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religious heads, workers certainly de mettere der where the sono ads si hovora inel voleraq aida

-159dw #FAMILY PASTÍME, 90 oil to the means of domestic comfort and edu - 101 xliana nasi djiy 101 cation? than the same number of working cos Welcome come that follow and generation out people out of the factory system in any part

love thee, Christmas, for I joy to hear idw of England, of As yet, however, such pri

As round thy blazing fire or sportive board.fi. 9dt vileged places are few; and the ** captains so I love thee, CA Malay Porteig eingetra of industry "w.the rich 'mill-owners too ITS Expand the heart, and love triumphant reignsv 89W little regard their duty, in respect to the

Friends meet togetheorie some wespected jest dlasy

06 memory one gone to
people they employ. qui gaivotams lied The laughter-loving soul orby-gone times !

The great towns London, Liverpool, -eib So gibes and biokesche bad a plenteous store, slozio
Manchester, Birmingham, Leeds, and others

9T0 Tain would I wish, when life has ceased to be 91123 sall remarkably exhibit the progress of Enote thate heresy would fondly speak of meemwa the middle classes in freedom of thought not in mystic numbers to confuse the faire coure -gait

Puzzle the boys, and spread around delight, and in political power. How different the

to time, when the great lord or priest ruled

16M 10 101100 94 915 blonen unters time, when in eithey far how different the bespread of boodwodnegie a asi bna nateado

farmers nor their la- 15 9 PRACTICAL PUZZLE. No. XXII. bis bourers, nor mechanics, were permitted to cater Now site colectia Baha Ils send their children to 'school without the zib And see you lord's leave! How different the time, when Your right-hand pocketed ! diti the whole of a town, or assembly of work

ed So let it be: Shan 1801309

While o'er your arm 5194 70 people, were viewed as the lord's vassals! when no commoner dreamed of having a

Some three yards voice in the making of his country's laws,

Hangs like a sling. b935019 nor in the regulation of his country's govern

Take the string off- foniy 19 ment and public affairs ! Now, the middle


ostage classes of our great towns are the true 10 Keeping your right-hand in its place, sovereigns of England, but happily intel

5 And not a smile must stir your face

Until you find this puzzle out,2297 ligent enough not only to know their own strength, but also wise enough to use it well.

No coat shall wrap your e We have now traced some of the great

fit yl189 sdi si W08 1699 150 movements by which the English nation baslad w ssw 10 1911K was formed, rose, and has progressed towards29017 ENIGMAS, CHARADES, &c. botiuper its present high position-but Aunt Mary 01 bytstie29990 A VISION. and to eistof 90 has more to tell you has more Pictures to

* was on a cold frosty evening, when the wind show, especially of the national progress: Lown the chimney, that I sat in my old arm-chair

whistled round the corners of the house and roared and this subject is so many :sided, so letter reading: le laid down.com looking area with the fire. no fear of your being wearied, and therefore, Gradually my mind wandered - the faces my im whilst bidding you all an affectionate adieu agination had pictured in the fire, became more fór this year, anticipates with pleasure a of waking dream. Methought I saw before me a re-union in 18512x3 vasmi ya Soota19b wilderness, where the wila beast roamed free in 119 blinds bas 9600W Sub99d hotel the endless solitudes, and grass and weeds grew ot loodoz bas sodott vows 1815 971) unrestrained--where the birds built their nests in bu alive 18978 bae 29110igst od si to the oak and beech trees which towered above the Todo bas 40 TRIFLE, & abis ells Butan old veteran, whose hair was grey, and whose I alsid I bus atstato_i 998 1990ed body was bent by the weight of years, came by man entering a public house in Newcastle, where high.

: the


, and waved white heaffione

When I looked again, I saw the huge an old man was seated near the fire, accosted him monarchs of the forest falling beneath the stroke with the customary salutation of Gude mornin'.'' of the axe band where once stood a giant oak, nowe The old man raised himself up, and taking from a stood an emigrant's hut, and several little chil capacious pocket aatrumphe honest pitman stood, Staff waved the hut had disappeared the trees and after waiting with the most anxious expecta- encumbered the ground no more ; for in their place tion for some minutes, he exclaimed, with a dis- stood cottages, corn-fields, and ploughed dlands appointed air, Nay man! it winna dea; thou The husbandmen were busy at work, some down cand a play wi' thy lug!"

ing, and some following the plough. The little

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children I had seen before were now grown to man

4. hood, and tilled lands of their own. Once more the old man flourished his staff-what a change Dark was the night, damp, miserably cold, did I see: Corn-fields, cottages, husbandmen, and

When a bold traveller, who had ridden far all had vanished; and their place was occupied

O'er hill and dale that day, at length beheld. by a large manufacturing town. The streets re

Though still at distance seen, my first's pale light. sounded with the din of carts and carriages. Bells Spurring his jaded steed, whose weary steps tolled from steeples of magnificent churches; and Told how he toil'd, my first he gladly reach'd where once existed a swamp was now a noble edifice. Day and night the manufactories echoed My second from my first-how different! with the busy hum of labour and the song of the

It forms a wild, imaginative dream artizan.

