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Appeared Apollo's Mayor and Aldermen, 116, On whom three hundred gold-capped youths

await, To lug the ponderous volume off in state. When Dulness, smiling—“Thus revive the

Wits ! 1 But murder first, and mince them all to bits; As erst Medea (cruel, so to save !)

121 A new Edition of old Æson gave ; ? Let standard-authors, thus, like trophies borne,

the printer to put this leaf into its place as soon as Sir T. H.'s Shakespear should be published.-B.

“B.” is perhaps Bowyer, the printer. The lines are not in the edition of 1743. Warburton had a quarrel with Sir Thomas Hanmer, the “decent knight,” relative to Sir Thomas's edition of Shakespear. Warburton charged the knight with making an unauthorized use of his emendations on the text of Shakespear, while the knight, on the other hand, charged Warburton with a desire to produce a “paltry edition,” with the view of getting “a greater sum of money by it." The result, said Warburton, was that Sir Thomas “applied to the University of Oxford, and was at the expense of his purse in procuring cuts for this edition, and at the expense of his reputation in employing a number of my emendations on the text, without my knowledge or consent; and his behaviour was what occasioned Mr. Pope's perpetuating the memory of the Oxford edition of Shakespear in the Dunciad.”— Carruthers.

1 The Goddess applauds the practice of tacking the obscure names of Persons not eminent in any branch of learning to those of the most distinguished Writers; either by printing editions of their works with impertinent alterations of their Text, as in the former instances, or by setting up Monuments disgraced with their own vile names and inscriptions, as in the latter.-P. W.

2 Of whom Ovid (very applicable to these restored authors),

“Æson miratur, Dissimilemque animum subiit.P. W.

Appear more glorious as more hacked and torn. And you, my Critics ! in the chequered shade, Admire new light through holes yourselves have made.

126 “Leave not a foot of verse, a foot of stone, A Page, a Grave, that they can call their

own; 2 But spread, my sons, your glory thin or thick, On passive paper, or on solid brick. 130 So by each Bard an Alderman shall sit, A heavy Lord shall hang at every Wit, And while on Fame's triumphal Car they ride, Some Slave of mine be pinioned to their side." Now crowds on crowds around the Goddess

press, Each eager to present the first Address. Dunce scorning Dunce beholds the next

advance, But Fop shews Fop superior complaisance. When lo! a Spectre rose, whose index-hand Held forth the virtue of the dreadful wand; 4 His beavered brow a birchen garland wears, 141

135

1 - The Soul's dark cottage, battered and decayed, Lets in new light, through chinks that time has

made.” — Waller. - Warburton. 2 For what less than a Grave can be granted to a dead author ? or what less than a Page can be allowed a living one ?-P. W.

Pagina, not Pedissequus. A Page of a Book, not a Servant, Follower, or Attendant; no Poet having had a Page since the death of Mr. Thomas Durfey. Scriblerus.P. W.

3 Vide the Tombs of the Poets, Editio Westmonasteriensis.-P. W. Alluding to the monument erected for Butler by Alderman Barber. -Warburton.

4 A Cane usually borne by Schoolmasters, which drives the poor Souls about like the wand of Mercury. ---Scriblerus.--P. W.

Dropping with Infants' blood, and Mothers'

tears." O’er every vein a shuddering horror runs ; Eton and Winton shake through all their Sons. All Flesh is humbled, Westminster's bold race

145 Shrink, and confess the genius of the place : ? The pale Boy-Senator yet tingling stands, And holds his breeches close with both his

hands. Then thus. “Since Man from beast by

Words is known, Words are Man's province, Words we teach : alone.

150 When Reason doubtful, like the Samian letter, Points him two ways, the narrower is the better. Placed at the door of Learning, youth to guide,

1 “First Moloch, horrid King, besmeared with blood Of human sacrifice, and parents' tears.”

Milton.P. ? Alluding to Dr. Busby, the famous headmaster of Westminster School, from 1640 to 1695.

