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1820.] Proceedings in the present Session of Parliament. 261

Earl Grey suggested, that to ensure sub. ber, admitted that some alteration might stantial justice, and to prevent the neces be necessary. He would not, however, sity of postponing or suspending the pro- pledge himself now to any particular al ceeding, the Noble Earl should commu terations, as the subject could not be pracnicate to the Queen, or her legal advisers, tically gone into before the next Session. a specification of the charges, and a list Lord Auckland presented a Petition of the witnesses, against her, with the re from the Queen, to the purport that her spective abode and condition of the latter. Majesty had learnt that the second read

Lord Holland spoke to the saine effect; ing of the Bill was fixed for the 17th of and quoted a Standing Order of the August, and her Majesty prayed to be House, together with the case of Lord allowed to have copies of the depositions, Treasurer Middlesex, who was impeached' and a list of the witnesses, the better to of high crimes and misdemeanours, in the enable her to go into her defence. It was reign of James I.

ordered that the Queen's Petition be taken The Earl of Liverpool would never as into consideration upon Friday the 14th. sent to a course which he thought contrary to the usage of Parliament, and ex In the Commons, the same day, Mr. pressed that, as an alternative, he should Brougham moved that, notwithstanding prefer assenting to any required delay or the standing orders of the House, Mr. suspension of proceeding.

Brougham and Mr. Denman be at liberty It was finally ordered, that Counsel be to attend the Bar of the House of Lords as heard at the Bar of the House on the 17th Counsel for her Majesty ; but on the sugof August, in support of the Bill; that no gestion of Lord Castlereagh, he converted Lord be permitted to absent himself from his motion into a notice for to-morrow. attending upou the meetings of the House Mr. Brougham brought in his Bill " for during the continuance of the investiga. the better providing the means of Education; and that no Lord be permitted to tion to his Majesty's subjects," which was give his vote by proxy.

read the first time. In moving that it be

read a second time to-morrow, he advertIn the Commons, the same day, in a ed to an unfounded alarm which had been Committee on the Alien Bill, Sir J. Mack- spread among the Catholics and Protesintosh proposed some clauses; the most tant Disseniers, that their children were remarkable of which was, a provision to to be compelled to attend Church of Engexempt the foreign witnesses on both sides, land Schools. in the pending investigation, from the Mr. W. Smith had not heard of any operation of the Bill. The clauses were such alarm among the Protestant Dissenfinally negatived.

ters, but there were several things in the Sir R. Heron informed the House that Bill of which they disapproved. Hugh Manners, esq. and W. Atter, who Lord J. Russell, after adverting to the had refused to appear before the Gran advanced age of Sir M. Lopez, and the tham Election Committee, anil who had heavy fine (10,0001.) inflicted on him, been ordered to attend at the Bar moved an Address to the Crown for shortthat day, were in attendance. Knowing, ening the term of his imprisonment. as he did, that the evidence of the latter Mr. W. Wynn commented on the enorwas no longer wanting before the Gran- mily of the offence, bribing no less than tham Committee, and remembering the 18 persons, and deprecated the inter. lenity which the House seemed disposed ference of the House with the ordinary to exercise in their case, as not having course of justice. an independent will of their own, he moved Mr. W. Peel hoped, that if mercy were that the order for their attendance be dis extended to Sir M. Lopez *, the case of Mr charged. -Agreed to.

Swann would not be forgotten. The Serjeant at Arms reported that Sir Lord Castlereagh dwelt on the inconveWilliam Manners was in his custody. nience of the proceeding, suggested from

Mr. C. Wynn inoved, that Sir W. Man. motives of humanity, no doubl, by the ners, having absconded in order to avoid

Noble Lord, and urged him to withdraw being taken into custody, pursuant to an his motion. In such cases the Executive order of that House, be for the said of Government usually acted on the report fence committed to Newgate.-Agreed to. of the Judge, who officiated at tine trial.