But was there no alloy to this pleasur- Through man's existence: it will raise his kopes, de able scene? Alas! that I should record it! There Though fraught with dark despair, to joyous scenes: Lo was : and in the place of soberness, cleanliness, and

Again 'twill cast him to the lowest depths innocence, there were drunkenness, poverty, and

Of misery-unutterable woe! filth, and theft, and murder! Alas! that these My whole tells of that time when mortal man, crimes should pollute the tract of civilizationbut so it is. I awoke, and with the first sensations

If ever, during their brief life on earth,

Seems clad with roseate tints of heavenly hue: of my dream, there had gone out my fire, and the

Their minds, adorn'd with innocence and truth, lamp was flickering and nearly extinguished; so I

Wear nought but pure simplicity; such as hurried shivering to bed. Reader, who was the

Were our first parents whilst in Paradise.-T.R.V. old man I saw in my dream? While seeing him, I was losing him: and when I had again found

5. him, I had lost him.-E. S.

My first-how rapid is its flight, 2.

Death comes upon its wings!

And yet to man and maiden fair
At my second assembled were,

Pleasure and mirth it brings:
Many gay lords and ladies fair,
Whose bosoms were elate with joy,

It bringeth joy, it bringeth wue

A mighty Ruler deals the blow.
Unmingled with sad care's alloy.
Little they reck'd for the starving poor,

My second is of ev'ry size;
Pinched by cold, and hunger sore;

Its rough and tawny skin, Whom poverty compelled to roam,

Its funny eyes, its uncouth shape, In this harsh world without a home

Hold a soft heart within. To shield them from the chilling blast,

Yes, and so dainty is my second,
That over them its breath did cast,

Its breath a luxury is reckon'd.
While my first was thickly falling-
Making their lot yet more appalling.

It yieldeth beauty, giveth life

To millions. And wise men
There was one wretch in whose face,
One might the lines of sorrow trace;

And schoolboys say 'tis sometimes square, Who, plodding on his weary way,

'Tis round, soft, hard; and then To beguile the hours of night away,

In lakes, seas, rivers, it is found;

And sometimes it is in the ground.
A portion of my first would take,
And of it a compact substance make:

My whole does from my second come,
But no spirit had he, I ween,

And counteracts the pain To play with it as I have seen

My first has left. It comes from far, Others, whose hearts were light and gay,

Nor comes it here in vain; And paths illumined by Fortune's ray. H.M. The little and the sick proclaim

That it is well deserving fame.-E. M. S. 3. I stood in a London street on a busy, busy day,

6. As thousands after thousands passed me plodding on their way;

Up from his couch Sir Ronald rose, I heard a noise-saw all stand still, then huddle

When all was buried in repose; into doors,

He left his tent my last to keep, And then my first came thundering past, with

For he, in vain, had sought to sleep; furious growling roars.

And by the pale moonlight he sought It made my second-to my dread—when passing

The field

whereon, that day, he'd fought: where I stood,

And long he gazed by the moonlight dinh And then swept past like hurricane when crashing Upon my first, so cold and grim through a wood.

Stretched out before him, all around, I stood another time alone where flow'd through

Amidst the wounded on the ground.

du meadows green,

When Sir Ronald cour.d sleep again, A stream so calm, that on its breast a ripple scarce Strange visions floated ser his brain;

As he lay awake upon ats bed, Along its banks grew primroses and flowers of

He heard my whole beneath his head.-BS various hue,

7. And in its sedgy margin the fair water-lily grew; And in that stream my whole I saw bend to the Oh! Alice, leave those hateful towers, gentle breeze,

And come away with me; As it came sweeping o'er the fields, and o'er the The moon shines bright, and sheds her light forest trees,

I. F.

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My faithful steed is standing near,

And waits but your reply;
To bear us o'er the moon-lit shore-

Dearest! let us fly!
She gave consent, and to those towers,

She bade a last adieu;
They mount the steed:-with fearful speed,

Along the shore they flew.
On flies the steed; the spurs strike deep

Into his bleeding side;
And oft, in fear of danger near,

My first the lover cried.
Now o'er my second on they dart,

Like arrow from a bow;
They little think how near the brink

Of danger and of woe!
And now they near my fearful whole,
Yet nought of danger heed;
Oh stay !-pass not that fearful spot-

Rein in your eager steed.
Too late! within its depths they sink,

Ah! never more to rise ?
Still as before, that moon-lit shore,
In placid silence lies.

