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Long since.

By thee how fairly is the giver now
Repaid ? But gratitude in thee is lost

Wert thou so void of fear or Thame, As offer them to me the son of God,

190 To me my own, on such abhorred pact, That I fall down and worship thee as God? Get thee behind me; plain thou now appear'st That evil one, Satan for ever damn'd.

To whom the Fiend with fear abash'd reply'd. Be not fo fore offended, Son of God,

196 Though fons of God both Angels are and Men, If I to try whether in higher sort Than these thou bear'st that title, have propos'd What both from Men and Angels I receive,

200 Tetrachs of fire, , air, flood, and on the earth Nations besides from all the quarter'd winds, God of this world invok'd and world beneath;


19.1. To me my own,] The right, whose fon he is; and being like which the Demon pretends to, him, it necessarily follows, that he over the kingdoms of the world, is lord and king. S. Athanas. Or. is by gift; but Christ clames them 3. contra Arianos. Op. Vol. 1. p. as his own by nature, and by vir- 387. Edit. Col. Calton. tue of his Sonship. 'Tic jeep we 191. abhorred pact,] He uses τα Θερ, ομοιος αυτε αν con joves the word pact, as it is the techni. δε ων, πανίως εςι και κυρεος και βα- cal term for the contracts of forceσιλευς. . For being the son of God, rers with the Devil. Warburton. he muft of course be like him

203. God

Who then thou art; whose coming is foretold
To me so fatal, me it most concerns.

The trial hath indamag'd thee no way,
Rather more honor left and more esteem;
Me nought advantag'd, missing what I aim'd.
Therefore let pass, as they are transitory,
The kingdoms of this world; I shall no more 210
Advise thee; gain them as thou canst, or not.
And thou thyself seem'st otherwise inclin'd
Than to a worldly crown, addicted more
To contemplation and profound dispute,
As by that early action may

be judg'd, 215 When flipping from thy mother's eye thou went'st Alone into the temple; there wast found Among the gravest Rabbies disputant On points and questions fitting Moses chair, 219 Teaching not taught; the childhood Mows the man,


203. God of this world invok'd]

217. there was found] In Milton pursues the same notion, Milton's own edition and in most which he had adopted in his Pa- of the following ones it was printradise Lost, of the Gods of the ed by mistake was found; but the Gentiles being the fallen Angels, fyntax plainly requires wafi, as and he is supported in it by the au there is thou wents in the verse thority of the primitive fathers, preceding. who are very unanimous in accusing 219. - fitting Mofes chair, ] the Heathens of worshipping De- Mofes chair was the chair, in which vils for Deities, Thyer. the doctors sitting expounded the


M 2

As morning shows the day. Be famous then
By wisdom ; as thy empire must extend,
So let extend thy mind o'er all the world
În knowledge, all things in it comprehend:
All knowledge is not couch'd in Moses law, 225
The Pentateuch, or what the Prophets wrote;
The Gentiles also know, and write, and teach
To admiration, led by nature's light;
And with the Gentiles much thou must converse,

Ruling law either publicly to the people, in more delusive colors, nor were or privately to their disciples. The they ever answer'd with more foScribes and Pharisees fit in Moses lidity of thought or acuteness of chair, et Tys Mwoiws xaleofas Mat. reasoning. Thyer. XXIII. 2.

230. Ruling them by perfuafion as Be famous then thou mean't ; ] Alluding to By wisdom ;] We are now come those charming lines I. 221. to the last temptation properly so

Yet held it more humane, more call'd ; and it is worth the reader's while to observe how well Saran

heav'nly first

By winning words to conquer has pursued the scheme which he had proposed in council. II. 225.

willing hearts,

And make persuasion do the Therefore with manlier objects work of fear, we must try

But Satan did not hear this ; it. His conftancy, with such have more show

was part of our Saviour's self-conOf worth, of honor, glory, and

verse and private meditation. popular praife.

236. this specular mount] This The gradaticn also in the several dife Loft. XII. 588. where see the

mount of Speculation, as in Paraallurements propos'd is very fine ; and I believe one may justly say, that there never was a more ex 237. Weftward, much, nearer by alted fyftem of morality compris'd fouthweft,] This corresponds in so short a compass. Never were exactly to our Saviour's suppos'd :: the arguments for vice dress’d up fituation upon mount 'Taurus. The





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Ruling them by persuasion as thou mean'st ; 230
Without their learning how wilt thou with them,
Or they with thee hold conversation meet?
How wilt thou reason with them, how refute
Their idolisms, traditions, paradoxes ?
Error by his own arms is best evinc'd.

