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economical ways, turning every scrap of ground plies the two principal rivers of Europe. The flakes capable of cultivation to account, and in some cases of winter snow which descend upon some of the carrying cultivation to the very summit of the hills. ridges, nay, even the drops of rain falling on opposite Triberg, of course, means the town of the three sides of a house, in some situations, are destined to mountains. But the chief thing which the tourist end their career at the two opposite extremities of a sees is the waterfall of the Gutach, which is the continent; and while part find their way to the finest in all Germany. Like Wordsworth, I love" to German Ocean, others which reach the ground lunt the waterfall," to go from fall to fall and to within a few feet of them, take an opposite course and trace it to the upper stream, and, if possible, to the fall into the Black Sea.” At Donaueschingen we source. Now this fall of the river Gutach—they call come to the reputed source of the Danube. There is it the Fallenbach-is one of five hundred feet, in a a beautiful park, like an English park, with series of seven cascades. There are safe bridges a lake with swans, which are reputed to have which cross and recross the stream, giving views of descended from the first

brought into the mass of waters both from above and from below. Europe from Cyprus at the time of the Crusades. The pine forest creeps to the water's edge, but here we But there is something more interesting still. have not only the pine, but other trees of greener In a garden on the left of the Palace there is a rounel and varied leaf. The fallen fir tree lies across the basin of thick masonry, surmounted by an allegorical chasm, the rocky boulders are covered with moss, statue, full of clear sparkling water bubbling exquisite wild flowers spring on the banks, and the up into the air. There is a pitcher and goblet for ferns are dashed with the spray of the water cloud. those who will drink of the fountain. This is the But I went bigher and higher still. I pass almost far-famed source of the Danube. beyond the roar of the cataract, through the damp Two other streams, two miles further, claim each narrow pathway in the wood, but the stream is mur- to be the true source; but as these streams are apt. muring along its rocky bed, lashed into eddies and to run dry until replenished from this fountain, 1 mimic cascades around the boulders, and preparing think it has a true title to be called the source of the itself for its gigantic leaps below.

Danube. A little while before I came to DonauI get back into Triberg, and in the mile between the eschingen, I had the pleasure of meeting two little town and the railway-station, I find a number English ladies, who were about to go to the of travellers and tourists, English and Americans Moravian settlement of Konigsfield, near Peterbeing of course largely predominant. I turn aside to zell station. The settlement is famous for the baths, where I spring the douche and charge neatness, industry, and education. The Moravians columns of water against myself. One regret I have have kept the faith pure and unsullied through for these nice people of the Black Forest, that, with many generations, and have been among the greatest few exceptions, they will never, never view the sea, missionaries in the world. I will only add that those that great blessing of our island home. May it be who wish to know more about the country should theirs to stand on the shore of that “sea of glass Miss Seguin's recent work, “ The Black Forest : mingled with crystal”! Triberg is the great seat of its People and Legends,” which has much useful inforthe Dutch clock business, which I mentioned. It is mation, embedded, however, in a number of legends also famous for its musical boxes, and that fine hardly worth preserving. musical instrument, the orchestrion. There are lovely walks and excursions, but of course the waterfall travscends them all in interest. Still the scenery of the Hollenthal is by some considered the most

OUR OWN . impressive in the Black Forest.

It is best reached by coach from Freiburg, and the postal diligence service is not highly spoken of. The

HE shoemsker, busy from morn till night best thing is to walk. The road gradually contracts.

With pegs and awl and lapstone and leather, There is just room for a narrow road by the side of


Scarce raises his head until candle-light, brawling, tumbling stream. Overhead the rocks

To mark the changes in wind or weather. almost close in upon the traveller, emitting only

At other folks' soles he cobbles away,

Mending or making-he may not choose ! scanty gleams of sunshine. The sublime part of

Yet they of his household complainingly say: the pass is about a mile. Continuing on the road “ The shoemaker's children must go without shoes." you come to one of the pretty lakes of the forest. It was on this road, then hardly passable, that the un.

The milkman is stirring before the dawn,

For milking time must begin so early. happs Maria Antoinette made her first ill-omened

Bonniface, Dorrit, and Crumpled Horn, journey into France, and it was by this road that Brindle and Buttercup, Snowdrop and Curly, Moreau's famous military retreat was effected in the

Give down their portions; the cans are all tiled, French revolutionary war.

