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dictates no caution, that fear which does not quicken our escape, that austerity which fails to rectify our affections, are vain and unavailing. But sorrow and terror mult naturally precede reformation; for what other cause can produce it? He, therefore, that feels himself alarmed by his conscience, anxious for the attainment of a better state, and afflicted by the memory of his paft faults, may juítly conclude, that the great work of repentance is begun, and hope by retirement and prayer, the natural and religious means of strengthening his conviction, to impress upon his mind such a sense of the divine presence, as may overpower the blandishments of secular delights, and enable him to advance from one degree of holiness to another, till death shall set him free from doubt and contest, misery and temptation. What better can we do than prostrate fall Before him reverent ;. and there confess Humbly our faults, and pardon beg, with tears Wat’ring the ground, and with our fighs the air Frequenting, fent from hearts contrite, in sign Of forruw unfeign’d, and humiliation meek?
· Ditto, p. 30.
R E V E N G E. FORBEARANCE of revenge, when revenge is within reach, is scarcely ever to be found among princes.
Memoirs of the K, of Prussia, p. 137.
R E S P E C T. RESPECT is often paid in proportion as it is claimed.
Idler, v. 1. p. 276. LITERARY REPUTATION.
OF the decline of literary reputation, many causes may be assigned. It is commonly lost because it never was deserved, and was conferred at first, not by the suffrage of criticism, but by the fondness of friendship, or servility of flattery. Many have lost the final reward of their labours, because they were too hasty to enjoy it. "They have laid hold on recent occurrences and eminent names, and delighted their readers with allusions and remarks, in which all were interested, and to which therefore all were attentive ; but the effect ceased with its cause; the time quietly came when new events drove the former from memory, when the vicissitudes of the world brought new hopes and fears, transferred
the the love and hatred of the public to other agents, and the writer whose works were no longer assisted by gratitude or refentment, was left to the cold regard of idle curiosity. But he that writes upon general principles, or delivers universal truths, may hope to be often read, because his work will be equally useful at all times, and in every country ; but he cannot expect it to be received with eagerness, or to fpread with rapidity, because desire can have no particular stimulation. That which is to be loved long, is to be loved with reason, rather than with paslion..
Idler, v. 2. p. 3:6 & 37.
REASON and FANCY. REASON is like the sun, of which the light is constant, uniform and lasting, Fancy, a meteor of bright but transitory lustre, irregular in its motion, and delu. lusive in its direction.
Prince of Abyssinia, p. 176.
S A T IR E. PERSONAL resentment, though no
laudable motive to satire, can add great force to general principles. Self-love is a busy prompter.
Life of Dryden. All truth is valuable, and satyrical cri- .. ticisin may be considered as useful, when it rectifies error, and improves judginent. He that refines the public taste, is a public benefactor.
Life of Pope.
SATYRIS T. IN defence of him who has satyrized the man he has once praised, it may be alledged, that the object of his satire ha's changed his principles, and that he who was once deservedly commended, may be afterwards fatyrized with equal justice, or that the poet was dazzled with the appearance of virtue, and found the man whom he had celebrated, when he had an opportunity of examining him more nearly, unworthy of the panegyric which he had too hastily bestowed; and that, as false fatire ought to be recanted, for the sake of him whose reputation may be injured, false piaise ou he likewili to be ubviated, left ti, diltinction b y vice and virtue
fhould be lost, left a bad man should be trusted upon the credit of his encomiast, or lest others Tould endeavour to obtain the like prailes by the same means.- But though these excuses may be often plausible, and sometimes just, they are seldom satisfactory to mankind; and the writer who is not constant to his subject, quickly sinks into contempt; his satire loses its force, and his panegyric its value; and he is only considered at one time as a fatterer, and as a calumniator at another. To avoid these imputations, it is only necefsary to follow the rules of virtue, and to preserve an unvaried regard to truth. For though it is undoubtedly possible, that a man, however cautious, may be sometimes deceived by an artful appearance of virtue, or a false appearance of guilt, such errors will not be frequent; and it will be allowed, that the name of an author would never have been made contemptible, had no man ever said what he did not think, or misled others but when he was himself deceived.
Life of Savage