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scene of the trial was, in a few minutes viously told me of the man's whereabouts : afterwards, deserted.

and this night she took me to himjist It was a dark and cheerless night, the now." wind now gustily moaning and wailing “Did he remember you ?" said the surabout the prison walls, now sighing away geon, hastily, over the house-roofs, and then turning, as ^ More's the pity, he's dying, replied dong it with petulance, to dash the hail and rain Barney,—" at least I fear so. He was like the more fiercely against the barred window of a man out of his mind intirely, But its the condemned cell, where the convict sat not Barney that’ud give up, Misther Keeu; on the side of his prison bed, guarded by and faith I thought it might be well for pe two gaolers. Despair rested upon his coun- to go and see him. The people in the tenance, and reigned in his heart. They house said as how the parish docthur had had told him there was no hope, and he been to him, but I took lave to tell them believed it.

that I'd fetch a skilful docthur to look at Nature was in a despairing attitude: him; an faith ye must go back with me if plants and animals seemed alike numbed ye plase, and God bless ye, sir!" by the piercing cold. The pitiless storm Some dry clothing was offered to Barney, raged over the heath, and the road, and the but he declared that he had no time to

And the crowded town, and seemed to force its un- change. In less than a minute, the surwelcome wretchedness into the most shel-geon was wrapped in a thick great coat and tered homesteads. Even to the very muffler, and with Barney turned from the hearth did the storm intrude, and the fire door into the driving sleet and hail. There burned dimly as the rattling hail and sleet were no cabs or hackney carriages in the came hissing down the chimney. ^ It was street, and it occupied the pedestrians miserable

nearly an hour to walk from the surgeon's

house to the lodging-house whither they NOVEMBER

proposed to go. Barney rapped, and reweather, and desolation prevailed within as peated some words of slang, before the well as without. Like the foam upon the person who came would open the door. brooks, which were now swelled by the win-Barney and the surgeon then passed into try rains into roaring cataracts, Meanwell the passage, and upstairs to a small room seemed carried away by the uncontrollable where the invalid lay. tide of events.

An involuntary exclamation of surprise Late on the same night, the benevolent fell from the surgeon's lips, as the light surgeon was pacing his room with anxiety. rested on the features of the delirious map, “He will not come to-night,” said his who had just then sunk into comparatire wife ; "he would have been here before this

repose. “And yet I must be mistaken;" time if he had succeeded.”

murmured Mr. Keen, leaning over the bed "I cannot rest, my love, if I go to bed; "but still the likeness is most extraordiso I will wait up at least till two o'clock," nary!" Taking the hand of the patient to replied Mr. Keen. He promised faith- feel his pulse, he seemed, however, satisfied 4 fully to come.”

that he had been mistaken in his first sus A long silence ensued. Presently the picion, when he observed how the fingers surgeon stopped in his pacing, and listened, had been unnaturally shortened, by, some saying he thought he heard footsteps. apparent violence; but the paralyzed face The sounds grew nearer, but passed the could hardly be mistaken. window and went on Another long inter- From the female who sat at his bedside

, val of silent watching; then again the the surgeon learned that the invalid had sound of footsteps was heard. A soft rap come back to his lodging one night about at the door brought Mr. Keen into the three weeks before, and had complained of ses passage, and in another moment Barney, vere pains in the throat and stomach, which dripping with wet, and blue with cold, was he attributed to some wine that had been giver ushered into the apartment.

to him, and which he declared to have been "Well, have you succeeded ?" said the drugged. She related, inoreover, that is surgeon and his wife together,

parish surgeon had been afterwards calle Faith, I met the woman who had pra-1 and had expressed an opinion that the mall

