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seller proposed the book by subscription, and raised hand to Mr. Addison himself, and never made public, some thousands of pounds for the same: I believe till after their own Journals, and Curll had printed the gentleman did not share in the profits of this ex- the same. One name alone, which I am here autravagant subscription.'
thorized to declare, will sufficiently evince this truth, After the Iliad, he undertook (saith
that of the right honourable the earl of Burlington.
Next is he taxed with a crime in the opinion of Mist's Journal, June 8, 1728,)
some authors, I doubt, more heinous than any in mothe sequel of that work, the Odyssey; and having se- rality,) to wit, plagiarism, from the inventive and cured the success by a numerous subscription, he em- quaint-conceited ployed some underlings to perform what, according to his proposals, should come from his own hands.'
James Moore Smith, Gent. To which heavy charge we can in truth oppose Upon reading the third volume of Pope's Miscelnothing but the words of
lanies, I found five lines which I thought excellent;
and happening to praise them, a gentleman produced Mr. Pope's Proposal for the Odyssey, (printed by J. a modern comedy (the Rival Modes) published last Watts, Jan. 10, 1724 :)
year, where were the same verses to a tittle. “I take this occasion to declare that the subscrip- "These gentlemen are undoubtedly the first plagiation for Shakspeare belongs wholly to Mr. Tonson : ries, that pretend to make a reputation by stealing and that the benefit of this proposal is not solely for from a man's works in his own life-time, and out of a my own use, but for that of two of my friends, who public print." Let us join to this what is written by have assisted me in this work.' But these very gen- the author of the Rival Modes, the said Mr. James tlemen are extolled above our poet himself in another Moore Smith, in a letter to our author himself, who of Mist's Journals, March 30, 1728, saying, “That he had informed him a month before that play was would not advise Mr. Pope to try the experiment acted, Jan. 27, 1726-7, that, 'These verses, which he again of getting a great part of a book done by as- had before given him leave to insert in it, would be sistants, lest those extraneous parts should unhappily known for his, some copies being got abroad. He ascend to the sublime, and retard the declension of desires, nevertheless, that since the lines had been the whole. Behold! these underlings are become read in his comedy to several, Mr. P. would not degood writers !
prive it of them,' &c. Surely, if we add the testimoIf any say, that before the said Proposals were nies of the lord Bolingbroke, of the lady to whom printed, the subscription was begun without declara- the said verses were originally addressed, of Hugh tion of such assistance; verily those who set it on Bethel, esq. and others, who knew them as our au. foot, or (as the term is) secured it, to wit, the right thor's long before the said gentleman composed his honourable the lord viscount IIarcourt
, were he living, play, it is hoped, the ingenuous, that affect not error, would testify, and the right honourable the lord Ba- will rectify their opinion by the suffrage of so hothurst, now living, doth testify, the same is a falsehood. nourable personages.
Sorry I am, that persons professing to be learned, And yet followeth another charge, insinuating no or of whatever rank of authors, should either falsely less than his enmity both to church and state, which tax, or be falsely taxed. Yet let us, who are only re- could come from no other informer than the said porters, be impartial in our citations, and proceed.
Mr. James Moore Smith.
"The Memoirs of a Parish Clerk was a very dull Mr. Addison raised this author from obscurity, ob- and unjust abuse of a person who wrote in defence tained him the acquaintance and friendship of the of our religion and constitution, and who has been whole body of our nobility, and transferred his pow. dead many years." This seemeth also most untrue; erful interests with those great men to this rising it being known to divers that these memoirs were bard, who frequently levied by that means unusual written at the seat of the lord Harcourt, in Oxfordcontributions on the public.' Which surely cannot shire, before that excellent person (bishop Burnet's) be, if, as the author of the Dunciad Dissected report- death, and many years before the appearance of that eth, Mr. Wycherley had before 'introduced him into history, of which they are pretended to be an abuse. a familiar acquaintance with the greatest peers and Most true it is, that Mr. Moore had such a design, brightest wits then living.
