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the non, &c. as will be fhewn fully in the RULES: The Superlative Degree of Adjectives, in English moft, is formed by changing the last Vowel of the Pofitive into iffimo, as from grande great, grandiffimo moft great; fanto holy, fantiffimo moft holy: The most is il più, la più; as, il più bello Mafc. la più bella Fem. the Faireft, or moft Fair.

Obferv. 1. The following Adjectives are Exceptions to these general Rules of Comparison.

Buono good, megliore better, ottimo or buoniffimo best. Cattivo bad, peggiore worse, peffimo or cattiviffima moft bad, or worst.

Grande great, maggiore greater, massime or gran · diffimo moft great, or greatest.

Piccolo little, minore lefs, minimo or piccoliffimo moft little, or least.

Obferv. 2. The Superlative Degree of Adjectives is often expreffed by a Repetition of the Pofitive; as, Your House is most fine

La vostra cafa è bella bella.

Obferv. 3. The Comparison of Adverbs, of like Senfe with the Adjectives above mentioned, is in this wife:

Bene good, meglio better, beniffimo or ottimamente

beft.

Male bad, peggio worse, maliffimo or peffimamente most bad, or worst.

Poco little, meno or manco lefs, pochiffimo leaft.

Note. By changing the last Letter of Nouns Adjectives into iffimamente, is formed Adverbs of the Superlative Degree; as, of dotto learned, is dottiffiD

mamente

mamente most learned; ricco rich, ricchiffimamente most rich; but this is not frequently admitted of, and rather than make ufe of fo long Words, it is better to express yourself by the Subftantive and Adjective in this manner :

I

The Preacher has preached most eloquently,
Il Predicatore ha predicato con moltiffima eloquenza.
You govern yourself most imprudently,
Vi governate con pochiffima prudenza, or con gran-
diffima imprudenza.

Of PRONOUNS.

T being the principal Bufinefs of the following RULES to explain the Difficulties of the Italian Tongue; and as these chiefly are found to be in the Pronouns, the Learner will find them fully explained in the feveral Rules of this Book, and in the Table of Pronouns. I fhall however here fet down the Declenfion of the Perfonal Pronouns, as it will be of Service to the Learner to be thoroughly acquainted with them.

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Pronouns Conjunctive have great resemblance with the Pronouns Perfonal: The Pronouns Perfonal are,

I, Thou, He, We, Ye, They.

The Pronouns Conjunctive are, to me or me, to thee or thee, to himself or himself, to herself or herfelf, to him or him, to us or us, to you or ye, to them or them.

They are expreffed in Italian by

mi, ti, fi, gli or le, Sing. ci, vi, loro, Plur.

It is easy to remember, that the Pronouns Conjunctive, me, thee, one's felf or himself, to him, them cr to them, &c. are always expreffed in Italian by mi, ti, fi, gli, or le, loro: Example;

That pleases me, questo mi piace.
God fees thee, Dio ti vede.

The Sun rifes, il Sole fi leva.

I will tell him, io gli dirò, or io le dirò.

I promise them, prometto loro; Mafc. and Fem.

But

But these Pronouns will be fully explained in the following RULES, notwithstanding which it may be proper to obferve here, that one of the greatest Difficulties they who study the Italian Language labour under, is to exprefs the Pronouns Conjunctive joined to the Particles lo, la, li, le cr ne; as, milo, mila, mili, mile, mine, &c. when the the Letter i of the Pronoun Conjunctive is changed into e; as, to say me of it, instead of mine, you muft speak and write mene, pronouncing the two Syllables fhort; the fame is to be observed in all the following Pronouns Conjunctive; as for milo, write melo, &c.

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To them, loro, to them of it, ne loro; putting loro

always after the Verb.

Note, loro is fometimes put before the Verb; as,
It seems good to them, ciò loro pare buono.

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Pronouns

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