W. H. H.

12. The queen doth often partake of my first, And even the poor often after me thirst; My second's a thing put to many a use Some made to fit tight, and others hang loose. My whole will be found abroad and at home, For use by soldiers when destined to roam.

13. Unplough’d'—undug-no lab'ring swains there toil With rich manure, to fertilize the soil; Neglected left-nor care nor labour shownNo scarecrow there; and why? No seeds are



My first is what the gentler sex

Prefer when very small;
No matter whether it belongs,

To people short or tall.
My second has both tails or arms,

And body, without head; But strange to say no legs it has;

Still stranger, it is dead. My whole encircles many a heart, That pants for love or glory; 'Tis not despised by any man, Be he a Whig or Tory.

Yet strange to say, as any fertile field,
A teeming and luxuriant crop I yield !-H. I.

My whole is mostly seen with frown severe;
And I of many am the dread and fear,
And more so still if guilt is on their mind,
Since to the smallest faults I'm seldom blind.
Yet what I do is needful in its place,
Say what you will about my frowning face!
Behead, and Winter then can tell a tale
of miseries which in my reign prevail ;
Though many call me pleasant, and delight
To see my varied forms before their sight.
Thus many then do I great pleasure give,
Whilst others in my presence scarce can live.
Yet, strange to say, I so put all about,
That every one conspires to shut me out!
Behead once more, I'm what few like to be;
And what but few will live themselves to see.
Good dear! how ladies stare if you should say,
You think they're getting something in my way.
Yet shun me as they will-pray where's the use ?
'Tis very silly when they me abuse;
Since each one hopes to be what I am now,
And have my name engraven on their brow.

T. H. N.



From wintry blasts and chilling air,
My first assists to guard the fair:
Another join-and lo! how strange!
My form and nature both I change:
My praises till the peopled street,
My presence decks the sober treat,
Where China's beverage circles round,
Nor Beauty blushes to be found.


Dear to the fond parental breast,

And justly dear, my first is found; My last explores the watery waste,

And draws up spoils from Ocean's ground. Sacred to Laura lives my whole

While Petrarch's poesy can move; By me he soothed his tortur'd soul,

And breathed the sighs of earnest love.

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My first is what both you and I,

And every one should strive to be; And if you strive, I hope that you

Will do my second easily.

When invited to go to my first,

Of my second beware, if you please; Be moderate, lest you should meet,

My whole to your tottering knees.-M.P.

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pbeu hlotions 17.

unfrequently, in open weather, to the commence

ment of the present month. 90) THE THREE JEALOUS HUSBANDS.

Those tufts are formed by the traveller's-joy, or 9.190 Three men, with their wives, have to cross a virgin's bower, Clematis vitalba, of which the stems - river in a boat, which holds only two at a time; no extend from ten to twenty feet, and are covered

woman must be in the presence of a man, unless in July, August, and September, with numerous of her husband is present, or he will be jealous; how sweet-scented flowers, which gradually give place did they manage to get across ?

to long, feathery, and downy seeds, Traviler's joie, is this same plant termed," says Gerard," as

decking and adorning waies and hedges where A Jover begged of his mistress a proof of her people travell. Virgin's bower, by reason of the sentiments towards him; she wrote on a slip of bushing and climbing; as also for the beautie of paper “ Tue Novel Proof,” bidding him change the flowers, and the pleasant scent and savour of one of the consonants into a vowel, and transpose the same ; and by country folks “Old man's beards.' quitring her in despair, when she asked him by from the hoary appearance of the seeds which rewhat mishap it was that her token of affection

main long on the hedges." T should cause him so much pain ?

This favourite creeperis common in the southern

Query. How did the lady wish the letters transposed, and how soils, and thrives even among rocks and loose

and western counties, especially in calcareous did the swain transpose them?

A. E. B.

stones; restricted, however, to certain localities:

and though growing abundantly in GloucesterCONUNDRUMS, &c.

shire, is rarely seen northward of Worcestershire, 1. WHAT was Joan of Arc made of?

as remarked by Withering. The elegant profusion 2. Why was a certain general ejected from a

with which the traveller's-joy ascends lofty trees, brewery?

and even rocks, on the southern shore of the Isle 3. What colour is the grass when covered with of Wight, excites the admiration of every traveller.

