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they have been most abused in their hopes, leaving a couplet behind her to the effect they have sometimes surrendered them- that if he were so fascinating with his eyes selves to an ideal enjoyment of that serene closed, he would be irresistible when they delight which it was beyond their reach to were open. When the poet awoke, and realise. Addison is an example of this. found this compliment lying on the grass His Xantippe had trampled out all pleasure beside him he was fired with curiosity, and in his home; but he found a resource not- according to the tradition, resolved to dewithstanding. Look into the Spectator for vote himself to the task of discovering the those beautiful and pathetic episodes upon fair wit who had thus stolen upon his slumthe passion, which unveil to us at once the bers. In pursuance of this determination way in which he tried to solace himself for he journeyed throughout England, and the the want of the living truth. The descrip- whole continent of Europe, but was unable tion of the rejected lover ruminating by to trace the fugitive inspirer; and, inconthe brook, and deploring the unkindness solable for his disappointment, vented his of his mistress, is one of the most natural anguish in the composition of Paradise and affecting pictures in the language. In Lost ! It is a pity that this story is not the present day, too, we have similar in- true; it is precisely the sort of story that stances of distinguished authors who, having one would like to be able to believe, only missed, in ill-assorted unions, the happiness that it would require too great a stretch of for which they were formed, console them- fancy to suppose that Milton's poetical selves in fertile images—a vent into which despair could have lasted through so elabo they throw all their capacity for love. But rate an epic! these illustrations are not yet old enough Wyatt, whose good fortune it was to to be cited.
escape decapitation at a time when it was Assuredly Love has compelled many difficult for political men who had enemies people into strange courses, which, could to keep their heads on their shoulders, was they but have seen them in others, would suspected of being the favourite of Anna have surprised them sometimes into smiles, Boleyn, and was even publicly charged and sometimes into tears. It is related of with being her accepted lover; but, howa member of the family of Brown, in the ever that may be, it is certain that the county of Mayo, a connection of the Mar- unfortunate lady occupied her last hours quis of Sligo, that his grief for the death of in prison over his sweet but artificial sonnets, his wife was so overwhelming that he shut which engrossed her almost up to the mohimself for a year, during which time ment when she was led to execution. The he suffered his beard to grow, and never celebrated Roland, the nephew of Charleadmitted any body to his presence. Lord magne, as all readers of the histories of the Lansdowne, as all the world knows, con- Rhenish chivalry are aware, when he distented his sorrow with a monody, although covered that his mistress in his absence, it is said that his mourning was deep and believing him to be dead, had taken the permanent. Petrarch worked up his ima- veil in the island of Nonnesworth, built gination to such a state of excitement that for himself a tower on the summit of a he at last came to identify the laurel tree rock overlooking the river, where he dwelt with the lady of his love, and used to pay to his life's end for the sake of gazing down it, wherever he fell in with it, as much into the little wood, in the midst of which adoration as if it were the veritable Laura stood the sad building that enclosed his herself. His biographers tell us that on betrothed. The ruins of that tower are one occasion happening to see a laurel at a yet to be seen, but few of the gay crowds distance, he ran towards it for the purpose, that visit the Rhine trouble themselves as usual, of prostrating himself before the about the old story, unless somebody-a trunk, and, in his impetuosity, not per- travelling artist, perchance, or a young ceiving a running brook that traversed the versifier-happen, in their enthusiasm, to path before him, his feet tripped, and he direct their attention to the cliff, and relate was precipitated into the water, to the the ancient tale breathlessly as the rapid great amusenient of the spectators ! A boat darts past the base of Rolandsec. Of dream-like legend is related of Milton that the gallant and unhappy Surrey we learn, he was once lying asleep upon a bank under amongst other things that are equally the shadow of some trees, and that a lady consistent with his knightly and romantic chancing to pass fell in love with him, character, that, being at one time at the
court of the Emperor, where he had thrown But Lady Mary, despite her brilliant down defiance to“ Christian, Turk, Jew, talents, was not a loveable person in the Saracen, or Cannibal,” to dispute in arms end. Before marriage, she calculated the the peerless charms of his mistress whom consequences so accurately, that it might he had celebrated in his exquisite love easily be seen she did not look to her new verses, he consulted the celebrated Cor- state for any of those fairy dreams of the nelius Agrippa, the professor of natural heart which more trustful, and generous, magic, for the purpose of ascertaining what and womanly natures are so prompt to Geraldine was engaged in at that moment; conjure up. Her coach, and her townand, as the narrative runs, the sorcerer house, and her circle of wits, Prior and showed him in a mirror the image of the Congreve, bandying repartee with her, and beloved one reclining ill upon a couch, and Pope shrinking into a corner to smother reading, by the twinkling light of a taper, his spite and vexation, were carefully one of his most impassioned sonnets. This drawn in her mind before she married ; fact, if it be one, is