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companion who enticed Gregory to visit sent for. Accordingly, Frank was

called the shop of Mrs. Margaret Mallalieu. into the room, and the letter shown to him, After several weeks, Gregory and Sam were upon which he stated positively that the heard of at Portsmouth, and with the con- writing was no other than that of his father's sent of their friends, means were taken to clerk, the now rich Mr. Capel. The authorapprehend them, that they might be restored ship of the anonymous letter having been without delay to their homes. This was thus established unexpectedly to all parties, effected, and Samuel Oliver and Gregory Mr. Harvey suggested that Barney should Homespun found themselves again in Lon- be arrested forthwith, and that he be indon, in the second week of July. They had formed that a letter had been received from suffered great privations during their ab- Mr. Capel, charging him with being the sence from their parents, and learned that leader of the rioters in Marton Fields. " there is no place like home.At first While these events were going on, Barthey were unwilling to communicate the ney had not been idle. The mysterious history of their interview with Barney; but beggar had kept his appointment with him, Gregory was soon induced, by the kind but the thief had declared that Mr. Capel demeanour of Mr. Keen, to make a full would not listen to the application, and had statement of the case, which was confirmed refused to give him any money. by Samuel Oliver his companion. Upon a “Very well,” said the beggar, coolly; consultation with a lawyer of considerable "you must learn how to make Mr. Capel practice in the criminal courts, and with pay, or I must teach you. I shall be at the Wynne, the detective officer, it was not vaults above to-morrow night, and shall considered desirable to arrest Barney at require some money to be paid to me there

, once, though it was believed that the testi- There is no answer required. Good night!" mony of the boys was sufficient to convict and so saying, the mysterious visitor turned him of the theft of the jewels which had away from Barney, who began already to been removed from Parker's body. The think that he had made a mistake in cheatofficer stated that his attention had been ing him. But the hag encouraged the directed to Barney by an anonymous letter, young thief in his dishonesty, and Barney and that through an acquaintance of the determined still to withhold the money. thief, he had obtained information that The next evening came, but Barney was Barney was in possession of facts which not at the appointed place. The man were far more valuable than those they crouched in his old situation, and waited now sought to establish. If, he added, he for several hours, as the crowd of debauched could obtain a clue to the writer of the and besotted creatures passed in and out of letter to which he alluded, he had reason the garish light of the giu-shop. He asked to believe that he could unravel a very and took alms for a while, but as the hope extraordinary mystery, which had hitherto of seeing Barney grew, defeated his skill , and that of his

fellow- savage anger appeared to overcome all other detectives. He went on to say that he considerations, and he sat in the corner of knew that Barney had the keeping of some the door with set teeth and clenched fists, important secret, which, when intoxicated, the emblem of a revengeful spirit Th he declared he was paid to keep, and that, revelries and quarrellings- of the scene moreover, the person who paid him had reached their height towards midnight, tried to get him hanged. The officer had when the beggar, having well nigh, so person who had written the anonymous disappeared. He walked towards them nal, and that if he could trace the letter stepped aside, and pushed the door openen

he could trace the crime, and the crime, he Upon the rickety counter in the shop suspected, was the murder of Parker. The was a stone bottle, in the neck of which a letter was produced, and Mr. Keen imme- candle, with laden wick, burned low, but diately stated his belief that it was the hand with sufficient light to show that no person -writing of Mr. Capel

. As, nevertheless, was in the shop. The beggar listened for he did not profess to be quite confident, he a moment on the door-step, and bearing crequested that Frank Meanwell should be l voices, in the room, beyond, the de

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which was closed, he made bold to step for- narrowly, and stealthily followed him along wards and peep through the keyhole. “Just the ways which he took avoid observaat the time, the candle on the counter tion, till he entered a dirty shop in the dropped through the and was extinguished.

en best '

the fire-light in this was not a mere house of call, the begthe

beyond, there were seen three gar watched the door till daylight was per Barney, Mrs. Mallalieu, and a streaming in the streets, and till he saw third, who appeared to belong to that fra- the Jew who had visited Barney appear, and ternity whose business consists in the bar- act as the master of the establishment for tering of old clothes, or anything else upon the sale of second-hand clothes. which there may be a chance of profit. Though revenge was the feeling upperFrom the conversation, it appeared that the most in the beggar's mind, he was too