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had been poisoned with arsenic. The in- familiarize the depraved with scenes of viovalid had gradually recovered from the first lence and blood. The dismal intelligence, effects, but had insisted upon drinking some in a hundred different forms, was thrust brandy and going out ; this had brought on upon everybody everywhere. a relapse, and the dangerous illness which Among other houses to which the news had since kept him in bed. In reply to Bar- came was that of Frederick Turner. Layney, the woman said that the man had de- ing down the newspaper, which he had been clared repeatedly that he knew that poison reading, he said with a sigh, -"So they had been administered to him, but had re- have found Henry Meanwell guilty !". fused to give any clue to the person from The words went direct to Frank's brain whom he had received it; it had therefore with a crushing jar, as when a ship strikes been suspected that he had taken the poison on a rock at sea. There was no shriek, or himself, with the intention of commiting cry, or groan. Upon his face--from which suicide. The speaker added, that she be the traces of previous sufferings and illlieved he had wished to go out to see some ness were scarcely banished- horror and of the parties who were interested in the agony were plainly written. He staggered trial of the murderer who had been sen- from his seat, and, breathless, speechless, tenced that very day, but said she did not and helpless, fell like a dead weight to the know why, though she had tried to make floor. out, from his wandering conversation during “Francis ! Francis! Francis!” screamed his delirium, what he knew of the matter. the quaker's gentle wife. There was an impression in the house

There was no answer.

Medical aid was that the parish doctor had neglected the immediately sent for and obtained; but it patient, and Mr. Keen was therefore readily was several hours before the boy was suffipermitted to take the case under his care ciently restored to explain. He then told as he desired. As soon as the door of the his benefactor that his name was not house' had closed, and he was again in the Frank Francis, as he had told them it street, the surgeon expressed his suspicions was, but Frank Meanwell; and that the as to who the patient might turn out to be, person who had been found guilty of the and how invaluable his evidence probably murder of Frederick Parker was his father. might have been, if produced at the trial. One less educated in the language of As it was, he feared the case was hopeless, physiognomical expression than Frank and even if the man's consciousness could would have perceived the pain and disbe restored or his life preserved, it would pleasure which this explanation caused to

the quaker and wife. They were displeased The last hope to which the surgeon had that Frank should have concealed his real clung, and to which Barney's first fruits of name, and grieved that he should have had

energy had been directed, was now so little confidence in them as to suppose laid prostrate; and a gloom, as of a dark that they would have loved him less be

came down upon their spirit. cause his father had been accused of crime. The cloud went with them, and each mem- Frank saw at a glance what was passing in ber of Mt. Keen's family on the following their minds, and acknowledged his error ;

as it were, overshadowed by the pointed out how the circumstance of his dreadful hopelessness with which the father being his father's son had already caused prepared himself for the final shock-the him the loss of one happy home, and how execution of his friend.

he had feared that it might lessen the love On the day after the trial, the news- which they had shown him if he had repapers proclaimed, far and wide, that vealed his secret. Henry Meanwell, by an intelligent jury of “I know how wrong I was, now," con

equals, had been found guilty of the tinued Frank, " and I am ashamed of my wilful murder of Frederick Parker. Hide- deception, and of my want of confidence ous representations, with gaudy colouring, in you." purporting to be sketches of the victim, and The tears streamed down the boy's the murderer engaged in the dreadful act, cheeks

, while he implored forgiveness, were permitted to be sold in the streets, to He did not, he said, ask them to let him foster the taste for revolting sights, and to live with them any longer, he was unworthy

e too late.


winter's day,

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of their kindness : but he could never habitants of the arctic regions) live, is so go away without their forgiveness. He exceedingly cold, that snow and ice conwould go to his father, and would die with tinually cover the ground. In doing so, him.

I shall direct your attention to the causes of Harder hearts than those which looked those alternations of temperature and light upon Frank’s grief and agony would have in our own climate which we call seasons ; been touched thereby. The quakeress af- changes that are familiar to all, but the fectionately caressed and comforted the boy, beauties and wonders of whose operations while her husband administered such manly are comprehended by comparatively few, consolation as he could. It was agreed though they are well worthy of the greatest that Frank should visit his father on the attention, for the amusement and instrucó following day, and that in the mean time tion which the study of them will afford: Frederick Turner should make inquiries I cannot promise you, my dear children; and learn immediately the real circumstan- to do more than point out fields of knowces of the trial, and whether there was any ledge where rich harvests stand ready to hope.