not so well authenti- and it would almost appear that she took cated as the devotion of Anna Boleyn to a husband to give a sanction to her boldthe sonnets of Wyatt; and a late critical ness, rather than to create her own hapbiographer of Surrey, who was a hunter of piness, or to acquire an excuse for creating dates, and a sedulous explorer of all the his. And Wortley was not the man to evidence he could find to prove the weak- appreciate her tenderness, if she had any. ness of the poetical creed in relation to Cold, formal, and regular, he could neither such matters, has almost established, beyond value her affections, which appear to have a doubt, that such a circumstance could not been very limited; nor her wit, which very well have occurred, since Surrey, was to the full as salient, and as licentious agreeably to his discoveries, had never been as the age admitted. They were thoroughly abroad in his life. We wish such com- assimilated in these points, on which it mentators would not meddle with poets. would have been well for their felicity It is a part of the pleasure one derives from they had been contrasted ; and, unfortutheir works to mingle them credulously with nately, widely opposed on other points, on incidents that would be difficult, or im- which they ought to have sympathized. possible, of belief in reference to other The result was exactly what such circummen ; for, after all, their clay is so essen- stances would lead any discerning person tially different from that of the vulgar, to anticipate. Expatriation for her ladyclock-regulated, day-plodding world, so ship during long years of complete seclumuch more subtle, and at the same time sion from society, a dull and monotonous frail, that we can easily credit wonderful existence in the country for her husband, things of a poet which no effort over the a daughter petted by the mother and will could induce us to attach to the com- alienated from the father, and a mon herd of mankind. Pope's Rape of the alienated from both. Lock (sarcasm set to music,) and his Essay Courtly marriages are not conducted on Woman (a bitter confession of faith), now as they used to be. There is more would lose half their charms if we did not nature and a truer sense of domestic life know that he made a declaration of love to in them. Even so late as the time of Queen Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, and that, Elizabeth, it was the custom amongst the upon his own admission, she was so sur- families of the nobility to strengthen their prised, astonished, and thrown off her guard alliances and interests by contracting their by a declaration from so dwarfed and fragile
children to each other at an early age. a creature, that she laughed outright in his The object of this practice was to consoliface! Pope, who was trained in the school of date the higher classes against the inroads Balzac and Voiture, never forgave the proud and encroachments of the lower. The and triumphing beauty ; but, from that times were unsettled, and the aristocracy hour forth, sacrificed her to his wit and his felt the necessity of cementing their order searing revenge in his implacable and im- into a compact body by intermarriages. mortal satires. It is necessary to have Thus, the unhappy Earl of Surrey was some faith in improbabilities, and some betrothed at the age of sixteen, to Lady occasion to exercise it, if we would truly, Frances Vere, the daughter of the Earl and with proper intensity, enter into the of Oxford ; and Henry Fitzroy, Duke of depths of the spirit of poetry.
Richmond, the natural, and, it is recorded,
favourite child of Henry VIII., was be- ment; while Love, spilling out the sands trothed to his sister. Both pledges termi- with his usual precipitation, hurried peonated in sorrow. Fitzroy died at the early ple out of the world, at about the same age of seventeen, before he had reached rate of velocity that he is wont to hurry his prime, or fulfilled his troth; and them into a frenzy. The apologue is in Howard—the brave, the devoted chevalier point. The seasons appear to have exand minstrel, was married at nineteen changed offices, and there has Winter, for years of age, and beheaded at thirty-one ! seven or eight long months, been doing duty Had Surrey lived in the succeeding reign,
for himself as well as for the gay, laughing he would have been caressed at Court, and Spring, who, we suppose, has all this time faction would have been abashed in the been disporting herself in the Elysian fields, glory of his presence; but the savage tem- or in some other vagrant quarter of the per of Henry, who asked no higher pre
universe, instead of attending to her proper text for hunting him to the death, than business, for the due performance of which the flimsy accusation that he had worn she enjoys a proportionate amount of prithe arms of Edward the Confessor, which vileges in the sweep of the Zodiac. Perall his family, with the licence of heraldry, haps she has some factious design upon the had done before him, was inflamed by his year, and entertains a hope that she may reputation, his honourable qualities, his be permitted to enjoy a sinecure; but she impatience of restraint, his contempt for can hardly have been apprised of the hypocrisy, and his out-spoken worship of measures that have of late been taken to purity. When Sydney, during the revolu- abolish all idle offices, pensions, and tion of Poland, was proposed as a candidate hangers-on. If she do not bestir herself, for the throne of that disturbed realm, the supplies will be stopped, and there Queen Elizabeth at once discountenanced will be an end at once to her functions the proposal. She refused to sanction it, for the time being. But May will come says history, lest she should lose the jewel in to the relief, as she has often done, and of her times ! How she would have disturbing the primroses from their trance, nurtured Surrey !--pei haps, endeavoured to suddenly call them up into the startling corrupt him !
