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happy to be able to copy from the guished personages, by some refer.. rewspapers of the 24th January, the ence to the general course of their following particulars respecting his lives, which, undoubtedly, must be: last days, which are said to be from allowed to be the least fallible index authority."
of human character. "Upon being informed by the Mr. Pitt has died at a period of Bishop of Lincoln of his precarious his life, in many respects, peculiarly state, Mr. Pitt instantly expressed affecting. Having resumed the reins himself perfectly resigned to the di- of government, on the ground of the vine will, and with the utmost com. alleged incompetency of the precedposure asked Sir Walter Farquebar, ing administration, he had proceeded who was present, how long he might to form a strong coalition on the con. have to live. Mr. Pitt then entered tinent, which was supposed to prom. into a conversation of some length ise a happy adjustment of the affairs with the Bishop of Lincoln upon re- of Europe. He lived however to see ligious subjects. He repeatedly de. this new alliance broken, and Bonaclared in the strongest terms of hu- parte still more triumphant than ever mility a sense of his own unworthi. over all the armies of the confede. ness, and a firm reliance upon the rates. These calamities deeply af. mercy of God through the merits of fected his mind, and as the public Christ. After this the Bishop of has been assured by Mr. Rose, in Lincoln prayed by his bed-side for a parliament, had a great influence on considerable time, and Mr. Pitt ap- his constitution already broken by the peared greatly composed by these fatigues attendant on his official du. last duties of religion. Mr. Pitt af- ties, and by the anxieties inscparable terwards proceeded to make some from the weighty cares and responsi. arrangements and requests concern- bilities of government. His political ing his own private a#airs, and de. antagonists were preparing to charge clared that he died in peace with all upon him the disasters of Europe, mankind.”
and both he and his friends were When we advert to the account contemplating the expected conflict which was given of the last hours of in the House of Commons, where he the late Duke of Bedford, we feel a felt prepared to make a firm, and full sensible satisfaction in reflecting that defence, when he was called by the the same philosophical death has not God, who made him, to "give accharacterized the late prime minister count of all things done in the body”. of this country. Mr. Pitt, as well as before a far more awful tribunal. Mr. Burke, in yielding up their de.
(To be continued). parting spirits, appear to have pro. fessed the good old faith of their country. Under what precise cir. cumstances of bodily, or mental de. JUDGE PATTERSON. bility, any of the expressions ascribed to Mr. Pitt may have been delivered ; On the 16th of September, 1806, and whether some of them may have died, at Albany, at the mansion house been spoken merely in the way of as. • of his son in law, Stephen Van Ren. senting to questions, put, according to salaer, Esq. the Hon. William the forms of our church, in her order PATTERSON, one of the associate for the visitation of the sick, by the re- Judges of the Supreme Court of the spectable prelate, önce his tutor, who United States. The remote occasion attended him, we are not particularly of his death is supposed to have been informed. It is impossible for us at a fall from his carriage, some months the present moment not to feel a since, which brought on the lingering very deep regret that a regular at. and distressing disease that terminatendance on the duties of public wor. ted his valuable life. He endured ship did not constitute a part of the his sufferings with exemplary pa. ebaracter of this illustrious politician. tience, fortitude and resignation. In We mention this circumstance, be- Mr. Patterson, it may be said with cause we feel it to be our duty to great truth, that his country has lost an qualify the accounts, which we re. able, independent and upright Judge, ceive of the Christian end of distin. a real and enlightened patriot, and
the State of New Jersey, one of its prime of his life, is a source of the
“ In his cold relics let the great discern,
TO CORRESPONDENTS, We thank TAKOPhilus for his excellent “Critical Observations on certain passages in the New Testament,” which will be found in this number.
The author of “Letters to a friend,” entitled “Universalism confounds and destroys itself,” is not forgotten, and shall be attended to in due course.
C. Y. A. On "the Execution of Laws,” is received, and shall enrich the departinent in the Panoplist for which it is designed.
A. R. on religious zeal ; J. on Infidelity'; F. on Faith, and on the doctrine of Imputation, and the lines of Rezin, are received, and under examination.
Zeta, On David's Imprecations against his enemies, is approved, and shall appear in the next number.