be gathered—with the sincere hope that you He returned in two hours; his answer may be induced to go out, and with the required not to be spoken; on his brow sickle of diligence to reap for yourselves, was expressed “no hope."

and lay up the invaluable store in the The face of the sun was hidden, and a memory—which, like the barn of the husthick curtain of dim clouds shrouded the bandman, should be well filled with precious sky. In the woods, where the leafless trees things. It makes me very happy indeed loo

like grim skeletons, the gusty winds to know that I have been enabled moaned and sighed among the dripping rage some of you in the acquirement of boughs. Where broad green meadows lately knowledge, and that the lectures which I spread, cold floods extended. All was have given with so much pleasure, have bleak, desolate, wintry, and lone!

induced you to think that in this beautiful world which we inhabit, there are on every side wonderful sights; which, while they stimulate the gratitude of every good heart


delight and astonish the intellect. GRANDFATHER WHITEHEAD'S

I need hardly tell you, my dear children,

what every nurse ought to know, and to
be able to tell her little charges, namely,
that the earth is a globe, which, with many
others, revolves or rolls through space !

around the sun, which is another great MY DEAR YOUNG FRIENDS--Once more globe surrounded by a fiery air or atmowe are approaching the conclusion of the sphere. The earth upon which we live is year, and at such a season it will not be eight thousand miles in diameter ; that is inappropriate to glance at the physical to say, if you could make a railway tun. changes through which we have passed. nel right through the earth from London to We can scarcely remember many of them, New Zealand, you would have to travel that and now when the frost is binding the enormous distance before you came out at ground, and silvering the leafless tree, it is the opposite end to that at which you not without an effort that we can picture to started. And if you could establish a railourselves the delicate freshness of spring, way, and travelled upon it day and night at the greener maturity of summer, or the the rate of twenty miles an hour, without more recent glories of autumn. The win- stopping, you would not have completed the ter has come round again, and I now pro- journey through in twelve days! pose to redeem the promise which I made But I will take another illustration, which to you in my concluding lecture last year,* may give you some conception of the magniviz., to explain why the climate of the tude of our planet, and the insignificance in country in which the Esquimaux (the in- size of yourselves and its inhabitants. Could

a ball or globe be constructed twice as high * Vol. i. p. 302."

as St. Paul's Cathedral, to represent the


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earth, and it was required to place upon it the end from the marks above alluded to;, an object bearing the same proportion to then the knot will represent the south pole it in magnitude which man does to the earth, the size of the object wouid be so small, that upwards of nineteen millions of such could stand on a square inch! So little is man in comparison with the globe he inhabits; and yet this globe is but very small compared with the sun, or many of those companion worlds that circulate around our great centre of light. Of these things, however, I hope to have the opportunity of talking to you hereafter.

Although all seems so fixed and still in the heavens and earth, the globe which we inhabit is whirling onwards round the sun at the rate of nineteen miles in a second. The highest ordinary speed attained by a

Fig. 1. railway train is thirty-five miles an hour-6, the thread in the body of the orange the twice that speed would be seventy miles an imaginary axis of the globe, and the point hour, and would be considered dangerous ; at which the thread comes out the north but the earth is rolling through space at pole a. Having placed a candle near the nearly seventy thousand miles an hour. Nor centre of the table, to represent the sun, is this all its motion. If a person could set the orange twirling on the string, and be lifted above the earth and its atmo- walk round the table, always keeping the sphere, and could occupy a fixed position, orange towards the light. You have then from which he could observe the motions an imperfect representation of the motion of the planet on which we live, he would of the earth on its own axis, and its movenot only observe the motion to which I ment round the sun. Now place a white have called your attention, but he would wafer on the orange at the point O in the find the globe turning round, like an apple centre, and observe the different degrees of suspended from a twisted string, and the light which it derives as the orange turns surface of the earth would be exposed to on its axis, and the changes which correhis eye at the rate of a thousand miles an spond to our day and night. hour! This rotation, or turning round of To give you an idea of the mode in which the world upon its own centre, is the cause the phenomena of the seasons are produced, of day and night, while the journey which and why those periods bear certain chathe earth performs round the sun produces racteristics, I must explain that the course the changes of temperature and light which described by the earth is not exactly a circle, we call the seasons — Spring, Summer, and that the axis of the earth is not upright, Autumn, Winter.

