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1930.) Roman Remains on Lancing Down Sussex.

17 Distinguishable in member, joint, or limb;- paiement, was formerly a furner in Or substance might be called that 'shadow Brighton, and still carries on the trade seemid,

[Night, ai Lancing. Before it was explored, * For each seemd either; black it stood as he states this place appeared like a conFierce as ten Furies, terrible as Hell; siderable tumulus, but on penetrating; And suook A DREADFUL DART; whát seem'd the centre about lour feet, he came to his head,

the pavement. It is forly feet square, The likeness of a kingly crown had on."

with a room in the centre, sixteen feet And subjoining, in sequel, a striking square, paved with coarse tesseræ, and portrait of Death, froin Sackville's " Induction to the Mirror of Magis- the room he found ashes, and twenty

niuch damaged. In the centre of trales,". I caunot help remarking, in reference to the same, that I am of Io different parts near the building se-,

five pieces of British and Roman coin. opinion this passage must have escaped veral graves were opened, containing the searching eye of Mr. Todd, as the ashes, combs rudely carved, fibulæ, " Dart"_" a dreadful sight to see," styles, and soine pouery: The walls being “in triumph shook,” seems to

of the building are from sis 10 ten decide that Sackville's stanzas must inches above the pavement, and are have impressed the imagination of Mil- three feet in thickness; they are built 100, more powerfully than the passage of chalk and Aint. The exterior of the selected from Spenser.

inner one has been stuccoed.

In the Extract from the Induction to the Mirror annexed plan, the graves are repre. of Magistrates."

sented at the proportionate distance “The Shape of Death aright, froin the principal building. That daunts all earthly creatures to his law, The following is an exact account

Against whose force it is in vain to fight.- of the discoveries made in the neigh

No peers, no princes, nor no mortal wight; bourhood of this edifice. The total No towns, no realıns, cities, nor strougest number of graves opened amounted 10 tow'r,

thirty-five. But all perforce must yield unto his power. HIS DART apon out of the corse he took, 1. A ring of iron, part of a 'melal

And in his liand, a DREADFUL sight to see, dagger, and some buroi bones. With great triumph EFTSOONS THE SAME HE 2. A bath lined with hewa chalk,

two feet deep, and four feet and a half That most of all my fears affrayed me.in diameter; an extremely curious Yours, &c.

W. P. broach represented in fig. D, was

found on the edge. ROMAX REMAINS ON LANCING

3, and 4, contained some burnt Down, Sussex.

bones, and a fibula. MR. URBax, Goswell-road, May 5.

5. Some burnt bones, and an ele

gant fibula, represented in the annex'N

noticed discovery of this ment, and having occasion to visit the portions are similar to steel, and it is

in very good preservation. Western part of Sussex, 1 conceived a

6 and 7, contained a small earthen plan and drawing of some of the prin- vase, burnt bones, and two lachrymacipal antiquities discovered, would be tories. acceptable to your readers, and deserve

8 and 9, produced burnt bones and a place in so valuable ap historical re

a comb. cord as the Gentleman's Magazine.

10. This was by far the largest in.. Lancing Down, on which this pave

terinent opened, and amply repaid the mnent is situated, is one of the bold

trouble. Under the head of a skele. terminations of the Downs, which are

ton were the bones of a fowl, and on so frequent on their southeru 'side.

the breast a curious fibula, represente The view is of a very extensive and ing a cock, fig. B. It is of gold, enainteresting nature, embracing a

* It is much to be regretted that no view from Beachy Head to the Isle of spirited gentleman in the county has superWight, and the rowns' of Worthing, intended the discoveries inade by this inLittlehampton, and Portsmouth.

dustrious but unlearned man. An historian Mr. Medhurst, the discoverer of the and scholar, like Sir R.C. Hoare, would bring

to light much valuable and interesting in-, * Vol. xcviii. ii. P.

631.

formation from discoveries which could be Gent. Mag. July, 1880.

made in these Downs.

