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TO THE EDITOR OF THE EUROPEAN MAGAZINE. SIR, Will you allow me to make the fol. · raise a fụnd for their future support,

lowing addition to the account, “ in an humble, but independent ftaof the late Ds.' GARNETT, in your tion. -Under these circumstances, will Magazine for July last. By his un- the friends of humanity think it too timely and lamented death, iwo infant, much to allert, that the orphan family girls are deprived of an only surviving of a man who devoted himself'and his. parent, and left, in a great measure, fortunes to che public service, and fell dependant on the event of a subscrip: a sacrifice to his exertions, is eniinently tion, undertaken to defray the ex- entitled to public protection and benepences of publithiog their father's Lec- volence. tures on “. Zoonomia, or the Laws of

I am, Sir, &c. Animal Life," and with the view 10).

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TO THE EDITOR OF THE EUROPEAN MAGAZINE. SIR, Having met by chance with the inclosed Paper, which the Author of it calls “GOLDEN RULES FOR A MAN TO LIVE ALL THE DAYS OF HIS LIFE," I send it for insertion in your esteemed publication, if you think it merits a place therein. 220 October.

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The present pleasures produced by a his economy to thew, he will crawl

lai ge expence of money by, no contemp:ibly about the world, he up. means balance the future miferies of a braided for his former prodigality, wafted patrimony, dislipated fortunes, even ly his own children, who, having and a decayed conftitution.

no hopes, will consider him as an inThere is great sealon for us to make cumbrance; and, wanting the various a reserve of property againft the day of atrentions which are neceílary to the decrepitude; because, in old age, we' accomodation of the last scene, his want chiefly thole comforts which only continuance in the family will be irk. money can procure ; a comfortable fome. his life must be supported, by boule, delicate living, and a little thare the contribution of the charitable, and of authority, which, in the last stage of he must die unmourned. Keep a comlife, are exceedingly foothing and ac- petent share of the staff in thine hand. ceptable.

'The fame principle of prudence Perhaps society cannot thew a more which makes it necessary for a man to pitiable figure, than either a very 'old provide against the wants and infirmi.

or woman, who, having spent lies of age, should prevail with a man their substance in the flattering grieties 'to provide against the wants avd infir. of youth, are rednded, in the most mities of dilteniper. Let the fick man helpless tituation, to live upon acci- rather depend on the panacea of his denta) Atrokes of generosity, and to be purse, 'than on the pitý of his plıyliat once ridiculed and relieved.

'cizni. If an old perfon expects to receive A very healthy person is very soon the least degree of attention from the reduced to his chamber :--and we are world in general, or even from his all liable to the moft '

nzuleous disrelations in particular, it muit be hy. 'orders.' It often bappens, that a ftout the force of happy circumstances in his young man, in the very, vigour of existfavour; luch, for instance, as arise out ence, is brought to such a itate as todeof a fortune accumulated by the indus- pend on the servitude of another for. try or ingenuity of youth." This will allistance in those very points which, render the veteran sefpe&table amongst in a state of he'ilth, he would blush to his domestics, 3)! make even his ut. make known to a second perion. If moit intirmities rep portable Whereas, thefe feebleneíses continue for any if an old man bisno teltimories of length of time, nothing but tie power

of

of paying our attendants well can make Art thou poor? Be industry thy them be done cheerfully, if at all. A guard, lelt thou Thould want the bread fick spendthrift is therefore a horrid of life; and, in wanting that, the path Spectacle ; his servants become negli. of disgrace is not remote, and that path gent ; his physician gives him now will lead thee, peradventure, to the and then a call upon the score of huma, pits of misery and destruction. Connity; and, what is worse than all, he descend not to be the object either of rebukes himself for having squandered, pity or charity, whilst thou hatt limbs in the hour of superfluity, what should to toil, imagination to suggelt, er have been reserved for the momen: of health to perform. Liberty is indeexigence.

pendence, and Navery is a state of Art thou rich ? Place then circum- pecuniary obligation. Get honeitly, spection as a centinel over thy passions; and give cautiously: Wholo putteth lelt that which thou posseliest becomë a in practice these rules, shall certainly prey to artifice !

LIVE ALL THE DAYS OF His Life,

LINES ON THE FALL OF THE YEAR.