with reference to the sun, like the axis of The earth is not perfectly round like a the orange in our illustration. In deshot, or cannon ball, but is flattened on scribing the previous illustration, I purtwo opposite sides like an orange.

From posely directed that the candle should not these flattened sides, if the earth had had be in the centre of the table, because the an axis, or pivot, on which it turned, the sun does not occupy what would be called ends of such pivot would protrude; and the centre of the course of the earth. I hence these points of the earth are denomi- have here a sketch of the earth's orbit, nated north and south poles, from the Greek which is not circular, but elliptical, or of word signifying a pivot, or axletree. The the shape called an ellipse. The sun is stalk-mark on an orange, and its blossom- represented at S, and the earth at various mark, correspond to these localities on the points of its annual circuit; a shows the earth's surface. To understand this and position of the earth in winter; b that at other matters, let us take an orange (which the spring equinox (equal night and day); makes an excellent representation of the c represents the position of our globe in earth), and pass a thread with a knot on summer; and d at the autumnal equinox,

The line passing through the centre of the each lorange-pushia pin, 50 that the he earth represents its imaginary axis, while only may appear in the same position /

cupied by Britain on the globeri Now


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Fig. 8.

the lines across the poles are intended to
show the regions of perpetual snow near the
two poles. When the earth is at a, the
whole of this division near the North Pole
(N P) is in shade, the nights being several
months in duration in the arctic regions, George stand upon a

chair, and hold bei while during the same period it is summer orange by its thread so as to make it hay at the south pole (s p), where the sun does about a yard directly above the edge of ! not pass below the horizon for a similar table nearest the light. George's orang period. At 6 and at d there is equal day will thus represent the position of the eart and night; while at c the South Pole is in the winter of the northern hemisphen entirely in shade, while the earth turns com- and as it turns, will show you how ver pletely round, and the North Pole is as little of the candle-light 'the pin's hea entirely in light. This is the summer of obtains. Hence you will understand why the northern hemisphere, or half-sphere, in the days in winter are so short and that which is England. It seems odd that our nights so long. On the opposite side o summer should occur at that time of the the light, let Kate hold the thread of hier year when the earth is farthest from the orange so that the fruit shall hang only sun, and that we should have winter when about an inch above the edge of the table, our globe is nearest; but you will soon and you will then see that though berorange understand this if you observe that when is farthest from the candle, yet that the the North Pole is towards the sun, as at c, northern part of it is in possession of the the rays of the sun shine upon us almost full and direct rays, and that the pin's head perpendicularly, and that the days being has only a very little shade to pass through long, the earth has time to get warmed by as the orange turns round. Kate's orange them; while at a, on the contrary, the represents the position of the earth in Eng North Pole is turned away from the sun, land's summer.

If Sarah-Anne and little and consequently the rays of heat fall upon Joe take their positions on either side, der us' in the northern hemisphere obliquely; tween Kate and George, and hold their the days' also are short and the nights long, oranges over the edge of the table, here! so that the surface of the northern hemi- with the flame of the candle, they will resphere has little time to get warm. I will now instruct you how to form a and Spring.

spectively be representations of Autumn

Owing to the fact that we good illustration of the seasons, from which are so much nearer the sun in winter than you may obtain a clear comprehension of in summer, his orb appears larger the varying positions of the earth, as re- in January than in June. * 11:11 gards the sun and the results.

Let us now review the year through which Place a candle' a little on one side of the we have passed, and note the changes whid a thread through another brange, let Kate sixty-eight thousand miles' round the si take the one, and George the other. Into 1 in January we experienced cold, which!

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