Those also who visit in autumn the Ballast Hills 4. What dress should a lady procure to keep the at St. Anthony's and Wellington Quay, Northam. rest of her wardrobe clean ?

berland, observe with pleasure the effect produced 5. When is a lady not a lady?

by its hoary seeds, when mantling the huge stones 6. Had you rather that a lion cat you, or a tiger ? and hedges of its windy domicile. Few, if any, 7. What word is that, which, buing made shorter, among our native plants, are sufficiently prombecomes longer, and when longer is shorter nent in their "autumn glory" to exhibit those

changing hues, or lights or shadows, which are 8. Take me away from what you intended, and produced by clouds or sunbeams; such however, leave an insect.

is the case with the wild clematis : and we have What two nouns of two syllables each, contain beams of the setting sun as if' tinged with a

seen it under different aspects, reflecting the more letters than two other nouns each of șix golden finger," or catching the cloud shadows as syllables ?

they come and go. Often, too, have we lingered The following sentence has the same meaning, sented by their silver tufts, and the clear blue of

with delight, to observe the striking contrast prewhether read or spelt backwards or forwards ;

an autumnal sky, when partially veiling, some (L) LEWD DID I LIVE!

high cliff, which rose precipitously from behind the road; or when, having covered the leadless

branches of some way-side tree, the undulating WILD FLOWERS-DECEMBER. clusters were seen waving in the wind.

The traveller's-joy has, like all plants, its own “Love me well; I am the last of the sisterhood of brief history inscribed on stems, and leaves

, and months that you can love."--GILFILLAN.

flowers, that he who passes by may read and KÄSTNER, the Hanoverian minister, whose take pleasure in the simple record. This

, there talents are justly eulogized by the poet Hans fore, is its history; or rather, perhaps, the uses to Anderson, embodied in one of his flower paintings which the different parts may be applied :--The a truly poetic thought. He introduced an arabesque branches are sufficiently tough to make bands for of flowers, as emblematic of the flora of every faggots or hurdles; and the whole plant is well

It commenced with the crocus and snow- adapted for covering arbours and rock-work in drop, the peeping nanny and pale primrose, suc- pleasure grounds, being of rapid growth and ex; ceeded by summer flowers; then came autumnal tremely hardy. Field-mice avail themselves of ones; and lastly, red berries and yellow-brown the long, feathery down attached to the seeds, to leaves, trophies wherewith December crowns his render their nests both warm and soft

, and hence hedges and wild woods.

they are often found at the entrance to their We have looked carefully along the banks, and holes. in many a sheltered nook, hopeful to find at least some crane's-bill, or yellow ox-eye-latest children Illudes our hopes, and, safely lodged below, of the year; but vain has been our search. Adopt

Hath formed his granaries." ing, therefore, the idea suggested by the imagina- In France, the twigs are much used to make ben tive Kästner, we shall speak concerning the berries hives and baskets; and those who occupy the and brown leaves, and those elegant pensile tufts, selves with observing the wonderful arranger which hang like

drapery on the autumnal hedges and construction of vegetable tubes and air-vesen in profuse masses, enlivening the roadsides after will do well to submit a branch or leaf of this time Hlowers have long vanished; " and remaining, not | teresting creeper

, to a common magnifyingles

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some near tree.

Our village boys, however, know nothing of these forth from amid tufts of moss, or on old weedy - curious facts; but having found out that air cir

walls and rocks, in company with lichens of all culates freely through the stems, they cut a long shapes and tints, associated with many a spiritstalk from some dry branch, which they light at stirring tale of by-gone days, and delighting the one end; this done, they proceed to mimic the youthful botanist who climbs fearlessly to some doings of grave men, who assemble on the village giddy height in order to obtain such a novel eommon beneath some old meinorial tree, and, un

prize. In like manner, the scarlet conferva (C. moved by poetic association or legendary lore, coccinea) equally affects both rocks, and stones, puff tobacco smoke through their long, unsenti

and fuci, within reach of the wild waves' play; mental pipes. Hence the country name of smoke and the bright red-cup lichen (L. cocciferus) holds -pipe, which is applied to the wild clematis.

forth its slightly hollowed cups, edged with beauYoung naturalists often am use themselves with

tiful scarlet tubercles, on lone heaths, when even placing a small cutting in some bright coloured

the hardy fern looks brown and withered. You liquid, such as an infusion of saffron or cochineal,

may hear the voices of young children calling and observing how gradually the pores become eagerly to one another, when they first discover filled. The same effect is shown by the white the scarlet peziza (P. coccinea), on decayed hyacinth of our woods in spring, but in that case, sticks in woods, and on damp hedge-banks where the transparency of the stem enables the progress streams ooze forth; or else its pale orange relative of the coloured sap to be distinctly traced.

