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10. When this was told him, Cyrus, who was a wiser man than Cræsus, saw in the present example Solon's maxim confirmed, and not only freed Crosus from punishment, but honored him as long as he lived. So that Solon had the glory by the same saying of saving one king and instructing another.
1. Fancies, decked, gorgeous, spectacle, complements, sumptuous, competent, sacrificing, tranquil, exasperate, insolent, condemned, uncertainties, maxim, confirmed.
2. Who was Creşus ? Why did he want to see Solon? Why did Croesus want to impress Solon with his wealth? What did Solon consider the measure of happiness ? Did Croesus profit by the lesson Solon taught him? What part of Solon's teachings was remembered by Croesus when Cyrus was about to kill him?
XLVI. IN MEMORIAM.
1. With trembling fingers did we weave
The holly round the Christmas hearth;
A rainy cloud possessed the earth,
2. At our old pastimes in the hall
We gamboled, making vain pretence
Of gladness, with an awful sense
3. We paused; the winds were in the beech
We heard them sweep the winter land;
And in a circle hand in hand Sat silent, looking each at each.
4. Then echo-like our voices rang;
We sang, though every eye was dim
A merry song we sang with him Last year: impetuously we sang; 5. We ceased. A gentler feeling crept
Upon us; surely rest is meet;
They rest,” we said, “ their sleep is sweet." And silence followed, and we wept.
6. Our voices took a higher range;
Once more we sang : “They do not die,
Nor lose their mortal sympathy, Nor change to us, although they change: 7. “Rapt from the fickle and the frail,
With gathered power, yet the same,
Pierces the keen seraphic flame From orb to orb, from veil to veil.
8. “Rise, happy morn! rise, holy morn!
Draw forth the cheerful day from night!
O Father! touch the east, and light The light that shone when Hope was born !"
1. Weave, pastimes, gamboled, pretence, impetuously, sym. pathy, fickle, seraphic.
2. What is the thought of this extract? Is some loved one missing this Christmas who was with those“ round the Christmas hearth" last year? What was the "shadow"? Explain “vain pretence,” “ winds were in the beech,” “rapt from the fickle,” “ from veil to veil.”
XLVII. DON QUIXOTE AND SANCHO PANZA.
1. Don Quixote, hearing how soon Sancho Panza was to depart to his new government, took him by the hand and led him to his chamber, in order to give him some advice respecting his conduct in office. “First, my son, fear God; for to fear Him is wisdom; and being wise thou canst not err. Secondly, consider what thou art, and endeavor to know thyself, which is the most difficult study of all. The knowledge of thyself will preserve thee from vanity, and the fate of the frog who foolishly vied with the ox will serve thee as a caution; the recollection, too, of having been formerly a swineherd in thine own country will be to thee, in the loftiness of thy pride, like the ugly feet of the peacock.”
2. “It is true,” said Sancho,“ that I once did keep swine, but I was only a boy then; when I grew towards manhood I looked after geese, and not hogs. But this, methinks, is nothing to the pur
pose, for all governors are not descended from the kings."
3. “That I grant,” replied Don Quixote; “and therefore those who have not the advantage of
noble descent should fail not to grace the dignity of the office they bear with gentleness and modesty, which, when accompanied with discretion, will silence those murmurs which few situations in life can escape.
4. “Conceal not the meanness of thy family, nor think it disgraceful to be descended from peasants : for when it is seen that thou art not thyself ashamed, none will endeavor to make thee so; and deem it more meritorious to be a virtuous humble man than a lofty sinner. Infinite is the number of those who, born of low extraction, have risen to the highest dignities, both in church and state; and of this truth I could tire thee with examples.
5. “Remember, Sancho, if thou takest virtue for the rule of life, and valuest thyself upon acting in all things conformably thereto, thou wilt have no cause to envy lords and princes; for blood is inherited, but virtue is a common property, and may be acquired by all; it has, moreover, an intrinsic worth which blood has not. This being so, if peradventure any one of thy kindred visit thee in thy government, do not slight nor affront him, but receive, cherish, and make much of him ; for in so doing thou wilt please God, who allows none of his creatures to be despised, and thou wilt also manifest therein a well-disposed nature.
6. Be not under the dominion of thine own will ;