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tion of their having been employed in the fame disease in this 'country. Two experiments which he relates as made by himself, refpecting this point of practice are, however, no more fatisfactory than thofe which have been tried by our own countrymen; and we apprehend Dr. Peyrilhe's notions concerning this difeafe are fo flrongly opposed by real obfervation, that little benefit to the healing art can be expected to arife from this work. An. 10. An historical Effay on the Dropfy. By Richard Wilkes, M. D. late of Willenhall in the County of Stafford. To which is added, an Appendix, by N. D. Falck, M. D. 8vo. 7 s. bound. Law. 1777.
Dr. Wilkes's intention, in the pofthumous work before us, was to collect, from the most approved authors, fuch accounts of the real appearances attending all the different kinds of dropfies, and of the various means which had been used for their relief, as might form a complete hiftory of the difeafe; justly conceiving, that a fair and accurate collation of facts must be the fureft foundation for all reafoning concerning the nature and method of cure of every disorder. In performing this tafk, he has difcovered confiderable reading, and a laudable fpirit of candour and impartiality; and although a perion. of more penetrating genius might have arranged and methodized the materials in fuch a manner as to have thrown more light upon cerrain points, yet what he has done may be perufed and confulted with advantage by the medical inquirer. As the obfervations are almoft entirely quoted from other authors, there is nothing we can particularly felect for the entertainment or inftruction of our readers.
With respect to the Appendix, as it is called, of Dr. Falck, it is fo totally unconnected with the plan of the effay, as to be to all intents and purposes a feparate treatife. Of this we fhall only fay, that the theoretical part has all that confufion and unintelligibility which we have before noted in the works of this Author; and the practical obfervacions feem chiefly intended to infpire the Reader with an high idea of his fuperior fkill and fuccefs. His grand fpecific, ine all dropfical cafes, is mercury, applied both internally and externally; or, to exprefs it in his own terms, fince the grand her-, culean club is mercury, we may, if we handle it kilfully, decol. late the hydra, wherever this heinous monfter penetrates, with its various vicious heads, into the fytem, whatever mischief they are actually doing, or liable to do. We cannot but with the reverend Editor of Dr. Wilkes's work had been advised to give a good index in place of the heterogeneous matter of Dr. Falck's Appendix. Art. 11. An Efay on the Erysipelas, or that Disorder commonly called St. Anthony's Fire. By James Bureau, Member of the Corporation of Surgeons. 8vo. 1 S. Johnfon. 1777.
The purpofe of this little pamphlet appears to be, to give a general view of the most approved modern practice in the treatment of the eryfipelas; which it does in a distinct and rational manner, but without any of thofe particular observations which alone can convey much instruction to the informed practitioner. With refpect to the heory of the disorder, the Writer has only quoted that of Fabricius ab Aquapendente, borrowed from Galen, which attributes it to fome R
REV, Mar. 1778.
fuppofed depravation of the bile; but of what nature they have done nothing to determine.
Art. 12. A short Account of a Fever and Sore Throat, which be gan to appear in and about London, in September 1776. In a Let ter to Dr. William Saunders, of Guy's Hofpital. By William Grant, M..D. 8vo. 1 S. Cadell. 1777..
The difeafe called by Huxham Febris Anginofa; by others, Scarlatina Anginofa; Cynanche exanthematica; Angina mucosa; Angina eryfipelatofa; is the fubject of the pamphlet before us. It prevailed epidemically in and about the metropolis in autumn 1776; and Dr. Grant feems to have been chiefly induced to offer a fhort account of it to the Public, from fome mistakes he observed in the treatment of it, arifing from its apparent refemblance to thofe putrid and malignant ulcerated fore throats, which of late years have excited fo general an alarm. The following definition (as it is called) of the difeafe, appears to convey a very precife and accurate idea of its nature and character.". Cynanche exanthematica, epidemica, contagiofa; cum febre fynocha, ab initio fæpe inflammatoria; raro Typhode, nifi fub finem; aut æftivo tempore, graffante Typho. 2. Juniores & fæminas præcipue invadit, iifque, cæteris paribus, majus periculofa eft; pro ratione virium fermé & ætatis. 3. Membranam Sneideri ubique afficit-Tumore, dolore, & rubore, cum cruftis mucofis, ferpentibus; coloris albefcentis vel cineritii. 4. Tonfillas igitur, fauces, linguam & os internum inflammat, excoriat, & papillas nervofas tam fenfiles reddit, ut ægri, per aliquot temporis, præ dolore nihil affumere aufi fint. 5. Tunc incipit ptyalifmus copiofus, circa diem fcilicet quintum, cujus ope febris ad diem feptimum plerique folvitur: quamvis falivatio, per aliquot adhuc dies, pergere folet. 6. Cutis interim, efflorefcentia defædata, nunc defquammari incipit; & manus, antea inflatæ, jam detumefcunt. 7. Per Metaftafin, Parotes, Bubones & Anthracas quandoquidem formantur; necnon tumores & dolores pedum manuumque, Arthritin puriam mentientes."
