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Art. 15. A Letter to the Mayor of

Wherein the discouragements of the Seamen employed in his Majesty's navy, and the merits of the bill brought into Parliament in the last feffion, for their relief, are impartially examined. By a Member of

Parliament. 8vo. Is. Baldwin.

This Letter is a very candid and judicious analysis of the bill brought into Parliament in the last session, for the relief of Seamen. A bill which was but too successfully opposed by the most unjust and inhuman arguments.

It is proper to observe,' says our Author, that although vast • sums are annually granted by the Legislature for the service of the

navy, according to the estimates delivered, yet extraordinary expences are liable to arise in some articles beyond these eftimates, whereby a failure of payment must somewhere be lodged; on which

occasion, the ministerial policy hath been, to supply the demands of ' the other branches of this department, and to let the weight of the * deficiency chiefly fall on the head of seamens wages, as the branch the ..most popular, and certain to be provided for, without objection in • future grants ;-this policy hath been the rather indulged, as seve• ral articles in this department, for which Navy-bills are issued, bear ' interest, and are liable, by delays of payment, to be raised in their prices : whereas seamen's wages bear no interest, and continue fixed,

Rotwithstanding any delays of payment; so that this branch of the • department of the navy, hath, by an unusual reverse of effects, con

tinually been the most oppressed, because the most favoured, by the Legislature and the Public."

He proceeds to abstract the several clauses of the bill, and his see marks on each are in general acute, just, and solid.

Nevertheless, we cannot entirely assent to his reasoning on the 12th clause, which is calculated for enabling seamen abroad to remit any part of their wages to their wives a: home.

• It hath been objected to this clause,' says the Author, that it is ' a frequent practice for one of these seamen to pass through the cere. 'mony of marriage with two or three different women, all living at • the same time; each of whom will be able to produce a regular cer• tificate of her marriage, and thereby be entitled to claim his wages. '-In answer to which, it is to be observed, that by the method pre• scribed in this clause, every perplexity and doubt concerning the • person duly intitled to receive fuch wages, is clearly avo:ded; for,

according to this method, the wages of every such seaman remitted • home, will not be liable to be claimed by different persons, producing • certificates of their marriage, but by such one person, whose name ' and place of abode fall be inserted by him, as his wife, in the pay. • books of such ship; to whom only a bill for such wages will be • transmitted, and upon her producing a certificate of her marriage, • become payable.'

But we cannot agree with the Writer, that the method prescribed in this clause obviates the doubt concerning the perion.uly intitied. The

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person to whom the failor, through affection or caprice, may give the preference, may not be duly entitled, as his wife. co nomine. It is the due only of the first wife; She alone is duly, and legally entitled as his wife; as the alone is his wife, in the eye of the law. The seamen therefore ought not to be allowed to remit bis wages to a woman by the name of his wife, whom the law does not consider in that relation: and it is of dangerous precedent to authorize a proceeding under the fanction of an act of parliament, which may be contrary to the fun. damental laws of the land. If the wisdom of the Legislature would exert itself to prevent failors from making remittances to any women but their lawful wives, such a regulation might probably put a check to their polygamy, which many of them perhaps do not know to be illegal.

The judicious Author has clearly refuted the senseless and inhuman objection, that the speedy payment of seamens wages, will expose the service to a general desertion.'. An argument, lays he, which does not deny the cruelty of with-holding their wages froin them, but avers it to be a necessary cruelty.

He has demonstrated, by an accurate calculation, that upon an ag. gregate in the duennium of quick payment, when the debt for feamen's wages was small, defertion was at the rate of two out of two hundred and thirty fix men per month ; whereas, in the duennium of slow pagment, it was at the rate of two out of one hundred and eigher seven men. That is, as many deserted out of a small number under flow payment, as did out of a greater number under quick payment.

This treatise shews the Author to be a perfe&t master of his subject; and his rejections not only prove him to be a man of discernment, but at the same cime do honour to his humanity.