SHOOK ;

sea

13

British Urn found at Storrington, Sussex. [.uly, melled with red and green, and has a made by the hand, very perfect. It singular appearance.

was found, which is not uncommon, ů and 12, contained rings of wire, with its base or small end upwards. bonecombs, brooches, and burnt bones. The coarse cloth in which the bones

13. Four small earthen vases, two were usually deposited, was entirely brooches, burnt bones, and some decayed, bui the pin or brass fastening broken pottery:

(also represented above) was in good Fig. E, is of bronze, and was found preservation. The bones were white on the Aoor of the building.

and well burned. Fig. A,* is a vase of baked earth, The difficulty of procuring perfect 143 inches in height, 10 over the brim specimens of these rude funeral vessels and 12 at the widest part.

of our ancestors is very great, being This curious discovery was made on half baked, or, as some antiquaries Good Friday, 1823.

T. A. imagine, baked only in the sun ; they The three coins, or sceattæ, are so very soft, that the utmost care represented in the plate, have been must be exerted to prevent their fallcommunicated by another Correspond- ing to pieces. Chalk seems to preserve ent, but are said to have been found at them best, for I have never been able the same spot.

to remove those in a perfect state,

which I have discovered in clay or Mr. URBAN,

sand. It may not be out of place, if I

SEND you a sketch of a remark. I here remark that these urns are often

ably fine British urn, which was miscalled Roman, Danish, &c. when discovered in 1826, on the Downs in our present knowledge of pottery and the parish of Storrington, Sussex. sepulchral remains may more properly

lero them British. All the Roman urns I have seen have been made of much better materials, and appear to have been turned with a lathe.

I would wish to ask any of your learned correspondents, if they imagine the British ever burned their dead before the Romans invaded this country. From my own observations, I should say it was a form borrowed froin the Romans; and I conceive those tumuli in which we find the skeletons, with stags' horns, the bones of dogs, birds, &c. to be the most ancient form of burial that was adopted in this island. We generally find these remains at the lowest

part of the tumulus, and the urns either in the centre or at the side; and in some it would appear that the urns were placed little niore than just under the turf; and indeed in many

places I have seen well burned bones It measures 21 inches high, 13 broad covered only with a slone, not more. at the top, and 64 at the base, is of a thau a foot under ground, and where dirty reddish brown colour, and in a there has not been the least shadow of very good stale of preservation. This

There has never, I believe, is the largest and best formed of any been any regular number of urns found of the British specimens I have seen.t in a lumulus; in soine as many as 15 Its thickness is three-quarters of an or 20, in others only one or two. May inch, and its shape, considering it was

we not suppose that, during the fre* All of the above ornaments are repre.

quenı batiles which the Romans must sented in the annexed plate, of their real size,

have had with the British, the British except the vase.

burned their slain after the Roman + Of those engraved in Hoare's “ Ancient custom, and put their bones in these Wilts," it most reseinbles that in Tumuli, rude urns, placing them in the tumuli plate viü. vol. 1. p. 81. There is much of which had already been formed? the same sprig pattern on one in Tumuli, Yours, &c.

F. D. plate xvi.

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an urn.

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1830.) Account of Biggleswade, co. Bedford.

19 Mr. URBAN,

Biggleswade, lieu of which, three manors, part of the

April 14. possessions of the Abbey of Ely, were IGGLESWADE, a market town surrendered to the Bishop of Lincoln;

in the county of Bedford, is situ- riz., Spaldwick, Biggleswade, and ate on the great north road at the dis. Bugden.* tance of 45 miles from London. It The grant of Henry I. only mentions gives name to the hundred in which it the vill of Spaldwick, and is to this puris sitaate; the ancient name, according port : “ The King having taken into to Domesday Book, was Bicheleswnde; consideration the state of his kingdom hot since the compilation of that book of England, and finding that the harit has ondergone sereral changes, for vest was great but the labourers sew, the most part orthographical, viz. Bike- and therefore the labour too much upon lesrade, Bigelesworth, Biglesward. them, &c., with the advice of the Pope