For wives in homespun and wives in silk;

If any be lacking or any be spilled, The Black Forest is the great water-bed of The milkman's children must go without milk. rivers. The Danube and the Necker take their rise here, and the Rhine is mainly fed by its

The stranger who comes for a single day

To sit at our board must be given our best ; streams. The writer in Murray's Handbook"

How gracious and courteous the words we say, (Rhine and North Germany) truly says:


How ready our smile at his feeblest jest. is indeed a land of fountains and of watercourses ;

Let it be so! Hospitality teaches,

Not that we give to our guest alone : and though the height of the mountain's is not great

Our kindliest smiles, and our gentlest speeches, and they have no glaciers or perpetual snow, yet the Are never too good to bestow on our own. reservoirs of the Black Forest feed with large sup


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to ensue.


being forced up the channel, a result which follows in ten minutes after the commencement of the storm.

Meanwhile, to uninitiated eyes, the weather seemed not in the least likely to undergo a change. The sun was as hot and

the sky as clear as before. Flocks of sea birds, however, flew HE following sketch is from the pen of a travelling screaming inland, and far out over the Caspian, away on the correspondent of the Daily News, then sojourning western horizon, a narrow snow-white streak was visible. It at Gumuche Tepe, a town on the shores of the Cas- resembled the steam from a railway engine. It rose rapidly, pian :

the upper edge torn into jagged fringe known to sailors as During early spring, in this part of the world, the “ catspaws. The wind, which had been blowing from the

weather changes as rapidly from snow and sleet to east, suddenly veered about to the opposite direction; and ere scorching sunshine, and then back again to storm and gene- long the sea was completely shut out from view by the driftrally severe weather, as if a harlequin's bat were one of the ing vapour mass. Then the land was invaded; the moun"properties” of the weather office. Four days ago, without tains disappeared behind the mist, and the storm burst over any great exertion of the imagination, one might have fancied the village with a sudden violence that was terrific. himself in the Arctic regions. The sky was dull leaden grey, Had the inhabitants been taken unawares, as sometimes and the continuously falling snow had converted the plain happens at night, when the premonitory signs cannot be obinto one vast expanse of dazzling white. Then one night we served in time, not one of the frail huts would have been left had what is here an infallible sign of fine weather being about standing. That in which I was staggered and shook in such

The jackals and howled continuously, and a fashion that I feared each moment that its frail bird-cage were answered by the village dogs. It is odd enough that like framework would go to pieces. Some camels laden with unless the dogs answer, the cry of the jackals has no signifi, hay, which were out on the plain when the “ tenkis” or tor

Next morning the sun shone out with a brilliancy and nado burst, had their loads scattered into the air in a moment, power rarely experienced in England, even in Midsummer. the animals themselves crouching close to the earth to avoid The snow rapidly disappeared from the steppes, and the huge the violence of the tempest. white mass of the Elburz Mountains stood out against the All day and all night long its fury continued unabated, and clear blue sky, glittering in the sun like the giant ramparts of even on the morning following its commencement the wind some enchanter's castle. The horses, too, had begun to shed and rain showed no sign of abatement. Under the combined their shaggy winter coats, and everything betokened the action of the westerly gale and the natural current, the river approach of permanent warm weather. The Turcomans undid

was on the point of overflowing its banks within the the storm lashings of their kibitkas, and removed the extra village. felt coverings from the roofs. So sultry was the weather that On such a coast as this, where ships are obliged to come into people were forced to sit outside, in the shade of their very shallow water in order to get any way reasonably near huts, during the mid-day hours. The huge wolf-like dogs the shore, the danger of these sudden and violent tempests is lay about in the sun panting, with their tongues lolling very great. out.

For two days this warm sunny weather continued without interruption, and the third set in with equal promise.

I was sitting on a carpet, in the shade of a kibitka which serves as a medress, or theological seminary, where the ahoun, or professor, expounds knotty passages of the Koran to a dozen aspirants to the priesthood. I was trying to write, and at the same time answer the multitudinous questions put to me by half a dozen inquisitive, preposterously-hatted Turcomans. It was about half-past two in the afternoon. The sun was in; DAILY PORTIONS FOR THE MONTH OF tensely hot. All at once I becaroe aware of a confused clamour in the village, and noticed the inhabitants scampering

OCTOBER. about in a most unusual fashion, shouting and gesticulating

SUNDAY October 1 Mark xiv. 1-11 energetically. Men were hurriedly putting on their houses the coverings which had been laid aside as useless. Some


2 women were conveying within doors with frantic haste newly

Mark xiv, 12-21,

Tuesday washed articles which were drying in the sun, while others

Matthew xxvi. 17-25. with earthen pitchers and vessels of every description were


Luke xxii. 1--8.

