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presence of genius, tautology of idea addition to this, bis periods are very as certainly indicates its absence. often so long, and his mode of exDr. Busfield appears never weary of pression so confused, that it is dressing and re-dressing a thought: extremely difficult, if not impossihe will wander a little from it, and ble, to ascertain his precise meanwhen we hope that he has left it, he ing. Another defect in his style is re-produces it changed, indeed, in the abundant use of interjections, appearance, but the same in reality. ohs! and ahs: are scattered throughTautology of language is still more out his discourses in the most waninexeusable; the former may cer
ton profusion. tainly be imputed to want of talent, His illustrations of Scripture selbut industry and a dictionary are dom present any new or satisfactory always sufficient to prevent the re- solution of what is difficult or obeurrence of the same mode of ex- scure. They are usually obtained pression.
from the most obvious view of the A complete contempt of methodic subject, rarely displaying either reeal arrangement is another charac- search or erudition. teristic of Dr. Busfield's Sermons. Dr. Busfield has acquired very To follow a chain of propositions extensive popularity, which he is linked together in such a manner, principally indebted for to his voice, that to remove one is to destroy and the devout earnestness of his the harmony of the whole, and then manner. His best sermons are to arrive at a conclusion, which simple, natural, and sometimes paarises so naturally out of the pro- thetic; leaving the minds of his positions that it appears their in-bearers so tranquil and satisfied, evitable result, is, with the subject of that they become reconciled to the the present article, impossible; for absence of genius and talent; as, in he invariably displays an indefinite watching the progress of the stream vagueness in his ideas, his sentences which spreads fertility over the meaare united without any regard either dow, we sometimes forget the existto a pre-concerted plan or to the ence of that unfathomable mass of dictates of regularity, while his in- waters which girdles the globe with ferences are sometimes unfounded, its waves. and his conclusions premature. In
SKETCHES OF FRANCE.
The London newspapers have so subject, and the striking comforts of much private correspondence from John Bull's society. Paris, that the very name at the head of a letter, instead of proving as TRAVELLING IN FRANCE, formerly an incitement to perusal, Tourists have described the stage will deter many from looking at any coaches of France, the dress of the other part than the date.
inhabitants, and the face of the journer in this capital, who desires country. Additional information on to communicate his opinions of the this subject would be tedious. Let habits and manners of the Parisians, us briefly attempt to display the must not, therefore, expect that his French character in the impositions subjects will attract notice or com- practised upon Englishmen. I landmand attention. My object is to ed at Calais in the month of October, give a true picture of France and and after being hunted and torFrenchmen: if my countrymen and mented by touters from the different fair countrywomen will believe the inns—a set of beings who lay hold of report of a plain but close observer, the sea-sick traveller as soon as he they may derive an useful warning puts his feet upon the pier -I was against the follies and vices of a dragged to the Hotel de Bourbon, nation which they have, perhaps, not, however, without having first been taught to envy, and learn to been forced into the bureau of the appreciate the honest bluntness of custom-house, to undergo a rigorous an Englishman, the liberty of the search. My pockets were turned
out, and even my bat anderwent a table d'hote ; the landlord, howclose examination. Whether the ever, has a knack of sporting good douaniers expected to find a piece fish with bad French sauce, and of calico in my pockets, or a sixty. then attempting to persuade his three yard piece of dimity in my hat, guests that the English are fools to I know not. At the Hotel de Bour- eat boiled fish with plain melted bon we had a very good dinner ; for butter. At this inn I was charged which, without wine, we paid 3s. 4d. about 15 or 20 cents higher than ! each; and on the following morning, should have been in the principal when I called for my bill, I found inn of a good country town in Engthe charge equal to that of the first land, where I should have had some houses in England ; besides a gross
а comforts. Here, though the weather imposition in the shape of commis- was very cold, there was no fire in sionaires, passports, and porters. At the public room; and for a few Boulogne, where I stopped two or pieces of wood, which I one day three days, the charges were a little burnt in my bed-room, I was charged more moderate, the comforts at the 2s.6d. inns more numerous, and the people
From Rouen I went to Evreux, of the place, generally speaking, a place but little known by the less rapacious ; yet, although pro- English. Being dressed in the visions are very cheap in Boulogne, French style, and speaking French the inn-bills are nearly quite as
well, for I was partly brought up high as in England. From Boulogne in France, I was either taken for a I proceeded to Abbeville, which Frenchman, or the people of the
ina is about 80 miles from Calais. Here had the honesty not to cheat me, I bad a beefsteak, or as the French however, I was an Englishman. I call it, biftek, for breakfast ; for here found the difference between which, and a cup of coffee, I was the charges to English and French charged 2s. 6d. Disliking the mise- travellers. At Rouen my daily exrable road from Abbeville to Paris pense was as follows:direct, I took a place in the diligence
2 0 from Abbeville to Dieppe, a distance of 40 miles, for which I only paid
Dinner without wine, 3 0 7s. The same distance on the direct
1. 10 road, where the English travel,
2.. 0 Would have been about 10s. At
8 10 Dieppe I dined at the table d'hote of At Evreux, at a much better inn, the inn where I stopped. There were
bill nie of us at table; we had soup, bouilli, a roasted leg of mutton, and Breakfast,...