We regret that we are compelled to defer, till our next No. the communi. cation relative to the exercises at the late commencement at Bowdoin College, with the excellent Address of the President. Similar communications from the other colleges would be acceptable.
Salvian, for whom we have high respect, has been neglected longer than was intended. He shall be heard the next month. At the same time shall appear, a review of Dr. Nott's Missionary Sermon.
The Vilth Letter of Constans, is on file, as are sereral communications prepared for this number.
The Biographer of President Davies is requested to forward the remainder of his sketch early in October.
The readers of the life of Rev. WILLIAM TExxent are requested to no. tice the following extract of a letter to one of the Editors of the Panoplist
, from the venerable Dr. John RODGERS of New York, which, while he cor, rects on error, adds his sanction to the general truth of the biographical sketch of that extraordinary man. “ My Dear Sir,
“ New York, Fuly 24, 1806. “The design of this hasty letter, is to inform you, that the name of the Rer. Mr. Rowland in the sketch of Mr. William Tennent's life, which I perceive you are publishing in your valuable Panoplist, was John, no David. (See Panoplist p. 58 and 59, vol. II.) I knew hiin well and often heard him preach. There are some other smaller mistakes, but they do not greatly aflect the narrative, which is interesting and useful."
ERRATCM. In our last Number, p. 125, 24 column, line 20. instead of. Farewel God, &c. read, Farewel, then, forever, to all l.ope and possibility of pardun, of peace with Hearen, of the smile of a reconciled God, &c.
MR. EDWARD BROMFIELD, Jun. The following biographical sketch of Mr. EDWARD BROMFIELD, jun. is from the pen of the Rey. Thomas PRINCE, formerly minister of the old South church in Boston, a man of integrity, learning, and piety. We are happy in rescuing from obscurity the memory of a man, who, though he died at the early age of TWENTY THREE YEARS, lived long enough to discover that he possessed genius and talents, which would have adorned any country, in any age. That his surprising talents would have been devoted to the glory of his Maker, and the good of his fellow-men, had his life been prolonged, there is the best reason to believe, as they were sanctified by religion, and under the government of a pious heart.
Boston, Nov. 30, 1746. IT is with great regret to and died at his father's house, think, and I have often thought Aug. 18, 1746, to the deep reit a thousand pities that one of luctance of all who knew him. the most extraordinary youths, From his childhood he was for various amiable excellencies, thoughtful, calm, easy, modest, especially piety, joined with a of tender affections, dutiful to most accurate mechanic genius his superiors, and kind to all and penetration into the internal about him.
As he grew up? works of nature, which this land these agreeable qualities ripened and age have produced, and who in him; and he appeared very deceased last summer, should be ingenious, observant, curious, allowed to sink into oblivion penetrating; especially in the among us. Those who were ac- works of nature, in mechanical quainted with him, have no need contrivances and manual operaI should say, it was Mr. Ed. tions, which increased upon his ward Bromfield, jun.
studying the mathematical sciBut to preserve his memory ences, as also in searching into in our public annals, I shall brief- the truths of divine revelation, ly observe, he was the eldest and into the nature of genuine son of Mr. Edward Bromfield, experimental piety. merchant, in this town; was His genius first appeared in born in 1723, entered Harvard the accurate use of his pen; college in 1738, took his first de- drawing natural landscapes and gree in 1742, his second in 1745, images of men and other ani. No. 5. Vol. II.
mals, &c. making himself a mas- with two rows of keys and many ter of the famous Weston's short hundred pipes; his intention behand in such perfection, as he ing twelve hundred, but died bewas able to take down every fore he completed it. The workword of the Professor's lectures manship of the keys and pipes in the college hall, sermons in surprisingly nice and curious, the pulpit, and testimonies, pleas, - exceeding any thing of the kind &c. in Courts of Judicature. As that ever came here from Eng. he grew in years, with a clear, land; which he designed, not sedate, unprejudiced and most merely to refresh leis spirits, but easy way of thinking, he greatly with harmony to mix, enliven improved in knowledge and and regulate his vocal and detherewith a most comely sweet- lightful songs to his great Creaness, prudence, tenderness and tor, Preserver, Benefactor and modesty, graced all his conversa-, Redeemer. He thought the Aution and improvements in the thor of nature and music, does, eyes of all about him.