BY THOMAS EXORT SMITH,

Wither'd and wan lie strewn on Earth's H's leafy robe pale Autumn now religns,

cold hier [ting with gold, *· Chili'd by rude" winds which chide .? Her rich dressèd flowers and fruitage his lingering Hay ;

Emblem of thee, proud Man! the seasons

doom. Whilft marching on from bleak têm.

[round thee gay, peliuous climes,

Tho' youth's fresh honrurs now TurFierce Winter now resumes his defpot When Age, destroying, thall, like Win

fway. Stripp'd of its verdure, now's the land. Andround thy te:oples harg her whiteft ícape bare ;

grey, It's charms all perish'd we no more

Little St. Thomas Apoftle's, to behold;

London.

ter come,

This line I confess to be an inferior imitation of the one commencing the beautiful Epilogue written by the present inimitable son of Wit and Genins, R. B. She. ridan, Ė 19. the four first lines of which ale fu truly elegantly conceived and clatfically Exprølled, ihat I cannct resist the temptation of transcribing thein.“

Chilled by rude gales, while yet reluctant May
Withholds the beauties of the vernal day ;
As some fond nymph, w om matron frowns reprove,

Sulpends the fmile fier heart devotes to love. The measure of these verses meets the car with the fame exquisite flow of harmony as the Eclogues of the highly-pottical Collins. Perhaps Mr. Sheridan had these owo lines of Goldlimith's Traveller in his memory, when he wrote the above, where, Speaking of Switzerland, he says,

No verdure here thefe torpid rocks array,

But Winter lingering chills the lap of May. I do not mean to charge Mr. S. with an inttance of plagiarism ; his mind being truly original in all its aims : as a Piet, ailowed by his Monudy on the Death of the late' Britiit Rolsius David Garrick, Elq. and other 'ingenious mifcellanies ; as ą Diamatiit, that great judge of literature, Dr. Johnson, allows the palm of merit to his productions above all others fince the days of Congreve, Wycherly, Vanburgli, and Farquhar ; as an Orator, atcer having heard bis Demo'thenian (peech agzinkt Warren Hastings, Elq Qur late Engli Cicero, Edinund Burke, declared Mi. Sheridan's luminous and comprehensive speech poflelled every requirits of perfet human eloquence, and ventured further in tay, not forgetting the thundering convic. tion that fowed from the late Lord Chachain's lips, no! torgetting the refined polish ot speech his present lon our late Minitler policies, nor letting aide the argumentive

vcheinence

LYCOPHRON'S CASSANDRA,

L. 864

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olvexx Sec Tids Χίρσου μέγαν τόρθυγγα δωρείται κτίσαι.

quoniam dea dea Magnum terræ cacumen donat ad condendum. LACINIUM is a promontory near

One cannot belp remarking, that no Croton in Italy. Its temple, mention is made of Juno's famous temwhich was dedicated to Juno, has ple; but only of its circumjacent been celebrated by historians and grounds. Perhaps Lycophron has told poets. Cassandra's attention is more us in a line that is loft, and which immediately directed towards the spot, ought to have followed xricai, that on which this temple was afterwards Thetis gave Juno this land for the built. She foretells that the ground, purpose of building her temple ; to which extends from Lacinium's bay which these women should resort, in to the summit of its cliff, shall be order to perform the rites, and a planted by Thetis with thrubs; and to Seño

This would have been a good shall be presented by her to Juno, reason, why they, thus conitantly emHere women, natives of the country, ployed, ought never to have appeared shall be appointed to superintend those gaily habited. The passage has cermournful rites, which shall be infti- tainly not reached us as the poet tuted to the memory of the son of wrote it. We may observe here a Thetis. Their dress shall be suited to change of tenses from the future, as their office. They shall not be splen. Teúžev above, to the present dapeitai. didly attired; but appear in the weeds But this change may be accounted of mourners, employed in lamenting for. It is customary with perfons, the death of Achilles. The reason, who assume the character of prophets, assigned for their not being decorated to {peak of things future as present with gold and purple, is far from be with a view to impress the more ing satisfactory.