(P. punicea), on old walls, or lichen-dotted branches We have spoken in past months of the black which the winds of autumn have broken from 2 briony, or lady's seal, T'amus communis, as ornamental to our hedges in May and June-that bril

Listen to what old Gerard wrote, more than liant creeper, which terminates its long geographic three centuries since, concerning the arum, cuckoorange (from as far south as Algiers) on the north pint, wake-robin, or lords and ladies (A. maculabank of the river Wear, above Sunderland. The | tum)—for by such dissimilar names is this singular bright red berries look beautiful among the leaf- plant designated : and if you have not already less branches, and beside them often gleam the sought for it in shady places, ditch-banks, and equally red berries of the wild vine, Bryonia dioica, rough grounds, go forth while yet there is time, of which the root is sometimes formed into the

and you cannot fail to find the arum, for its scarhuman shape, by means of a mould adapted for let berries embellish many a lone haunt, when the purpose, and sold for the Atripa mandragora flowers are no more, and even its own foliage has of warm climates.

long since disappeared. Look at the mournful yew (Taxus baccata), “This plant," said the prince of herbalists, springing from out the interstices of some rocky "hath great, large, smoothe, shining, sharp-pointed acclivity, grasping the firm soil, and spreading leaves, spotted here and there with blackish spots, forth its dark branches when all other trees are

mixed with some blewnesse, among which riseth leafless. Methinks there is much of beauty in

up a stalke nine inches long, besprinkled with that stern evergreen, though poets and moralists

certain purple spots. It beareth also a certaine speak only of its sable plumes; of cheerfulness, long hose, or hoode, in proportion like unto the it may be-for what can equal in hue or form the

eares of a hare, in the middle of which hoode bright cornelian berry that grows profusely on cometh forth a pestle, or clapper, of a murry, or even the slenderest twig? Small birds resort in pale purple colour, which being past, there apwinter to the friendly yew, as to an open banquet: peareth in place thereof a bunch or cluster of they sing not those sad ditties which embody berries, in manner of a bunch of grapes, greene nought but moody feelings; their grateful songs at the first, but after they be ripe, of a red, like are rather heard chanting the praises of One on coral, and full of juice; wherein lie hid one or high, who "careth for them," who has set the

two little hard seeds. This hooded plante do difyew-tree often among wild rocks, and in stony fer according to the varieties of countries, being valleys, where even the wild vine and ladies'-seal sharper and more biting in some than others. can hardly find a rooting-place.

Travellers relate that in the northern partes, bears, Why is it that poets will tune their harps to after they have lien in their dens without any mournful numbers? theirs is a glorious gift, that manner of sustenance, doe, as soon as they come should gladden the hearts of those who hear forth, eat the cuckow-pint.” They are the world's minstrels - their

Men in old times were ready to believe whatplace is to lead the chorus of universal nature,

ever travellers were pleased to relate; the fact, which arises from grove, and field, and glen, and however, concerning the shaggy occupants of mountain, even when the yellow corn is gathered Scandinavian forests, is by no means improbable. in, and sapless branches cast their summer suits; The qualities of the root are both nutritive and - when gusty winds wrestle with forest trees; and farinaceous, and Widelius conjectures that the

sunbeams, coming forth as if by chance, shed a plant named chara, on which the soldiers of Julius wayward light on meads and waters; when, too, Cæsar made a sort of bread at Dyrrachium, during the nights grow cold and long, and sleety storms a scarcity of provisions, was either this species of career athwart a wintry sky-there is still much arum, or one much resembling it. of gladness left, ay, of pleasant sights; why, else, therefore naturally conjecture that the bear, when these beauteous berries, that shine along the first awaking, seeks for such roots or vegetables hedges, not brown, nor grey, but of the brightest as are best adapted to supply his wants. Thrushes, tints, that wayfaring birds may readily discern in like manner, often in winter repair to places them?' 22

where the arum grows, and scratch off the snow, And low upon the ground grow many simple in order to obtain the warm and pungent roots. plants of equal brilliancy, as if to cheer the hearts Is this an act of memory, or of instinct? Does stof those who pass through miry ways. The scar- the warbling thrush, when singing to his mate in let cartilaginous helvella (H. cartilaginea) peeps spring, observe the stemless arum, with its large


We may,

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