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of natural and revealed religion, child's eye, till he has swallowed drove men to cruel and un his bit. warrantable extremes. Calvin's 7. Look to your affections situation was peculiarly delicate. most carefully, that they be not, Roman Catholics accused him of (1.) feigned, nor, (2.) forcedly dangerous theological errors. let loose to have their full scope;
Their eyes were fixed upon him; for then they will either overand had he remained an indiffer- ran your judgment, or be a ent spectator of the process temptation to vain glory. against Servetus, they would 8. Preach speaking or talking have pronounced him a favourer to the people ; look on the peoof his opinions. Add to this, had ple, not on roofs or walls, and Servetus escaped, his gross and look on the most mortified faces abusive charges against Calvin in the assembly ; let them know would have appeared well-found- your preaching is real talking ed; and Calvin's adversaries with them, whereby they may would have availed themselves of be provoked (as it were) to anthat advantage for ruining his in swer you again. fuence.
9. Take heed of over-wording any thing.
10. Be sure you have made RULES FOR PREACHING.
the people understand thoroughFound among the papers of a de- ly what is the good yon exhort ceused minister, signed W.C.
them to, or the evil you dehort the author unknown.
them from, before you bring [Froin the Biblical Magazine.]
your motives and means ; and,
11. Touch no Scripture slight1. DiscovER DO more of ly ; trouble not many, but open Four method than needs must. the metaphors, and let one Scrip
2. Pass not any thing, till ture point out the other, the one you have bolted it to the bran. a key to the other.
3. Use the mother speech 12. Let the Scripture teach and tone, without affectation or you, and not you it. imitation of any man, that you 13. Be sure you feed yourself may not seem to act a comedy, upon every pause with the peoinstead of preaching a sermon. ple, before you pass it, else that
4. Clog not your memory will do them little good, and you too much : it will exceedingly none at all : oh taste every bit. hinder invention, and mar de 14. Take these four candles to livery:
find out what to say to the peo5. Be sure you eye God, his ple: (1) The Scriptore unbiasglory, the good of souls, having sed. (2) The thoughts and exthe day before mastered self and periences of good men. (3) Your inan-pleasing ague. This must own experience. (4) The conbe renewed toties quoties.
dition of the people. 6. Let your words be sost, 15. Break off any where, few, and slow; and see they rather than run upon any of come no faster than the weakest these two inconveniences ; (1) hearer can digest each morsel ; Either to huddle or tumble topause a while, and look in the gether spiritual things; or,
(2) Tire the weakest of the 22. Do not care so much flock.
whether the people receive your 16. Never pass over one point doctrine, as whether you and it while you bave any thing mater are acceptable to the Lord. rial to say of it, provided it be 23. Do not conceive that your on a spiritual point.
zeal or earnestness can prevail 17. Let your doctrine, and the with the people ; but the force constant stream of your preach- of spiritual reason, the evidence ing, be about the chiefest spirit. of Scripture, and the power of ual things, and let small contro- the Holy Ghost. versies and external duties come 24. Do not think the hearers in by the bye.
can receive as you conceive, and • 18. Beware of forms ; neither so inake your own conception the be tied to any one method. rule of dealing the bread of life ;
19. Be always on that subject, so shall you only please yourself, which is next your heart ; and and be admired but not underbe not too thrifty and careful stood by others. what to say next, for God will 25. Let there be something in provide ; it will be offensive like every sermon to draw poor sinkept manna, if reserved through ners to Jesus Christ. distrust till the next day.
26. Take heed that your 20. Be sure to extricate care comparisons be not ridieulous, fully, any godly point you speak and yet be not shy of homely of, out of the notions and terms of divinity; else it will freeze 27. Study every Scripture inevitably in your mouth and you are to speak of beforehand, their ears.
lest you ovérburden invention, or 21. Let there not be disfigure presume too much upon your ing of faces, nor snuffing in the own parts. nose, nor hemming in the 28. Take care to free truth of throat, nor any antic gesture, extravagancies, of needless dipretending devotion, made grav. gressions, needless heads and ity } which will make you seem enumerations. a loathsome Pharisee, or a dis 29. Shun apologies, for they tracted man broke loose out of are always offensive. Bedlam.
