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his distress. Pardon, we earnestly entreat thee, wards me, enable me to meet it with a mind fully his wilful and his heedless follies, his errors, and prepared for it, and to pass through this great and his crying and notorious sins; particularly that awful trial in the manner most profitable for me, for which he is now to die. O Lord, thou God O let me not leave any thing undone which may of mercy, who art abundant in goodness, have help to make my departure safe and happy, or to pity on the work of thine own hands. Bury his qualify me for the highest degree of thy favour sins in his grave, and, however they may rise up that I am capable of attaining. Pardon the sins in this world to disgrace him, let them never rise which I have committed against thee by thought, up in the next to condemn him: and whatever he word, and deed, and all my neglects of duty. Par. suffers here, let him hereafter be in the number of don the sins which I have committed against my those whose unrighteousness is forgiven, and neighbour ; and if others have wronged or offended whose sin is covered. However men, in the exe- me, incline my heart freely and fully to forgive cution of justice, and to deter others from being them. Cleanse my soul from all its corruptions, guilty of ihe like wickedness, may kill his body; and transform it into the likeness of thy Son Jeo let neither his body nor his soul be destroyed in sus Christ; that I may behold thy face in glory, hell, but be delivered from eternal condemnation, and be made partaker of thy heavenly kingdom. for the sake of Jesus Christ, who died to save sin- And, O merciful Father, give me that supply of ners. Amen.

spiritual comfort, which thou seest needful for me A Prayer of Preparation for Death.

in my present condition: and grant that, when

my change comes, I may die with a quiet conO Almighty God, Maker and Judge of all science, with a well-grounded assurance of thy men, have mercy upon me, thy weak and sinful favour, and a joyful hope of a blessed resurreccreature ; and if by thy most wise and righteous tion; through our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christo appointment the hour of death be approaching to Amen.




The people are to be admonished, that it is most conceived and born in sin, and that our Saviour venient

that baptism should not be administered but Christ saith, none can enter into the kingdom of ber of persons come together; as well for that the con God, except he be regenerated and born anew of gregation there present, may testify the receiving of water and of the Holy Ghost; I beseech you to them that be newly baptised into the number of Christ's call upon God the Father, through our Lord Je. church; as also because, in the baptism of infants, sus Christ, that of his bounteous mercy he will every man present be put in remembrance of his own profession made to God in his baptism. For which grant this child that thing which by nature he cause also it is expedient that baptism be ministered cannot have, that he may be baptised with water in the vulgar tongue. Nevertheless (if necessity so re. and the Holy Ghost, and received into Christ's quire) children may be baptised on any other day. And note, That ihere shall be for every male child to

holy church, and be made a lively member of the be baptised, two godfathers and one godmother; and same. for every female, one godfather and two godinothers.

Then shall the Priest say, When there are children to be baptised, the parent shall give knowledge thereof over night, or in the morning, before the beginning of morning prayer, to the Curate. And then the godfathers and godmothers, and

Almighty and everlasting God, who of thy the people with the children, must be ready at the font, great mercy didst save Noah and his family in the either immediately after the last lesson at morning ark from perishing by water, and also didst safely prayer, or else immediately after the last lesson at even lead the children of Israel thy people through the And the Priest coming to the font (which is then to be Red Sea, figuring thereby thy holy baptism; and filled with pure water, and standing there, shall say, by the baptism of thy well-beloved Son Jesus Q. Hath this child been already baptized, the mystical washing away of sin ; we beseech

Christ in the river Jordan, didst sanctify water to or no?

thee for thine infinite mercies, that thou wilt merIf they answer No, then shall the Priest proceed as cifully look upon this child; wash him and sancfollows:

tify him with the Holy Ghost, that he, being deDEARLY beloved, forasmuch as all men are con- | livered from thy wrath, may be received into the

Let us pray.