and was himself the man who pressed Dr. Arbuthnot No sooner (saith the same journalist) was his body and Mr. Pope to assist him therein; and that he bor. lifeless, but this author, reviving his resentment, libel- rowed those memoirs of our author, when that history led the memory of his departed friend; and what was came forth, with intent to turn them to such abuse. still more heinous, made the scandal public.' Griev- But being able to obtain from our author but one sinous the accusation! unknown the accuser! the per-gle hint, and either changing his mind, or having more son accused no witness in his own cause; the person, mind than ability, he contented himself to keep the in whose regard accused, dead! But if there be liv- said memoirs, and read them as his own to all his acing any one nobleman whose friendship, yea any one quaintance. A noble person there is, into whose gentleman whose subscription Mr. Addison procured company Mr. Pope once chanced to introduce him, to our author, let him stand forth, that truth may ap- who well remembereth the conversation of Mr. pear! Amicus Plato, amicus Socrates, sed magis Moore to have turned upon the contempt he had for amica veritas. In verity, the whole story of the libel the work of that reverend prelate, and how full he is a lie; witness those persons of integrity, who se. was of a design he declared himself to have, of exveral years before Mr. Addison's decease, did see and approve of the said verses, in no wise a libel, but
1 Daily Journal, March 18, 1798. a friendly rebuke sent privately in our author's own 2 Daily Journal, April 3, 1728.
posing it.' This noble person is the earl of Peter-/ *Now fired by Pope and virtue, leave the age borough.
In low pursuit of self-undoing wrong, Here in truth should we crave pardon of all the And trace the author through his moral page, foresaid nght honourable and worthy personages, for Whose blameless life still answers to his song' having mentioned them in the same page with such weekly riff-raff railers and rhymers; but that we had
Mr. Thomson, their ever-honoured commands for the same; and in his elegant and philosophical poem the Seasons : that they are introduced not as witnesses in the con Although not sweeter his own Homer sings, troversy, but as witnesses that cannot be controvert Yet is his life the more endearing song.' ed; not to dispute, but to decide.
To the same tune also singeth that learned clerk, of Certain it is, that dividing our writers into two Suffolk, classes, of such who were acquaintance, and of such
Mr. William Broome: who were strangers to our author ; the former are "Thus, nobly rising in fair virtue's cause, those who speak well, and the other those who speak From thy own life transcribe the unerring laws." evil of him. Of the first class, the most noble
And, to close all, hear the reverend dean of St. John Duke of Buckingham
Patrick's: sums op his character in these lines :
* A soul with every virtue fraught,
By patriots, priests, and poets taught : * And yet so wondrous, so sublime a thing,
Whose filial piety excels As the great Iliad, scarce could make me sing,
Whatever Grecian story tells. Unless I justly could at once commend
A genius for each business fit;
Whose meanest talent is his wit,' &c.
Let us now recreate thee by turning to the other
side, and showing his character drawn by those with So also is he deciphered by
whom he never conversed, and whose countenances The Hon. Simon Harcourt.
he could not know, though turned against him: First
again commencing with the high-voiced and never. 'Say, wondrous youth, what column wilt thou choose,
enough quoted What laurellid arch, for thy triumphant muse? Though each great ancient court thee to his shrine,
Mr. John Dennis, Though every laurel through the donne be thine,
who, in his Reflections on the Essay on Criticism, Go to the good and just, an awful train!
thus describeth him : A little affected hypocrite, who Thy soul's delight."
has nothing in his mouth but candour, truth, friendRecorded in like manner for his virtuous disposi- ship, good-nature, humanity, and magnanimity. Ile tion, and gentle bearing, by the ingenious
is so great a lover of falsehood, that whenever he
has a mind to calumniate his contemporaries, he Mr. Walter Hart,
brands them with some defect which was just conin this apostrophe:
trary to some good quality for which all their friends Oh! ever worthy, ever crown'd with praise ! and acquaintance commend them. He seems to Bless'd in thy life, and bless'd in all thy lays, have a particular pique to people of quality, and auAdd, that the Sisters every thought refine, thors of that rank.--He must derive his religion from And e'en thy life be faultless as thy line, St. Omer's. But in the character of Mr. P. and his Yet envy still with fiercer rage pursues, writings (printed by S. Popping, 1716) he saith, Obscures the virtue, and defames the muse. "Though he is a professor of the worst religion, yet A soal like thine, in pain, in grief, resign'd, he laughs at it;' but that 'nevertheless he is a viru
Views with just scorn the malice of mankind." lent papist; and yet a pillar of the church of EngThe witty and moral satirist,
of both which opinions Dr. Edward Young, wishing some check to the corruption and evil man
Mr. Lewis Theobald bers of the times, calleth out upon our poet to under- seems also to be; declaring in Mist's Journal of June take a task so worthy of his virtue :
22, 1718, “That if he is not shrewdly abused, he made “Why slumbers Pope, who leads the Muses' train, it his practice to cackle to both parties in their own Nor hears that virtue, which he loves, complain ?'' sentiments. But as to his pique against people of
quality, the same journalist doth not agree, but saith Mr. Mallet,
(May 8, 1728,) 'He had by some means or other, the in his epistle on Verbal Criticism :
acquaintance and friendship of the whole body of our
nobility.' "Whose life, severely scann'd, transcenas his lays;
However contradictory this may appear, Mr. DenFor wit supreme, is but his second praise.'
