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DREAMING.

DREAMS.

ception of the lapse of time—a strange They make us what we were not-what they property of mind ! for if such be also its pro- will, perty when entered into the eternal disem. And shake us with the vision that's gone by. bodied state, time will appear to us eternity.

Byrok. The relations of space as well as of time are DREAMS-Felicity of. also annihilated; so that while almost an

If we can sleep without dreaming, it is well eternity is compressed into a moment, infinite that painful dreams are avoided. If, while we space is traversed more swiftly than by real sleep, we can have any pleasing dreams, it is, thought.

Dr. Forbes Winslow.

as the French say, tant gagné, so much added to the pleasure of life.

Franklin DREAMS-Augury of. If I may trust the flattering eye of sleep,

DREAMS-Ilusions of. My dreams presage some joyful news at hand :

As one who in some frightful dream would My bosom's lord sits lightly on his throne,

shun And all this day an unaccustom'd spirit His pressing foe, labours in vain to run, Lifts me above the ground with cheerful And his own slowness in his sleep bemoans, thoughts.

Shakspeare. In thick short sighs, weak cries, and tender groaps.

Dryder. DREAMS-Balmy. Pallas pour'd sweet slumbers on his soul;

The fiend they found, And balmy dreams, the gift of soft repose, Squat like a toad, close at the ear of Eve; Calm'd all his pains, and banish'd all his woes. Assaying by his dev'lish art to reach

Pope. The organs of her fancy, and with them forge DREAMS-Causes of.

Illusions as he list, phantasms and dreams : Let fools and cowards start at fancy's visions ; Th' animal spirits, that from pure blood arise,

Or if, inspiring venom, he might taint Thy well-taught spirit knows these dreams are

Like gentle breaths from rivers pure; thence bred From fumes and indigestions that oppress

raise, The mind, which thus o'erloaded, still throws

At last distemper’d, discontented thoughts,

Vain hopes, vain aims, inordinate desires, off

Blow up with high conceit, engend'ring pride. These crudities, these ordures of the soul :

Him thus intent, Ithuriel with his spear As such despise them.

Madden.

Touch'd lightly (for no falsehood can endure

Touch of celestial temper, but returns DREAMS-Divulgements of.

Of force to its own likeness); up he starts. In thy faint slumbers, I by thee have watch'd, Discover'd and surprised.

Milton. And heard thee murmur tales of iron war; Speak terms of manage to thy bounding DREAMS-like the Mists. steed;

Dim and faint, as the mists that break, Cry, Courage to the field! And thou hast At sunrise, from a mountain lake. Parket.

talk'd Of sallies, and retires; of trenches, tents,

DREAMS-Nature of. Of palisadoes, fortins, parapets ;

Know that in the soul Of basilisks, of cannon, culverin;

Are many lesser faculties, that serve; Of prisoners' ransom, and of soldiers slain,

Reason as chief: among these Favcy next And all the 'currents of a heady fight.

Her office holds : of all external things Thy spirit within thee hath been so at war, Which the five watchful senses represent, And thus hath so bestirr'd thee in thy sleep, She forms imaginations, airy shapes, That beads of sweat have stood upon thy Which Reason, joining or disjoining, frames brow,

All what we affirm, or what deny, and call Like bubbles in a late-disturbed stream: Our knowledge or opinion : then retires And in thy face strange motions have Into her private cell, where nature rests. appear’d,

Oft in her absence mimic Fancy wakes Such as we see when men restrain their breath To imitate her; but misjoining shapes, On some great sudden baste. Shakspeure. Wild work produces oft, and most in dreams;

Ill matching words and deeds long past or late. DREAMS-Effects of.

Milton. Dreams, in their development, have breath, And tears, and tortures, and the touch of joy ; | Dreams are the children of an idle brain, They leave a weight upon our waking thoughts ; | Begot of nothing but vain fantasy;

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Which is as thin of substance as the air, DRESS-Moral Effect of.
And moi e inconstant than the wind.

