. Spengel. 8vo. Monachii, 1842. Aristotelis Opera omnia quæ extant, uno volumine comprehensa.

Edidit C. H. Weise. Lipsiæ, 1843. 1 vol. 4to. Becker, De Romæ Veteris Muris atque Portis. 8vo. Lipsiæ. Casauboni Animadversionum in Athenæi Deipnosophistas, libri xv.

Editio nova. Lipsiæ. 8vo. Commentaria Doctorum Hominum in Plutarchi vitas parallelas. Edidit

atque indices necessarios adjecit Dr. C. H. Frotscher. Vol. I. Demosthenes et Cicero. Lips. 8vo.

Dionis Cassii Cocceiani Historiarum Romanarum quæ supersunt.

ed. F. G. Sturz. Vol. IX. Lips. 8vo. (contains the fragments dis

covered by A. Mai). Grotefend, Zur Geographie und Geschichte von Alt-Italien. Fünftes · Heft. Nomenclatur der Völker Alt-Italiens. Hanover, 8vo. Handwörterbuch der Griechischen Sprache begründet, von F. Passow.

Neu bearbeitet von Dr. Rost und Palm. Vol. I. from A to A.

Leipzig. 8vo. Handwörterbuch der Griechischen Sprache in drei Bänden, von Dr.

W. Pape. Vol. I. A-K, Vol. II. Part I. A laideuw. Vol. III.

contains the Greek Proper Names. Braunschweig. 8vo. Hertz, De Luciis Cinciis, Cinciorum Fragmenta. Berlin. 8vo. Van Heusde, Studia critica in C. Lucilium Poetam. Traject. ad

Rhen. 8vo. Longi Pastoralia, Græce et Latine. Græca ad optimorum librorum

fidem emendavit, ad notationes priorum editorum selectas ineditas

Brunckii, Schaeferi, Boissonadii et suas adjecit E. E. Seiler. · Lipsiæ. 8vo. Mützell, De translationum quæ vocantur apud Curtium usu commen

tatio. Insunt veterum grammaticorum de translatione aliisque tropis

præcepta. Berlin, 4to. Observationes Criticæ in Platonis Comici reliquias. Scripsit C. G.

Cobet. Amstelodami. 8vo. Oratores Attici. Recognoverunt J. G. Baiterus et H. Sauppius.

Fasc. V. Demosthenis Orationes, XXII-XLIV. 4to. Zürich. Paraphrasis, incerti auctoris, Aristotelis sophistarum elenchorum. Ex

codice Monachensi edidit L. Spengel. 8vo. Monachii, 1842. Poetæ Lyrici Græci. Edidit Theodorus Bergk. Lipsiæ, 1843. 8vo. Ptolemæi, Claudii, Geographiæ libri octo. Græce et Latine. Edide

runt Dr. F. G. Wilberg et C. H. F. Grashof. Fasc. IV. 4to. Essen. Rosenthal, Vollständige Uebersicht der Geschichte der Baukunst, von

ihrem Ursprunge an his auf die neueste Zeit. II. Theil. die Griechen

und Römer. Berlin. 8vo. Schmidt (Dr. W. Ad.), Forschungen auf dem Gebiete des Alter

thums. Erster Theil. Die Griechischen Papyrusurkunden der Bib

liothek zu Berlin entziffert und erlaütert. Berlin. 8vo. Schneider (Dr. Otto), De censione hastaria veterum Romanorum con

jectura. . Berlin. 8vo. Schuch, Privatalterthümer oder wissenschaftliches, religiöses und haüs

liches Leben der Römer. Karlsruhe. 8vo. Scriptores Poeticæ Historiæ Græci. Edidit. A. Westermann. Braun

schweig. 8vo. Sextus Empiricus ex recensione Immanuelis Bekkeri. Berlin.

1842. 8vo. Sexti Empirici Opera. Graece et Latine. Pyrrhoniarum Institutionum

libri 111., cum H. Stephani versione et notis edidit Dr. J. A. Fabri

cius. 11. Tomi. Lips. 8vo. Theophrasti Opera quæ supersunt omnia, edidit cum apparatu critico,

F. Wimmer. Tom. I. Historia Plantarum. Vratislaviæ. Thucydides, De Bello Peloponnesiaco libri vii. Ad optimorum libro

rum fidem editos explanavit E. F. Poppo. Vol. I. Sect. 1. (contain

ing Book I). Gotha. 1843. 8vo. Zeiss (Dr. G.), Römische Alterthumskunde, in drei Perioden bearbeitet.

Jena. 8vo.

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[NOTE.—The following discussion was drawn up, in ignorance that

several dissertations on the subject had already appeared in Germany, to which the present writer has not had access. Although it is much to be desired that the question should be further reviewed by one who has considered all that has been urged on both sides, this appears not to be a sufficient reason for suppressing a train of argument, which, however incomplete, rests on its own basis.] In the celebrated oration of Demosthenes which concludes, for us, his public career, we find a singularly large number of documents which appear at first sight very valuable. In all the other orations we are generally tantalized by naked words such as yuploua, Nópos, Máprupes, ʼETLOTONń, &c.; and such, indeed, is the case towards the end of this speech likewise. At first, twentyseven times in succession the records are present, and then seven times their places are vacant. It is useless to speculate on the causes of their sudden disappearance after so regular an appearance: yet we may seem justified in inferring, that it is not by any care of Demosthenes personally, that these twenty-seven have been preserved. For it is reasonable to believe that he could have secured copies of the last seven with equal ease: and we find nothing in their subject that would allow us to suppose that its inferior importance occasioned the omission of the documents. If he had himself embodied them in his speech, there is no reason why they should have been lost, more than any substantive part of the speech itself. The non-appearance of the last seven has, therefore, some effect in lowering the external evidence of the extant twenty-seven, as denoting that they have been inserted by a later hand.

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