3 An effect of fear somewhat like this is described in the viith Æneid :

“ Contremuit nemus-

Et trepidæ matres pressere ad pectora natos ;" nothing being so natural in any apprehension as to lay close hold on whatever is supposed to be most in danger.--Scriblerus.-P. W.

4 The letter Y, used by Pythagoras as an emblem of the different roads of Virtue and Vice. “Et tibi quæ Samios diduxit litera ramos.”

Pers.-P. W. 5 This circumstance of the Genius Loci (with that of the Index-hand before) seems to be an allusion to the Table of Cebes, where the Genius of human Nature points out the road to be pursued by those entering

155

We never suffer it to stand too wide.
To ask, to guess, to know, as they com-

mence,
As Fancy opens the quick springs of Sense,
We ply the Memory, we load the brain,
Bind rebel Wit, and double chain on chain,
Confine the thought, to exercise the breath ;?
And keep them in the pale of Words till death.
Whate'er the talents, or howe'er designed, 161
We hang one jingling padlock” on the mind :
A Poet the first day he dips his quill;
And what the last ? A very Poet still.
Pity! the charm works only in our wall, 165
Lost, lost too soon in yonder House or Hall.
There truant WYNDHAM every Muse gave o'er,
There TALBOT sunk, and was a Wit no more !
How sweet an Ovid, MURRAY was our boast!
How many Martials were in PULTENEY lost!" 170
Else sure some Bard, to our eternal praise,
In twice ten thousand rhyming nights and

days,

into life. 'Odé yèpwv ó üvw ¿OTIKUS, ëxwv záptuv Turà εν τη χειρί, και τη ετέρα ώσπερ δεικνύων τι, ούτος Δαίμων kaleitai, &c.-P. W.

i By obliging them to get the classic poets by heart, which furnishes them with endless matter for Conversation and Verbal amusement for their whole lives. -P. W.

? For youth being used like Pack-horses and beaten on under a heavy load of Words, lest they should tire, their instructors contrive to make the Words jingle in rhyme or metre.-P. W.

3 Westminster-hall and the House of Commons. Warburton.

4 Sir William Wyndham, Chancellor of the Exchequer; Charles Lord Talbot, Lord Chancellor; Murray, Lord Mansfield ; and Pulteney, Earl of Bath. See Epilogue to the Satires, ii. 84, 88, and Imitations of Horace, Book ii. Ep. ii. 134, and Book i. Ep. vi.

185

Had reached the Work, the All that mortal

can; And South beheld that Master-piece of Man.”1 “Oh” (cried the Goddess) “ for some pedant Reign!

175 Some gentle JAMES, to bless the land again ; ? To stick the Doctor's Chair into the Throne, Give law to Words, or war with Words alone, Senates and Courts with Greek and Latin rule, And turn the Council to a Grammar School! For sure, if Dalness sees a grateful Day, 181 'Tis in the shade of Arbitrary Sway. 0! if my sons may learn one earthly thing, Teach but that one, sufficient for a King; That which my Priests, and mine alone, main

tain, Which as it dies, or lives, we fall, or reign: May yon, my Cam and Isis, preach it long! "The Right Divine of Kings to govern wrong.'”

Prompt at the call, around the Goddess roll Broad hats, and hoods, and caps, a sable shoal :

1 Viz., an Epigram, The famous Dr. South declared a perfect Epigram to be as difficult a performance as an Epic Poem. And the Critics say, “an Epic Poem is the greatest work human nature is capable of.”—P. W.

2 Wilson tells us that this King, James I., took upon himself to teach the Latin tongue to Car, Earl of Somerset; and that Gondomar, the Spanish Ambassador, would speak false Latin to him, on purpose to give him the pleasure of correcting it, whereby he wrought himself into his good graces.

This great prince was the first who assumed the title of Sacred Majesty, which his loyal clergy transferred from God tohim. “The principles of Passive Obedience and Non-resistance(says the author of the Dissertation on Parties, Letter 8) which before his time had skulked perhaps in some old Homily, were talked, written, and preached into vogue in that inglorious reign.”P. W.

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