(for he was dressed in the garb, and avaricious to gratify his anger by sacrificing spoke with the peculiar nasal tone of that certain golden visions which had been race) had only just come in, and was in the floating before him with reference to Mr. act of inquiring what his friends had got in Capel, until he had fully satisfied himself his

way. An answer of some kind was that they were hopes which could never be given in a very low tone, and then Barney realised. With the purpose of discovering passed through the dark shop, and having whether Barney had actually deceived him, fastened the outer door, returned to the he sought an interview with Mr. Capel. back room, the door of which he likewise But this was a matter of great difficulty. bolted. The beggar, standing in the far- Since the sharebroker's unpleasant interther comer of the shop, was unnoticed, and view with Barney, Mr. Capel had taken as soon as Barney had reclosed the inner most studious precautions to prevent a redoor, he resumed his watchful attitude at a petition of such visits, and directed the chink, which seemed to have been formed youth in the office to deny him to every for the purpose by Mrs. Mallalieu. The person who was not known, or who did not door had fastenings on both sides, and with present a card of address. a cautious and noiseless hand, the beggar passed before the mysterious beggar had shot the bolt upon the outside, to protect any opportunity of speaking to the wealthy himself against any surprise. A candle man, and in the interval the latter had diswas lighted within, and Barney and the covered that he was watched by other parJew, raising the hearth-stone, took out the ties, who, he believed, belonged to the bundle which had been deposited there in police establishment of the City of London. February, together with the blue cloak Being in danger of being arrested as a which had been worn by the Irishman on vagabond, he made bold to address Mr. the night after the discovery of Parker's Capel in the street, saying he was sent by body by the boys. Several other articles Barney, upon which the enraged broker were also removed from the same place of gave the beggar into custody, and he was concealment. The beggar saw and heard removed to the lock-up. He refused to all, till the bargain was concluded and the give any name, and was placed in a cell to Les rose to go away, when he hastily altered await the decision of the magistrate on the his position, and turned to pass out from following day; when it was expected by the shop. He had quietly

undone the bolts the officers that he would be committed as of the outer door, and was in the act of a rogue and a vagabond. The prisoner opening it, to pass out, when a bar which several times requested that he might be stood' behind, fell with a loud crash to the allowed to see and speak with one of the Hoor . There was a heavy fall in the inner superior officers, but as it was not the cus

; but the beggar was trouched in the corner. was compelled to remain in durance

vile of an opposite doorway, before the inmates till the evening, when a knowledge of the could

first into the street, which was Wynne, who immediately directed the prinow perfectly quiet, and returning, allowed soner to be brought into his presence. Redoor upon himass ) to

out, quickly closing the sentment had conquered all other con



wreak his vengeance upon Barney and be fraught with danger to him-when the Capel. From the statements made by the pealing thunder shook the house and reprisoner, the detective officer found that he doubled his fears. He rose from the couch could complete the links of evidence in a to close the window, which had been left most important case, and upon the infor- open on account of the oppressive heat, mation thus obtained, he took steps for the and was about to put his purpose into exearrest of the Irishman, Mrs. Mallalieu, and cution, when, in the singular stillness the sharebroker, on that very night. which prevailed after the echoes of the

The heat of the day had been oppressive, thunder had ceased, he fancied that he and as the shades of evening came down heard his name mentioned by some perupon the sky, nature seemed to groan sons in the street below, and stopped with under the burden of the murky air. It his hand upon tne sash to listen. There was one of those sultry nights peculiar to appeared to be three persons on the opJULY,

posite side of the street, two of whom when the very grasshoppers seemed to pause which was the residence of Mr. Capel?

inquired from the third if he knew surely in their chirping for lack of breath, and to The latter, having replied, passed on, leavsigh for the cooling dew. The odours

ing the two inquirers standing together. from the merry hay-field lost their fresh- A fash of lightning, which, in its excessive ness, and the breath of the sweet-scented brightness, made everything look white as vernal grass was changed by its mixture molten silver, the second afterwards, flooded with the stagnant and sulphureous atmo- the sky, and showed to the watchers the sphere. The pimpernel, and convolvulus, listening sharebroker at the window. And went prematurely to rest; and the speed- what did it show to Mr. Capel? Staggerwell, drooping and trembling, cast its blue ing, blinded—less by the lightning than coronets aside.