Southwell for castBut where have we wandered from our ing a reproach upon this month, with her text?-or had we a text to wander from? sweet forehead braided with flowers, and Bright-eyed May ! it is thy dawn that her breath aromatic with honeysuckle. bursts upon the green hills, and reveals
May never was the month of love, the cheerful world just emancipated from
For May is full of flowers; the last breath of Spring, and brightening
But rather April, wet by kindinto summer; if, indeed, Spring or Summer are ever to come again into these
Had not Southwell been a Jesuit, and, ocean-girt lands.
therefore, incompetent to form any opinion 'Tis nature, full of spirits, waked and springing:
in the matter, and a martyr to his faith The birds to the delicious time are singing,
withal, we should take rare pleasure in Darting with freaks and snatches up and down, Where the light woods go sea-ward from the town;
affixing to this madrigal such a criticism While happy faces, striking through the green as, good saints protect us! would make him Of leafy roads, at every turn are seen!
repeat the seven penitential psalms in his They tell us that Love and Time, coffin. Old Ben's Invocation to a Dream when they were both young and unskilled may be better applied to May, and will act in their vocations, were once playing in a as an antidote to Southwell's quotationglade together-such a glade as Boccaccio
Yet let it like an odour rise, would have dropped his company of gal
To all the senses here;
And fall like beauty on their eyes, lants into, for a long summer's day of song and legend; and that in a frolic they exchanged toys, Time taking the bow and
We have strained an image, or, more proquiver, and Love snatching the hour-glass. perly, banished Sleep that Beauty might But the experiment had a strange effect.
take its place, in order to adapt the stanza; Time shot the arrows so slowly that, it
but this alteration, to suit a purpose, like is said, the process of the passion became so
all such forcible wresting of the elder poets full of weariness, that all the lovers fell
to immediate uses, spoils the exquisite asleep in the very height of the enchant- dance of the measure, and the still more
For love is full of showers.
Or music in their ear !
exquisite fitness of the expression. Yet it first emblazoned in our banners, have been is exquisite notwithstanding !
for ever perpetuated in our lordly shields May is over the woods like morning; -we have reproduced in our costly series. over the woods and “ bosky dells,” the The offering, were it an hundred fold more leaping streams and hill-paths, the dark costly, would be unworthy of the high purgreen lanes and cornfields, churches mantled pose it is designed to promote; the attachwith ivy that have outlived many genera- ment of the affections of all classes to those tions, and baronial halls that have witnessed who exercise a presiding and pervading ancestral pageants sweeping, age after age, influence in the country--not political, for through their noble portals. And here, that is not within our estimate, but a gentle reader, permit us to interpolate. social, enlightening, and refining influence. Not only have we given you to gaze upon: We will prosecute this pleasant and wellthe lustrous beauty of these islands—the rewarded purpose until its results become Princesses of our Blood—the Forms and
more palpable and complete; until the Faces of the highest-born amongst us, association of Power and ennobling Utility whose innate dignity and pride of nature shall have been rendered more visible; and transcend the pomp of Lineage and Station, until the present poetry of a chivalrous -but we have brought before you, as in a race shall be felt by the contemporary age, mirror such as that of the magicians of the
feels and recognises the poetry East, in which they show each particular of its ancient state. of the scene that appertains to the action. The first of May warns us that our they describe, the very places where that ' perch of time” waits our coming. But beauty sprang to life, the groined windows we must have our “Song of the Month.” through which it first gazed upon the Where shall we find one? Shall we rack glorious skies, the colonnades through and torture rhyme to manufacture one, and which it gamboled in its hours of sport risk a thousand aches in the pursuit of conthe ancient chambers where former races, ceits ? Never, as the valiant man says in its progenitors, dwelt in the authority of the melodrama. Here is our ditty ready their estate—the towers, and parapets, and at our hands, such as none of our poetasterraces teeming with feudal legends—the ters can emulate-for it is Milton's. storied ruins of neglected neighbourhoods, which the pious hands of heirs have left unmolested – the lawns, and copses, gardens, Now the bright Morning-star, Day's harbinger, fountains, statues, rivers, and forests, even Comes dancing from the East, and leads with her to the timid deer, stealing through the The flowery May, who from her green lap throws
The yellow cowslip and the pale primrose. trees—the sequestered hermitage, and the
Hail, bounteous May, that doth inspire hoary well, mantled over with
Mirth, and youth, and warm desire; These scenes, purely British, belonging to
Woods and groves are of thy dressing,
Hill and dale doth boast thy blessing. our annals as well as to our landscapes, Thus we salute thee with our early song, mixed
up with the grandest deeds of the And welcome thee, and wish thee long ! past, and recalling heroic achievements that,
SONG ON MAY MORNING.
