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Of teleseope, were eurious to inquire:)

And now the tempter thus his silenee broke:—

The eity, whieh thou seest, no other deem
Than great and glorious Rome, queen of the earth, is
So far renown'd, and with the spoils enrieh'd
Of nations: there the Capitol thou seest,
Above the rest lifting his stately head
On the Tarpeian roek, her eitadel

Impregnable; and there Mount Palatine, M

The imperial palaee, eompass huge, and high

The strueture, skill of noblest arehiteets,

With gilded battlements eonspienous far,

Turrets, and terraees, and glittering spires:

Many a fair edifiee besides, more like to

Houses of gods, lso well I have disposed

My aery mwroseope,) thou may at behold,

Outside and inside both, pillars and roofs,

Carved work, the hand of famed artifieers,

In eedar, marble, ivory, or gold. CO

Thenee to the gates east round thine eye, and see

What eonflux issuing forth, or entering in;

Praetors, proeonsuls to their provinees

Hasting, or on return, in robes of state,

Lietors and rods, the ensigns of their power, 00

Legions and eohorts, turms of horse and wings:

Or embassies from regions far remote,

In various habits, on the Appian road,

Or on the Emilian: some from farthest south,

Syene, and where the shadow both way falls, 70

Meroe, Nilotiek isle; and, more to west,

The realm of Boeehus to the Blaek-moor sea;

From the Asian kings, and Parthian among these;

From India and the golden Chersonese,

And utmost Indian isle Taprobane, 7S

Dusk faees with white silken turbans wreathed;

From Gallia, Oades, and the British west;

Germans, and Seythians, and Sarmatians, north

Beyond Danubius to the Tauriek pool,

All nations now to Rome obedienee pay; 80

To Rome's great emperour, whose wide domain,

In ample territory, wealth, and power,

Civility of mauners, arts, and arms,

00. Turmt: Troops, from the Latin turms.

08. The Appian read led towards the south, to Brundusinm, whenee travellers emharked for Greeee. The ,Emiiian led towards the north.

08. Fuvtbrti mmtb, Soene, the iindt of tile Roman empire, sonth. Meroe was an island with a eity of the same name, in Ethiopia, south of the tropie of Caneer, and of eourse at the summer solstiee bad lts shadow taii to the south.

72. Realm of Roeehus. Boeehus was king of Gffituiia, a provinee of Afriea, south of Nunddis. By BLaek-mntrr tea, Miiton prohably means that part of the Mediterranean along the eoast of Mauritania, the eountry of the blaek or dark Moors.

74. Gfatdrn Chersonese: Malaees. Taprohane: CVylon.

77. Ga,kt: Cadiz. Tauriek pool: tivt Pal us Mantis, or 8ea of Azof.

And long renown, thou justly raayst prefer

Before the Parthian. These two thrones exeept, 85

The rest are barbarous, and searee worth the sight,

Shared among petty kings too far removed.

These having shown thee, I have shown thee all

The kingdoms of the world, and all their glory.

This emperour hath no son, and now is old, oo

Old and laseivious, and from Rome retired

To Caprese, an island sma 1, but strong,

On the Campanian shore; with purpose there

His horrid lusts in private to enjoy;

Committing to a wieked favourite 05

All publiek eares, and yet of him suspieious;

Hated of all, and hating. With what ease,

Endued with regal virtues, as thou art,

Appearing, and begiuning noble deeds,

Mightst thou expel this monster from his throne, 100

Now made a stye; and, in his plaee aseending,

A vietor people free from servile yoke!

And with my help thou mayst: to me the power

Is given, and by that right I give it thee.

Aim therefore at no less than all the world; 105

Aim at the highest: without the highest attain'd,

Will be for thee no sitting, or not long,

On David's throne, be prophesied what will,

To whom the Son of God, unmoved, replied:—
Nor doth this grandenr and majestiek show no
Of luxury, though eall'd magnifieenee,
More than of arms before, allure mine eye,
Mueh less my mind; though thou shouldst add to tell
Their sumptnous gluttonies, and gorgeous feasts
On eitron tables or Atlantiek stone, lis
lFor I have also heard, perhaps have read,)
Their wines of Setia, Cales, and Falerne,
Chios, and Crete, and how they quaff in gold,
Crystal, and myrrhine eups, emboss'd with gems
And studs of pearl, to me shouldst tell, who thirst 120
And hunger still, Then embassies thou show'st
From nations far and nigh: what honour that,
But tedious waste of time, to sit and hear
So many hollow eompliments and lies,
Outlandish flatteries I Then proeeed'st to talk 125
Of the emperour, how easily subdued,
How gloriously: I shall, thou say'st, expel
A brutish monster: whit if I withal