nis and Gildon, in the character last cited, make it Mr. Hammond,
all plain, by assuring us, " That he is a creature that that delicate and correct imitator of Tibullus, in his reconciles all contradictions: he is a beast, and a
man; a Whig and a Tory; a writer (at one and the Love Elegies, Elegy xiv.
same time) of Guardians and Examiners ;. an asser1 Verses to Mr. P. on his translation of Homer.
tor of liberty, and of the dispensing power of kings; a 2 Poem prefixed to his works. 3 In his poems, printed for B. Lintot.
1 In his poems at the end of the Odyssey. 4 Universal Passion sat. 1.
2 The names of two weekly papers.
Jesuitical professor of truth; a base and foul pre
Mr. Oldmizon tender to candour.' So that, upon the whole account, calls him a great master of our tongue ; declares the we must conclude him either to have been a great purity and perfection of the English language to be hypocrite, or a very honest man; a terrible impostor found in his Homer; and, saying there are more good upon both parties, or very moderate to either. verses in Dryden's Virgil than in any other work, er
Be it as to the judicious reader shall seem good. cept this of our author only.” Sure it is, he is little favoured of certain authors, whose wrath is perilous ; for one declares he ought The Author of a Letter to Mr. Cibber to have a price set on his head, and to be hunted says: 'Pope was so good a versifier (once) that, his down as a wild beast.! Another protests that he predecessor Mr. Dryden, and his contemporary Mr. does not know what may happen; advises him to Prior excepted, the harmony of his numbers is equal insure his person ; says he has bitter enemies, and to any body's. And, that he had all the merit that a expressly declares it will be well if he escapes with man can have that way.'? And his life. One desires he would cut his own throat, or hang himself. But Pasquin seemed rather inclin
Mr. Thomas Cooke, ed it should be done by the government, representing after much bleraishing our author's Homer, crieth him engaged in grievous designs with a lord of par- out : liament then under prosecution. Mr. Dennis himself But in his other works what beauties shine, hath written to a minister, that he is one of the most While sweetest music dwells in every line! dangerous persons in this kingdom ;and assureth These he admired, on these he stamp'd his praise, the public, that he is an open and mortal enemy to And bade them live to brighten future days.'3 his country; a monster that will one day show as So also one who takes the name of daring a soul as a mad Indian, who runs a-muck to kill the first Christian he meets. Another gives in
H. Stanhope, formation of treason discovered in his poem.? Mr. the maker of certain verses to Duncan Campbell,4 in Curll boldly supplies an imperfect verse with kings that poem, which is wholly a satire upon Mr. Pope, and princesses :S and one Matthew Concanen, yet consesseth, more impudent, publishes at length the two most sacred names in this nation, as members of the Dunciad!!
"'Tis true, if finest notes alone could show This is prodigious ! yet it is almost as strange, that
(Tuned justly high, or regularly low)
That we should fame to these mere vocals give; in the midst of these invectives his greatest enemies have (I know not how) borne testimony to some merit For when some gliding river is his theme,
Pope more than we can offer should receive : in him.
His lines run smoother than the smoothest stream, Mr. Theobald,
&c. in censuring his Shakspeare, declares, 'He has so
Mist's Journal, June 8, 1723. great an esteem for Mr. Pope, and so high an opinion Although he says, ' The smooth numbers of the Dunof his genius and excellences, that, notwithstanding ciad are all that recommend it, nor has it any other he professes a veneration almost rising to idolatry for merit ;' yet that same paper hath these words : The the writings of this inestimable poet, he would be author is allowed to be a perfect master of an easy very loath even to do him justice, at the expence of and elegant versification. In all his works we find that other gentleman's character."
the most happy turns, and natural similes, wonderful.