Come, lads, fill your glasses, no stint in the measure,-
With the flagon well fill’d, to the bottom we'll probe her;
We are happy at being able to state that his Erskine, Miss Caroline, by her mother, Mrs. Majesty continues in uninterrupted good health. Erskine. We regret that we cannot make the same report Erskine, Miss Selina, by her mother, Mrs. Erskine. of the Queen, who has been suffering from a severe Farquhar, Lady Townshend, by Lady Cumming. cough and oppression of the chest ; it gives us, howe Fitzwygram, Miss Augusta, by Lady Fitzwygram. ever, much pleasure to state that, although her "Fraser, Miss, by her grandmother, Lady Saltoun. Majesty was not sufficiently well to hold a Draw- Geary, Lady, by the Countess of Brecknock. ing-room on the occasion of her Birthday, on the Gossett, Mrs. Allen, by Lady Vivian. 27th, her Majesty's health is rapidly improving. Graydon, Mrs., by Lady Yarde Buller.
His Majesty held a Levee on the 5th, 12th, Greathed, Mrs., by the Hon. Lady Blackwood. and 26th.
Greathed, Miss, by her mother, Mrs. Greathed. The Levee ordered for the 12th, and the Draw- Grimston, Lady Mary, by the Countess of Verulam. ing-room for the 12th, were both postponed on Hay, Miss, by Lady James Hay. account of the melancholy demise of Lady de Lisle. Lennox, Lady Arthur, by Lady Charlotte Bury.
His Majesty held the first Drawing-room for the Lister, Miss, by Lady John Russell. season on the 20th. H. R. H. the Priness Augusta Morier, Miss Horatio, by Mrs. Morier. represented her Majesty.
Paget, Miss Harriet, by her mother, Lady HarThe following Ladies were presented to the King
riet Paget. and afterwards to the Princess Augusta :
Parke, Miss, by Lady Parke. Bateman, Lady, on her elevation to the Peerage, Percy, Miss Louisa, by Countess Amherst. by Lady Katharine Stewart.
Plymouth, the Countess of, on coming to the title, Beckett, Miss M., by Lady Anne Beckett.
by Mrs. General Vansittart. Brand, Mrs., on her marriage, by Lady Catherine Pollen, Miss Laura, by her mother, Mrs. Pollen. Cavendish.
Powell, Miss, by her mother, Mrs. Weyland Powell. Brecknock, the Countess of, on her marriage, by Powerscourt, Viscountess, on her marriage, by Lady the Countess of Kinnoul.
Howden. Browne, Lady Louisa, by the Countess of Wicklow. Richardson, Lady Stewart, by the Countess of Kin
noul. Browne, Lady Elizabeth, by the Countess of Wicklow.
Riddell, Mrs., by Vicountess Howick. Campbell, Mrs., of Islay, on her marriage, hy Lady Seymour, Lady, by Viscountess Howick. Charlotte Bury.
Sligo, the Marchioness of, on her return from Cartwright, Lady, by Lady Wheatley.
Jamaica, by the Countess of Wicklow. Colville, the Hon. Lady, by Lady Elizabeth Smythe, Hon. Miss, by the Duchess of Northum
berland. Reynett. Conroy, Miss Victoria, by Lady Conroy.
Somerset, the Duchess of, on her marriage, by the Cowper, Lady Frances, by Countess Cowper.
Countess of Albemarle. Craven, the Countess of, on her marriage, by the Stanhope, Lady Wilhelmina, by Countess StanCountess of Sefton.
hope. Cumming, Miss Gordon, by ber mother, Lady Gor- Stopford, Miss Henrietta, by her mother, Lady don Cumming.
Towneley, Lady Caroline, on her marriage, by the Douglas, Lady Frances, by her mother, the
Countess of Sefton. Countess of Morton.
Waller, Mrs., on her marriage, by Lady Wheatley. Doyle, Miss Selina, by Mrs. Tuffnell.
Worsley, Lady, by the Countess of Verulam. Ellico, Miss Anne, by Mrs. Walter Burrell. Wynn, Miss Williams, by Lady Harriet Clive.