by his early choristers of the air, As monuments of his extraor- with which the day-spring rises, dinary industry and ingenuity; teach us to awake with them, in two or three minutes view, and begin our morning exercise I see he has left in his study, with grateful hymns of joy and (1) Maps of the earth in its vari. praises to him. And what is ous projections drawn with his surprising was, that he had but a pen in a' most accurate manner, few times looked into the infiper than I have ever seen the side work of two or three orfike from plates of copper. (2) gans which came from England. A number of curious Dials made (5) But what I would chiefly with his own hands: One af write of is, his clear knowledge which is a Triangular Octodeci. of the properties of light, his mal; having about its center vast improvement in making eighteen triangular planes, with Microscopes, most accurately their hour lines and styles, stand- grinding the finest glasses; and ing on a pedestal, though unfin- thereby attaining to such wonished. (3) A number of Optical drous views of the inside frames andother mechanical instruments and works of nature, as I am apt of his own inventing and mak - to think that some of them at ing; the designs and uses of least have never appeared to morwhich are not yet known. (4) A tal eye before. He carried his considerable number of Manu- art and instruments to such a de-scripts, of his own writing ; con- gree, as to make a great numtaining extracts out of various ber of surprising discoveries of authors, with his own pious med- the various shapes and clusters itations and self-reflections ; contained in a variety of exceedthough almost all in short hand, ingly minute particles of vegetawith many characters of his own bles, insects, &c. as also of the devising, and hard to be decipher- yet smaller clusters which comed. (5) As he was well skilled in posed the particles of those ciusMusic, he for exercise and recre- ters, &c.--that he seemed to be ation, with his own hands, has making haste to the sight of the - inade a „most accurate Organ, Mlinima „Vai uralia, or the very
minutest and original atoms of made the shade of the mite 100. material substances..
feet in length, &c. He then put In short, he could meet with in its place a small particle of no; curious piece of mechanism gutter wátér, about as long, but he could readily see its defi, broad, and thick again as the ciencies, make one like it, and mite, and it projected a thin happily improve. At one time, shade, which looked like a mighhe told me, it seemed as if we ty lake, wherein were swimming might magnify almost unbound- with inimitable life and swiftness edly, or as far as the rays of light a number of extremely small an: preserved their properties and imalcula, whose shade was but could be visible. At another half an inch long, and about protime, ebat he saw a way of bringe portionably broad as in the mite ing sun-beams in such a manner but less in thickness, by which and number into a room in the I then computed thus. coldest day of winter, as to make
The shade of the mite it as warm as he pleased, without
21-6 half inches long any other medium.
120 half inches broad site Learnestly urged him to write down, delineate and publish his
25,920 square half inches su: discoveries, for the instruction of
perficies men and glony of God: but his
120 half inches thick excessive modesty hindered him, and now they are gone without 3,110,400 cubical half inches in recovery.. I can only relate a
the whole. specimeu or two which once he showed me, as follows.
By which we clearly see, that · The first of which I remember 25,920 of those half inch ani; trasy he put a small live louse in: malcula could lie side by side to his Microscope, and project on the back of that one 'mite ; ted, the shade on the wall.... and that 3,110,400 of them to. By the beating of the collec. gether would not make a body led 'sun-beams, on him through so large as bis.. the glass, we presently saw his We also saw the animalcula Auids boiling, and his muşca
overcome with the collected heat parts excited to universal, of the sun beams, and die in violent-convulsions, which in- struggles ; before which their #creasedutili he died in an ine motion was so extremely swift, istanta in it!
our sight was unable to define The other, yet more wonder- their dimensions with any exactbulyI took down at the time in ness. writings: viz. April 18, 1744, as
This observing young gentle, -follows. He put in the place man told me, that about a fort. thereof a mite of a cheese ; and night before, or the beginning of it projected a shade 216 half April, when these animalcula inches long, 120, half inches were so much nearer their fætal broad, and about as thick as statc, they were so small as at broad. If the room bad been the same distance to project a 100 feet square, he could have shade of but a tenth of an inch