ly short and thick sown.' Mr. Charles Gildon,
The Essay on the Dunciad also owns, p. 25, it is after having violently attacked him in many pieces, very full of beautiful images. But the panegyrie at last came to wish from his heart, "That Mr. Pope which crowns all that can be said on this poem, is would be prevailed upon to give us Ovid's Epistles bestowed by our laureate, by his hand; for it is certain we see the original of Sappho to Phaon with much more life and likeness
Mr. Colley Cilber, in his version, than in that of sir Car Scrope. And who "grants it to be a better poem of its kind than this (he adds) is the more to be wished, because in ever was writ;' but adds, 'it was a victory over a the English tongue we have scarcely any thing truly parcel of poor wretches, whom it was almost cowand naturally written upon love. He also, in taxing ardice to conquer.--A man might as well triumph for sir Richard Blackmore for his heterodox opinions of having killed so many silly flies that offended him. Homer, challengeth him to answer what Mr. Pope Could he have let them alone, by this time, poor souls! hath said in his preface to that poet.
they had all been buried in oblivion.' Here we see
our excellent laureate allows the justice of the satire 1 Theobald, Letter in Mist's Journal, June 22, 1728.
on every man in it, but himself; as the great Mr. 2 Smedley, pref. to Gulliveriana, p. 14, 16. 3 Gulliveriana, p. 332.
5 Anno 1729. Dennis did before him. 6 Preface to Rem. on the Rape of the Lock, p. 12; and The said in the last page of that treatise. 7 Page 6, 7, of the Preface, by Concanen, to a book
Mr. Dennis and Mr. Gildon, called, A Collection of all the letters, Essays Verses: in the most furious of all their words (the forecited Miscellanies. Printed for A. Moore, 8vo. 1712. 8 Key to the Dunciad, 3d edit. p. 18.
1 In his prose Essay on Criticism. 9 A list of Persons, &c. at the end of the foremen 2 Printed by J. Roberts, 1742, p. 11. tioned Collection of all the Letters, Essays, &c.
3 Battle of the Poets, folio, p. 15. 10 Introduction to his Shakspeare Restored, in 4to.p 3. 4 Printed under the title of the Progress of Dulness, 11 Commentary on the Duke of Buckingham's Essay, 12mo, 17:8. Evo, 1721, p. 97, 98
5 Cibber's Letter to Mr. Pope, p. 9. 12.
4 Anno 1723.
Character, p. 5.) do in concerti confess, 'that some Otway, and others) have received from this country, men of good understanding value him for his rhymes.' for these last hundred years, I should shift the scene, And (p. 17) that he has got, like Mr. Bayes in the and show all that penury changed at once to riot Rehearsal, (that is, like Mr. Dryden,) a notable knack and profuseness ; and more squandered away upon at rhyming, and writing smooth verse.'
one object, than would have satisfied the greater part On his Essay on Man, numerous were the praises of those extraordinary men; the reader to whom this bestowed by his avowed enemies, in the imagination one creature should be unknown, would fancy him a that the same was not written by him, as it was print-prodigy of art and nature, would believe that all the ed anonymously.
great qualities of these persons were centered in him Thus sang of it even
alone. But if I should venture to assure him, that
the people of England had made such a choice--the Bezaleel Morris :
reader would either believe me a malicious enemy, Auspicious bard! while all admire thy strain, and slanderer, or that the reign of the last (Queen All but the selfish, ignorant, and vain ;
Anne's) ministry was designed by fate to encourage I, whom no bribe to sertile flattery drew, fools.'1 Must pay the tribute to thy merit due:
But it happens that this our poet never had any Thy muse sublime, significant, and clear, place, pension, or gratuity, in any shape, from the
Alike informs the soul, and charms the ear,' &c. said glorious queen, or any of her ministers. All he And
owed, in the whole course of his life, to any court,
was a subscription for his Homer, of £200, from King Mr. Leonard Welstead
George I. and £100 from the prince and princess. thus wrote to the unknown author, on the first pub- However, lest we imagine our author's success lication of the said Essay; 'I must own, after the re- was constant and universal, they acquaint us of cerception which the vilest and most immoral ribaldry tain works in a less degree of repute, whereof, alhath lately met with, I was surprised to see what I though owned by others, yet do they assure us he is had long despaired, a performance deserving the name the writer of this sort Mr. Dennis? ascribes to him of a poet. Such, sir, is your work. It is, indeed, two farces, whose names he does not tell, but assures above all commendation, and ought to have been pub- us that there is not one jest in them ; and an imitation lished in an age and country more worthy of it. If of Horace, whose title he does not mention, but asmny testimony be of weight any where, you are sure sures us it is much more execrable than all his works.3 to have it in the amplest manner,' &c. &c. &c. The Daily Journal, May 11, 1728, assures us, 'He is Thus we see every one of his works hath been ex- writer thinks) the Marriage-Hater Matched, and the
below Tom Durfey in the drama, because (as that tolled by one or other of his most inveterate enemies; and to the success of them all they do unanimously it ;' which is not Mr. P.'s, but Mr. Gay's. Mr. Gil
Boarding School, are better than the What-d'ye-callgive testimony. But it is sufficient instar omnium, to don assures us, in his New Rehearsal, p. 48, ‘That behold the great critic, Mr. Dennis, sorely lamenting he was writing a play of the Lady Jane Grey.' but it 1, even from the Essay on Criticism to this day of the Dunciad! • A most notorious instance (quoth he) of
afterwards proved to be Mr. Rowe's. We are assurthe depravity of genius and taste, the approbation this drew Tripe;" which proved to be one Dr. Wagstaff’s.