In ancient records it is called the Pascal did convey and make over the Borough and Foreign of Biggleswade, Vill of Spaldwick, in the county of and it hath now its bailiwick or fran- Huntingdon, part of the possessions of chise, to which the tolls of the market the monastery of Ely, with all its rights and fairs are payable; the present pro- and apportenances, 1o the Church of prietor of the bailiwick is Mr. Simeon Lincoln, and 10 Robert Bishop of the Sell.

same sce, and to his successors for ever, We learn from the Norman Survey, in as free and ample a manner as ever Aliat the Manor was then held by Ralph the monastery of Ely had !held it,” &c. de Lisle, and was rated for ten hides; Browne Willis states that Biggleswade there were seven villeins, ten bordars, was obtained by the successor of Bluel, and three servants; also two mills of 47s. for which he was to make the King an yearly value. Its value was 171. yearly. annual present of a rich gown lined In the time of King Edward the Con- witli sables, worth one hundred marks: fessor, Srigand the Archbishop held and we accordingly find that ihe inanor this inanor, and it was then worth 101. was grantedt to the Bishop of Lincoln

Richard, the tenth and last Abbot of without any allusion to any assignment Ely, perceiring that encroachments of the county of Cambridge as a diowere daily being made upon the privi- cese for the Bishop of Ely, leges of their monastery, obtained a The Bishops of Lincoln continued grant from Henry I. making their Ab. to hold the manor and enjoy the privibey a Bishoprick, but Richard died lege, as is evident from the esiracts before it was put into execution. Now from the public records given beneath, I as there was no province assigned, the until 4th Edw. 111.,11 when Henry King sent for Robert Bluet, then Bishop of Lincoln was summoned to Bishop of Lincoln and Lord Chancel- answer by what authority he claimed to lor of England, and obtaired of him have, in his manor of Biggleswade, view that the county of Cambridge inight be of frank pledge, with allihings to view of the province of the new Bishop; in frank pledge belonging, iwice in a year,

Coke's account of the Franchise of Ely, in the 4th Vol. of his Inst. † “ Inspeximus insuper cartam celebris memoriæ Domini H. quondam regis Angliæ progenitoris nostri in hæc verba : H. rex Angliæ Archiepiscopis, &c. Sciatis me reddidisse et concessisse Deo et Ecclesiæ beatæ Marize Lincoliæ, et Alexandro Episcopo et omnibus successoribus suis imperpetuum, manerium de Bicheleswada cum terris et hominibus et omnibus ipsi maperio pertinentibus, in bosco et plano, in aquis et extra, in pratis et pasturis, in molendinis et ecclesiâ : io via et semitis, in piscariis, cum soca et saca et tol et team et infangedetheof, cum omnibus libertatibus et quietationibus et consuetudinibus et omnibus relvus eidem manerio pertinentibus, ita bene et in pace et honorificè et quietè optinendis Ecclesiæ Lincoloiensi et prætaxato Episcopo, et omnibus successoribus ejus, sicut ego unquam manerium illud melius et liberius tenui dum fuit in manu meâ, vel aliquis qui illud liberius ante me teouisset. Hanc itaque redditionem et coucessionem meam, sicut superius determinatum est, factam collaudo, collaudatam confirmo, et illam præfatæ Ecclesiæ et Episcopo Alexandro et successoribus ejus integrè illibatèque permansuram regiâ auctoritate et a Deo mihi concessâ potestate corroboro. Testibus Rogero Episcopo Sarum, &c. &c.; apud Gillingham, anno ab incarnativne Domini millessimo centessimo tricessimo secundo."-Dugd. Monast. vol. iii. p. 261.

E'p's Linc' ten' in Bykeleswade Str’tton H'd'm' di' feod' de Baronia Eccl'ie sue. Testa de Nevill. Ep'us Lincoln omnes habet regales libertates infra maner' et Hundred' de Bykeleswade. 29 H. III, Ing. post mort.

|| Pleas of quo warranto.