Thursday hurrying to the river bank for water. Everyone was shout

Luke xxii. 9-16.

Friday ing “Tenkis! tenkis !"

John xiii. 1-10.

1 Cor. v. 6-13.
Not understanding what this word meant, and thinking that


Mark xiv. 12-21. the people were crying “Tekkè," I fancied that Noor Berdi Khan's cavalry had made a descent on the village, and that

Monday the place was being put in a state of defence, the water I

Mark xiv. 22-31.

10 supposed being for the purpose of extinguishing incendiary

Matthew xxvi. 26-35 fires,


11 Luke xxii. 17-23. Thursday

My host, an old hump-backed Turcoman fisherman, was at

Luke xxii. 24–34.

13 the door of his house, evidently in a state of the greatest

John xiii. 18-27.

14 1 Cor. xi. 23-28. anxiety, and calling to me to come in without loss of a

15 moment.


Mark xiv. 22–31. Under the impression that I was liable at any moment to be assailed by Tekké marauders, I hastily got my


Monday papers together, and rushing into the hut, made straight for

Mark xiv. 32-42.

17 the place where my sword and revolver were hanging. Inside

Matthew xxvi. 36-46. Wednesday

18 the dwelling all was confusion. Masts of boats, boat-hooks,

Luke xxii. 39–46.

19 and miscellaneous pieces of wood were being planted against

John xviii. 1-9. the roof and sides of the kibitka, and camel-bair ropes and


20 Isaiah lxiü. 146, 9. Saturday

21 cables were being hurriedly carried outside and thrown over

Isaiah liii. 1-7. the roof, the ends lashed to pickets in the ground. It was


22 Mark xiv. 32-42. only then I understood the cause of the sudden alarm. A


23 tornado was coming on, and the people, having partially dis

Mark xiv. 43–54. mantled their houses, were in the greatest trepidation lest they Tuesday

24 Matthew xxvi. 47-57. should be totally wrecked and blown away bodily across the


25 Luke xxii, 47-54. plain.


26 John xviii. 10-16. The din throughout the village was amazing. Dogs, their Friday

27 2 Samuel xv. 1-9. tails between their legs, ran about howling dismally. Men Saturday

28 2 Samuel xv. 30-37. and women hurried to and fro with poles and ropes shouting







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29 Mark xiv. 43–45. and screaming : and the activity of the water-carriers knew no bounds. These latter were securing a supply before the Monday

30 Mark xiv, 55–72. water of the riv became undrinkable through that of the sea Tuesday

31 Matthew xxvi. 58–68.


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How I Fared at the Siege of Plymouth.



CHAPTER 1.-The Old Home.

Lettice is the only one of us that has any beauty

to boast of, mother says ; while father repeats as Y mcther made me promise her that I would often as he hears this, that beauty is not to be boasted

write, though I had not then any knowledge,and of, a mere gift of the Almighty, given and removed have almost as little now, how I should con- at pleasure, in which it were a sin to delight one

vey what I wrote to her. But I conceive it is self. But for me, I prefer beauty to ugliness, any not the part of a son who loves his mother, or even day, and Lettice is admired by everyone about a possibility for him to refuse her such a request as that, when he is leaving her for the first time in his I don't believe I ever in my life thought so much life, and on an expedition fraught with very much about home as I have done since I left it. I am never of danger. On the contrary, a good son, at least in patrolling at night, without having every field, and my country, obeys his mother, whenever her every tree almost, as plainly before me as if I were demands are reasonable.

in Yorkshire instead of Devonshire. I can almost Nothing was further from my expectations a few see my sisters, Patience and Miriam and Lettice, short months ago, than that I should take a share in and hear my mother's voice, all busy together in the this struggle now going forward, as my father ex- house and the dairy in the early morning; and I presses it, between the king and his people, for their know how the cows, with “Order" and "Diligence,” lawful rights. It seemed to me enough for one and pretty little“ Spotty” at their head, will troop family, and that not the largest in Yorkshire, to in as gravely and solemnly to be milked, as if they have the head of it engaged to maintain freedom, were soldiers under review. and it was with some surprise that I received my I notice that the women here are not equal for father's commands to prepare to join him.

