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Being as I am, why didst not thou, the head, 11&5

Command me absolutely not to go,

Going into sueh danger, as thou said'st?

Too faeile then, thou didst not mueh gainsay;

Nay, didst permit, approve, and fair dismiss.

Hadst thou been firm and fix'd in thy dissent, "lioj

Neither had I transgress'd, nor thou with me.

To whom, then first ineensed, Adam replied:
Is this the love, is this the reeompense
Of mine to thee, ingrateful Eve? express'd
Immutable, when thou wert lost, not I, 1105
Who might have lived, and joy'd immortal bliss,
Yet willingly ehoso rather death with thee?
And am I now upbraided as the eause
Of thy transgressing? not enough severe,
It seems, in thy restraint: what eould I more? 1170
I warn'd thee, I admonish'd thee, foretold
The danger and the lurking enemy
That lay in wait; beyond this, had been foree;
And foree upon free will hath here no plaee.
But eonfidenee then bore thee on; seeure 1175
Either to meet no danger, or to find
Matter of glorious trial: and perhaps
I also err'd, in overmueh admiring
What seem'd in thee so perfeet, that I thought
No evil durst attempt thee: but I rue 1180
That errour now, whieh is beeome my erime,
And thou the aeeuser, Thus it shall befall
Him, who, to worth in women overtrusting,
Lets her will rule: restraint she will not brook;
And, left to herself, if ovil thenee ensue, 1180
She first his weak indulgenee will aeeuse.

Thus they in mutual aeeusation spent
The fruitless hours, but neither self-eondemning,
And of their vain eontest appear'd no end.

REMARKS ON BOOK X.

Cervainly Milton has in this book shown to an amasing extent all the variety of his powers in striking eontrast with eaeh other: the subiimity of the eelestial persons; the gigantie wiekedness of the infernal; the mingled exeellenee and human infirmities of Adam and Eve; and the shadowy and terrifie beings of 8in and Death. Of any other poet, the imagination would have been exhausted in the preeeding books: in Miiton, it stiil gathers strength, and grows bolder and bolder, and darts with more expanded wings. When 8in and Death deserted the gates of hell, and made their way to earth, the eoneeption and expression of all the eireumstanees is of a supernatural foree.

It may be admitted that it requires a rieh mind duly to enjoy and appreeiate these grand and spiritnal ageneies; they therefore who have eold eoneeptions eagerly eateh hold of any eensures to justify their own insensibiiity: they eon understand iilustrations drawn from objeets daily in solid forms before their eyes. Rnt it is not only in the deseription of forms and aetions that the hard has a strength and briiiianee so wonderful: ho is eqnally happy in the sentiments he attributes to eaeh personage: all speak in their own distinet eharaeters, with a justness and individnality whieh meet instant reeognition, and waken an indeserihable assent and pleasure. Thus Adam and Eve, when they know the displeasure of the Almighty, and are overwhelmed with fear and remorse, eaeh express themselves aeeording to their so para to easta of mind, disposition, and eireumstanees: their moans are deeply affeeting. To my taste, this book is mueh more lofty, and mueh more pathetif, than the ninth: as the subjeet was mueh more diffieult, so it is exeented with mueh more miraeulous vigour and originality.

The representation of the mauner in whieh God's judgment upon earth was exeeuted by ehanging the seasons, putting the elements into eontest, and deteriorating all nature, fills the imagination with wonder, and brings ont new tonehes of poetry with a magieal effeet.

In others the poetieal langnage seems a sort of eover,—a gilding; in Milton it is a part and essenee of the thought. The primary image is poetieal; the poetry does not depend upon the illustration; though sometimes there is a union, and it is thus to be found in both: but if the seeondary has it, the first never wants it. t

The eharaeters of Miiton are all eompound and refleetive; they are not merely intnitive, like 8hakspeare's: they have therefore more of that invention whieh is eomprehensive, and requires study to appreeiate. The whole of "Paradise Lost" from begiuning to end is part of one inseparable web; and however beantiful detaehed parts may appear, not half their genins or wisdom ean be felt or understood exeept in eouneetion with the whole. There are eongrnities and allusions in every word, whieh are lost, unless we attend to their essential relation to the whole seheme.

It is this intensity and inseparabiiity of the web whieh is among the miraeles of Milton's exeention. Graee, strength, splendour, depth, all depend upon its unity. As no texture was ever before produeed ont of partieles drawn from sueh an extent of spaee, and sueh a variety of saints; so the amalgamation of all into one perfeet whole is the more astonishing.

8neh is the erudition applied to this most wonderful work, that nothing less than the eonjoined attempts of a whole body of learned men for a eentury has been able to explain its inexhaustible allusions; and even yet the task is not eompleted. 8ir Egerton Bin Dges.

BOOK X.

THE ARGUMENT.

Man's transgression known, the gnardian-angels forsake Paradise, and return up to heaven to approve their vigilanee, and are approved; God deelaring that the entranee of 8atan eonld not be by them prevented. He sends his 8ou to judge the transgressors; who deseends and gives sentenee aeeordingly; then in pity elothes them both, and reaseends. 8in and Death, sitting till then at the gates of hell, by wondrons sympathy feeling the sueeess of 8atan in this new world, and the sin by man there eommitted, resolve to sit no longer eonfined in hell, but to follow 8atan their sire up to the plaee of man: to make the way easier from hell to this world to and fre, they pave a broad, highway or bridge over Chaos, aeeording to the traek that 8atan first made; then, preparing for earth, they meet him, proud of bis sueeess, returning to hell; their mutnal gratulation. 8atan arrives at Panda> moninm; in full assembly relates with boasting his sueeess against man; instead of applause is entertained with a general hiss by all his audienee, transformed with himself also suddenly into serpents aeeording to his doom given in Paradise; then, deluded with a show of the forbidden tree springing np before them, they, greedily reaehing to take of the frnit, ehew dust and bitter ashes. The proeeedings of 8in and Death; God foretels the final vietory of his 8on over them, and .the renewing of all things; bnt for the present eommands his angels to make several alterations in the heavens and elements. Adam, more and more pereeiving his fallen eondition, heavily bewaiis, rejeets the eondolement of Eve; she persists, and at length appeases him: then, to evade the eurse likely to fall on their offspring, proposes to Adam violent ways, whieh he approves not; bnt, eoneeiving better hope, puts her in mind of the late promise made them, that her seed should be revenged on the serpent; and exhorts her with him to seek peaee of the offended Deity by repentanee and supplieation.