0 75 a few apples and walnuts for desert. Dinner with wine,. 2 15 The charge was 3 francs, or 2s. 6d.
0 60 each. The charge for a bad bed Bed,
1 0 in a dirty bed-room here, as at the other inns on the roads frequented
4 50 by the English, is 3 francs. Dieppe 4 francs and a half; far better acis a dirty town, famous for good fish commodation than at Rouen, Calais, and agly women. It is now a fa- Dieppe, &c. where I paid more than shionable watering place, and there double. Last year I was travelling are several handsome baths, which with some friends in the south of have been recently erected by sub- France, where wine was at 2d. a scription. Their Royal Highnesses bottle, and meat at 27d. per lb. The the Duchess of Angouleme and the honest innkeepers, however, charged Duchess of Berri, being the principal 4, 5, and 6 francs a head for a bad subscribers.
dinner; at one place 'we' were The inside fare by the coach to charged 7 francs a head for soup Rouen, nearly 40 miles, is 8 francs, and boiled pigeons. Afterwards 1 and one franc to the conductor. The made it a rule, on entering an inn, journey is performed in about six to desire the landlord to provide us hours, through a most delightful a good dinner, for which we would country. At Rouen I put up at an pay 3 francs a head, and I found Hotel, where there was a good inuch better treatment whien I had
once shewn them that I was not to disarmed the rage of a cannibal, not be imposed upon. It is very repug- so of one Frenchman ; when he had
i nant to an Englishman, however, beaten the horse until his whip was to bargain for what he is to eat and broken, he kicked its forelegs with drink. He generally submits to the all the force in his power; whilst the grossest impositions in France, in villain kicked in his tremendous preference to being made unconfort- boots, another scoundrel who came able by disputes about the charges. by got off his horse, and taking his
I paid 6 francs by the diligence, whip began to beat the poor horse. as it is miscalled, from Rouen to more severely even than the other Evreux, and 3 francs and 12 sous tormentor. I remonstrated, but was from Evreux to Rolleboise; the answered by insult; at that moment travelling was at the rate of three I wished myself a tyrant, above the miles.an hour. At Rolleboise I took law, that I might have blown the the passage-boat to Poissy, the cabin scoundrel's brains out. fare is 25 sous, the distance about At Evreux, in Normandy, some 26 miles. I was in a part of the Frenchmen who were going to Paris vessel called the traveure, which were talking about the expenses of being 30 sous, there were seldom living in that capital. One of them. many persons in it. The French said, that 10 francs a day were newould 'deny themselves many com- cessary; another denied this, obforts to save 5 sous. We were three serving, that so much was not to be in the traveure, the state cabin, spent in necessaries. I speak only filled with clean straw, with a candle of the “stricte necessaire," replied burning in a piece of a wood nailed the first, and then enumerated as to the partition : the place was follows: 2 francs for breakfast, 3 clean, and I slept well. At Poissy, francs for dinner, 2 francs for the where we arrived at five in the morn- play, 2 francs for lodgings, and 1 ing, I took a place in one of the franc for servants. These men came short stages to Paris, at the regular in the same conveyance with me to fare, 30 sous. The French pas- Paris. He, who had spoken of the sengers, who bargained for their 2 francs for the play as “stricte neplaces, came for 25, 20, and some cessaire," had a good deal of lugfor 15 sous each. I reached Paris
gage; a half-starved porter,-here at ten o'clock in the morning. The were at least a dozen such,-ran up journey would have been very to the coach ; the Frepch gentleman pleasant in an English carriage, shewed him his luggage, and asked but in a French diligence, shut up him how much he would expect for with people who were rather frowsy, carrying it to a distant part of Paris. it is not over delightful.
