« السابقةمتابعة »
Savas having eneompassed the earth, with meditated guile returns, as a mist, by night into Paradise; enters into the serpent sleeping. Adam and Eve in the morning go forth to their labours, whieh Eve proposes to divide in several plaees, eaeh labouring apart: Ada,n eonsents not, alleging the danger, lest that enemy, of whom they were forewarned, shonld attempt her found alone: Eve, loth to be thought not eireumspeet or firm enough, urges her going apart, the rather desirons to make trial of her strength: Adam at last yields; the serpent finds her alone: his subtle approaeh, first gating, then speaking; with mueh flattery extolling Eve above all other ereatures. Eve, wondering to hear the serpent speak, asks how he attained to human speeeh, and sueh understanding, not tiil now: the serpent answers, that by tasting of a eertain tree in the garden he attained both to speeeh and reason, till then void of both: Eve reqnires him to bring her to that tree, and finds it to be the tree of knowledge forbidden; the serpent, now grown bolder, with many wiles and arguments induees her at length to eat; she, pleased with the taste, deliberates awhile whether to impart thereof to Adam or not; at last brings him of the frnit; relates what persnaded her to eat thereof: Adam, at first amased, bnt pereeiring her lost, resolves, through rehemenee of love, to perish with her; and, extennating the trespass, eats also of the frnit: the effeets thereof in them both; they seek to eover their nakedness; then fall to varianee and aeeusation of one anothev.
No more of talk where God or angel guest
1. Whmt Gad, ke . The sense is, whero 12. Mitrry here means siekl,ess, 'ii* Ged. or rather the angel sent by him, ease, and all sorts of mortal pains, and aeting as his proxy, used to nit fandliarly with man as with his friend.
Or Neptune's ire, or Juno's, that so long ^
Perplex'd the Greek, and Cytherea's son;
If answerable style I ean obtain 20
Of my eelestial patroness, who deigns
Her nightly visitation uniinplored,
And dietates to me slumbering, or inspires
Easy my unpremeditated verse:
Sinee first this subjeet for heroie song 20
Pleased me, long ehoosing and beginning late;
Not sedulous by nature to indite
Wars, hitherto the only argument
Heroie deem'd; ehief mastery to disseet
With long and tedious havoe fabled knights, 30
In battles feign'd; the better fortitude
Of patienee and heroie martyrdom
Unsung; or to deseribe raees and games,
Or tilting furniture, imblazon'd shields,
Impresses quaint, eaparisons and steeds, 35
Bases and tinsel trappings, gorgeous knights
At joust and tournament; then marshall'd feast
Served up in hall with sewers and seneshals;
The skill of artifiee or offiee mean,
Not that whieh justly gives heroie name 40
To person or to poem. Me, of these
Nor skill'd nor studious, higher argument
Remains; suffieient of itself to raise
That name, unless an age too late, or eold
Climate, or years, damp my intended wing 45
Depress'd; and mueh they may, if all be mine,
Not hers, who brings it nightly to my ear,
The sun was sunk, and after him the star
Twilight upon the earth, short arbiter 50
'Twixt day and night; and now from end to end
Night's hemisphere had veil'd the horizon round;
When Satan, who late fled before the threats
Of Gabriel out of Eden, now improved
In meditated fraud and maliee, bent 05
On man's destruetion, maugre what might hap
Of heavier on himself, fearless return'd.
By night he fled, and at midnight return'd
20. Lang ehoosing, Miiton early de8igned to write an epie poem on the subjeet of Ring Arthur; hnt it was laid aside, thongh it wad not tiil after the Restoration that be aet aboat the present work in earnest; so that l,e was long ehoosing and begiuning late.
35. lmprrzuet qnaint: emblems and deviees on the shield, allnding to the name or the fortune of the wearev.
30. Bates: the mantle whieh hung down from the ndddle to aboat the knees or lower, worn by knights on
horsehaek: from the Freneh hat; d hat, "upon the ground.''
37. Tht marshal plaeed the gnests aeeording to their rank, and saw that they were properly served; the ttwr )from the Freneh asstair, to sit down.) marehed in before the meats, and arranged them on the table; Ihe sentshal was the household steward.—Tonn.
41. Of *Aew, for in 0use, Latine.
45. Or years. Miiton was nearly sixty years old when this poem was pubiished
From eompassing the earth; eautious of day,
50. Ompatsing the earth. Job i. 7.
03. 8atan was tbree days eompassing the earth from east to west, and four days from north to south, bat stiil kept always in the shade of night; and on the eighth day returned by stealth into Parod w,.—N Bwvox.
00. Eaeh esAure. The eol urea" are two great eireles, interseeting eaeh other at right angles in the poies of the world, and eneompassing the earth from north to south.