Henry D'Esterre, esq. Recorder of Li After some observations from Sir T. merick (who had been committed to New. Ackland, Mr. Canning, and others, the gate for prevarication before the Limerick molion was withdrawn. Election Committee), was called to the Dr. Lushington, after some appropriate Bar, reprimanded, and discharged.

comments on the treacherous conduct of

the French Government in the negociation House of Lords, July 11. The Earl of Liverpool, in reply to a * Sir M. Lopez has since experienced question from the Marquis of Lansdown, the Royal clemency, having been released with regard to the duties on Baltic Tim from confinement,

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set on foot last year for erecting a Mo tion, to shake the rights of succession to narchy in South America in favour of a

property since 1754. braoch of the House of Bourbon, moved Lord Redesdale followed on the same an Address for copies of all official com side, but would not object to a prospecmunications to Government on the sub tịve measure. ject. He, at the same time, strongly Lord Calthorpe and Lord Limerick supurged that Government should consider of ported the motion, which, on a division, the propriety of recognizing the indepen was carried by 32 to 26. All the Bishops dence of the South American Governments. present divided in favour of the Bill.

Lord Castlereagh said, that Government ought not to be called upon for an In the Commons, the same day, Mr. explanation on this subject at present, as W. Smith presented a Petition from the they were not in possession of the facts to Protestant Dissenters, for a Repeal of the be explained on the authority of any offi. Test and Corporation Acts. cial information. It would be equally A motion for the second reading of the premature to enter into a review of the new Barrack Bill was opposed by Mr. whole policy which this country had adopt- Calcraft, on the ground of the improvied with regard to South America.

dent contract entered into by Government The motion, after being opposed by (see p. 82), and by Lord Nugent on the Mr. Canning and Sir F. Ommaney, and principle of the injurious tendency to the supported by Sir J. Mackintosh and Mr. Constitution and liberties of the country, Ellice, was withdrawn.

of the system of extending barracks lo

every corner of the kingdom, and sepaJuly 12.

rating the soldiers from the citizens. Richard Armstrong Jervis, the servant The Bill was supporied by Mr, Vansitof Sir William Manners, who had been tart, and, on a division, the motion was committed to Newgale by order of the carried by 98 to 40. House, for having absconded to avoid complying with the order of the House,

House of LORDS, July 14. was brought to the Bar, and, aster receiv. The Earl of Shaftesbury brought up the ing a suitable reprimand from the Speaker, Report 'of the Commiitee appointed !0 was ordered to be discharged on payment search for precedents relative to the givof his fees.

ing of lists of witnesses in cases of alOn the motion of Dr. Phillimore, the tajoder, bills of pains and penalties, and House, after some discussion, resolved, impeachment. The Report stated, that by a majority of 66 10 60, “That the the Committee had found two cases only practice which bad subsisted in the Bo. bearing at all on the subject under their rough of Grantham, of giving to outvoters consideration. Those were the cases of sums of money under colour of an in Sir John Bennet in 1621, and the Earl of demnity for loss of time, was highly ille Strafford in 1640, both being cases of gal, subversive of the freedom of election, impeachment. and tending to the most dangerous cor Lord Erskine addressed the House at ruption.”

considerable length, on the propriety of After some conversation, leave was furnishing her Majesty with a list of the granted to Mr. Brougham, Mr. Denman, witnesses to be produced against her. All and Dr. Lushington, to plead at the Bar of the reasons on which the statute of Wilthe House of Lords against the Bill for liam was founded for granting a copy of divorcing her Majesty, and leave was the indictment and a list of witnesses in granted to the King's Attorney and Soli cases of prosecution for High Treason, citor General to plead for it..

applied with tenfold force to the case of On the question for the third reading of her Majesty. The object of that statute the Alien Bill, Mr. Hobhouse opposed the was to protect the accused against the motion, and moved that instead of “ now" weight and influence of the Crown. The the Bill be read a third time this day six party had therefore the advantage of months.

knowing the precise charges against bim, Mr. C. Smith opposed the amendment, and the wilnesses by whom they were to which was supported by Mr. Monck, Sir be supported. With regard to her Ma. R. Wilson, and Mr. Hume. On a divi- jesty, the House had already acted in a siou, it was negatived by 59 to 23, and most anomalous manner, by not stating, the Bill was read the third time and passed. in the preamble of the Bill, specific acis

of adultery as to time and place, but House of Lords, July 13.