The poor fellow, anxious for a job,
said Tod.; the gentleman said it was THE HUMANITY AND ECONOMY OF enormous, and offered half; the
porter appealed to his humanity : We overtook on the road from “I have eaten nothing, Sir, since Calais to Abbeville a French postil- yesterday; I have a wife and three lion with five horses, returning to children starying at home, give me the post-house. He stopped at a at least 15 sous (7ļd.)” The appeal cabaret to take la goutte ; one of his was useless; bread for a poor fellow, horses exhausted with fatigue laid and a wife, and three children, was down before the door in the mud. not“ strictly necessary:" a Parisian The brute with two legs forced up cannot afford to go to the play, and the animal; and,enraged at seeing the at the same time to be just and dirty state that it was in, beat it charitable. most severely. He went into the house for a moment, and then re
FRENCH MODESTY. turned to beat it again ; he went It has been observed by a German away again, and returned in less author, that the only modest women than five minutes to renew the beat in France are the women of the town, ing: the poor animal stood patiently and really I begin to be of the same and tremblingly before the brute, opinion. I could adduce at least a who called himself a Christian. The hundred instances, to shew how im, humility of the beast would have modest are that class of females
THE FRENCA CHARACTER.
which, in England, constitute the a quantity of shewy jewellery, of pleasure and delight of society: but low intrinsic value, manufactured I must not offend English modesty and put up to lottery, and, by deby the recital. The little that I may grees, it was made a money scheme. relate will prove the superiority of Fifty or sixty years ago, it was our fair countrywomen. A French the rage in convents. Nine mans, in woman always calls things by their a nunnery near Paris, drew for ten sulgar names; she is not particular abbés as bed-fellows; eight of the as to exposing her person. If na- nuns had each an abbé, and a ture requires her to withdraw to a ninth had two fall to her share. spot which, in England, is clean In the present lotteries, there are and retired, she makes no scruple tickets to be had at as low a price of leaving those with whom she may as 5d. — It is not an uncommon be, and in their sight, by the side thing for a mechanic to pawn his of the road, doing that which, with working tools to procure a lottery us, is always private..She will come ticket. into a stranger's room when he is naked, and ask an acquaintance, of THE FRENCH POLICE. short standing, to tie her garter ; We must not be astonished, that and these are the French elegantes, the police of Paris is a very rigid whose manners are admired by some one, and that a great number of of our English tourists. I have spies are retained in the service of often heard French women praised the Government. There is no other for walking clean in the dirty streets way of supporting the present Dyof Paris, but I would rather see a nasty. At the best, and under a sister of mine come into the house favourite monarch, the French are with draggled tail, than with clean a turbulent set of people, and canshoes and stockings, which have not be restrained by ordinary means. been preserved from dirt by draw. How difficult, thép, is it to keep ing the petticoats round the knee, them in subjection to a government, and exposing the leg to every pas- for which they have an inherent dissenger.