ed by another, “ He wrote a pamphlet called Dr. AnEssay meets with. I can safely affirm, that I never
Mr. Theobald assures us, in Mist of the 27th of April, attacked any of these writings, unless they had suc- " That the treatise of the Profound is very dull, and cess infinitely beyond their merit
. This, though an that Mr. Pope is the author of it.' The writer of empty, has been a popular scribbler. The epidemic Gulliveriana is of another opinion; and says, “The madness of the times has given him reputation. If, whole, or greatest part, of the merit of this treatise after the cruel treatment so many extraordinary men
must and can only be ascribed to Gulliver. (Here, (Spenser, lord Bacon, Ben Jonson, Milton, Butler, gentle reader! cannot I but smile at the strange blind. 1 In concert) Hear how Mr. Dennis hath proved our
ness and positiveness of men ? knowing the said mistake in this case: As to my writing in concert with treatise to appertain to none other but to me, MarMr. Gildon, I declare upon the honour and word of a tinus Scriblerus.] genteman, that I never wrote so much as one line in concert with any one man whatsoever. And these two
We are assured, in Mist of June 8th, “That his own Itters from Gildon will plainly show, that we are not plays and farces would better have adorned the Dunwriters in concert with each other.
ciad, than those of Mr. Theobald ; for he had neither "The height of my ambition is to please men of the genius for tragedy nor comedy.' Which whether hest judgment; and, finding that I have entertained my true or not, it is not easy to judge; in as much as he master agreeably, I have the extent of the reward of my had attempted neither. Unless we will take it for labour."
granted, with Mr. Cibber, that his being once very "I had not the opportunity of hearing of your excellent angry at hearing a friend's play abused, was an infal. pamphlet till this day. I am infinitely satisfied and lible proof the play was his own; the said Mr. Cibu pleased with it, and hope you will meet with that en-ber thinking it impossible for a man to be much concouragement pour admirable performance deserves, &c. cerned for any but himself: “Now let any man judge Now is it not plain, that any one who sends such (saith he) by his concern, who was the true mother of compliments to another, has not been used to write in the child.' partnership with him to whom he sends them?" Dennis, Remarks on the Dunciad, p. 50. Mr. Dennis is there
But from all that has been said, the discerning fore welcome to take this piece to himself. 2 In a letter under his own hand, dated March 12, 1733 3 Dennis, Preface to his Reflections on the Essay on 1 Rem. on Homer, p. 8, 9.