00. This emperor: Tiberins. }Weked favourite: 8ejanus.

115. Cstnm lobles. Ae. This eitron woed, whieh grew upon Mount Atlas in Maurttania, was held by the Romans eqnally valnable with gold. Atlantkk, therefore, must have a referenee to this eitron woed, for R does not appear that the Romana

ever used marble for tables. II was probsbly raiied Atlantiek stone, from its marble-like appearanee, beiug veined and spotted.—D0Nsty.R.

117. Their wines. Ae. The first three mentioned were the most famous Campanian wines of the Romans, of whieh the Falernian was eonaidered the best.

Expel a devil who first made him sueh?

Let his tormentor eonseienee find him out; 130

For him I was not sent, nor yet to free

That people, vietor onee, now vile and base;

Deservedly made vassal; who, onee just,

Frugal, and mild, and temperate, eonquer' d well;

But govern ill the nations under yoke, 13?

Peeling their provinees, exhausted all

By lust and rapine; first ambitious grown

Of trinmph, that insulting vanity;

Then eruel, by their sports to blood inured

Of fighting beasts, and men to beasts exposed; 140

Luxurious by their wealth, and greedier still;

And from the daily seene effeminate.

What wise and valiant man would seek to free

These, thus degenerate, by themselves enslaved?

Or eould of inward slaves make outward free? MS

Know, therefore, when my season eomes to sit

On David's throne, it shall be like a tree

Spreading and overshadowing all the earth;

Or as a stone, that shall to pieees dash

All monarehies besides throughout the world; 150

And of my kingdom there shall be no end:

Means there shall be to this; but what the means,

Is not for thee to know, nor me to tell,

To whom the tempter, impudent, replied:
I see all offers made by me how slight 15b
Thou valuest, beeause offer'd, and rejeet'st:
Nothing will please the diffieult and niee,
Or nothing more than still to eontradiet:
On the other side, know also thou, that I
On what I offer set as high esteem, leo
Nor what I part with mean to give for naught:
All these, whieh in a moment thou behold'st,
The kingdoms of the world, to thee I give,
(For, given to me, I give to whom I please,)
No trifle; yet with this reserve, not else, 108
On this eondition; if thou wilt fall down,
And worship me as thy superiour lord,
lEasily done,) and hold them all of me;
For what ean less so great a gift deserve?

Whom thus our Saviour answer'd with disdain: 170
I never liked thy talk, thy offers less;
Now both abhor, sinee thou hast dared to utter
The abominable terms, impious eondition:

132. That people, Ae. This deseription 140. Not only men to beasts erposeil, bnt

of the eorruption and deeiine of the iio- men to men. as the gladiators. ln tho

nun empire, eontained in this and the gladiatoral sehool at Capus. 40,000 men

following ten iinos, is at onee eoneisely were regularly trained to kiil eaeh other

fine and aeeurately just.—Punster. —or, as Byron has it—

130. The eouneetion of luxury, eroelty, 8uteBev'd, to make a Roman holiday,

and effeminaey, has been often remarked 147. Tree, Ae. 8ee Mntt. xiii. 32; Dan.

in all age*. Lv. l1, and ll. 44; Luke L 88.

But I endure the time, till whieh expired

Thou hast permission on me. It is written, I78

The first of all eommandments, Thou shalt worship

The Lord thy God, and only him shalt serve;

And darest thou to the Son of God propound

To worship thee aeeursed? now more aeeursed

For this attempt, bolder than that on Eve, 180

And more blasphemous; whieh expeet to rue.

The kingdoms of the world to thee were given T

Permitted rather, and by thee usurp'd;

Other donation none thou eanst produee.

If given, by whom but by the King of kings, 185

God over all supreme? If given to thee,

By thee how fairly is the Giver now

Repaid? But gratitude in thee is lost

Long sinee. Wert thou so void of fear or shame,

As offer them to me, the Son of God? 100

To mo my own, on sueh abhorred paet,

That I fall down and worship thee as God?