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ark of Christ's church; and being steadfast in

Then shall the Priest speak unto the godfathers and faith, joyful through hope, and rooted in charity,

godmothers in this wise: may so pass the waves of this troublesome world, Dearly beloved, ye have brought this child that finally he may come to the land of everlasting here to be baptized; ye have prayed that our Lord life, there to reign with thee world without end, Jesus Christ would vouchsafe to receive him, to through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen. release him of his sins, to sanctify him with the

Holy Ghost, to give him the kingdom of heaven, ALMIGHTY and immortal God, the aid of all and everlasting life. You have heard also, that that need, the helper of all that flee to thee for our Lord Jesus Christ hath promised also in his succour, the life of them that believe, and the re- Gospel, to grant all these things that ye have surrection of the dead; we call upon thee for this prayed for; which promise he for his part will enfant, that he, coming to thy holy baptism, may most surely keep and perform. Wherefore after receive remission of his sins by spiritual regenera- this promise made by Christ, this infant must also tivni. Receive him, O Lord, as thou hast promised faithfully, for his part

, promise by you that are by thy well-beloved Son, saying, Ask, and ye his sureties, (until he come of age to take it upon shall have ; seek, and ye shall find; knock and it himself,) that he will renounce the devil and all shall be opened unto you. So give now unto us his works, and constantly believe God's holy word, that ask; let us that seek, find; open the gate and obediently keep his commandments, unto us that knock; that this infant may enjoy the everlasting benediction of thy heavenly wash

I demand therefore, ing, and may come to the eternal kingdom which Dost thou, in the name of this child, renounce thou hast promised by Christ our Lord. Amen. the devil and all his works, the vain pomp and Then shall the Priest stand up, and shall say,

glory of the world, with all covetous desires of the

same, and the carnal desires of the flesh, so that Hear the words of the Gospel written by St. Mark, thou wilt not follow nor be led by them?

in the tenth chapter, at the thirteenth verse : Answ. I renounce them all. "They brought young children to Christ, that

Minister. he should touch them; and his disciples rebuked Dost thou believe in God, the Father Almighty, those that brought them. But when Jesus saw it, Maker of heaven and earth? he was much displeased, and said unto them, Suf

And in Jesus Christ his only-begotten Son, our fer the little children to come unto me, and forbid Lord ? And that he was conceived by the Holy them not; for of such is the kingdom of God. Ghost; born of the Virgin Mary; that he sufferVerily I say unto you, Whosoever shall not re ed under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, dead, and ceive the kingdom of God as a little child, he shall buried; that he went down into hell, and also did not enter therein. And he took them up in his rise again the third day; that he ascended into arms, put his hands upon them, and blessed them.” heaven, and sitteth at the right hand of God the After the Gospel is read, the Minister shall make this Father Almighty; and from thence shall come brief exhortation upon the words of the Gospel. again, at the end of the world, to judge the quick

and the dead? BELOVED, ye hear in this Gospel the words of our Saviour Christ, that he commanded the chil, holy Catholic church; the communion of saints;

And dost thou believe in the Holy Ghost; the dren to be brought unto him; how he blamed the remission of sins; the resurrection of the flesh; those that would have kept them from him; how and everlasting life after death? he exhorted all men to follow their innocency. Ye

Answ. All this I steadfastly believe. perceive how by his outward gesture and deed he declared his good will towards them; for he em

Minister, braced them in his arms, he laid his hands upon Wilt thou then be baptized in this faith? them, and blessed them. Doubt ye not, therefore, Answ. This is my desire. but earnestly believe, that he will likewise favourably receive this present infant; that he will em

Minister. brace him with the arms of his mercy; that he

Wilt thou then obediently keep God's holy will give unto him the blessing of eternal life, and will and commandments, and walk in the same make him partaker of his everlasting kingdom. all the days of thy life? Wherefore we being thus persuaded of the good

Ansu. I will. will of our heavenly Father towards this infant,

Then the Priest shall say, declared by his Son Jesus Christ, and nothing doubting but that he favourably alloweth this cha O MERCIFUL God, grant that the old Adam in ritable work of ours, in oringing this infant to his this Child may be so buried, that the new man holy baptism, let us faithfully and devoutly give may be raised up in him. Amen. thanks unto him, and say,

Grant that all carnal affections may die in him,

and that all things belonging to the Spirit may Almighty and everlasting God, heavenlyFa- live and grow in him. Amen. ther, we give thee humble thanks that thou hast Grant that he may have power and strength to vouchsafed to call us to the knowledge of thy grace have victory, and to triumph against the devil, the and faith in thee: increase this knowledge, and world, and the flesh. Amen. confirm this faith in us evermore. Give thy Holy Grant that whosoever is here dedicated to thee Spirit to this infant, that he may be born again, by our office and ministry, may also be endued and be made an heir of everlasting salvation with heavenly virtues, and everlastingly rewarded, through our Lord Jesus Christ, who liveth and through thy mercy, O blessed Lord God, who dost reigneth with thee and the Holy Spirit, now and live and govern all things, world without end. for ever. Amen.