making a general charge of aduillerous Lord Ellenborough explained the provi intercourse extending over a period of six sions of the Marriage Act Amendment years, and vaguely alleged to have takea Bill, and moved its second reading. place in foreign countries. If, in addi

The Lord Chancellor objected to the iion to the inconvenience of having to Bill, as lending, by its retrospective opera. ineet such a charge as this, she was not

to

1820.] Proceedings in the present Session of Parliament. 263 to know who the parties were that were to In the Commons, the same day, Mr. support it, he did not see how it was pos Hobhouse gave notice of his intention, sible for her to be prepared for cross-exa next Session, to propose a reasure for mination or defence; and if time were to ameliorating the condition of the Jews in be allowed, after their examination, was it

this country. not grievous that she shouid, during the On the question for going into a Cominterval, labour under a heavy load of miltee on the New Barrack Bill, Mr. Calprejudice ? He stood in a relation to the craft, Mr. Calvert, Mr. Wilson, and Sir H. King, which few of their Lordships did. Parnell, opposed the measure, and Mr. He had known him for many years, and Vansillart supported it. The motion was had passed the best part of his life in his carried, on a division, by 50 to 33. friendship; but he would allow no per Sir C. Burrell gave notice that he sonal consideration to influence him on should, next Session; move to bring in a the present occasion. The Queen stood Bill to disfranchise Penryn. in that particular state with regard to Mr. H. Clive having presented certain their Lordships, that she was entitled 10 papers respecting the state of representaevery indulgence, consistent with the sub tion in Scotland, Lord A. Humilton said, stantial ends of justice; and this consi the purpose for which he inored those deration, he contended, required that her papers was to show-st. the extraordiPetition for a list of witnesses should be nary paucity of the number of voters in complied with, and he concluded with a all Scotland; 2dly, the fact, that of even motion accordingly.

these few, the same names were frequently The Lord Chancellor opposed the motion. repeated, as roting for different counties; From the piac:ice in cases of Treason, and, 3dly, that of those persons who had much inconvenience bad resulted to the a right to vote in elections throughout administration of justice for the general these several counties, not one was rebenefit; and no one had ever thought of quired by law to have any property in extending it to the ordinary course of pro- land at all, or any personals. ceeding in the Courts of Law, much less 'The usual Sessional Addresses, for grants to Parliamentary proceedings. The ques to the Chairman of the Committees, &c. tion therefore was, whether, under all the were then agreed to. circumstances, their Lordships would sacrifice that principle by which they were

House of Lords, July 15. governed in the general administration of The Royal Assent was given, by Comjustice, and especially of Parliamentary mission, to the Lottery Bill, and fifty-six justice, to the claim of a particular indi. other public and private Bills. vidual in a particular case.

He was convinced that a great essential constitutional

July 17. principle would be sacriticed if the Peti Lord Lauderdale vindicated the conduct tion of the Queen were complied with. of his brother, Sir T. Maitland, in refer. For these reasons, though with regret, he ence to the charges which had been made should vote against the resolution.

against him as to the Parguinotes, a corn The Marquis of Lansdown strenuously monopoly, and the imposition of a loea) supported the motion. All precedent had tax in Santa Maura, He concluded with been abandoned in the mode of prosecu moving for copies of the correspondence tion : why was it to be followed, to the on these points, between the British Gomanifest violation of justice, in narrow vernment and the High Commissioner of ing the means of defence ?

the lopian States. Lord Liverpool opposed the motion, on Lord Bathurst described the whole of the saine grounds with the Lord Chancel. Sir T. Maitland's administration as deserslor; and Lord Holland, in replying to ing the highest credit. We had no more him, illustrated and enforced the argu. right to retain Parga, because we expelled ments of Lord Erskine and the Marquis the French from it, than we had to keep of Lansdown.

Egypt. The motion was agreed to. Lord Ellenborough was for adhering to the regular practice of the House.