From this account, the Angina mucosa appears to hold a middle ture between the putrid and common inflammatory fore throat; "but from the cafes fubjoined, the treatment moft fuitable to it ap proaches rather to that proper for the latter than the former. Bleeding, when the symptoms ran high, was highly falutary, and indeed neceffary. A breathing fweat kept up during the first days of the difeafe; a blifter applied externally to the throat; and gentle apeArients, were the other parts of the general method of cure. When the falivation was come on, a freer diet, with a light preparation of the bark, were useful to fupport the patient's ftrength; but the exhibition of bark before this period was found to be injurious.
We cannot close this Article without obferving, that if the Writer had avoided that air of felf-fufficiency and contempt of the reft of the faculty, which has disgusted us in several of the late medical publications, we should have read his work with more pleasure, and not lefs inftruction.
Art. 13. An Essay
Though ladies have, from time immemorial, been in poffeffion of a large hare of the practice of phyfic, yet they have hitherto allowed the men an almoft exclufive right to the bufinefs of medical authorship. But, it feems, this is an age in which all our rights are to be contefted! The fair fex have already carried their rivalship into many of the most important branches of literature, and Mrs. Febure now begins the attack in medicine. In this part of the conteft, delicacy, to be fure, is out of the question; it was therefore natural and judicious enough for our Authorefs to chufe a malady peculiar to her fex, as the subject of her investigation. But, alas! we fear the fuccefs of this attempt will be fo much inferior to that of the Montagues, Macaulays, Barbaulds, &c. in criticism, history, and poetry, as not to encourage a continuance of the conteft; for know, gentle Reader, this eay proves to be nothing lefs nor more than a quack advertisement, disguised, indeed, with tolerable ingenuity. POETICA L.
Art. 14. A Sapphic Epiftle, from Jack Cavendish to the Honourable and most beautiful Mrs. D****. 4to. 15. Smith.
Were a court of criticism to be held by the rakes and debauchees of this wicked town, a Sapphic Epistle would afford them matter for a capital investigation: nor should we, queer old Square-toes! prefume to approach the verge of their jurifdiction.
Art. 15. The Refutation; a Poem. Addreffed to the Author of "The Juftification." 4to. 1 s. 6 d. Dodfley. 1778. -In the Review for December last, p. 486, we gave some account of the poem, entitled, Juftification, &c. the author of which afferted the rectitude and utility of his plan of personal fatire; at the fame time avowing his refolution of perfifting in the execution of that defign, by giving to the Public a feries of lampoons, or Diaboliads, or -whatever titles may best please his own ear, as proper objects of caftigation fhall fucceffively prefent themfelves to his choice..
This plan is totally condemned by the gentler Author of the pre: fent performance; who maintains that fuch fatirical effufions are rather proofs of a discontented mind, than, as it is generally termed, a work for the good of the human race. That a man, who loads my name with the most approbrious.epithets, and injures my reputation as much as is in his power, fhould call himself mine and the world's friend, seems to me a molt glaring abfurdity. Do we conceive, under the name of friendship and the fupport of virtue, a defire of fcattering the fouleft abufe around, and fawing the feeds of difcord among the sweetest flowers of fociety? I rather take the reverfe to be implied.
• But it will be argued, that he who fcourges vice, certainly shows a rectitude, of difpofition and morals, in the highest degree commendable. It may be fo; but in my opinion much depends on the manner in which it is delivered. The man who feeks to disturb my reft with the bafeft abuse, and threatens every vengeance that malice can invent, may be my friend; but I take his friendhip to be
of infinite more value, who by amicable expoftulation endeavours to reform my conduct, than his, who strives to terrify me into repentance.'