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ALMIGHTY and everlasting God, whose most church, he may be an inheritor of thine everlastdearly beloved Son Jesus Christ, for the forgive- ing kingdom, through Christ our Lord. Amen. ness of our sins, did shed out of his most precious Then, all standing up, the Priest shall say to the god. side both water and blood, and gave command

fathers and godinothers this exhortation following: ment to his disciples, that they should go and teach all nations, and baptize them in the name of

FORASMUCH as this child hath promised by the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy you his sureties to renounce the devil and all his Ghost; regard, we beseech the cations works, to believe in God, and to serve him; ye of thy congregation ; sanctify this water to the must remember that it is your parts and duties to mystical washing away of sin; and grant that this see that this infant be taught, so soon as he shall child now to be baptized therein, may receive the be able to learn, what a solemn vow, promise, and fulness of thy grace, and ever remain in the num- profession, he hath here made by you. And that ber of thy faithful and elect children; through Je- he may know these things the better, ye shall call sus Christ our Lord. Amen.

upon him to hear sermons; and chiefly ye shall Then the Priest shall take the Child into his hands, and Prayer, and the Ten Commandments, in the vul

provide that he may learn the Creed, the Lord's shall say to the godfathers and godmothers,

gar tongue, and all other things which a Christian Name this child.

ought to know and believe to his soul's health; And then naming it after them (if they shall certify and that this child may be virtuously brought up him that the child may well endure it,) he shall dip to lead a godly and Christian life; remembering it in the water discreetly and warily, saying, always, that baptism doth represent unto us our

N., I baptize thee in the name of the Father, profession; which is, to follow the example of and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. Amen.

our Saviour Christ, and to be made like unto him;

that as he died, and rose again, for us; so should But if they certify that the Child is weak, it shall suf we, who are baptised, die from sin, and rise again fice to pour water upon it, saying the aforesaid words,

unto righteousness, continually mortifying all our N., I baptize thee in the name of the Father, evil and corrupt affections, and daily proceeding and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. Amen. in all virtue and godliness of living. Then shall the Priest say,

Then shall he add, and say, We receive this child into the congregation of

Ye are to take care that this child be brought Christ's flock,* and do sign him with the sign of to the bishop, to be confirmed by him, so soon as the cross, in token that hereafter he shall not be he can say the Creed, the Lord's Prayer, and the ashamed to confess the faith of Christ crucified, Ten Commandments in the vulgar tongue, and and manfully to fight under his banner, against be further instructed in the Church Catechism set sin, the world, and the devil, and to continue forth for that purpose. Christ's faithful soldier and servant unto his life's

It is certain, by God's word, that children which are end. Amen.

baptised, dying before they commit actual sin, are un. Then shall the Priest say,

doubtedly saved.

To take away all scruple concerning the use of the SEEING now, dearly beloved brethren, that this sign of the cross in baptism; the true explication there. child is regenerate and grafted into the body of of, and the just reasons for the retaining of it, may be

seen in the XXXth Canon, first published in the year Christ's church, let us give thanks unto Almighty MDCIV. God for these benefits, and with one accord make our prayers unto him, that this child may lead the rest of his life according to this beginning.

Then shall be said, all kneeling,
Our Father which art in heaven ; Hallowed be

THE MINISTRATION thy name. Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done in earth, as it is in heaven Give us this day our daily bread. And forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive them that trespass against PRIVATE BAPTISM OF CHILDREN us. And lead us not into temptation ; but deliver us from evil. Amen.

Then shall the Priest say, We yield thee hearty thanks, most merciful The Curate of the parish shall often admonish the peo Father, that it hath pleased thee to regenerate longer than the first or second Sunday next after their

ple, that they defer not the baptism of their children this infant with thy Holy Spirit, to receive him birth, or other holy day falling between, unless upon 3 for thine own child by adoption, and to incorpo- great and reasonable cause, to be approved by the Cra rate him into thy holy church. And we humbly rate, beseech thee to grant, that he, being dead unto great cause and necessity, they procure not their chil.