Dress has a moral effect upon the conduct

Shakspeare. of mankind. Let any gentleman find himself DREAMS-Nature of.

with dirty boots, old surtout, soiled neckcloth, Dreams, where thought, in fancy's maze, runs and a general negligence of dress, he will, in mail

Young. all probability, find a corresponding disposition

by negligence of address. DREAMS-not to be Regarded.

Sir Jonah Barrington. Regard not dreams, since they are but the DRESS-Gaudiness of. images of our hopes and fears.

Cato.

Beauty gains little, and homeliness and de

formity lose much, by gaudy attire. Lysandei DREAMS-Repeaters of Thought. knew this was in part true, and refused the Io sleep, when fancy is let loose to play,

rich garments that the tyrant Dionysius Onr dreams repeat the wishes of the day.

proffered to his daughters, saying that they Tho' further toil his tired limbs refuse,

were fit only to make unhappy faces more remarkable,

Zimmerman. The dreaming hunter still the chase pursues. The judge a-bed dispenses still the laws,

DRESS-Influence of. And sleeps again o'er the unfinish'd cause.

I have no intention to argue against gold The dozing racer hears his chariot roll, Smacks the rain whip, and shuns the fancied chains, velvet caps, or sables, or anything of goal

this nature ; but, granting this furniture may Ve too the Muses, in the silent night,

be somewhat of a guard to authority, yet no With wonted chimes of jingling verse delight. public person has any reason to value himself

Claudius.

upon it; for the design of this sort of state is only to comply with the weakness of the

multitude. What studies please, what most delight,

It is an innocent stratagem to

deceive them into their duty, and to awe And fill men's thoughts, they dream them o'er at night.

Creech.

them into a just sense of obedience. A great

man will rather contemn this kind of finery, DRESS-Advice on.

than think himself considerable by it. He will

rather be sorry that his authority needs the If you are a young lady, and employ a

support of so little an artifice, and depends, certain number of sempstresses for a given in any measure, upon the use of such trifles. time, in making a given pumber of simple To stoop to the vulgar notion of things, and and serviceable dresses-suppose seven, of establish one's reputation by counterfeit signs which you can wear one yourself for half the of worth, must be an uneasy task to a noble vinter, and give six away to poor girls who mind. Besides, we are not to think the magishave done—you are spending your money un

trate cannot support his office without tine selbishly. But if you employ the same number clothes ; for, if he is furnished with general of sempstresses for the same number of days prudence, with abilities particular to his busiin making four, or five, or six beautiful ness, and has a competent share of power, he founces for your own ball dress—ounces needs not doubt his influence over the people. which will clothe no one but yourself, and

Jeremy Collier. which you yourself will be unable to wear at

DRESS-an Index of the Mind. more than one ball-you are employing your money selfishly.

I say further,

As the index tells us the contents of stories, that as long as there are cold and nakedness and directs to the particular chapter, even só in the land around you, so long can there be does the outward habit and superficial order Do question at all but that splendour of dress of garments (in man or woman) give us a taste is a crime. In due time, wheu we have nothing of the spirit, and demonstratively point (as it better to set people to work at, it may be right

were a manual note from the margin) all the to let them make lace and cut jewels; but, as

internal quality of the soul; and there cannot long as there are any who have no blankets for be a more evident, palpable, gross manifestatheir beds, and no rags for their bodies, so

tion of poor, degenerate, dunghilly blood and long it is blanket-making and tailoring we

breeding, than a rude, unpolished, disordered, must set people to work at—not lace. Ruskin. and slovenly outside.

Massinger. DRESS-Evil Effects of.

DRESS-Rules for Regulating.
Dress drains our cellar dry,

Let women paint their eyes with tints of and keeps our larder lean.

Corper. I chastity, insert into their ears the word of God,

DRE88.