The Author enlarges on this fubject, in plain, very plain profe ;but let us hear what he has to fay upon it in verfe :
'Tis not thy view frail human kind to mend, And prove yourself a univerfal friend :
In vain your fpecious language would conceal
We entirely agree with this antagonist of Mr. Cs *, that · Soft is th' advice which real friends impart, Mild the reproof that fpeaks the friendly heart.' Yet these illnatured modes of reprehenfion, which are the tar and feathers of poetic vengeance, hurting only the culprits on whom fuch punishments are inflicted, and ferving to divert the unconcerned, unfeeling fpectator,-are fecure of general approbation. Writings of this kind will be read with avidity, and bring money to the Author, while the more humane, but lefs fpirited compofitions of the well-meaning bard, who laudably wishes to give pleasure to the Public, without pain to individuals, will be difregarded; and perhaps attended by the lofs of more than his labour.
Art. 16. Fifth Ode of the King of Prussia's Works, paraphrased on the prefent War. 4to. 9d. Baldwin.
Let nations hufh'd attend m'accordant lyre!
As a prudent fhepherd, (faithful to's flore.")
It is evident that this paraphrafer can count his fingers, for the laft line really contains neither more nor lefs than ten fyllables. Art. 17. Public Spirit; an Effay. 4to. is. 6d. Almon. 1778.
The mind to injuftice muft of course impel.
Terms mifapplied ferve ignorance to difclofe."
This honeft man is a degree farther from Parnaffus, for he cannot count his fingers.
Author of the Diaboliad.
Art, 18. An Epistle to the Right Honourable Lord G- G
⚫ Tomahawks! fcalping knives! peremptory orders! Heliogabalus himself may fhortly have the honour to ftand in an heroic line. -Low, indifcriminate abufe is the bufinefs of the poem. Art. 19. The Conquerors; a Poem; difplaying the glorious Campaigns of 1775, 1776, 1777, &c. 4to. 2 s. 6 d. Setchell. Contemptible, beyond all power of expreffion! Art. 20. The Profpect from Malvern-hill, or Liberty bewailing her Injuries in America; a Poem. By a Gentleman of the Inner Temple. 4to. 1 s. 6 d. Bew. 1777.
A Syftem of natural Philofophy, or a Differtation on Mince Pies, would be a title equally confiftent with that of the poem before us. Time unto man for happiness is given,' faith the Author; yea, perdie! but not to thofe ill-fated wights whofe lot it is to review fuch poetry as this. Art. 21. An Ode to Peace, occafioned by the prefent Crisis of the British Empire. 4to, 1 S. Almon. 1778.
This Writer calls Heaven the congenial latitude of peace' Science the miltrefs of all knowledge; and fays that Mothlings riot on bookbinder's trade'-Are there quotations fufficient? Art. 22. Poems on feveral Occafions. By Elizabeth Ryves. 8vo. 58. DodЛley, 1777.
This Lady's poetry is eafy and not inelegant; the feems to be fond too of an eafy pofture, if we may judge from the following lines: Where a cool fpring, o'er arch'd with trees,
Gives freshness to the languid breeze,
There (with robes unzon'd) fupine
We must do her the juftice to fay that her poetry is, in general, 'above the common run.
Art. 23. A Letter to the Earl of Abingdon, difcuffing a Pofition relative to a fundamental Right of the Conflitution, contained in his Lordship's Thoughts on the Letter of Edmund Burke, Efq; &c. By John Cartwright. 8vo. 1 S. Almon.
There is a material error, Mr. Cartwright fays, in Lord Abingdon's doctrine. His Lordship fays, that the Colonifts have not a right to freedom in trade. In oppofition to this, Mr. Cartwright affirms, that reason, justice, and the conftitution, will bear him out in maintaining, that the Colonists always had as much right as ourfelves to freedom in trade. That this country took advantage of their original weakness, to feize, by virtue of her own will and pleaJnre, a monopoly of their trade, and that he kept poffeffion of that monopoly till 1764, he very well knows; but poffeffion does not pafs with him, he tells us, as it does with Mr. Burke, for a title, in any cafe where a fundamental right of humanity is in queftion.-In a word, Mr. C. labours, with great earnestness, to fhew that the British Parliament hath no right to make laws for restraining the trade of America, and he delivers his fentiments with a manly plainnefs and -freedom.