The dog-rose, and the what he thought he saw, he stretches out a poppy too-unshaken by a breeze-let strengthless hand towards a chair, which fall their petals, and the lime-tree and he is unable to reach, and falls helpless, as clematis seemed to deny their fragrance to

a man paralysed, upon the floor. the few bees which still lingered out from

“ The dead risen to life !" he faintly the crowded and anxious hive. The birds

muttered, as he lost his consciousness. seemed hushed with expectation, and a The storm had indeed burst. Mr. strange stillness hung in the air.

The fruit-trees were deserted by the robber wasps; recovery from his swoon, he asked no quese

Capel's hopes had been shattered, and on the ants crowded at home: no beetle sounded tions, but suffered himself quietly to be his horn, nor moth fluttered against the led away to the office, where, as he was thirsty leaves, or against the dusty window-shown up into the presence of Mr. Wynne, pane:

he caught a glimpse of Barney and Mrs. “'Tis listening fear and dumb amazement all: Mallalieu, who were seated in the office When to the startled eye the sudden glance

below, guarded by the constables.
Appears far south, eruptive through the cloud;
And following slower, in explosion vast,

(Continued at page 213.)
The thunder raises his tremendous voice.
At first, heard solemn o'er the verge of heaven,
The tempest growls; but as it nearer comes,
And rolls its awful burden on the wind,

BOOK-SHELVES.--To give some idea of The lightnings flash a larger curve, and more

the extent of the new portion of the library Noise astounds; till over head a sheet

of the British Museum, it has, as a point Of livid flame discloses wide ; then shuts, And opens wider; shuts and opens till

of useful information, or perhaps also as a Expansive, wrapping ether in a blaze,

matter of curiosity, been ascertained that Follows the loosened aggravated roar,

the whole length of the shelves, which hold Enlarging, deepening, mingling; peal on peal Crush'd horrible, cor vulsing heaven and earth." 260,000 volumes, is 42,240 feet, or eight

miles. The length of the shelves in the Mr. Capel was tossing on his restless library at Munich, containing 500,000 bed, disturbed by the thoughts of his own volumes, taking the same proportion, will insecurity-Barney's power—who the beg- be fifteen miles and two-fifths. The king's gar might be—and whether the arrest which library in Paris, of 650,000 volumes, must, he had so hastily authorized, might not by the same calculation, have twenty miles

dry air.


cluded the air from the surface of the GRANDFATHER WHITEHEAD'S pond, and the fish were suffocated—as was

also the minnow in the boy's bottle. They LECTURES TO LITTLE-FOLK.

died for want of air. But some of you

reiterate the objection, that if fishes reTHE HEART-FISH.

quired air, they would live best where they MY DEAR LITTLE Boys and Girls.- had the most-namely, when taken out of You will, perhaps, think it odd to inquire the water. If you will give me your attenwhy fish die when they are taken out of tion for a few minutes, I will endeavour to the fluid in which they have hitherto lived? explain to you how it is that the breathing But this inquiry is one which will be useful

apparatus of the fish, though exquisitely to us, if, in seeking for the answer, we are adapted to act upon the air contained in led to a better acquaintance with any of water, becomes inefficient when exposed to God's wonderful works. George admits he is somewhat puzzled; but Kate, and Fishes breathe by their gills—those Sarah Anne, and Joe, have given a ready curious bright red fringes which lie under answer ; but the readiest reply is often the the plates on each side of their head. most erroneous, and hasty conclusions are These organs correspond to our lungs, seldom in accordance with truth. And so

and decompose the air exposed to them in it is in this instance. George says he the current of water taken in at the mouth, does not know, and is determined to inquire and pushed back through the openings at further ; while some of the rest of my the side of the neck. If you watch the young audience, like many older heads, gold fish in the globe yonder, you will find having got hold of a plausible answer, are that they are constantly opening and satisfied with it, and examine the matter no shutting their mouths—in fact, breathing.

Kate and her party say that the While the water containing air is thus fish dies for want of water, and they laugh at driven past and between the blood vessels of their grandpapa for expressing an opinion the gills, the blood is forced into these that it dies for want of air. Grandpapa

organs by the action of the heart, which must be joking,” say they ; “because a is constructed upon the most perfect form fish has more air than it ever had when it of a force-pump, and which it will be is taken out of the water, so it can't die worth our while to understand before we. for want of breath."

proceed further. We will take for the In one of my earliest lectures * I told subject of our description that form of you the story of a boy who caught a little heart which is found in Man, because the minnow, and put it into a bottle, in which simpler forms will be easily understood it lived very comfortably for a short time; after you have learned how wonderful, and but that one day its young keeper corked yet how simple a machine is constantly the bottle for a while, upon which the little working away in your own breasts. fish quickly died. It has been observed,