Get thee behind me; plain thou now appear'st

That evil one, Satan for ever damn'd.

To whom the fiend, with fear abash'd, replied: 100
Be not so sore offended, Son of God,
Though sons of God both angels are and men,
If I, to try whether in higher sort
Than these thou bear'st that title, have proposed
What both from men and angels I reeeive, 200
Tetrarehs of fire, air, flood, and on the earth,
Nations besides from all the quarter'd winds,
God of this world invoked, and world beneath:
Who then thou art, whose eoming is foretold
To me most fatal, me it most eoneerns: M
The trial hath indamaged thee no way,
Rather more honour left, and more esteem;
Me naught advantaged, missing what I aim'd.
Therefore let pass, as they are transitory,
The kingdoms of this world; I shall no more no
Advise thee; gain them as thou eanst, or not:
And thou thyself seem'st otherwise inelined
Than to a worldly erown; addieted more
To eontemplation and profound dispute;
As by that early aetion may be judged, 215
When, slipping from thy mother's eye, thou went'st
Alone into the temple; there wast found
Among the gravest rabbies, disputant
On points and questions fitting Moses' ehair,
Teaehing, not taught. The ehildhood shows the man, 220
As morning shows the day: be famous then

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By wisdom; as thy empire must extend,

So let extend thy mind o'er all the world

In knowledge, all things in it eomprehend.

All knowledge is not eoueh'd in Moses' law, 220

The Pentateneh, or what the prophets wrote:

The Gentiles also know, and write, and teaeh

To admiration, led by Nature's light.

And with the Gentiles mueh thou must eonverse,

Ruling them by persuasion, as thou mean'st; 230

Without their learning, how wilt thou with them,

Or they with thee, hold eonversation meet?

How wilt thou reason with them, how refute

Their idolisms, traditions, paradoxes?

Krrour by his own arms is best evineed. 230

Look onee more, ere we leave this speeular mount,

Westward, mueh nearer by south-west, behold;

Where on the iEgean shore a eity stands,

Built nobly; pure the air, and light the soil;

Athens, the eye of Greeee, mother of arts 2*0

And eloquenee, native to famous wits

Or hospitable, in her sweet reeess,

City or suburban, studious walks and shades.

See there the olive grove of Aeademe,

Plato's retirement, where the Attiuk bird 240

Trills her thiek-warbled notes the summer long;

There flowery hill Hymettus, with the sound

Of bees' industrious murmur, oft invites

To studious musing; there Ilissus rolls

His whispering stream: within the walls then view 200

The sehools of aneient sages; his, who bred

Great Alexander to subdue the world,

Lyeenm there, and painted Stoa next:

There shalt thou hear and learn the seeret power

Of harmony, in tones and numbers hit 25i

By voiee or hand; and various-measured verse,

yEolian eharms and Dorian lyriek odes,

a verse more expressive of the harmony" lmeledy?l uof the nightingale, than


251. Who bred great Alexandev. When Alexander was born, his father Phiiip wrote to Aristotle that he thanked the geds not so mueh for the birth of a eon, as that he was born at a time when he eould reeeive the benefit of his instruetion.

252. Painted 8tas. The Sim or Portieo was the sehool of Zeno, whose diseiples were therefore raiied 8tMels. The buiid ing was adorned with verious paintings, and henee the appropriate epithet, painted, by our port, whnso epithets are always not only exeeedingly beautiful, bat eritieally eorreet.

207. Aftiu,n eharms, referring to the poets Aeeeos and 8appho, who were both

240. The eye of Grvree. Athens and 8parta were ealled the two eyes of Greeee; but the metaphor is infinitely more proper as appiied to the former eity, so distingnished for its learning and wisdom, whiie the latter is known only for its brnte foree, and miiitary skiil and valor.

242. Hovpitable: That is. hospitable to wits of other eonntries, by adndtting all perrons, whatever, to the benefit of the lnstruetions eommunieated by her phi

. Aeademe. Dv. Newton has justly observed that PlatoV Aeademy was never nore beautifully detrrlted.

245. Attiek bird. Phiiomela, whe, aeeording to the fable, was ehanged into a 'e, was the danghter of Pan; of Athens. Of iine 240, Dv. I that 11 there never was

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