ftrongly on the reader's mind the cer.. Ourive Değe gids

tainty of their predictions. Onds, we χέρσου μέγαν το.θυγγα δωρείται κτίσαι. know, fignifies both a god and a god

because Thetis gives to Juno defs. It is here, and only here, used this large neck of land xrisai, 'i. e. in the latter sense. To ascertain that Tapos Tè vzhoz, ad condendum. Krious, sense, it might have been expected, as a verb transitive, requires its ac that the poet would have prefixed cusative case ; and the sense, as it with his usual accuracy the article: should seem, demands it. Krícæi Perhaps we ought to read, olvax', 6Xır, bostha, Curator

, are expressions that Jogi Disso occur in Pindar. Ktiget mofyous are

R. Lycophron's own words, L. 1255.

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vehemence and heart-selt sentiments of the great Charles James Fox; he summed up all praile by concluding, that what he had heard that day from Mr. Sheridan ex. ceeded every thing he had heard within the walls of that House (of Commons) before.

I hear with pleature, that Mi.6. is now employing his faccetsful pen upon some dramatic piece. If true, whether it proves a Conieds, Farce, or Opera, the Public are fure of a treat ; for who that has read or leen his iniinitable School for Scandal, his Critic, or a Tragedy Rehearsed, his Duenna, besides his other pieces, can dare give room to the tulpicious idea that it will not be favourably received ?

T. E. S.

VESTIGES,
COLLECTED AND RECOLLECTED,

BY JOSEPH MOSER, ESQ.

NUMBER IV.

THE LABORATORY AND FOUNDRY

ANDREW SCHALCH, ESQ. ORIGINAL OF lected, those taken at Cherburg were

in the summer of the year 1758 *. WOOLWICH WARREN.

These cannon, from whatsoever moWhen the Foundry for brass ord. tive (probably that of convenience)

nance was in Upper Moorfields, they were placed near the Foundry, on the spot which is now the site of the it was determined to recait, and as, Tabernacle erected by the late Rev. by their having been so long piblickly M:. Whitfield, in the City Road, near expoted, this was a circumstance geneFinsbury-quare, and which is still rally known, the operation became an called the Foundry, from the building object of contiderable attraction. A that had perhaps continued from the very great number of persons attended fourteenth century to the reign of at the Foundry the day it was to be George the Firit; it was, at the time a performed; among whom were inany number of pieces were to be caít, ge- of the Nobility, General Oficers, &c. nerally an object of curiosity, among &c. It lo happened, that a young man, pertons of even the upper rank of of the name of Andrew Schalch, a fociety, to see the procels of running native of Shaffhausen, who had in the fuid metal into the moulds pre- the course of his travels (which every pared for its reception.

Burger is obliged by the municipal These moulds, it is necessary to state, law to take) been a scientific observer are formed of Stourbridge clay, loom, of the operation of several foundries fand, and earth, bound and connected upon the Continent, was also attracted with bricks, iron hoops, &c.; and in to this spot. Curiosity, or, perhaps, this operation it is absolutely necellary, as he was a person of confiderable in order to insure the latety of the learning and genius, a better motive, workmen, &c. that they hould not a laudable desire of improvement in an only be closely and firmly constructed, ait, the principles of which he had so that no fiffure should remain to cause Itudiet, induced him to be there at what the artificers term a blow or wind- an early hour. He had, when he an. hole, but also that they should be per. nounced his profession, an opportunity fectly dry ; for if they retained'the given him to inspect the works, and smalleit moisture when the melted metal it appears that he did this with such tun, the opposition of intense heat and minute attention, as the event thewed damp would inevitably cause an explo. to be the result of ability and experifion.

For a considerable time after the When the company had assembled, conclulion of the Treaty of Utrecht, a for whole reception galleries were great number of cannon taken from the erected, part of which alınost overhung Freach in the ten glorious campaigns the furnace, Schalch, who trembled of the Duke of Marlborough, but by for the consequence of the operation, them rendered useless, were placed be took an opportunity to address Colonel fore this Foundry, and in the adjacent Armitrong in French ; and after exArtillery Ground: they were perhaps plaining to him the reason he had to exhibited as objects of curiofity, per- believe that an explosion would follow haps of triumph, as, it will be recol. the fulion of the metal, warned him,

