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2“ mother in Israel." The circum, the pastoral, care of Mr. Andrews, stances of her early life were, likewise, By him, notwithstanding, she was preclosely interwoven with the most re- suaded to join in the communion of his markable occurrences which attended church, of which she was a member the great revival of religion in Phila- for two or three years. delpliia, in common with many other When Mr, Whitefield first visited places, through the instrumentality of America, she was deeply aflected by the Rev. George Whitefield. For his preaching, on which she assidu: these reasons it is believed, that a bi- ously attended. She has often told ographical sketch, somewhat more her friends, that after the first sermon ample than usual, of this truly escel- which she heard him preach, she was lent and remarkable woman, may not ready to say uith the woman of Samabe devoid either of instruction or en- ria, « Come see a man who told me tertainment to the readers of the mag- all things that ever I did.” The azine.

preacher, she said, had so exactly deMrs. Hannah Hodge was born in scribed all the secret workings of her Philadelphia, in January, 1721. Her heart, her views, her wishes, her father's name was John Harkum: he thoughts, her imaginations, and her was by descent an Englishnan, and by exercises, that she really believed he occupation a tobacconist. Her moth. was either more than mortal, or else er, whose maiden name was Doe, or that he was supernaturally assisted to Doz, was a descendant of a French know her heart. So ignorant was she protestant, who fled his country on ac- then, of what she well understood af. count of his religion, in consequence terwards, that all corrupted human of the revocation of the edict of Nantz hearts are much alike; and that he by Lewis the 14th, A. D. 1685. This who can paint one, justly and in lively family of Doz, with other French Pro. colours, may present a picture which testants, were principally instrumental, many will recognize as their own. in erecting the first Presbyterian The effects preduced in Philadelchurch in the city of Philadelphia. As- phia, at this time, by the preaching of sociating with a few English and Irish, Mr. Whitefield, were truly astonish; whose sentiments they found substan- ing. Numbers of almost all religious tially the same with their own, they denominations, and many who had no built a small wooden house for public connexion with any denomination, worship, where the first;Presbyterian were brought to inquire with tlre utchurch now stands. Of this church the most earnestness, what they should do Rev. Jedidiah Andrews, a Congrega- to be saved. Such was the engaged. tional minister from New-England, was, ness of multitudes to listen to spiritu: called to be the first pastor. His un. al instruction, that there was public yielding attachment to certain meas. worship, regularly, twice a day, for the ures, which he judged to be impor- space of a year, and on the Lord's tant in organizing the congregation day it was celebrated generally thrice, and settling its government and wor- and frequently four times.

An aged ship, dismembered it of several per man, deeply interested in the scenes. sons who had been most active in its which then were witnessed, and who formation, and who from that time is still living, has informed the writer, joined the Episcopal church. Among that the city (not then probably a third these was the maternal grandfather of as large as it now is) contained twen. Mrs. Hodge. Her own father and ty-six societies for social prayer and mother, however, remained in connex- religious conference; and probably ion with the congregation of Mr. An. there were others not known to him. drews, and under his ministry she was S) great was the zeal and enthusiasm born, and lived to the age of about to hear Mr. Whitefield preach, that eighteen years. From her childhood many from the city followed him on she was disposed to a degree of seri. foot to Chester, to Abingdon, to Neshous thoughtfulness, and was a constant aminy, and some even to New-Bruns attendant on public worship. But it wick, in New Jersey, the distance of was her settled opinion, in after life, sixty miles. She, the narrative of that she was totally unacquainted with whose carly life has led to the notice of vital piety, while slie remained under these circumstances, gave the writer

2 particular account of an excursión exercises, however, are well known to of twenty miles, which she made to have been of a very violent and dis: Neshaminy on foot, to attend a reli. tressing 'kind. At one time she was gious meeting there. But so far was brought near to the borders of despair, she from applauding herself for it, that insomuch that she even refused to lisshe condemned both herself and oth- ten to the counsel of Mr. Tennent, ers, as chargeable with imprudence or even to suffer him to pray with her, and extravagance. She said, that in under an apprehension that it would these excursions, the youth of both but aggravate her future condemnasexes were often exposed to danger tion. In this state of mind she was and temptation, and that the best visited by the Rev. Dr. Finley, who apblagy which could be made for them prudlently waved a direct discussion of was, that they were both young and her case, but gradually and insensibly ignorant, and that they had wanted'ei- drew her attention to the all-suftither the opportunity or the inctination ciency of the Saviour: “ And who to heat faithful preaching, till their knows,” said he “but there may be attention had been engaged by Mr. mercy and pardon there for you ?" Whitefield. Stre'used, indeed, often

