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descant, in lofty fugues, or the whole symphony with artful and unimaginable touches adorn and grace the well-studied chords of some choice composer; fometimes the lute, or soft organ-stop waiting on elegant voices either to religious, material, or civil ditties; which, if wise men and prophets be not extremely out, have a great power over dispositions and manners, to smooth and make them gentle from rustic harshness and distempered passions. The like also would not be unexpedient after meat to assist and cherish nature in her first concoction, and send their minds back to ftudy in good tune and satisfaction. Where having followed it close under vigilant eyes till about two hours before supper, they are by sudden alarm or watch-word, to be called out to their military motions, under sky or covert, according to the season, as was the Roman wont; first on foot, then as their age permits on horseback, to all the art of cavalry; that having in sport but with much exactness, and daily muster, served out the rudiments of their soldiership in all the skill of embattelling, marching, encamping, fortifying, besieging and battering, with all the help of antient and modern stratagems, Tacticks, and warlike maxims, they may as it were out of a long war come forth renowned and perfect commanders in the service of their country. They would not then, if they were trusted with fair and hopeful armies, suffer them for want of just and wise discipline to shed away from about them like fick feathers, though they be never so oft fupplied: they


would not fuffer their empty and unrecruitible colonels of twenty men in a company, to quaff out, or convey into secret hoards, the wages of a delusive list and a miserable remnant: yet in the mean while to be overmastered with a score or two of drunkards, the only foldiery left about them, or else to comply with all rapines and violences. No certainly, if they knew ought of that knowledge that belongs to good men or good governors, they would not sufler these things. But to return to our own institute, besides these constant exercises at home, there is another opportunity of gaining experience to be won from pleasure itself abroad. In those vernal seasons of the year, when the air is calm and pleasant, it were an injury and fulienness against nature not to go out, and see her riches, and partake in her rejoicing with heaven and earth. I should not therefore be a persuader to them of studying much then, after two or three years that they have well laid their grounds, but to ride out in companies with prudent and staid guides, to all the quarters of the land ; learning and observing all places of strength, all commodities of building and of foil, for towns and tillage, harbours and ports for trade : sometimes taking fea as far as to our navy, to learn there also what they can in the practical knowledge of failing and of fea-fight. These ways would try all their peculiar gifts of nature; and if there were any secret excellence among them, would fetch it out, and give it fair opportunities to advance itself by, which could not but mightily redound to the good of this nation, and bring into fa

fhion again those old admired virtues and excellencies, with far more advantage now in this purity of Chriftian knowledge. Nor shall we then need the Monfieurs of Paris to take our hopeful youth into their flight and prodigal custodies, and send them over back again transformed into mimics, apes, and kickMaws. But if they desire to see other countries at three or four-and-twenty years of age, not to learn principles, but to enlarge experience and make wise observation, they will by that time be such as fhall deserve the regard and honour of all men where they pass, and the society and friendship of those in all places who are best and most eminent: and perhaps then other nations will be glad to visit us for their breeding, or else to imitate us in their own country.

Now lastly for their diet there cannot be much to say, fave only that it would be best in the same house; for much time else would be lost abroad, and many ill habits got; and that it should be plain, healthful, and moderate, I suppose is out of controversy. Thus, Mr. Hartlib, you have a general view in writing, as your desire was, of that which at several times I had discoursed with you concerning the best and noblest way of education; not beginning as some have done from the cradle, which yet might be worth many considerations, if brevity had not been my fcope: many other circumstances also I could have mentioned, but this, to such as have the worth in them to make trial, for light and direction may be


enough. Only I believe, that this is not a bow for every man to shoot in that counts himself a teacher; but will require sinews almost equal to those which Homer gave Ulysses; yet I am withal persuaded that it may prove much more easy in the essay, than it now seems at a distance, and much more illustrious; howbeit not more difficult than I imagine, and that imagination presents me with nothing but very happy and very poflible according to best wishes; if God have so decreed, and this age have spirit and capacity enough to apprehend.




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AMSON Agonistes

Page 1 Poems on several Occasions

67 On the death of a fair Infant dying of a cough 71 At a Vacation Exercise in the College

75 On the Morning of Christ's Nativity

79 The Passion

89 On Time

92 Upon the Circumcifion

93 At a Solemn Music

94 An Epitaph on the Marchioness of Winchester

95 Song. On May Morning

97 On Shakespear

99 On the University Carrier

99 Another on the same

ibid. L'Allegro Il Penseroso

106 Arcades A Mask

117 Lycidas

159 The Fifth Ode of Horace, Lib. 1. English'd 166 On the new forcers of conscience under the Long Parliament

168 Sonnets

- 169 To the Nightingale

ibid. On his being arrived to the age of 23

173 When

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