Review of new Publications.
in Historical View of Heresies, ter, and to exhibit a concise view,
and Vindication of the Primi. of the origin, spirit, and moral live Faith. By Asa M'Far- tendency of Heresy; and clearly 1.AND, A. M. minister of the to mark the point of difference gospel in Concord, New Hamp between that scheme of doctrine, xhire. George Hough, Con called orthodox, and those cord. 1806. Pp. 274 12mo. schemies, which under various
A LEADING object of this trea- names, differ essentially front tise is to state the general charac. it.
The work is divided into ten atonement, and by a vital union chapters. In the first is stated with Christ. p. 11. general principles by which Our author makes a distinc. heresy may be known,” Under tion between error in judgment this head, the author justly re- and heresy. p. 11. A man marks that every system of relie whose heart may not be opposed gion, which has appeared in the to the spirit of the gospel, may world, has had some distinguish, yet, through wrong instruction, ing characteristic, and rests on embrace essential error. Such its own peculiar and distincţ a person he does not consider as foundation; and that "Christiani. an heretic, ty rests on this truth, that God The object of the second chap: has manifested himself to the ter is to shew that “all Heresies world by Jesus Christ, his only are known by the same general begotten Son." P. 9.
character, though they have apIn this scheme Christ appears peared under different names.” in the character of a Mediator The one source of all heresy or and Saviour, which implies, that dangerous error, our author con: he has opened a consistent way ceives, “is a heart which is not for divine, gracious communica- reconciled to the gospel terms of tions to sinners. From “the na- salvation :" [p. 14, 15.] Hence ture of this mediatorial work of a disposition to reject, or to evade Jesus Christ, it is necessary that the force of the essential & pecu: we receive and treat him as liar doctrines of the gospel, com God over allı-as no created monly called the orthodox faith, being can perform more than the forms a common and distinguish, duty which he personally owes ing feature in the character of all to God. A proper atonement heretics, for sin rests on the supreme The orthodox faith, and the Deity of the Saviour." p. 10. doctrines of grace, our author
The gospel is stated to be a considers as of synonymous im, manifestation of the divine pur- port. “These doctrines are expose to save sinners through faith hibited, in order, in the thirty: in Christ. As this faith is the nine articles of the Church of gift of God, and the immediate England, and in the Westmin. effect of his operation, it is with ster Confession of Faith. These the greatest propriety called a were the Doctrines of the Redispensation of grace. “If this be formation.” p. 15. “That man, the spirit of the Christian dis- kind have destroyed themselves, pensation, it is manifest, that and that their salvation is wbolly whatever takes away that from of God," is considered by our the gospel, which is peculiar to author as constituting the sum of it, or which makes it any other the orthodox scheme. p. 16.than a dispensation of grace, is They; therefore, who embrace Heresy. He is an heretic, in and propagate opinions, which the Scripture sense of the word, counteract the spirit and tenden, who adheres to those opinions, cy of this truth, are considerey. which encourage him to hope for as justly chargeable with heresd, salvation in any other way, than The point where heretics take through the merit of a perfect their departure from the ortho:
dox plan, he considers to be the influence to renew. holiness in denial that “salvation is wholly men ;" and that, they “ were of GOD."
alarmed at the appearance of the Our author, under this head, Unitarian doctrine, and took deciundertakes to shew, that the doc- sive measures to arrest its proIrines of grace all stand ne gress, as an evil of most pernicessarily connected with “the cious tendency.” p. 78.91. divinity and perfect atonement of In the sixth and seventh chapJesus Christ." p. 22. His ters are brought into view, the proofs of this connexion are in: Arian and Pelagian doctrines, genious, and we think scriptural which are shewn to be a deparand conclusive.