He then left her. But the words to tem trk, that the general ignorance

“ who knows but there may be mercy of real piety and experimental reli- for you,” melted her soul. They gion was, at that time, truly-surprising. seemed to chime in her ears after he After the first impressions made by was goule. She fell upon her knees, Mr. Whitefield, four or five godly wo- and poured out her heart before God men in the city, were the principal in secret; and she was enabled so to counsellors to whom 'awakened and in- trust her soul into the Saviour's hands. quüring sinuets used to resort, or could as to derive some hope of the divine resort, for advice and direction. Even acceptance, and a measure of consolathe public preaching of ministers of tion, from that time. She experienclite gospel, some who were no doubt ed, however, a number of Huctuations, practically acquainted with religion,

before she gained any thing like an #as not, it would seem, always the

established peace of mind. most seasonable and judicious. Mr. It was at this period, that she, with Rontand, a truly pious and eloquent á number of others, endured persecuman, being invited to preach in the tion for conscience' sake, and were Baptist church, proclaimed the ter

even excluded from their parents' fors of the divine law with such ener.

kouses, for considering and treating to those whose souls were alreadly the salvation of their souls as the one sinking under them, that not a few thing needful. The subject of this fained away. On this occasion, how. narrative, during the time of her bana crer, his error was publicly corrected ishment from ber home, supported by the Rev. Gilbert Tennent, who, herself hy her needle. She had a sis. standing at the foot of the pulpit, and ter who was similarly circumstanced seeing the effect produced on the as.

with herself. They rented a room, sembly, interrupted and arrested the "and lived comfortably and reputably preacher by this address : “ Brother on the fruits of their own industry, Rowland, is there no balto in Gilead, and before their father's death, they is there no physician there !" Mr. had the happiness of seeing him fully Rowland, on this, changed immediate. reconciled to them, and of hearing ly the tenor of his address, and sought him express his regret for the severity to direct to the Saviour, those who with which he had treated them. were overwhelmed with a sense of In 1743 a church was formed by Mr. their guilt. But, before this had tak. Gilbert Tennent, out of those who en place, the subject of the present

were denominated the followers and memoir had been carried out of the converts of Mr. Whitefield. No less church, in a swoon, which lasted for a than 140 individuals were received considerable time.

at first, after a strict examination, as It has not been ascertained how long members of this newly constituted her mind remained subject. to legal church. The admission of a large terror, without any measure of the number more was delayed, only be. comfortable hope of the gospel. Her cause their exercises and spiritual

state had not yet attained such matu- years, one of the brightest ornaments rity as to afford satisfaction to them- and most useful members of the selves, or to the officers of the church. church with which she now became But among those received on the first connected. [To be continued.] examination was the eminent Chris. tian, whose story is here recorded, and Died in London, on the 13th Sept. who was to be, for more than sixty The Right Hon. Charles Fox, Esq.

TO CORRESPONDENTS. Memoirs of President Davies, in continuation, were received too late for this number.

J.C. will perceive that we have promptly complied with his request. Our pages are open to candid and useful discussions.

THEOPHILUS has very happily exhibited the perfection of Christ's example ; and proved from that example the divinity of the gospel. This respected Correspondent is requested to add another number, presenting the proof of Christ's true divinity, which may be fairly deduced from the perfection of his moral character. This is a topic of argument to which several excellent wri. ters have referred, but which none have exhausted.

T. on Infidelity, is in type for the next number.

The acknowledgements to Salvian, made in several former numbers of the Panoplist, render our present apology difficult. It must be perceived by intelligent readers, who have noticed past intimations to Salvian, and our delaying to publish his communication, that the expediency of its publication was not obvious. The Editors, after deliberately weighing the subject, have to request their ingenious and esteemed correspondent to excuse them, if they now express their full persuasion that the interest of the Panoplist forbids the admission of metaphysical discussion. Aware of entering on this ground, the Editors, with some hesitancy, admitted the 5th letter of CONSTANS, entire, and subjoined a note to guard against improper inferences. The well written performance of Salvian would probably call from Constans a laboured and minute reply; and there doubtless would be a wish on both sides to extend the controversy to an unprofitable length. Our readers expect to find in the Panoplist, the great principles of evangelical truth stated and defended in the plainest and most intelligible manner; and were metaphysical communications introduced, they would justly charge us with a departure from our professed original design. The public, we hope, will do us the justice to believe, that this resolution is adopted, not because we wish to discountenance the most free and thorough discussion ; but because we apprehend, that the introduc. tion of this controversy would not tend to the accomplishment of our prime objects, which are the elucidation and defence of the peculiar doctrines of the gospel, and the consequent advancement of Christian piety and morality..

Our correspondent, who handed us the communication concerning Bowdoin College, is informed that it did not contain the Address of the President, and is therefore omitted.

We received two reviews from different hands, of Dr. Nott's Sermon. Though we have adopted neither entire, we hope both will be satisfied.