2 Ib. p. 8. Criticism.
3 Character of Mr. Pope, p. 7. 4 Ib. p. 6. 4 Preface to his Remarks on Homer.
5 Gulliv. p. 336. 6 Cibber's Letters to Mr. P. p. 19 Y
reader will collect, that it little availed our author to of our poem. Margites was the name of this personhave any candour, since, when he declared he did age, whom antiquity recordeth to have been Dunce not write for others, it was not credited; as little to the first; and surely from what we hear of him, not have any modesty, since, when he declined writing in unworthy to be the root of so spreading a tree, and any way himself, the presumption of others was im- so numerous a posterity. The poem, therefore, celeputed to him. If he singly enterprised one great brating him was properly and absolutely a Dunciad; work, he was taxed of boldness and madness to a which, though now unhappily lost, yet is its nature prodigy :' if he took assistants in another, it was com- sufficiently known by the infallible tokens aforesaid. plained of, and represented as a great injury to the And thus it doth appear, that the first Dunciad was public. The loftiest heroics, the lowest ballads, the first epic poem, written by Homer himself, and treatises against the state or church, satires on lords anterior even to the Iliad or Odyssey. and ladies, raillery on wits and authors, squabbles Now, forasmuch as our poet hath translated those with booksellers, or even full and true accounts of two famous works of Homer which are yet left, he monsters, poisons, and murders; of any hereof was did conceive it in some sort his duty to imitate that there nothing so good, nothing so bad, which hath not also which was lost: and was therefore induced ts at one or other season been to him ascribed. If it bestow on it the same form which Homer's is repo. bore no author's name, then lay he concealed ; if ited to have had, namely, that of epic poem; with a did, he fathered it upon that author to be yet better title also framed after the ancient Greek manner, to concealed : if it resembled any of his styles, then was wit, that of Dunciad. it evident; if it did not, then disguised he it on set Wonderful it is, that so few of the moderns have purpose. Yea, even direct oppositions in religion, been stimulated to attempt some Dunciad! since in principles, and politics, have equally been supposed the opinion of the maltitude, it might cost less pain in him inherent. Surely a most rare and singular and toil than an imitation of the greater epic. But character: of which let the reader make what he can. possible it is also, that, on due reflection, the maker
Doubtless most commentators would hence take might find it easier to paint a Charlemagne, a Brute, occasion to turn all to their author's advantage, and or a Godfrey with just pomp and dignity heroic, than from the testimony of his very enemies would affirm, a Margites, a Codrus, or a Fleckno. that his capacity was boundless, as well as his imagi- We shall next declare the occasion and the cause nation; that he was a perfect master of all styles, and which moved our poet to this particular work. He all arguments; and that there was in those times, no lived in those days, when (after providence had perother writer, in any kind, of any degree of excellence, mitted the invention of printing as a scourge for the save he himself. But as this is not our own senti- sins of the learned) paper also became so cheap, and ment, we shall determine on nothing; but leave thee, printers so numerous, that a deluge of authors covergentle reader, to steer thy judgment equally between ed the land; whereby not only the peace of the hovarious opinions, and to choose whether thou wilt nest unwriting subject was daily molested, but unmer. incline to the testimony of authors avowed, or of au- ciful demands were made of his applause, yea, of his thors concealed; of those who knew him, or of those money, by such as would neither earn the one nor who knew him not.
P. (deserve the other. At the same time, the licence of
the press was such, that it grew dangerous to refuse
them either: for they would forthwith publish slanMARTINUS SCRIBLERUS
ders unpunished, the authors being anonymous, and
skulking under the wings of publishers, a set of men OF THE POEM.
who neither scrupled to vend either calumny or blasphemy, as long as the town would call for it.
I Now our author, living in those times, did conThis poem, as it celebrateth the most grave and ceive it an endeavour well worthy an honest satirist, ancient of things, Chaos, Night, and Dulness : so is it
to dissuade the dull, and punish the wicked, the only of the most grave and ancient kind Homer (saith Aristotle) was the first who gave the form, and (saith laid the plan of this poem, as the greatest service he
way that was left. In that public-spirited view he Florace) who adapted the measure to heroic poesy. was capable (without much hurt, or being slain) to But even before this, may be rationally presumed, render his dear country. First, taking things from from what the ancients have left written, was a piece their original, he considereth the causes creative of by Homer, composed of like nature and matter with such authors, namely, dulness and poverty; the one this of our poet. For of epic sort it appeareth to have born with them, the other contracted by neglect of been, yet of matter surely not unpleasant, witness their proper talents, through self-conceit of greater what is reported of it by the learned archbishop abilities. This truth he wrappeth in an allegory(as Eustathius, in Odyss. x. And accordingly Aristotle, the construction of epic poesy requireth,) and feigas in his Poetics, chap. iv doth further set forth, that as that one of these goddesses had taken up her abode the lliad and Odyssey gave example to tragedy, so did with the other, and that they jointly inspired all such this poem to comedy its first idea.
writers and such works. He proceedeth to show From these authors also it should seem, that the the qualities they bestow on these authors, and the hero, or chief personage of it was no less obscure, and effects they produce :1 then the materials or stock, his understanding and sentiments no less quaint and with which they furnish them; and, above all, that strange (if indeed no more so) than any of the actors self-opinion which causeth it to seem to themselves 1 Burnet's Homerides, p. 1, of his translation of the Iliad.
1 Vide Bossu, Du Poeme Epique, chap. viii. 2 The London and Mist's Journals, on his undertaking 2 Bossu, chap vii.
3 Book I. ver. 32. &c. the Odyssey.
5 Ver 57 to 77. 6 Ver. 80.
4 Ver. 45 to 51.