And also they shall warn them, that, without like sin, and living unto righteousness, and being bu- dren to be baptised at home in their houses. But when ried with Christ in his death, may crucify the old need shall compel them so to do, then baptisin shall be man, and utterly abolish the whole body of sin: administered on this fashion : and that as he is made partaker of the death of sence, any other lawfw Minister that can be procured.)

First; let the Minister of the parish (or, in his abthy Son, he may also be partaker of his resurrec with them that are present, call upon God, and say the tion ; so that finally, with the residue of thy holy Lord's Prayer

, and so many of the collects appointed to be said before in the form of Public Baptism, as the

time and present exigence will suffer. And then the • Here the Priest shall make a cross upon the Child's Child being named by some one that is present. ibre forehead.

Minister shall pour water upon it, saying these words



N., I baptize thee in the name of the Father, of his resurrection; and that finally, with the resiand of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. Amen. due of thy saints, he may inherit thine everlasting Then all kneeling down, the Minister shall give thanks kingdom, through the same, thy Son, Jesus Christ unto God, saying;

our Lord. Amen. We yield thee hearty thanks, most merciful

And let them not doubt but that the Child, so bap Father, that it hath pleased thee to regenerate this tized, is lawfully and sufficiently baptized, and ought not infant with thy Holy Spirit, to receive him for to be baptized again. Yet, nevertheless, if the Child, thine own child by adoption, and to incorporate which is after this sort baptize do afterwards live, it him into thy holy church. And we humbly be expedient that it be brought into the church, to the in seech thee to grant that as he is now made par- baptize that Child, the congregation may be certified of taker of the death of thy Son, so he may be also the true form of baptisın by him privately before used.







MY LORD,—When, five years ago, an important station in the University of Cambridge awaited your Lordship’s disposal, you were pleased to offer it to me. The circumstances under which this offer was made, demand a public acknowledgment. I had never seen your Lordship; I possessed ne connexion which could possibly recommend me to your favour ; I was known to you, only by my endeavours, in common with many others, to discharge my duty as a tutor in the University; and by some very imperfect, but certainly well-intended, and, as you thought, useful publications since. In an age by no means wanting in examples of honourable patronage, although this deserves not to be mentioned in respect of the object of your Lordship's choice, it is inferior to none in the purity and disinterestedness of the motives which suggested it. How the following work may be received, I pretend not to foretell

. My first prayer concerning it is, that it may do good to any: my second hope, that it may assist, what it hath always been my earnest wish to promote, the religious part of an academical education. If in this latter view it might seem, in any degree, to excuse your Lordship's judgment of its author, I shall be gratified by the reflection, that, to a kindness flowing from public principles, I have made the best public return in my power.

In the mean time, and in every event, I rejoice in the opportunity here afforded me of testify. ing the sense I entertain of your Lordship’s conduct, and of a notice which I regard as the most fattering distinction of my life. I am, My LORD, with sentiments of gratitude and respect, your Lordship's faithful and most obliged servant,



I DEEM it unnecessary to prove that mankind | which dictated this counsel to continue; suppose a stood in need of a revelation, because I have met a part of the creation to have received faculties with no serious person who thinks that, even under from their Maker, by which they are capable of the Christian revelation, we have too much light, rendering a moral obedience to his will, and of voor any degree of assurance which is superfluous. luntarily pursuing any end for which he has deI desire, moreover, that, in judging of Christianity, signed them; suppose the Creator to intend for it may be remembered, that the question lies be- these, his rational and accountable agents, a second tween this religion and none: for, if the Christian state of existence, in which their situation will be religion be not credible, no one, with whom we regulated by their behaviour in the first state, by have to do, will support the pretensions of any which supposition (and by no other) the objection ther.

to the divine government in not putting a differSuppose, then, the world we live in to have had ence between the good and the bad, and the inconA Creator; suppose it to appear, from the predomi- sistency of this confusion with the care and benerant aim and tendency of the provisions and con- volence discoverable in the works of the Deity, is wivances observable in the universe, that the Deity, done away; suppose it to be of the utmost importwhen he formed it, consulted for the happiness of ance to the subjects of this dispensation to know kis sensitive creation; suppose the disposition what is intended for them; that is, suppose the

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