DRUNKENNESS.

tie the yoke of Christ around their necks, and DRUNKARD8–when to be corrected. adorn their whole persons with the silk of Correct not your servants when they are sanctity and the damask of devotion : let them drunk, it shews as if you were drunk yourself. adopt that chaste and simple, that neat and

Cleobulus. elegant, style of dress, which so advantageously DRUNKARDS-Woe unto. displays the charms of real beauty, instead of those preposterous fashions and fantastical

Woo unto them that rise up early in the draperies of dress which, while they conceal morning, that they may follow strong drink; some few defects of person, expose so many

that continue until night, till wine intiame

them! defects of mind, and sacrifice to ostentatious

Isaiak. finery all those mild, amiable, and modest DRUNKENNESS-a Dangerous Com- ; virtues, by which the female character is so

panion. pleasingly adorned.

Tertullian. Intemperance is a dangerous companion. It

throws people off their guard; betrays them to DRESS-no sign of Wealth.

a great many indecencies, to ruinous passions,

to disadvantages in fortune ; makes them disThe person whose clothes are extremely fine, I am too apt to consider as not being play, and often to stagger from the tavern to

cover secrets, drive foolish bargains, engage in possessed of any superiority of fortune, but

the stews. resembling those Indians who are found to

Jeremy Collier. wear all the gold they bave in the world in a DRUNKENNESS-Effects of. bob at the nose.

Goldsmith.

Destruction lurks within the poisonous dose,

A fatal fever, or a purpled nose. Svame Jenya. DRINK-Excess in.

DRUNKENNESS-Evils of. Let no company or respect ever draw you to excess in drink, for be you well assured,

O, that men should put an enemy in their that if ever that possess you, you are instantly mouths, to steal away their brains ? that we drunk to all the respects your friends wiit should with joy, revel, pleasure, and applause, otherwise pay you, and shall by unequal transform ourselves into beusts. Shakspeare. staggering paces go to your grave with confusion of face, as well in them that love you,

What fury of late has crept into our feasts! as in yourself: and therefore abbor all com

What honour given to the drunk'nest guests ? pany that might entice you that way.

What reputation to bear one glass more, Lord Strafford. When oft the bearer is borne out of door ?

Johnson, Who hath woe? who hath sorrow? who hath contentions? who bath babbling? who hath When fumes of wine do once the brain possess, wounds without cause ? who hath redness of Then follows straight an indisposèdness eyes? They that tarry long at the wine; they Throughout, the legs so fetter'd in that case, that go to seek mixed wine. Look not thou They cannot with their reeling trunk keep upon the wine when it is red, when it giveth

pace. his colour in the cup, when it moveth itself The tongue trips, mind droops, eyes stand full aright; at the last it biteth like a serpent, of water, and stingeth like an adder.

Solomon.

Noise, hiccough, brawls, and quarrels follow after.

Lucretius. DRUNKARD-the Slave of Drink.

A drunkard is one that will be a man to No man oppresses thee, O free and independent franchiser ! but does not this stupid morrow morning, but is now what you will

make him; for he is in the power of the next porter-pot oppress thee? No son of Adam can bid thee come or go; but this absurd pot of

man; and if a friend, the better. One that heavy wet, this can and does ! Thou art the hatli let go himself from the bold and stay of thrall , not of Cedric the Saxon, but of thy reason, and lies open to the mercy of all temp

tations.

He is the greatest enemy to own brutal appetites, and this scoured dish of liquor. And thou pratest of thy "liberty," himself, and the next to his friend, and then tbou entire blockhead !

Carlyle.

most in the act of his kindness : for his kind

ness is but trying a mastery, who shall sink DRUNKARD-Unprofitable.

down first; and men come from him as a

battle, wounded and bound up. Nothing A drunkard is not profitable for any kind of takes a man off more from his credit, and good service.

Plato. I business, and makes him more recklessly care

.

DRUNKENNESS.

DUELLING,

less what becomes of all. Indeed, he dares DRUNKENNESS-an Incurable Vice. Dot enter on a serious thought, or if he do, it When this vice has taken fast hold of a man, is but such melancholy that it sends him to be farewell industry, farewell emulation, farewell drunk again.

