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as well as in cxix. But in all therefore says, that day and hour those places the active or transi- none maketh known, no, not the tive sense is absolutely necessary. angels, neither the Son. To Kugos-104 avtoy in psalm xli. reveal this belongs not to my Kugui nous me in cxliii., and noon commission ; but it will be made pes often repeated in cxix, admit known by the Father, in the no other rendering but, the Lord course of his providence." will quicken me, or keep me alive ; T. adopts this construction, it Lord, thou wilt quicken me; and, seems, in order to avoid the So.. quicken thou me. But in the cinian argument against the die places which T. cites, what oc. vinity of Christ. But are not casion is there for the new ren- the expedience and fairness of dering which he introduces ? this mode of constructing scripIs there any place in the New ture very questionable? If it be Testament, where such a render- an argument against the divinity ing seems either necessary or of Christ, that he, in a certain proper? The passage in i Cor, sense, disclaims the knowledge ii. 2, has as plain, forcible, and of a future event, it is also an armomentous a meaning according gument against his divinity, that to the common translation, as ac- he says or does any thing, which cording to that which T. pre represents him as inferior or fers ; and, if I mistake not, subordinate to the Father. And much more extensive. The if, on that account, we are to give apostle's determining “not to a new and unsupported translaknow any thing among the Co- tion of the text under considerarinthians, save Jesus Christ and tion, we must do the same of him crucified,” evidently ex- others like it. According to this presses a more unreserved devo- plan, all those texts which literaltion to Christ crucified, than de- ly represent Christ as a real man, termining “ not to make known or a servant, or a creature, must preach any thing but Christ.” be made to speak a different lanThe former comprehends the guage, lest our preconceived full meaning of the latter con- opinion of his character should struction ; but the latter does be contradicted. No doctrine, not comprehend the full mean- in my apprehension, is more iming of the former.
portant, or more clearly taught It is with reluctance I disclose in Scripture, than that of Christ's the same dissatisfaction with T.'s proper divinity. But if it canconstruction of Mark 'siii. 32. not be supported wiihout taking “ Of that day and hour knoweih unjustifiable liberties with the none, neither the angels in heav- word of God, let it fall. With resen, nor the Son, but the Father.” pect to the office which Jesus susOn which T. remarks ; “ Christ tained, as a man, a servant, a sufhad already foretold the event, ferer, he might,I humbly conceive, and given the previous signs of say, My Futher is greater than I;
Some might wish for a I know not the time of the final knowledge of the exact time of judgment; I can do nothing of it. But this knowledge for vari- myself, &c. in perfect consistency ous
was improper to with his true divinity, as the be then communicated. Jesus eternal Son of God.
There is, according to T. a ing in the original. “To sit on similar mode of expression in my right hand and on my left," Christ's answer to the two breth says Jesus,“ is not mine to give, ren, who solicited the honour of art ons &c. except to those for sitting the one on his right hand, whom it is prepared of my Fa-, and the other on his left in his ther.” Thus Parkhurst renders kingdom. His construction is it, referring to other places this ; “ To sit on my right hand where anda signifies but, ex. and on my left, i.e. promotion to cept, unles8. Campbell says, temporal honours, is not mine to " the conjunction adres, where, give ; it is not committed to me, as in this place, it is not followed as the teacher, reformer, and Sa. by a verb, but by a noun or proviour of men, But worldly hon- noun, is generally to be underours will be given under my gos- stood as of the same import with pel, as they have been heretofore, i feni unless, except." His transto them for whom they are prepared lation agrees exactly with that of of my Father. They will be dise 'Parkhurst. Blackwall justifies pensed agreeably to the usual this use of the conjunction by methods of Providence."