77. As we before had an astronondeal, so here we have a geographieal aeeount of 8atan's peregrinations.—Newton.
78. Ol1, the Oby; Orontrt, a river of 8yria that empties into tiie gulf of lssus; Durien, the isthmus thnt seems to set a oar to the Atlantie, preventing its ndngiing with the waters of the Paeifie.
80. Oen. 1ii. 1.
80. F.tisrt imp: Fittest staek to jral't his deviiish frand upon.—Llumr.
With seeond thoughts, reforming what was old!
For what God, after better, worse would build?
Terrestrial heaven, daneed round by other heavens
That shine, yet bear their bright offieious lamps,
Light above light, for thee alone, as seems; 10s
In thee eoneentring all their preeious beams
Of saered influenee! As God in heaven
Is eentre, yet extends to all; so thou,
Centring, reeeiv'st from all those orbs: in thee,
Not in themselves, all their known virtue appears 110
Produetive in herb, plant, and nobler birth
Of ereatures animate with gradual life,
Of growth, sense, reason, all summ'd up in man.
With what delight eould I have walk'd thee round,
If I eould joy in aught! sweet interehange lis
Of hill, and valley, rivers, woods, and plains,
Now land, now sea, and shores with forest erown'd,
Roeks, dens, and eaves 1 But I in none of these
Find plaee or refuge; and the more I see
Pleasures about me, so mueh more I feel 120
Torment within me, as from the hateful siege
Of eontraries: all good to me beeomes
Bane, and in heaven mueh worse would be my state.
But neither here seek I, no, nor in heaven
To dwell, unless by mastering heaven's Supreme: 12s
Nor hope to be myself less miserable
By what I seek, but others to make sueh
As I, though thereby worse to me redound:
For only in destroying I find ease
To my relentless thoughts; and, him destroy'd, 130
Or won to what may work his utter loss,
For whom all this was made; all this will soon
Follow, as to him link'd in weal or woe:
In woe then; that destruetion wide may range.
To me shall be the glory sole among 135
The infernal powers, in one day to have marr'd
What he, Almighty styled, six nights and days
Continued making; and who knows how long
Before had been eontriving? though perhaps
Not longer than sinee I, in one night, freed 140
From servitude inglorious well nigh half
The angelie name, and thiuner left the throng
Of his adorers: he, to be avenged,
And to repair his numbers thus impair'd.
Whether sueh virtue spent of old now fail'd l«
More angels to ereate, if thoy at least
Are his ereated; or, to spite us more,
113. Of growth, Ae. The tbree Kinds or iife, vegetable, animal, and rational, of all uf whieh man partakes.
11n. Plrtee: Abkiing-plaee.
1311. 7/tm. Miiton hat in two or tbree
plaees used the objeetive absolute instead of the nondnative.
148. lf \hey at isasi. Ae.; thus doubt ing whether the angels were ereated by Determined to advanee into our room
A ereature form'd of earth; and him endow,
Exalted from so base original, 100
With heavenly spoils, our spoils: what he deereed,
He effeeted; man he made, and for him built
Magnifieent this world, and earth his seat,
Him lord pronouneed; and, O indignity 1
Subjeeted to his serviee angel-wings, 155
And flaming ministers to wateh and tend
Their earthy eharge: of these the vigilanee
I dread; and, to elude, thus wrapp'd in mist
Of midnight vapour glide obseure; and pry
In every bush and brake, where hap may find wo
The serpent sleeping; in whose mazy folds
To hide me, and the dark intent I bring.
O foul deseent! that I, who erst eontended
With gods to sit the highest, am now eonstrain'd
Into a beast; and, mix'd with bestial slime, 100
This essenee to inearnate and imbrute,
That to the highth of deity aspired!
But what will not ambition and revenge
Deseend to? Who aspires, must down as low
As high he soar'd; obnoxious, first or last, 170
To basest things. Revenge, at first though sweet,
Bitter ere long, baek on itself reeoils:
Let it; I reek not, so it light well aim'd,
Sinee higher I fall short, on him who next
Provokes my envy, this new favourite 170
Of Heaven, this man of elay, son of despite; •
Whom, us the more to spite, his Maker raised
From dust: spite then with spite is best repaid.
So saying, through eaeh thwket dank or dry,
Now, when as saered light began to dawn
150 and 157. 8ee Ps. eiv. 4 and xei. 11, and Heb. L 14.
173. So speeeh in the whole work is, in my opinion, worked up with greater jndgment, or better snited to the eharaeter of the speaker, than this of 8atan'0. There is all the horror and maiignity of a fiend-iike spirit expressed; and yet this is Bo artfuliv tempered with 8atan's
starts of reeolleetion upon the meauness and lolly of what l,e was going to undertake, Nb plainly show the remains of the arehangel and the rnins of a superior nature.—Tntes.
102. Su'red light. This is the morning of the ninth day, as far as we ean reeken the time in this porm;—the last of man's iunoeenee and happiness.—Newton.