In the Commons, the same day, a moThe Marquis of Bule and Lord Bel tion for bringing up the Report of the haven supported the motion, not only on New Barrack Agreement Bill, after some the grounds previously urged, but on her opposition from Mr. Calcrast, Mr. T. WilMajesty's claim as Queen of Scotland, son, and Mr. Lennard, was, on a division, when on her irial before Scotch, as well as carried by 92 to 74, and the Report was English and Irish Peers, to have the bene- agreed to. fit of the Scotch Law, which allows a list of Dr. Lushington spoke at some length witnesses.

on the refusal of the Lord Chamberlain to Lord Carnarvon opposed the motion; let her Majesty have the plate which, he and Lord Erskine having replied, the 10 said, had been presented to her by the tion was negatived by 19 to 28.

late King; and concluded with moving

for

for copies of all official papers relative to his motion was then negatived without a the said service of plate.

division. Lord Castlereugh censured the preci. pitancy shown by the learned Doctor in

House of Lords, July 18. this business. He had to inform the Lord Sidmouth moved the second read. House, that the greatest part of this ser ing of the Alien Bill. vice of plate was old plate belonging to It was opposed by the Earl of Darnley King William, which had been converted and Lord Holland ; and supported by the to the Queen's use ; and so liitle was it Earl of Liverpool, when the House divided, anticipated that she should use it as her and the numbers were-Contents 17own property, that a formal list had been Non-contents 7-Majority 10. made out of the articles in the books of the The Bill was then read a second time. Lord Chamberlain, of which the followiug was the title " A List of his Majesty's In the Commons, the same day, the Plate in the Loan of the Princess of Wales Chancellor of the Exchequer moved an Ad. while residing in Kensington Palace." dress to his Majesty, praying that he The Princess of Wales not being satisfied would direct 60001. to be paid to the with it, Lord Aylesford went to the King Duchess of Kent, being the sum which and explained this circumstance, afraid would have become due bad bis. Koyal that he might have given offence; and Highness lived until 5th April last. the Kivg then stated that he had no more Agreed to. control over that plate than he had over The Chancellor of the Exchequer moved the Crown lands. (Hear, hear.) The the third reading of the Regent's Park difficulty with regard to this particular Barrack Agreement Bill. service of plate was not a new question. Mr. Lockhart objected to the Bill, When it was packed up in 1814, the Lord and to the permanent establisbment of Chamberlain interfered, and prevented it military in the Metropolis.-On a divibeing carried out of the country'; and her sion, the third reading was carried by 80 Majesty, after reaching Geneva, made against 45. another ineffectual attempt to procure it. Mr. Wallace presented the Report of She might just as well claim his (Lord the Committee on Foreign Trade ; and in Castlereagh's) estate, and the King had moving that the Report should be printed, just as much power to convey that to her he lamented that the late period at which in property as the plate in question. the Committee had been appointed, had

Lord A. Hamilton was not satisfied by prevented their going so fully into the what he had just heard, that the late subject as they desired; their opinion, King had it not in his power to make a however, on one great point was, that all present of the plate. If he had not, then restrictions on trade were an evil, and certainly there was no foundation for the only to be justified by great political nemotion; but from all that had passed, it cessities. The first point of restriction plainly appeared that her Majesty felt a was the Navigation Laws; and as far as strong impression that the plate had been related to the restrictions on this subject, given to her.

the Committee considered it desirable that Mr. Huskisson said, a warrant signed by all goods, the produce of any country, the Crown, and countersigned by the should be imported freely into this counLords of the Treasury, had always been try, provided they were imported in Bri. considered necessary to convey a right to tish ships. The second object to which a third party. From his own personal the Committee had allended, was the knowledge, from the official situation he Warehousing system, andt his the Comheld in 1808, he could take upon himself mittee thought should be extended to the to say that no such formalities had been utmost limits, by encouraging importaobserved with regard to the plate in ques. tion of every article of manufacture extion. When the matter came before the cept linen; og which subject the ComTreasury, he had himself suggested that mittee reserve its opinion for future conthere was in the custody of the Lord sideration. The Committee also remarked Chamberlain some plate of the time of on the evil arising from the numerous laws King William, which might be remodelled and statutes existing for the regulation of for the purpose of providing the then Prin commerce, amounting to no less than cess of Wales with a service, which was 2000, of which 1100 were actually in to become her properly no more than the

force! The Committee were aware that furniture or linen with which she was pro the evils we had to complain of could only vided in her apartments in Kensington be cured gradually. The restrictive sysPalace. (Hear.) It had always been tem we had adopted had obliged other natreated as the King's plate, lent to the tions to act in a similar manner; but he Princess of Wales for her use.

trusted that in future, if Foreign States After some observations by several thought fit to adopt restrictions in trade, Members, Dr. Lushington replied ; and they would not find a justification in

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1820.) Parliamentary Proceedings.--Foreign Occurrences. 265 urging it was the principle adopted by dale repeated their objections to the Bill, Great Britain. (Hear, hear!)-The Re. both as it originally stood and as it now port was then ordered to be printed.

stood.

