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A. B. who, in a Letter from Bath, enquires about a passage in Di fcoride', will please to observe, that the reference to which he alludes, was not made by the Reviewer ;-it being a quotation from tkie book which is the subject of that article.
In answer to F.'s enquiry concerning the Englih tranflation of PLATO, we can only inform our Correspondent, that Mr. Sydenham has not published any part of that work, beside what háth been mentioned in our Review : nor do we know whether or not that gentleman intends to prosecute his design any farther. The other parts of F's Letter require no particular notice here,
ADDITIONS to the POETICAL Articles.
Art. 32. Free Thoughts on Love and Marriage. By Mr. Ingle
IS. Flexney. Mr. Ingledew had, in our opinion, better have kept his thoughts on love and marriage to himself, as they are neither calculated to infpire the one, nor give any great relih for the other.
We cannot omit, on this occasion, taking notice of the prevailing absurdity of modern authors annexing Mr. to their names; contrary to the custom of the ancients, whom in other respects they are so fond of copying.–MR! a vague indiscriminate term, equally claimed by the son of a peer, or a porter; an opulent merchant, or the master of a green fall. Besides, it is attended with one disadvantage to themfelves, which, perhaps, they do not foresee, that for want of their Christian names, the world may plant the laurels on the wrong head : however, Mr. Ingledew, we apprehend, can be no lofer on this occasion.
After telling us of an amour with one MRs. Delia, he is ingenuous enough to acknowledge himself
Spurned from the arms of a Mes. Cloc, whom he confeffes he loves notwithftanding: we doubt not the Reader will be as perfectly satisfied with Mr. Ingledew's poetry a with his generosity, on this occasion :
And notwithstanding all the lewd may fay,
I really love her to this very day.
Williams. An unsuccessful attempt at being obscenely witty and profane ; Faid to be sent in an anonymous letter from Ireland. If the fact really happened there, as the Writer alledges, we cannot conceive his reasons for transporting it hither; as he has, in all probability, defeated the very end he proposed, by making nobody contemptible or ridiculous but himself,
[No Single Sermons published this Month.)
For OCTOBER, 1765.
A New and complete System of Practical Husbandry; containing all that Experience has proved to be most useful in Farming, either in the Old or New Method; with a comparative View of both; and whatever is beneficial to the Husbandman, or conducive to the Ornament and Improvement of the Country-gentleman's Eftate. By John Mills, Esq; Editor of Duhamel's Husbandry. Vols. III. IV. and V. 8vo.
8vo. 155. sewed. Printed for the Aus thor, and sold by J. Johnson T seems that some disputes have happened between Mr.
Mills and the booksellers concerned in the publication of the two former volumes of this works with the particulars of which it is altogether needless to trouble our Readers. If, however, the said booksellers have acted somewhat arbitrarily towards the Author, we are glad to see that he had spirit enough to' take the work into his own hands, and to continue the publication of it at his own risque ; and we hope he will have no reason to repent of his resolution to emancipate himself from the supposed tyranny of which he complains *
In the Preface to the third Vol. Mr. Mills very juftly obferves, that our utmost attention to Agriculture was never more necessary than at this period, if we would preserve that superiority therein, which we have hitherto enjoyed over almoft every nation in Europe.
Not having been able to comprise, in his second volume, every article relative to the management of grain; he has, in this, treated firft of the enemies to corn, beginning in Chap. III. (which also
This complaint is not made in the Work itself, but in a private Letter addrefled to the Reviewers; which we think rather too long for insertion here, as we are not at all inclined to enter into any personal altercations, if possible to be avoided, Vol. XXXIII,
begins begins the Vol.) with weeds, than which nothing requires more
the attention, industry, and perseverance of the farmer, who must extirpate them, before he can have complete crops (of any thing else. ]--But, $. 1. • The judicious farmer will not attempt to weed his corn before the beginning of spring, on account of the great danger of pulling up many of the young useful plants, with those whicl he wants to extirpate': and yet be hould not wait too long before he sets about this very necesiary work; because the nomous growth will multiply apace, and speedily rob the foil of great part of its nutritive juices. His eye must help to direct him when to perform this essential operation; and he mult, above all, be particularly careful never to let any weeds grow so big as w choak or overtop his corn, or stand till their feeds ripen and fow themselves.'
• If the spring is wet and warm, and if it rains much in May, abundance of weeds will then spring up, and great care fhould be taken to destroy them immediately. The perennial rooted kind (of weeds) are best destroyed by repeated summer fallows, wherein it is essentialy material that every piece of root be taken away and burnt, because, in many of such, every joint will produce a new plant.'-He then enumerates the several species of weeds moft hurtful to the farmer, and most apt to abound ; and points out the most effectual means of eradicating them entirely. This Sect. is concluded with an observation, that - Upon the whole, it may be looked upon as a general rule, that fowing of clean seed, and laying the ground down to grass, will at length overcome all sorts of weeds; and the more in heart the land is, laid down to grass, the thicker the grass, or clover, will grow, and the better effect it will have,
Set. 2. Treats of quadrupeds, birds, vermin, and insects, as enemies to corn: and points out the most approved methods of guarding against, or destroying them. In particular, a full account is here given of that formidable infect which has long desolated, and had at length almost entirely laid waste a whole province in France, viz. that of Angoumois. But as the description of this infect is attended with various drawings, we must refer the inquisitive, to the book itself.