Bishop Earle. attention to things worthy of attention, fare

well love of virtuous society, farewell decency DRUNKENNESS-Madness of.

of manners, and farewell, too, even an atten. A drunken man is like a drowned man, a tion to person: everything is sunk by this fool, ani a madman: one draught above heat predominant and brutal appetite. In how mikes him a fool; the second mads him; and many instances do we see men who have begun the third drowos him.

Shakspeare. life with the brightest prospects before them,

and who have closed it without one ray of Troops of furies march in the drunkard's comfort and consolation. Young men, with triumph.

good fortunes, good talents, good tempers, Zimmerman.

good hearts, and sound constitutions, only by DRUNKENNESS-Mischiefs of.

being drawn into the vortex of the drunkard,

have become by degrees the most loathsome I drank; I liked it not; 'twas rago, 'twas and despicable of mankind. In the house of noise,

the drunkard there is no happiness for any An airy scene of transitory joys.

one. All is uncertainty and anxiety. He is not la vain I trusted that the flowing bowl the same man for any one day at a time. No Woad banish sorrow, and enlarge the soul;

one knows of his outgoings or his incomings. To the late revel, and protracted feast, When he will rise, or when he will lie down to Wild dreams succeeded, and disorder'd rest.

rest, is wholly a matter of chance. That which

Prior. he swallows for what he calls pleasure brings DRUNKENNESS-Reasons for.

pain, as hourly as the night brings the mornIn the bottle, discontent seeks for comfort, ing. Poverty and misery are in the train. To orunlice for courage, and bashfulness for avoid these results, we are called upon to make onfidence.

Johnson, no sacrifice. Abstinence requires no aid to

accomplish it. Our own will is all that is DRUNKENNESS-Sinfulness of. requisite ; and if we have not the will to avoid Drunkenness is a flattering devil, a sweet contempt, disgrace, and misery, we deserve

Cobbeit. preson, a pleasant sin, which whosoever hath, neither relief nor compassion, bath not himself; which whosoever doth com

DUELLING-Absurdity of. mii, doth not commit sin, but he himself is wholly sin.

Augustine. Duelling, as a punishment, is absurd, because

it is an equal chance whether the punishment

falls upon the offender or the person offended ; Not only has Solomon, in his wisdom, pointed nor is it much better as a reparation, it being out the evils which attend those who tarry long difficult to explain in what the satisfaction conat the wine, but all the precepts and denuncia- sists, or how it tends to undo injury, or to tions against drunkenness, all the details of the afford a compensation for the damage already agitious arts penetrated under its influence, sustained.

Paley. which are recorded in the Bible, from Genesis to Revelation, are directed against the inordi- DUELLING-Anecdote of. mata drinkers of wine. It is needless to say

I have heard a story of a general officer in more respecting them, but refer them to that Sacred Volume, with the hope that it may guide ceiving a challenge, he went to the challenger,

our service which pleased me much. On rethere to salutary contrition and penitential and told him he supposed they were to fight on

Hodgkin.

equal terms; "but as things now stand," said DRUNKENNESS-Suicidal Spirit of.

he, “the terms are very unequal : I have a

wife and five children, who have nothing to These men who destroy a healthful constitu- 'subsist on but my appointments; you have a tiva of body by intemperance and an irregular considerable fortune, and no family. To place if, do as manifestly kill themselves, as those

us, therefore, on an equality, I desire you will who bang, or poison, or drown themselves.

go with me to a conveyancer, and settle upon

Sherlock. DBUNKENNESS-Vice of.

my wife and children, if I should fall, the

value of my appointments. When you have The sight of a drunkard is a better sermon 'signed such a conveyance, if you insist upon against that vice than the best that was ever it, I will then fight you." The deliberate preached upon that subject.