Look once more ere we leave this specular mount
Westward, much nearer by southwest, behold
Where on the Ægean shore a city stands


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following description of Athens foil was light and barren, and the and its learning is extremely grand air fharp and pure, and thereand beautiful. Milton's Muse, as fore said to be productive of sharp was before observed, is too much wits.

την ευκρασίαν των ορων εν αυτω cramped down by the argumenta- κατιδεσα, ότι Φρονιμωτατες ανδρας tive cast of his subject, but emer

Plato in Timæo p. 24. ges upon every favorable occasion, Vol. 3. Edit. Serr. Athenis tenue and like the sun from under a cloud cælum, ex quo acutiores etiam bursis out into the fame bright vein putantur Attici. Cicero de Fato. of poetry, which shines out more 4. Athens the eye of Greèce, and so frequently, tho' not more strongly, Demosthenes somewhere calls it in the Paradise Loft. Thyer. οφθαλμος Ελλαδος, but I cannot at

present recollect the place; and 238. Where on the Ægean shore a in Justin it is called one of the

city sands] So Milton caused two eyes of Greece, Sparta being this verse to be printed, whereby the other, Lib. 5. cap. 8.; and it appears

that he would have the Catullus calls Sirmio the eye of word Ægean pronounced with the ilands XXXII. 1. accent upon the first fyllable as in Paradise Loft. I. 746. and as Fair

Peninsularum Sirmio, insulafax often uses it, as was there re


Ocelle: mark’d. Built nobly, and Homer in his time calls it a well-built city, but the metaphor is more properly εύκια: YOU Tluarell 23v. Iliad. II. 546. applied to Athens than any other pure the air, and light the foil, Attica place, as it was the great seat of being a mountainous country, the learning.

239. purt

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Built nobly, pure the air, and light the soil,
Athens the eye of Greece, mother of arts
And eloquence, native to famous wits
Or hospitable, in her sweet recess.
City' or suburban, studious walks and shades;



239. - pure the air, and light Mediocres ventorem the soil,] This is from Dio Dulce spirantes auras.

Calton. Chryfoftom. See Spanheim on Callimachus. p. 444. De Attica cæ 244. See there the olive grove of toroquin dicit Dio Chryfoft. Orat. Academe, 7. p. 87. ειναι γαρ την χωραν αραιαν, Plato's retirement, &c.] Et cevehκαι τον αερα κεφον, effe enim regionem θων δε εις Αθηνας, διετριβεν εν Ακαtenui folo, ac levem aerem, prout inesc. To do Eso you clov, mzoassion

voce λεπτογεας eaderm Attica, αλσώδες, απο τινεηρωφ» ονομασθεν poft Thucydiderm nempe pag. 2, Ακαδημα, καθα και Ευπολις εν Ασραa Galeno dicitur, 1120TFETT. cap. 7. τευτοις φησιν, , Aeris autem derlointai eidem tribuit Ariftides, Serm. Sacr. 6. p.

Εν ευσκιοις δρομοισιν Ακαδημα θες, 642. Athens was built between - και επαφη εν τη Ακαδημια, , two small rivers

Cephifus and ειθα τον πλεισον χρονον διετέλεσε φιλοliffus ; and hence it is call'd, in σοφων. όθεν και Ακαδημαϊκη προσηγοthe Medea of Euripides, iepwv 90 ρευθη η απ' αυτό αίρεσις Being reταμων ολις. . See the chorus at the turn'd to Athens from his journey end of the 3d A&. The effect of to Egypt, he settled himself in these waters upon the air is very the Academy, a gymnasium or poetically represented in the same place of exercise in the suburbs beautiful chorus.

of that city, beset with woods,

taking name from Academus, one Καλλιναε τ' επι Κηφισο ροεις

of the heroes, as Eupolis, Ταν Κυπριν κληϊζεσιν αφυσαμεναν χωραν καταπνευσας

In sacred Academus sady walks. Μετριας ανεμων Ηδύπνοες αυρας.

and he was buried in the Aca

demy, where he continued most Pulchrifluique ad Cephili fluenta of his time teaching philosophy, Venerem ferunt [ex Cephiso ] whence the fect which sprung from exhauri.

him was called Academic. Seç entem, regionem perflasse, Diogenes Laertius, and Stanley in


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