stature or commanding looks to our Yorkshire Mother by no means held me back, and I, who women. Only at one neighbouring place, Saltash, loved adventure, should have had no anxieties what- there exists à race of Amazons almost, who conever, save for the business of the farm, which at that stantly dispute the power of the men to manage the moment was pressing, for the lambs were still young boats ; and in such aquatic sports and prowess a and tender and needing care, and there were several I never saw anything to equal before. The sea calves and colts to be minded, and I mistrusted the itself is a great novelty to me, and from the fortress wisdom and the judgment of Jonathan Thorp, whom we have excellent and wide-spreading views, of father trusted boundlessly. And when I told him which I never tire. The softer, balmier air of this my fears, I received less thanks than would have southern land would quite oppress me, were it not been welcome.

for the sea breezes. " Thy mother is not a fool, Benjamin," he said, My father reminded me, when we parted, that here “and if Jonathan Thorp is occasionally somewhat at Plymouth, I should be in the very town of the idle, or even a trifle too much given to liquor, her great Sir Francis Drake, and that I should see the eyes are no less sharp than thine and her authority places he made famous when he sailed out to conquer will be greater. Besides, she cannot go with me to the Armada, and to queil the Popish power of Philip. the conflict, and thou canst; therefore, without more And Popery, my father says, is all ready to lift up her ado, get thyself ready. If I had seven sons instead head again in England, for that the Queen is favourof only one, they should be all equally in God's able thereto, and has no good love to her English hands this day, to let righteousness conquer, and subjects, unless she could make them Papists like tyranny and oppression be overcome."

herself. At every fresh act of the king that my father per- As soon as Plymouth declared itself for the Parceived encroached upon the liberties of us subjects, liament, a detachment was sent here to strengthen he waxed very warm and wroth indeed, being some the hands of the townsmen, and I was numbered times scarcely able to keep himself within the bounds amongst these, thus separating me from my father, of moderation in his rage. I think I see him now, and rendering it much more difficult, being now on the receipt of such news, walking up and down some hundreds of miles from my home, to have any quite fast and furious, stamping his foot into the communication with those who remain in it. My ground, as if he could thereby stamp out the wrong, father is more learned in the wisdom of the schools and quite unmindful that he only spoiled the than most yeomen; he even had, through circuminnocent daisies and buttercups, that could do no stances I do not precisely remember, some brief term harm to anybody.

at College in Cambridge, where he formed the Until I came to this southern land, I believed there acquaintance of a man now become a noted man was no such meadow as the Lower Flat at Briar of the time, even Oliver Cromwell, to whom my Grange for beauty and for flowers in all England. father pays the deepest respect, regarding him as a Lettice thinks so yet, I make no doubt. Her pretty man of ripe judgment, of prompt action, and likebrown eyes would fill to see father's heels crushing wise of some scholarly attainment. the gold and white of the flowers, and when he knew Many who are of my father's ways of thinking this, he was almost as sorry as herself, for his heart in religious matters, are inclined to estimate was tender enough when once reached. Lettice had but little such head learning, as tending to pride always great power with father to make his wishes of heart, but my father, so far from this, insisted answerable to hers; she is very winning and graceful, beyond what I desired, that I should learn, and him. and as light and agile as a fawn, of which she con- self instructed me, often when I was far readier for stantly reminds me in her movements, and in the bed than for study. But the fear of a rod is a wondeep colour of her eyes, and the gentleness of her derful awakener for a boy's eyes. I am not sorry now countenance.

that I can read, write, and make shift to reckon up a mouth way.

lengthy bill, or to sketch a plan for earth works and sorrows to her, and if there was anything to be fortifications. Already I observe that this inclines thought of to lessen them it would never escape the minds of those in authority to treat me with more her. It was as bad to part from her as from mother, attention, and I was gratified to hear Captain Corbet and there was less hope in it, yet she cheered me in call me to-day “that well-instructed young York- the midst of the parting more than anybody else had shireman,” when he looked at the chart he had done. desired me to prepare of Maudlyn Fort.