citing classical authority. Guyse. This exposition, I acknowl. exhibits the same easy and agreeedge, seems to be favoured by able construction of the text. considering that the sons of Zeb- “ These honours are not mine to edee, who solicited the favour, as give, save only to them, for whom well as all the disciples at that they are prepared of my Father, time, were so far under the in. &c.” Doddridge is of the same fluence of ambition, that they opinion. He considers Christ's viewed the kingdom of Christ as answer as referring to the highcomprising temporal promotion est privilege in the kingdom of and honour. But while they spoke glory ; and thus paraphrases the of his kingdom with mistaken words, it is not mine to give, &c apprehensions of its nature, it “ I cannot dispose of it to any was nothing unusual for him to but to those for whom it is preadapt his answer to the true na- pared by my Father.” ture of his spiritual kingdom. May I add, that what T. adI would modestly query,
vances respecting the word hardwhether T.'s construction, by be- eneth, Rom. ix. 18, is not quite ing conformed to our translation, satisfactory. It is well known does not overlook the true mean- there are momentous and diffiing of this passage. On crit- cult questions as to the manner ical inquiry it will be evident, in which God may be said to harthat a just rendering of the den sinners. And different di-. original text does not imply, as vines of great learning entertain our translation does, that Christ different opinions. It is not the disclaimed the right of distribut-, writer's design to advocate the ing the honours of his kingdom.system which T. so ingeniously It cannot escape the notice of the opposes. But whatever our pricommon English reader, that vate opinions, or human systems these words in our version, it may be, it is highly important shall be given, are printed in ital- that the original Scriptures be carics, denoting that ihey are want- rectly rendered, according to the
obvious sense of the words, and for the elect's sake, that they may not be made to speak the lunguage also obtain the salvation which is of our particulur theory. If we in Christ Jesus, with eternal depart in the smallest degree glory ;” and by the spirit of a from this rule, we open the door martyr, wi.ich he so strikingly for incalculable injury to the expresses to the Philippians ; cause of inspired truth. Were “ yed, and if I be offered, &c.* the passage abovenientioned the or as Doddridge translates and only one, in which similur lan. paraphrases it; “if I siould guage is used concerning the even be puurid for:h, and my ways of God, the consiruction of bloud be slied, as a kind of libaT. might be more readily admit- tion or drink,fering, on the sacted. But no one who has atten. rifice and winistration of your tively read the Scriptures, needs fuith, while you are presented by to be informed that, in different my means, as an acceptable of: connexions, and in various forms fering to God, far from i munte of speech, they often convey the ing that I should meet with death same sentiment.
Nor can I ea- in such a cause, I rather r juice sily conceive that the figure, and congratulate you all. He which T, introduces, of God's not only presents himself as a hardening himself against sinners, resolute victim at the altar of conveys a sentiment any more God, but speaks of that stroke, pleasing, or more free from diffi. by which his blood wis to be culty, than the language of our poured out, as an occasion of joy, common version.
and calls for the congratulation Ti's explanation of Rom. ix. of bis friends upon it.” Finally, 2, 3, I am disposed to receive, how beautifully may the apostle's if it will bear a close examina- sublinie sentiment, now under tion. But at present I am ap- consideration be illustrated, by prehensive that it weakens the the sell-denial of his life; by his apostle's reasoning, and sinks the voluntary submission to the se, sublime, holy patriotism, which verest sufferings; and by the glowed in his breast. At least I Christlike benevolence, with would ask, before resorting to which he forsook bis own private Ti's explanation, whether the interest, and devoted himseli un passage may not receive light ruser edly and hervically to the from other parts of Paul's writ- cause of ibi church. ings ? May not his admirable Requesting you, Messrs. Edz sentiment in this place be illus- itors, and Theophilus, to consid: trated by what he said to his er candidly the freçdom of these brethren, who wept in prospect remarks, and every reader to ex, of the evils to which be would amine and judge for himself, I be exposed at Jerusalem ; "what subscribe your constant friend, mean ye to weep and to break
Crito. my heart ? for I am ready not to be bound only, but also to die at Jerusalem for the name of the PRIEF REMARKS ON A CIVIL Lord Jesus.” Why inay it not be illustrated by what he says to An oath is the " calling upon Timothy ; " I endure all things God to witness, i. e. to take no.
SURVEY OF NEW ENGLAND
tice of what we say ; and it is consider the awful nature and invoking his vengeance or re- sacred obligations of an oath. nouncing his favour, jf what we How heinous is the crime of say ve false, or what we promise perjury, and the crime of using be not performed."* This is the profane Daths in conversation. solemn import of the words Civil magistrates as well as which close the form of a civil gospel ministers, should often oath ; So help you God. May instruct people in the nature and God deal with you in mercy or obligations of an oath, and enin judgment, as you shall speak deavour to impress their minds truth or falsehood in the case with a religious veneration for Dow before you, or as you shall the great name of God. perform or not perform what you
Civis. now promise.