LEIGhroy is received. We thank him for his seasonable communication.

We have added a half-sheet to this number, and omitted several reviews, to give room for interesting intelligence.

The addition to our list of more than sixty new subscribers, during the last month, animates us to pursue our arduous labours, with increased alacrity and zeal.

The profits arising from the sales of the first volume of the Panoplist, and the uses to which they have been appropriated, will be announced in the next or succeeding number of this work.

OR,

THE CHRISTIAN'S ARMORY.

No. 18.]

NOVEMBER, 1806. [No. 6. Vol. II.

Biography

MEMOIRS OF PRESIDENT DAVIES.

(Continued from page 160.) HAVING detailed the leading and what he attempted, he acincidents of the life of Mr. Da- complished." ries, we will pause, and contem- How pleasing to contemplate plate some of the prominent and a mind of such elevation and most interesting features of his energy, divested of the pride of mind and heart.

talents and of science, moulded The Father of spirits had en- into the temper of the gospel, dued him with the richest intel- and consecrating all its powers lectual gifts ; a vigorous under- and exertions to the promotion standing, a glowing imagination, of religion “I desire," says a fertile invention, united with a he,, in a letter to his intimate correct judgment, and a reten- friend, Dr. Gibbons, “seriously tire memory. None, who read to devote to God and my dear his works, can doubt that he country, all the labours of my possessed a portion of original head, my heart, my hand, and genius, which falls to the lot of pen; and if he pleases to bless few. He was born for great any of them, I hope I shall be undertakings.' He was destined thankful, and wonder at his conto excel in whatever he under descending grace. O, my dear took. “ The unavoidable con- brother ! could we spend and be sciousness of native power,” says spent, all our lives, in painful, Dr. Finley,“ made him bold and disinterested, indefatigable serenterprising Yet the event vice for God and the world, proved that his boldness arose how serene and bright would it not from a partial, groundless render the swift approaching eve self-conceit, but from true self- of life! I am labouring to do a knowledge. Upon fair and can- little to save my country, and, did trial, faithful and just to which is of much more consehimself, he judged what

quence, to

souls from could do ; and what he could, death, from that tremendous When called to it, he attempted; kind of death, which a soul can Vol. II. No. 6.

I.

Save

die. I have but little success of stupid. But when I had any late ; but, blessed be God, it little sense of things, I generalsurpasses my expectation, and ly felt pretty calm and serene ; much more my desert. Somes and death, that mighty, terror, of my brethren labour to better was disarmed. Indeed, the purpose. The pleasure of the thought of leaving my dear famLord prospers in their hands.". ily destitute, and my flock shep

Mr. Davies' religion was, in herdless, made me often start principle and spirit, purely and back, and cling to life ; but in eminently evangelical. It brought other respects, death appeared him to the foot of the cross, to a kind of indifferency to me. receive salvation as a free gift. Formerly I have wished to live It penetrated his soul with the longer, that I might be better profoundest reverence for a par- prepared for heaven; but this doning God, and the tenderest consideration had but very little gratitude to a dying Saviour. It weight with me, and that for a engaged him in an ardent and very unusual reason, which was vigorous pursuit of universal ho- this :- After long trial, I found liness, while, at the same time, this world is a place so unfriendit rendered him humble and dis- ly to the growth of every thing satisfied with himself, amid his divine and heavenly, that I was highest attainments. These afraid, if I should live longer, I traits of character are strongly should be no better fitted for. illustrated by some passages in heaven than I am. Indeed, ! a letter to the friend above-men- have had hard yany hopes of evtioned, to whom he was accus- er making any great attainments tomed to disclose the inmost re- in holiness while in this world, cesses of his heart. Having though I should be doomed to spoken of a violent sickness, stay in it as long as Methuselah, from which he was just recover- I see other Christians indeed ing, he proceeds in this style : around me make some progress, “ Blessed be my Master's name, though they go on with but a this disorder found me employ- snail-like motion. But when I ed in his service. It seized me consider that I set out about in the pulpit, like a soldier twelve years old, and what sanwounded in the field. This has guine hopes I then had of my been a busy summer with me. future progress, and yet that I In about two months, I rode have been almost at a stand ever about five hundred miles, and since, I am quite discourpreached about forty sermons. aged. O my good Master, if I This affords me some pleasure may dare to call thee so, I am in the review. But alas ! the afraid I shall never serve thee mixture of sin, and of many much better on this side the renameless imperfections that run gion of perfection. The thought through, and corrupt all my ser- grieves me; it breaks my heart, vices, give me shame, sorrow but I can hardly hope better. and mortification. My fever

My fever But if I have the least spark of made unusual ravages upon my

true piety in my breast, I shall understanding, and rendered me not always labour under this frequently delirious, and always complaint. No, my Lord, I

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