ture from the faith of the primiThe third chapter is divided tive Christians. into two sections. The first The eighth chapter exhibits a gives " the scripture character of plain summary of the “ doctrines Christ." The second shews of the reformation :" the ninth, that “the design of the gospel an interesting account of the and epistles of St. John proba- “ revival of the ancient heresies bly was to confute the error of after the reformation,” by the those, who denied the divinity modern Socinians, Arminians, and atonement of Christ.” The Methodists, and Free-will Bapscripture proofs of the supreme tists, whose opinions are shewn Deity of Jesus Christ, in this to be subversive of that scheme chapter, are exhibited in a clear of religion which rests on this and convincing light; and that truth, “that salvation is wholly the passages adduced for this of Gop.” purpose are not misapplied, is The last chapter is designed shewn from the nature of the to shew “in what respect, and gospel, and the design of St. how far those systenis of docJohn's epistles to confute those trine, which have been exhibited, who denied this doctrine.
come within the general descripThe fourth and fifth chapters tion of heresy." This is an exhibit the faith of the primitive interesting chapter, and deserves Christians, and their conduct to
the serious attention of the reaward those who denied the di- der. vinity and atonement of Christ. The author subjoins some From copious extracts, both from judicious and seasonable reflecChristian and heathen writers, in tions and remarks, resulting the first ages of Christianity, our from the view of religious opitAuthor satisfactorily proves that ions, given in the preceding the primitive Christians believed work-and then closes with an what are denominated the doc- “ Address," Ist. “To those who trines of grace--that they were adopt the Unitarian system.” " Trinitarians,” that “they be- 2d. « To those who have trust. lieved in the ruin of mankind by ed in Christ as a divine Saviour, the sin of the first man, and that and are established in the docthe Son of God became incar- trines of grace." nate, to deliver sinners from the The subject of this work is deplorable effects of the fall;"- manifestly of great importance. also“ in the necessity of divine There is certainly an essential
difference between that system, On the whole, we consider which is founded on the princi- this a valuable and very seasonaple, that Christ is a divine per- ble performance, and we cordially son, and salvation wholly of God; recommend it to the attention of and that which considers him as the public. To exposé dangera mere creature, though ever so ons error shows no want of chari. exalted, and salvation, either in ty or candour. In an age of whole or in part, of the creature. prevailing infidelity, when many So different are these systems, openly reject the articles of our that if the former be true, the most holy faith, it yields high latter, by whatever name it is satisfaction to the good man, called, is a practical error, which who “ trembles for the ark of his tends to destroy the soul. God," to see a man of piety, tal• We think the author incorrectents and learning employed in in his distinction between an vindicating the pure doctrines of error in judgment and heresy. Christianity, and displaying them We believe with him, that heresy in contrast with those sentihas its origin in an “evil heartments, which essentially change of unbelief;" but that error in the Christian scheme, and coun. judgment has a different source teract those salutary effects, may be justly questioned. That which the gospel in its purity is a person should be destitute of calculated to produce. sentiment for want of proper means of information, can easily The Shade of Plato; or, a defence be conceived ; but that any one of religion, morality and governe should embrace error instead of mont. A Poem, in four parts. truth, without any kind or de By DAVID НетсHсоск. То gree of evidence, can be account which is prefixed, a Sketch of ed for only on the principle of the Author's Life, Hudson, evil propensity
Printed at the Balance Press. The style of this work corres 1805. ponds with the design of the HAVING read the introductoauthor, which is to enlighten ry sketch of the author, the and establish the minds of the reader will not expect to find in honest but unlearned, in the this poem the choicest beauties great truths of our religion, and of linguage. The poetry, it to guard them' against the perni- must be confessed, is not of the cious and prevalent errors of the most elevated kind. The figures day. It is plain, familiar, and are not all expressive of refined commonly correct. The plan taste, and the versification is of the work is judicious, tie sometimes unharmonious. But arrangement of the sereral parts though in these respects the natural, and the principles advo- Shade of Plato will not rank Cated, in our opinion, scriptural. with the Pleasures of ImaginaThe facts stated are supported by tion, the Deserted Village, or proper evidence, and the reason the Essay on Man, it is by no ing grounded on these facts, in mcans destitute of merit. It has telligible, and in general conclu- many excellencies, but of a difsive. The closing addresses are ferent kind. The author discov, scrious, pertincnt and useful. ers some knowledge of heathen