Jike. The number of spies in Paris
is incredible. An English physician FRENCH AMUSEMENTS. related a circumstance to me yesterI do not dislike the French be. day, which may give some idea of cause they dance or go to the play. the extent to which the system is They may do both innocently, if carried. He was, not long ago, in they chuse, but I think it would be a reading-room looking at a news. more to their credit to make plays paper; an English gentleman of sugand balls matters of relaxation from picious character, who was sitting serious and important duties. They at the same table, entered into conhave, however, some amusements of versation with him on politics. The a dangerous tendency :-men and Englishman, in the course of a few Women go to gaming-houses, where minutes, became so violent in his they may stake from 5d. to 5001. invectives against the French GoThese Hells are licenced by the po- veroment, that the Doctor, half lice, and the Government make de alarmed and half indignant, said pravity of morals a source of emo- aloud, “Sir, I desire you to recollument. A butcher's son in the lect, that we are both here by perRue St. Honoré, in a fit of de mission of, and under the protection spair, threw himself, about, four of that Government, against which months ago, out of the window of you inveigh ; and, I think, it does a gaming house in the Palais Royal, not become either of us to interfere and was dashed to pieces. At least, with French politics." The Englishone hundred persons drown or hang man was disconcerted, and withthemselves in Paris in the course of drew. As soon as he had left the a year, after having ruined them- room, a marine officer, upon halfselves in gaming-houses or in the pay, who was one of a groupe of lottery. The first lotteries known seven, came up to the Doctor, and in France were for cakes and sweet- taking off his hat said, in a low meats. Cardinal Mazarine, when tone, “Sir, I congratulate you upon the Government was very poor, had the proper and spirited manner in
which you have acted. The gentle. the minor theatres here, however, men whom you saw with me are are very superior to those in similar spies of that Government, and I am places of entertainment in England. also one, my half-pay being in. There was an English theatre here, adequate to my support.-—The Eng- but that is closed. The manager was lishman who spoke to you is also silly enough, a few months ago, to a spy; you were marked out by him bring a strolling English company as a fit subject to be entrapped ; I to Paris to act Shakspeare's plays rejoice that you have escaped so at the theatre of the Porte St. Marhonourably." The officer instantly tin, a place frequented by that detook his leave, refusing to accept an scription of Parisians remarkable,by invitation to dinner which the phy- want of education, for rancorous hossician gave him. During the last tility to the English. The English two months, the spies have kept a manager played but twice, and some very watchful eye opon new comers. of his company were nearly killed in The hotel keepers are now bound, a disgraceful riot of the audience. not only to enquire the age, pro- He then opened a small theatre by fession, and usual place of residence subscription. He says the French of every guest, but also lis business supported him better than the Engin Paris, which is to be entered into lish. It was some consolation to a book supplied by the Government, have the villainy of one part of the and to which the police have con- French public atoned for by the gestant access. There is quite as much, nerosity of another part. There is and even more severity with the na- a good regulation here in the theatives.-When a Frenchman from the tres. As persons come to the doors, country comes to Paris to settle, he they take their places in succession. must first procure from the Commis. There is no pushing and driving. He sary of Police of the quarter where who comes last takes the last place. he resides, a permis de sejour for The geus-d'armes take care that a one month, if he intends to remain stout brawny-armed fellow, . who in Paris so long; then, if he wishes came an hour later than those in to fix himself in the capital, a carte front of him does not force his
way, de suretè for three months, which into a better place.“ A la queue, may be renewed for six, and then says the gen-darme, and few resist for twelve months. At the end of the mandate. Those who refuse are this period, if he has behaved well, sent to the guard-house, or well he need go no more to the Commis- beaten with the flat part of a sword. sary for permission to take up his I have known a red-hot play-goer, residence in Paris. Before a French- who stood behind, wait for two man can obtain a passport for Eng- hours, and when he got to the payland, he is obliged to state what door learn that the house was albusiness he has there; and if he is ready full. The queue, or tail, which unable to bring reasonable proof of is a line of persons never more than the correctness of his assertion, the two or three abreast waiting for adpassport is refused. Since Mr. Bow- mission, extends sometimes two hunring's business, the police watch the dred yards at the minor theatres on English very closely.
THEATRES IN PARIS.
THE ROYAL FAMILY. There are nearly twice as many The King is a very well-meaning theatres in Paris as in London; and sort of man; fat and good-natured. at this season of the year they are He goes out in great state whenever always crowded. A good deal has he leaves his palace; and the Prinbeen said by Englishnien about the ces and Princesses are equally partilow prices of admission at the French cular in cutting a splendid figure. theatres, but really I do not find Those who have seen our Heir Prethem so very much below those in sumptive driving about in his cabriLondon. At the principal theatres olet, and our Princesses shopping in here you must pay 7 or 8 francs for a plain chariot, will be displeased to the best places, and at the minor learn, that a French Prince or Printheatres 4 or 5 francs for the genteel cess never goes out without a milipart of the house. The performers at tary guard, gallopping through the