R-d
MISCELLANEOU S.
Art. 16: The New Highland Military Discipline, or, A short ma-

nual Exercise explained, with the words of command; in which
is laid down the duty of the officer and soldier through the several
branches of that concise service. Mojt humbly dedicated to the
Hon. Francis Grant, Lieutenant-Colonel of Lord John Murray's
Highlanders. Illustrated with twelve Copper plates, represent-.
ing fome of the motions. By George Grant. Price 3$. plain,

6 s. coloured, Bickham.
Art. 17. An Abridgment of the English and Prufian Military Ex-

ercise of the Foot. Very useful for the Army and the Militia.

By a Gentleman of the Army. 8vo. Is. Wilkie.
Art. 18. An historical Account of Dunwich, antiently a city, now

a borough; Blithburgh, formerly a town of note, now a village;
Southwold, once a village, now a town-corporate ; with remarks
on some places contiguous thereto, principaily extracted from fe-
veral antient records, manuscripts, &c. which were never before

made

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made public. By Thomas Gardner. Illustrated with copperplates. 400. 123. in sheets. Faden.

These Suffolk antiquities may afford matter fufficient to gratify the curiosity of Suffolk readers; but we have observed very little in che book that can recommend it to the public in general : extracts from parith regifters, church wardens accounts, and transcripts from old grave-lones, and church donation-tables, making up the chief part of Mr. Gardner's collections. Nevertheless, a true Antiquarian will find some things to admire in this performance: and to speak the truth, upon the whole, this is not the meanest work of the kind that we have met with. Such compilations are not intended as works of caste; and there is no doubt but they have their use, which, perhaps is saying more in their behalf than can be said for many of those mo. dern productions which come under the modish Gallic denomination of Les Belles Lettres, and which are ranked among thc favourite amusements of the age.

Art. 19. A Letter to the Right Rev. the Lord B-p of N

8vo. 6 d. Bizet, The intent of this letter is to let the worthy Prelate, to whom it is addressed, into the private history of a certain clergyman in his Lord. thip's diocese. The facts alleged against the party accused, are such as mult, if true, give every unprejudiced person a very mean opinion of him, -to say the least we can.

As the Author apologizes for the manner in which the above is wrote, by alleging, that he was not bred to letters, we think it unnecessary to point out the various inaccuracies and solecisms wherewith it abounds.

P. Art. 20. An Account of the care taken in most civilized nations for

the relief of the Poor, more particularly in times of scarcity and distress. By the Reverend Mr. Richard Onely, late of Chris College, Cambridge. 4to. I $. Hawkins.

The present high price of corn, and the complaints and difturbances arising therefrom, amongst the poorer sort of people, gave occa. fion (we are told) to this pamphlet; the design of which is to shew, in a fhort but general view, the methods that have been used by the law.givers and magistrates of old, to prevent dearths and oppressions ; and the manner of relieving the subject, when such calamities have unavoidably happened. In doing this Mr. Onely has given a succinct account with the proper authorities annexed, of the most material regulations for this purpose, in the Jewish theocracy ; in the first ages of Christianity ; in the Ægyptian state; in the Grecian polity ; in che Roman commonwealth ; and lastly, in the English government, down from the time of Edw. III. to our own. But after all, he does not pretend to point out what amendments of the old laws may be neces. fary: he only recites fa&s; leaving the reflections and uses to be drawn from them, to the discernment of his Readers. The end of his writing, however, will be fully answered (he says) if any hint or example should here occur, that may tend to produce any fort of me thod for the speedier relief of the Poor, from the hand of the Extortioner and Oppressor.

This desirable end, in our own opinion, will scarce ever be fully accomplished, while the present enormous multitude of badgers and mealmen is suffered in the nation ;--the greateit part of their profit in trade, being a heavy and unnecessary tax levied upon the Public. Whereas, if a stop were once put to the vile practices of these locusts, who eat up the plenty of the land, and transform it into an artificial dearth; the grower of corn would then be glad to sell it to the confumer :-a method that would of course be attended with great benefit to the latter, and no real loss or detriment to the former, who would Aill be sure to receive a market price for his commodity.