Saville. I manner in which the general said this, and the

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apparent justice of the requisition, made his By the lamp's dismal twilight! So he lies,
antagonist reflect a little on the idea of Circled with evil, till his very soul
leaving a wife and five children to beggary; Unmoulds its essence, hopelessly deform'd
and as the affair could not well stand reflec- By sights of evermore deformity !
tion, it went off.

Gilpin. With other ministrations thou, O Nature !

Healest thy wandering and distemper'd child: DUELLING-Folly of.

Thou pourest on him thy soft influences, With respect to duels, indeed, I have my Thy sunny hues, fair forms, and breathing own ideas. Few things, in this so surprising sweets; world, strike me with more surprise. Two Thy melodies of woods and winds, and waters ! little visual spectra of men, hovering with in- Till he relent, and can no more endure secure enough cohesion in the midst of the To be a jarring and a dissonant thing unfathoinable, and to dissolve therein, at any Amid this general dance and minstrelsy, rate, very soon, make pause at the distance of But, bursting into tears, wins back his way, twelve paces asunder, whirl around, and His angry spirit heal'd and harmonised simultaneously, by the cunningest mechanism, By the benignant touch of love and beauty. explode one another into dissolution; and,

Coleridge. off-hand, become air, and non-extant—the DUNGEON-Horrors of a. little spitfires !

Carlyle.

There to lie,

Where never sunbeam pierced the solid gloom, DUELLIST-Perils of the.

Where rattling chains, and doors that grind Ah me! what perils do environ

the hinge, The man that meddles with cold iron. Butler. To let in new distress, make hideous concert.

Francis. DULNE88-Qualities of. In eldest time, ere mortals writ or read,

Then to a dungeon's depth I sent both bound Ere Pallas issued from the Thund'rer's head,

Where stow'd with snakes and adders, now Dulness o'er all possess'd her ancient right,

they lodge; Daughter of Chaos and eternal Night :

Two planks their bed, slipp'ry with ooze and Fates in their dotage this fair idiot gave,

slime, Gross as her sire, and as her mother grave,

The rats brush o'er their faces with their tails. Laborious, heavy, busy, bold, and blind,

And croaking paddocks crawl upon their She ruled, in zative anarchy, the mind. Pope.

limbs.

Drydes. 1 DULNESS--Relief in.

Thou subterranean sepulchre of peace ! What a comfort a dull but kindly person is Thou home of horror ! hideous nest of crimes ! to be sure at times! A ground-glass shade Guilt's first sad stage to her dark road to hell; over a gas lamp does not bring more solace to

Ye thick-barr'd sunless passages for air, our dazzled eyes than such a one to To keep alive the wretch that longs to die ! minds.

Holmes. Ye low-brow'd arches, through whose sullen

gloom DUNGEON-of the Middle Ages. Resound the ceaseless groans of pale despair! And this place my forefathers made for man! Yo dreadful shambles, caked with human This is the process of our love and wisdom

blood! To each poor brother who offends against us- Receive a guest from far, far other scenes. Most innocent, perhaps--and what if guilty ?

Young. Is this the only cure? Merciful God !

DUTIES-Christian. Each pore and natural outlet shrivell’d up It is owing to the forbidden and unlovely By ignorance and parching poverty,

constraint with which men of low conceptions His energies roll back upon his heart,

act when they think they conform themselves And stagnate and corrupt, till, changed to to religion, as well as the more odious conduct poison,

of hypocrites, that the word Christian does not They break out on him, like a loathsome carry with it at first view all that is great, plague-spot.

worthy, friendly, generous, and heroic. The Then we call in our pamper'd mountebanks; man who suspends his hope of the reward of And this is their best cure! Uncomforted worthy actions till after death, who can bestor And friendless solitude, groaning, and tears, unseen, who can overlook hatred, do good to And savage faces, at the clanking hour, his slanderer, who can never be anzry at his Seeu through the steam and vapours of his friend, never revengeful to his onemy, is dungeon.

i certainly formed for the benefit of society.

our

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