But I foresee in this place difficulties for which my old life has but very ill prepared me, viz., a dearth of provisions. Now I never remember the time when

CHAPTER II.-lly Surroundings.. I had to give thought as to what I should eat or If ever these records get to Briar Grange, one drink; and to every meal my good mother provided, I of the first things my mother and sisters and even have ever brought an excellent appetite. The break- my dear grandmother will want to know will be fast was ready at six, the dinner at eleven, and the what sort of a place I am in. supper again at six, as regularly as if the hours The garrison is quartered in the various forts and themselves were laden with the proper meals to be the castle, though some few have private lodging. eaten.

From my chamber in the fortress I have an excelWe are not yet face to face with hunger, nor lent prospect of the sea, reaching to Mount Edgecumbe, shall we be for many days, perhaps even months with a nearer view close opposite of Fort Stamford to come, for as yet the siege is rather talked and Sutton Pool. As to the town of Plymouth, it is of than actually begun, and are expecting a pretty convenient place, walled round, except some strong reinforcements presently from Ports- where the water is a defence, and containing many

Since I left my father, I have had good streets. It has a large and capacious church, no home news whatever, either through him or dedicated to St. Andrew, which, on the principle of directly to myself; so that I am at a great loss as to seeing what is to be seen, I have entered at several where he is or how they fare at home, deprived of different times, and always found it well attended their natural protectors; and with only Jonathan by a goodly company of people. Indeed, so crowded Thorp to depend upon, who is, in my estimation, has it become of late years, that my counrade, about as likely to be useful in the way of support as Ensign Tonkin, tells mo it was a matter of necessity a broken reed.

that the new churclı, in course of erection, which is There is no fear that Briar Grange will be moles- called after King Charles, should be built. ted, save that when troops come into the vicinity no The people of Plymouth are mostly as thorough place is safe. But the King's court, such as it is, is followers of the Parliament in their opinions as . held at York, and Hull is more in danger than we, even my father. They have busied themselves indeed the country places, my father says, are often fortifying the place in its interests, ever since the the safest in war time. It is a matter of chance, as king called away from the governorship of the place I should say-of Providence, as my father would call Sir Jacob Astley, to be his Major-General of Foot. it—that he and I are in this land to take part in this The Parliament appointed the Earl of Ruthven as struggle. The name of this town of Plymouth in Governor, and Sir Nicholas Carew to be over the which I am now located to help to strengthen the fort in which I dwell and St. Nicholas Island ; garrison, as much as one man may, is perfectly which lies close outside in the open sea, as it were familiar to me.

between Plymouth and Mount Edgecumbe. It was a near point that I did not visit it long Already, at the end of last year Sir Ralph Hopton since in muy babyhood, for my father was only as by appeared with a Royalist army before the town, but a hair's breadth prevented from joining the voyagers was driven off from it by Earl Stamford; since which in the Mayflower and sailing away to the new time much has been done to improve the defences world of America, and the rising colony of New Eng. and strengthen the garrison, by adding to the valour land therein. But owing to some miscalculation as to of the men of Plymouth a little of that indigenous the time when the ship would sail he missed his passage, to other counties, and amongst the rest that far-off and almost immediately thereafter his father died, county of Yorkshire, of which I am proud to be called and he succeeded to Briar Grange, and had the care a native. of my grandmother on his hands as well as one of Now, having been here for two whole months, I the best and most productive farms in Yorkshire, am well accustomed to the place, and find no diffithough not, I will admit, one of the largest.

culty in tracing my way to any part of the town Grandmother still lives with us, and I can bardly or its suroundings. We have several well-placed conceive of a greater calamity to the family than her forts in close vicinity to the town to ward off attack, death, though she is a feeble old woman, and some- forming a chain from Lipson Fort on the east to times in the winter season confined to her bed for Pennycomequick, and new works on the west, weeks together. We who know her find it easy to besides works at Laira Point, Prince Rock, and Catbelieve that there are saints: her face shines with down, and on the opposite heights at Mount Stamford. goodness, and neither the girls, my sisters, nor My friend and comrade Ensign Tonkin, himself á I, could entertain any ill-humour in her presence. native of Plymouth, has narrated to me what

When the milk turns sour, or the mildew gets happened in December of last year. The garrison, into the corn, or when Joan, our maid, breaks himself being one of the number, under the command a dish, mother goes for comfort to grandmother, of General Ruthven “stood upon the Laira for the and never

comes empty away. From Patience, space of three hours facing the enemy." downwards, we children have always carried our The Cavaliers showed cowardice: they refused fair

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