* At this period ewenty-one pieces of cannon and four mortars, upon carriages, were expoled tor aconliderable time in Hyde Park, where a camp was formed, confisting of some companies of the artillery. The icene was a very gay and splendid one. Booths for refreshment were allowed to be erected, and the Park was like a fair. These pieces were aficowards drawo in triumph through the City, and placed in the Tower.

which VOL. XLII. OCT. 1802,

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.: warning he desired he would acquaintance, that an advertisement inmunicate to the persons present, had appeared in some of the public

The Colonel, who, from his papers, itating, in effect, that “ Where. 11.101 *, partectly understood the as, on the

when the it's of the process, interrogated dreadful explofion happened at the ciuch, mud found that he was inti. Foundry, Moorfields, a young man !!!y quainted not only with the (a foreigner) stood near to Colonel .!!!!

it and mechanical princis Armstrong, and after some conversa. nevhich the art is governed, but tion in French, in which he discovered a ton it. Tubordinate operations. He a proficiency in the art of caiting carto Liding y resolved to profit by his non, warned him, to whom, from the

bice, which he immediately commu- state of the moulds, he suggelted the toonited tс his own party, and inderd probability of an explosion, to remove "eavon ed to persuade all that would from the ipot. If the faid young man siiten to him to remove from the vortex will call upon Colonel Armstrong, at Oi varger. Scarce had they uime to the Tower, he will hear of something

10 a place of security before to his advantage.” The gates of the furnaces were opened, It will not be doubted but that, in and the Huid metal ruled out with compliancewith this intiination, Schalch a tremendous noile, which, as it filled immediately attended the Colonel, by ille n bulds, was (as Schilch had fug, whom he was informed, that in congered) followed by a molt dreadful sequence of the accident that had exoloji in, in which the liquid fire, lately happened, it was in the conhricks, &c. tlew about in every direc- templation of the Board of Ordnance t'on, the furnaces were demolished, to ere&t another foundry, and being part of ide roof of the Foundry blown convinced, by the skill and knowledge off, the galleries fell, many limbs were which he had displayed, that he would broke., I believe some lives loft, and be a proper person to take the direction mult of the workmen scorched and of it, he was therefore authorized to bruiled in a dreadful manner t. commission liim to choose a spot where. · Schalca had in the interim left the on such a building might be erected, place. Ho mentioned the neglect of with the greatest convenience to the the principal founder, the inattention extensive operations of the works, and of the workmen to their own safety, for the carriage of the heavy mate. and the warning he had given to rials. Colonel Armstrong, to some of his Elated with this commission, and Countrymen ; but he probably would with the place which a conjunction rever have thought of these circum. of merit and good fortune had prottınces again, had he not, after fome cured him, Schalch set immediately tunc had elapsed, been informed by an about the execution of the firit part

Surveyrr General of the Ordrarce 1716. George Harrison, Esq. was Supera intendait of the Foundries, in which place he succeeded Colonel A.

† An exzlohon of a similar rature, arising from a natural caule, was experier.ced in the course of last fuminer, as appears trom the following extract, September 25. “ At the late thunder form in Colebrork-dale, the contents of one of the furnaces belnging to the Campany, confisting of about 2000 cubic feet of ore, limestone, &c. were blown up, in consequence of the sudden ingrets of the water, occalioned by the oves ficwing of the dams. The intant the water entered the furnace, a dieadtul explofion tock place, and a column of melted and red hot mineral was ditcharged into the air, in a perpendicular direction, upwards of 150 feet. The ex;'l tion was repeated two or three times, accompanied by a brilliant column of fie, the heat of which was to intense that it was telt at several hurdred yards Hitta ce."

Tois is an exact, ard consequently philofophical, explanation of the latent causes of those phenomena, the explosions of Mounts Vesuvius and Erna, and indeed of the ebullions of volcanoes in general. This speculation has by Dr. Wallis, Mr. Bryle, Fa. Alell. de Burgis, been adopted, and the territic operations of earthquakes traced to the fame fource of fubterranean elementary contention arising fr m advenutius circumstances. Di. Woodward is of the fame opinion with respect to where pheni mena ; and further obferves, that Veluvius, Eina, Hecla, &c. are wody spiracles for the discharge of the subterraneous fire.

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