Meanwuile the heinous and despiteful aet
Of Satan done in Paradise, and how
Ho, in the serpent, had perverted Eve,
Her husband she, to taste the fatal fruit,
Was known in heaven; for what ean 'seape the eye *
Of God all-seeing, or deeeive his heart
Omniseient? who, in all things wise and just,
Ilinder'd not Satan to attempt the mind
Of man, with strength entire, and free-will arm'd
Complete to have diseover'd and repulsed 10
Whatever wiles of foe or seeming friend.
For still thev knew, and ought to have still remember'd,
The high injunetion not to taste that fruit,

12. They: Man eolleetively is the ante-1 man in onr image, and let them have, eed eat of they. "Ged said, Let us make | Ae. Gen. i. 20.

Whoever tempted: whieh they not obeying,

Ineurr' d (what eould they less?) the penalty; It

And, manifold in sin, deserved to fall,

Up into heaven from Paradise in haste

The angelie guards aseended, mute and sad

For man; for of his state by this they knew,

Mueh wondering how the subtle fiend had stolen 20

Entranee unseen. Soon as the unweleome news

From earth arrived at heaven-gate, displeased

All were who heard; dim sadness did not spare

That time eelestial visages, yet, mix'd

With pity, violated not their bliss. 20

About the new arrived in multitudes

The ethereal people ran, to hear and know

How ail befell: they towards the throne supreme,

Aeeountable, made haste, to make appear,

With righteous plea, their utmost vigilanee, 30

And easily approved; when the Most High

Eternal Father, from his seeret eloud,

Amidst in thunder utter'd thus his voiee:

Assembled angels, and ye powers return'd
From unsueeessful eharge, be not dismay'd, 30
Nor troubled at these tidings from the earth,
Whieh your sineerest eare eould not prevent;
Foretold so lately what would eome to pass,
When first this tempter eross'd the gulf from hell,
I told ye then he should prevail, and speed 40
On his bad errand; man should be sedueed,
And flatter'd out of all, believing lies
Against his Maker; no deeree of mine
Coneurring to neeessitate his fall,

Or toueh with lightest moment of impfilse 40

His free-will, to her own inelining lolt

In even seale. But fallen he is; and now

What rests, but that the mortal sentenee pass

On his transgression, death denouneed that day?

Whieh he presumes already vain and void, 00

Beeause not yet inflieted, as he fear'd,

By some immediate stroke; but soon shall find

Forbearanee no aequittanee, ere day end.

Justiee shall not return as bounty seorn'd.

But whom send I to judge them? whom but thee, 00

Vieegerent Son? To thee I have transferr'd

All judgment, whether in heaven, or earth, or hell,

Easy it may be seen that I intend

Merey eolleague with justiee, sending thee,

Man's friend, his Mediator, his design'd 00

Both ransom and Redeemer voluntary,

And destined man himself to judge man fallen.

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So spake the Father; and, unfolding bright
Toward the right hand his glory, on the Son
Blazed forth unelouded deity: he full 00
Resplendent all his Father manifest
Express'd, and thus divinely answer'd mild:

Father Eternal, thine is to deeree;
Mine, both in heaven and earth, to do thy will
Supreme: that thou in me, thy Son beloved, 70
Mayst ever rest well pleased. I go to judge
On earth these thy transgressours; but thou know'st,
Whoever judged, the worst on me must light,
When time shall be; for so I undertook
Before thee; and, not repenting, this obtain 7S
Of right, that I may mitigate their doom
On me derived: yet I shall temper so
Justiee with merey, as may illustrate most
Them fully satisfied, and thee appease.
Attendanee none shall need, nor train, where none so
Are to behold the judgment but the judged,
Those two; the third best absent is eondemn'd,
Conviet by flight, and rebel to all law:
Convietion to the serpent none belongs.

Thus saying, from his radiant seat he rose 85
Of high eollateral glory. Him thrones, and powers,
Prineedoms, and dominations ministrant,
Aeeompanied to heaven-gate; from whenee
Eden, and all the eoast, in prospeet lay.
Down he deseended straight; the speed of gods w
Time eounts not, though with swiftest minutes wing'd.
Now was the sun in western eadenee low
From noon; and gentle airs, due at their hour,
To fan the earth now waked, and usher in
The evening eool; when he, from wrath more eool, 05
Came, the mild Judge and Intereessour both,
To senteneo man. The voiee of God they heard
Now walking in the garden, by soft winds
Brought to their ears while day deelined; they heard,
And from his presenee hid thoinselves among loo
The thiekest trees, both man and wife; till God
Approaehing, thus to Adam eall'd aloud:

Where art thou, Adam, wont with joy to meet
My eoming seen far off? I miss thee here;
Not pleased, thus entertain'd with solitude, 105
Where obvious duty erewhilo appear'd unsought:
Or eome I loss eonspienous, or what ehange
Absents thee, or what ehanee detains? Come forth!

He eame; and with him Evo, more loth, though first
To offend; diseountenaneed both and diseomposed: 110

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