P Art. 21. Arms of all the English Baronets, with a plate of Baro

nets atchievements. To which is added, by a Gentleman, a fuller account of this honourable English order than has hitherto been published. Containing the origin and antiquity of the name of Baronet, laws of admision, and honours and privileges belonging to the Baronetage of this kingdom, the rank and precedency of Baroneteses, and of their fons, fons wives, and daughters of Baronets. With a short memorial of several royal and princely proceffions, wherein Baronets have had their place; taken from the records in the college of arms, and other authentic evidences. Interspersed with other obfervations relative to the Gentry, &c. and historical and genealogical notes. Also exaćt tables of precedency of men and women, with a comment, illuftrating the dignity and state of the precedence of Baronets and Baronetelles, as respecting all those who have no established right to place. The whole from good authorities, to which the Reader is referred.

8vo. price, with the arms coloured, il. is. Henry and Cave.

After so very ample a title-page, wherein too the nature of the work is so fully explained, it will be needless for us to say more of the above, than that it was originally published, at various times, in the Gentleman's Magazine ; from whence it is now collected toge ther, and re-published, without any alteration or addition whatever ; except a Supplement of twenty-five pages, wherein a somewhat fuller account of the Order is given than before, together with some useful Notes, extracted from Authors of credit who have wrote upon the subject. The Supplement also contains a more exact table of precedency (properly authenticated) than any we remember to have ellewhere met with.-Upon the whole, we think this piece may afford an agreeable amusement to the lovers of heraldry, aud such as delight in (what others may think) the dry study of family history.

P
Art. 22. Travels through Egypt, Turkey, Syria, and the Holy

Land. Containing, among many other curious particulars, i.
& defcription of Egypt, the river Nile, pyramids, sc. 2. Of

Turkey,

1

Turkey, and of its provinces and iflands. 3. Of Syria, the ruins of Palmyra, the Defarts of Arabia, &c. 4. Of the Holy Land, particularly of Jerusalem, and the Holy Places; of Jericho, Jordan, Bethlehem, the Dead-sea, &c. 5. The manners, customs, government, and trade of the Egyptians, Turks, Tartars; and Arabs. 6. Their religions, genius, tempers, persons, habits, diversions, exercises, buildings, curiosities, &c. Interspersed with many judicious observations. By an English Merchant. With explanatory, theological, historical, geographical, and miscellaneous notes, by a Gentleman of Oxford. 12mo. 3s. Reeve.

All this for only three shillings ! sure this must be a special bargain to the purchasers !

If the materials prove but half as good as the editor, in his title. page, assures us they are,- he had, indeed, some reason for asserting, as he does in his preface, that this work is certainly the cheapest performance of the kind ever yet published.

But, notwithstanding all this parade and profession, the discerning Reader will readily, without our affittance, perceive, from this very title-page alone, that the book is a mere bundle of scraps, gleaned from former books, and we may add, even from former gleaners: as the well known Mr. Salmon, and He who assumes the name of Thomfon, with other originals of that fort.

To this, if we add, that the hotch-potch before us is as miferably printed, as it is egregiously puffed, we apprehend nothing more needs be added to this article.

Art. 23. The Bear. Leaders : or, Modern Travelling rated in a

proper Light. 8vo. 6d. Hooper. 'The intent of this flimsey performance is to ridicule our young travellers, and their governors ; and to prove, that the clergy are, of all people, the most unfit for that office.

The Author takes great pains to be witty ; but perhaps wit is the only quality not to be attained by induftry.

R-a Art. 24. Henrietta. By the Author of the Female Quixote.

12mo. 2 vols. 6s. Millar. We look upon this to be the best novel that has appeared fince Pom. pey the Little.

The incidents are probable and interesting; the characters duly varied, and well supported; the dialogue and conversation-scenes, fpisited and natural, both in genteel and low life; the fatire generally juft; and the moral exemplary and important.

Rev. March, 1758.

T

Art. 25.

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