This awful nature of an oath is very particularly exhibited in the following form, which is administered in Holland to those (Continued from page 318.) who embrace the Jewish relig- How great soever the advanion. “ You swear by the al- tage of confessions, they have mighty and living God, who cre- many and powerful adversaries; ated heaven and earth, and gave who, although they agree in a his laws by Moses, that you will common disesteem of confessbe upright and true in whatever ions, are influenced to it by dif. shall here be asked of or pro- ferent motives. Some are alposed to you; and if you declare ways ready to complain of meaany thing either entirely, or in sures, which they did not orizinpart, false and unjust, you ac- ate and control. Others extend knowledge yourself liable to all their charity to men of all parties the curses, plagues and punishi- of Christianity, and of all reliments, temporal and eternal, gions woich prevail in the world, which the God of Israel inflicted and do not consider the belief of on Sodom and Gomorrah, and any particular doctrines, as 'esKorah, Dathan, and Abiram, and sential to salvation. They think which he has denounced against that people of all persuasions all those who invoke or use his have an equal claim to the favour name falsely or in vain. As you of God, and may be saved acare true or false, so may God al- cording to the particular scheme mighty and omniscient reward of religion which they embrace. or punish you."
With such ideas, they, naturally
despise confessions of faith, the REMARKS.
very being of which is founded How shocking to every pious on the importance and necessity mind, is the apparent lightness of believing cerain articles in and irreverence, with which civ. order to church fellowship. They il oaths are often administered. who esteem the Christian docHow little do people in general trine of small moment, look with .
indifference upon the means of
preserving its purity, and upon Paley
the obligations which bind men
to maintain it. We believe it an est inquiry, and cannot subsist observation, which will be found without free and rational choice. generally true, that in propor. No man, therefore, or society of tion to the opinion which a man men have authority to judge for entertains of the doctrines of another, or to compose a system of Christianity, and his zeal to prop doctrines to which they can demand agate them in the world, will be his assent. And as such a claim, his esteem of confessions. by whomsoever made, is assuming
But a greater number, it is ap- and arbitrary; it is dishonouraprehended, take the side of op- ble and base in any Christian to position, because, in the bulk of submit to it, He who yields his confessions, their own senti- neck to this yoke, gives up the most ments are condemned. They valuable right of a rational creawish to destroy a weapon, which lure, and violates the command of they see directed against them- Christ, to “ call no man master selves. Were their own partic. on earth." ular sentiments contained in the In order completely to invaligenerality of creeds, their zeal date this specious objection, it to discredit them
would un- seems necessary to show the doubtedlly decrease. Although foundation on which a vindicawe are far froin applying this to tion of creeds is built, or to menall who differ from us concern- tion the principles, upon which ing this subject, yet we are ap- a church may require of those, prehensive that, generally, men who would become her members are against confessions, because or her ministers, a consent to a confessions against them. public confession of faith, And There are indeed some, deserve we are willing the candid should ing the name of Christians, who, judge, after attending to the subby a mistaken fondness for the ject, whether the use of confesnoble principles of liberty and sions be any thing more, than private judgment, and a zeal for proper exercise of that freedom the honour of divine revelation, in religious concerns, which conare led to entertain an unfavoura- stitutes the essence of this oba ble opinion of creeds.
jection. We now proceed to a serious It is not only the dictate of and careful investigation of the reason, but the appointment of principal objections which have Christ, that good men should been urged against creeds, de- . unite together in religious sociesigning to represent them sub- ties, and have communion and stantially, as they have been stat- fellowship with each other, as the ed by the ablest writers, and not people of God. And as freedom to dissemble any thing which is the birthright of mankind, any adds to their strength.
number of them may voluntariObjection 1. Confessions of ly join themselves together for faith, in their very nature and religious purposes, under such design, are an invasion of the regulations as appear to them anatural rights of mankind. Every greeable to God's word ; providperson is entitled to examine and ed they do not violate the rules judge for himself, especially in re- of justice, or the rights of othligion, which commands the strict. As every man ought to