As the preservation of corn, both in granaries and ships, is an article of considerable importance to every maritime nation, Chap. IV. is employed in treating upon that subject. But before he enters upon the point, he mentions the article of threshing; and says, p. 79, that some engine or other, prowided with a number of fails, or other pieces answering the fame end, might furely be made to move by water, wind, or a borfe
, so as to perform the business of threfning till cheaper and more expeditiously, (than) in the common way. This she adds
wel dcferves the attention and endeavours of skilful mechaaicians *, .p. 97.
After enumerating several of the most usual methods of preserving corn in granaries; he gives experiments on the preservation of it by ventilation only; by ftove-drying only; and by both those methods jointly; with remarks thereon. But these expeTiments and remarks, though very judicious, are rather too prolix and circumstantial for our insertion.--He then gives a description of what he calls the false moth, or corn-worm; and of the wervil; with the means of destroying both :- this promise, however, is not absolutely fulfilled. See p. 144.
The preservation of corn in ships is said to depend greatly upon its being first stové-dried, and then frequently ventilated during the voyage,
PASTURES, taken in an extensive fenfe, are the subject of the third part of this work; the first chapter of which treats of such plants as are usually intermixed with crops of corn, or which may be cultivated interchangeably with corn or pulse. These are, turneps, carrots, parfneps, parsley, potatoes, cabbages, and clover. As parfley seems to be the least cultivated of any of these, we shall give an extract of what is said in commendation thereof, as a valuable species of artificial pasture. The following are Mr. Mills's words :- Parsley is known to be so excellent a prefervative against the rot in sheep, if they are fed with it twice a week, for two or three hours each time, that I cannot but regret the want of experiments on the culture of this useful plant, which would certainly succeed well in rows, properly hoed, and prove a general benefit. The few skilful persons who have raised it in the field for the use of theep, have found it turn to great account, though sown only in the common broad cast way. How much then may be reasonably expected from its greater increase, and more perfect quality, when cultivated according to the principles of the new Husandry! For that plants do attain a much higher degree of perfection in this way, than in the old method, has been constantly evinced, by frequently sepeated, and always unvaried experience. I therefore strongly recommend this object to the British farmer, whose flocks, luperior to those of every other country, are a principal source of the wealth and grandeur of this happy land, as well as a valuable treasure to the individuals who posless them. It is likewise posfible, or rather, perhaps, highly probable, that, besides preventing or curing the rot, the taste of the mutton may also be
• We have been told of a mechanick who actually has contrived and compleated a machine of this kind, to be worked by horses: but how far it may answer the ends of either cheapness or expedition, we are not Enabled to say.
improved by this pasture; for it is very certain that the flesh of all animals acquires a peculiar flavour from their food. This is particularly remarked in venison: and it is as invariable, that the sweetest mutton is that which has been fed on the finest and sweetest graffes ; whilft, on the contrary, the coarseft and rankeft mutton is produced from the grofleft meadows and marshes.'
· The best time for fowing parsley in the field is about the middle or latter end of February. The ground cannot possibly be in too fine tilth. Mr. Miller [in his Dia.] mentions two bushels of seed as a proper quantity for an acre of land fown pretty thick, in drills about a foot asunder, which will, indeed, be space enough for hand-hoeing: but I am inclined to think, that the plants will flourish beft, grow largest, and be in all respects moft perfect, if the distance between the rows be fufficient to admit a hoe-plough. Lefs seed will then be requisite, the culture will certainly be performed cheaper this way, than by hand, and I am confident that the plants will be larger, and better for the food of cattle."
• Hares and rabbits are fo fond of parsley, that they will come from a great diftance to feed upon it; fo that whoever chuses to have plenty of those animals in his fields, need only stock them well with this plant: he will soon draw to them all the hares of the country: but, at the same time, if his parsley is not fenced in very securely, they will be sure to destroy it.'
Chap. II. treats of perennial plants ufed for the food of cattle, and which require frequent help while they grow. These are, sainfoin, lucerne, the cytisus, and burnet. The last of thefe being a plant much recommended at present, we fall give an extract of what Mr. Mills says upon it, -as follows :
· The public owes the improved culture of Burnet, a native of our country, and which promises very great advantages, to the laudable pursuits of the Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures, and Commerce, in quest of a green and fucculent food for cattle during the winter months : but more immediately to the judicious observation of Mr. Rocque, who, remarking that burnet retains its verdure amidst all the inclemencies of the season, resolved to try the effect of giving it a good culture. He has succeeded therein to his utmost with :--and it bids fair to be of fingulár utility where locks of fheep are kept, because, as it preserves its leaves unhurt by froft, the farmer may thereby have a constant stock of green food for his ewes and lambs, at a time when turneps and every other succulent plant may fail him.'
The following are the directions, said to be given by Mr. Rocque, for the cultivation of this useful plant. - In the meadows about Windsor, we are told, half the grass is bornet. It will grow in the driest land, where every thing else is burnt up