The HEART is an organ consisting of four moreover, that if the mouth of the globe in chambers, or cavities, which are closed by which gold fishes are confined is covered the same kind of force which enables you with varnished silk, and the surface of the to move your arms, legs, or feet. If you water thus excluded from the air, that the stand upon your toes, the calves of your fish soon manifest signs of uneasiness, and legs will be found to be hardened, owing to shortly afterwards die. It is related that the contraction of the muscles which form some wicked men once stole a large quan- that part of the body, and which extend the tity of oil from a gentleman's warehouse, foot. Hence such motions are said to deand hid the barrels, in which the liquid was

pend upon muscular power. The sides of contained, by sinking them in some fish- the cavities of the heart are, in like manner, ponds in the vicinity. The oil escaped, pressed together by the contraction of the and, floating, spread itself as a thin layer muscles of which the heart is formed. over the surface of the pond, and in a few | is, in truth, a muscular bag, with four hours afterwards a large number of the divisions in it, dividing it into four smaller fish were found to be dead. The oil ex

A ring of muscle surrounds the * Vol. i. p. 68,

mouth, and enables you to hold a pencil



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firmly between the lips; and the same valves which are placed at the opening (k), power squeezes the blood from the heart in so as to prevent its return, being closed by the manner which I will presently explain. antolon ist ning ei The blood goes out from the left side of

slona the heart as a bright red, and is conveyed

Sla lliw in strong elastic pipes, made of a substance like leather, to the various parts of the

12254 body. These pipes, being usually found

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ಒದಗ Tempty after death, were supposed by the

gar 100 சர் ancient anatomists to be adapted only to

Oleh dost seis convey air ; hence they gave them the

fe is to ploru name of air-pipes, or arteries. From the

lald viagus deat arteries the bright-red blood passes into

គេ smaller vessels (arranged in a very minute network), which, from their fineness, have

Vால sot been named capillaries (from the Latin word signifying a hair). During its passage

suduroda through these exceedingly small vessels,

s 10 Esbit the blood loses its bright colour, and as

sot si to sumes a darker hue as it is pressed on into

BEST 91310 il the veins, which return it to the right side of the heart: from thence it is expelled


1595 96d do still dark in tint-to the lungs, where it

Sobril 1802 comes in contact with the oxygen of the air, and, giving off carbonic acid gas, re

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9dad assumes its bright arterial colour. From

39co bassus the lungs we trace the vital fluid back to the left side of the heart, from which we


OM started, thus completing the circle of the

dojai system; hence the name given to this

u on sed passage of the blood, viz., the circulation. The better to understand the construc- the pressure of the blood against them, as

Tot 10 lisad tion of the heart, we will follow the blood a door is slammed to by the wind. But through its cavities, commencing at the the same pressure which closes these valves point where the dark blood of the veins, opens others in the direction of the tube f. returning from the body, is poured into the along which the dark blood is pushed. At right side of the organ, at g, in the diagram, the entrance of this vessel, moreover, there to which I desire your attention. there is a dilatation of the vein, and its has ceased to contract, and opens to be

Here are valves which (as soon as the ventricle coats become muscular. From the appear- filled afresh from the auricle) are immeance of this dilatation when collapsed, it diately closed, and allow none of the conhas been compared to a dog's ear, and from tents of the vessel to pass back again. thence has been injudiciously called the The vital liquid, thus propelled along the auricle (from a Latin word signifying a pulmonary artery f, is distributed by the little ear). It is marked r a in the drawing, capillary, or hair-like pipes, through the indicating the name, right auricle. From the lungs, where it assumes its bright colour, right auricle, upon the contraction or and from which it is collected into the pulclosing, of its muscular walls

, the blood is monary vein (d), that delivers it through forced through an opening, (",) into the the opening (f) into the third cavity, or cavity called the right ventricle (ru), so left auricle (ia). The muscular walls of called from a Latin word signifying a little this organ, by contracting, squeeze the stomach, which it was supposed to resemble. blood forwards into the fourth cavity, or tracts, the blood might be expected to rush where valves again prevent its return. The

back into the auricle, or first cavity ; but left ventricle, in like manner, contracting, this is admirably provided against, by the I pushes open the valve at the entrance, or

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