20

Account of Biggieswade, co. Bedford. (July, viz. one after the feast of St. Michael, successors for ever might have freeware and another after the feast of Easter, ren in all his demesne lands at Bigglesof all resiants and tenants within the wade, although such lands were not in same manor; with soc, sac, toll, cheam, the bounds of the King's forests, &c., infangthef and outfangthef, gallows, and by that authority he claimed free tumbrell, pillory, and thew at Biggles- warreu, &c. wade; and one market at Biggleswade I find no change in the proprietor of on Monday, and one fair there yearly, this manor until the time of Edward on the eve and on the day of the exal. the Sixth, when Henry Holbech, alias tation of the Holy Cross, with pleas of Rands, was removed from the see of market and fair, and toll, &c. and to Rochester, and confirmed Bishop of have free warren in all their demesne Lincoln, Aug. 20, 1547, in order that lands in the aforesaid manor, &c. the estates belonging to the see of Lin

And the Bishop, by Thomas de coln might be given up to the Crown, Huntington his attorney, came; and as which he readily yielded to: before he to the view and also the aforesaid libero had been possessed thereof a month, ties of sac, soc, toll, and theam, insang. he in one day eonfiscated all the printhef, &c. &c. and the fair aforesaid, cipal manors belonging to bis Bishopsays, that he and all his predecessors rick, alienating Sept. 26, 1547, the from the time whereof the memory of Lordship and manor of Biggleswade, man does not exist to the contrary, with more than twenty others. were seised both of the aforesaid liber. By an inquisition taken at Ampthill, ties as well as the appurtenances to the Jan. 14, 3 Edw. VI. it was found that aforesaid manor, and by that authority Sir Michael Fisher, Knt. who died he claimed the liberties, &c. And as June 18, 2 Edw. VI. possessed of this to the Market at Biggleswade, he said manor, together with that of Clifton that the Lord King Henry, by his char- and some others, left his granddaughter ter, which the Lord King Edward re- Agnes, the daughter of John Fisher, citing confirmed, and which confirma- which Agnes was found to be his beir, lion was then produced, granted 10 being then twenty-two years old, and Hugh the second Bishop of Lincoln, a the wife of Oliver the first Lord St. predecessor of the then present Bishop, John.* that he and his successors for ever The manor afterwards became a part should have a market at Biggleswade, of the Crown possessions, and was, which his father granted and gave to Feb. 18, 1772, leased to Robert Earl him, and which the same Bishop had Granville for the term of thirty-one always up to that time quietly enjoyed, years, and by the then last surveyt was with all liberties, rights, and customs valued at 287. 3s. 201 of a kind appertaining to a market, and Soon after the expiration of the by that authority he claimed the afore- above-mentioned lease, it was sold (by said market, &c. And as to the free. auction at Garraway's Coffee-house, warren aforesaid, he says, the Lord the Sept. 10, 1807) to Sir Francis Willes, King Edward, by his charter then pro- Knt. for the sum of 21801. Sir Francis duced, granted and confirmed to the died Oct. 30,1827, seized of the manor, then present Bishop, that he and his which he devised 10 Peter Harvey Lo

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* Created Baron the Realm by letters patent bearing date Jan. 15, 1558, by the title of Lord St. John of Bletsho. + Account of Manors held by Lease from the Crown. In the Val. Eccl. of Henry. VIII. we find that Biggleswade was worth per anoum

£. $. d.
In rents of Assize........

..36
Farm of demesne lands, with toll of market and fair 11
Farm of the Mills there..
Common fincs. .....

0 14
Perquisites of Court.........

6 8

65
REPRISES.
Fee to Francis Brian, Steward of Lordship there .... 2
Fee to Henry Whitehed, Bailiff
Fee to George Cock, Reeve and Bailiff.

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Clear yearly value .........

..........60

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