Lord Westmoreland supported the mo.

tion. House Of LORDS, July 19.

Lord Carnarvon concurred in many of Lord Brskine presented the Petition of the objections to the Bill. the Lord Mayor, Aldermen, and Common Lord Erskine reminded their Lordships Council of the City of London, against that the Bill had thrice received the apthe Bill of Pains and Penalties against probation of the other House, and that the Queen.

neither of those eminent civilians, Sir W. The Lord Chancellor opposed it on the Scott and Sir John Nicholl, thought it ground of its containing statements and their duty to vote against it. opinions not consistent with the forms of Lord Liverpool objecied to the Bill, as the. House to admit. His Lordship con containing retrospective enactments; but tended, that there was no instance in the thoughtt a prospective measure necessary practice of Parliament of such a Petition to the bappiness of society and the prehaving been receired. After some dis servation of morals. cussion it was rejected.

Lurd Holland supported the motion. Lord Ellenborough moved the recom The objections to the Bill might be remitinent of the Marriage Act Amendment moved on its recommitmeni.--After some Bill.

further conversation, the Bill was rejected, The Lord Chancellor and Lord Redesin a division, by 25 to 13.

no

FOREIGN OCCURRENCES.
FRANCE.

tional Guard of the town has been đís. Since our last Number, a Moniteur has banded. brought most serious intelligence

The King is expected soon to reless than the discovery of a plot in Paris sume his usual promenades ; and the to subvert the House of Bourbon, and market women of Bourdeaux are about place some member of the Buonaparte to present the Duchess of Berri with a family on the Throne. For some time, cradle for her expected infant. past Government has been in possession A Paris Paper says, “A Caravan, conof information, that machinations were sisting of Dr. Hamel, Counsellor of the employed to seduce the troops to revolt. Emperor of Russia, and who lately vie A certain number of officers and non sited this University with the Grand commissioned officers of the corps in Duke Michael; Sillicus, Physiciai), and garrison in Paris bad been seduced. Cartan, the younger, Apothecary ; BouThere were some even of the Royal det of La Nievre, Naturalist; Mr. DornGuard who suffered themselves to be ford, of Oriel College ; and Mr. Henderdrawn into the plot. These officers agreed son, of Brasennose College, set out from among themselves to meet at the bar Geneva on the 16th of August to explore Tacks, to assemble the soldiers, to march the summits of the range of mountains, against the Palace, and to proclain as known under the name of Mont Blanc. Sovereign some member of the Buona. They were provided with three guides, partean family; but many of those whom one of whom, named Peter Carvice, had they had attempted to seduce by their made the ascent six times. On the 18th proposals did not hesitate to repair im the travellers arrived at the top of a mediately to their Chiefs, and discover mountain called the Grand Mulet. They the plot which was about to explode. were obliged to halt there a day and two Government could delay no longer. Those nights on account of the bad weather ; who had taken part in this criminal con but on the 201h, the weather appeared spiraoy were arrested by the gens d'armerie. once more to set in fine, and the savans

It appears, that one part of the plan commenced their march at five o'clock of conspirators was, to seize on the Cas. in the morning. They had nearly reachtle of Vincennes. A fire, that was soon ed the desired summit, when the guides, extinguished, broke out there at three who preceded them across one of those o'clock in the afternoon.

mountains, lost their footing, were hurried A tumult took place at Brest on the by the snow to the bottom of a ravige, 5th August; when the people riotously and overwhelmed by the avalanche. The assembled round the house of Bellart, 'travellers escaped, as if by miracle, the the King's Attorney General, and threat same fatality. They exerted themselves ened his person. The Magistrates were for the space of four hours to find some very remiss in their duty, and the Na. mears of rescuing the unfortunate men, Gext. Magi September, 1820.

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