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Love they 4 to live, that love and honour have.

[Exit, borne out by his attendants. K. Rich. And let them die, that age and sullens have; For both haft thou, and both become the grave.

York. I do beseech your majesty, impute his words
To wayward fickliness and age in him :
He loves you, on my life, and holds you dear
As Harry duke of Hereford, were he here.

K. Rich. Right ; you say true : as Hereford's love, so his. As theirs, so mine ; and all be as it is.

Enter NORTHUMBERLANDS. North. My liege, old Gaunt commends him to your

K. Rich. What says he ?

North. Nay, nothing; all is said :
His tongue is now a stringless instrument;
Words, life, and all, old Lancaster hath spent.

York. Be York the next that must be bankrupt so!
Though death be poor, it ends a mortal woe.

K. Rich. The ripeft fruit first falls, and so doth he;
His time is spent, our pilgrimage must be :
So much for that.-Now for our Irish wars :
We must supplant those rough rug-headed kerns;
Which live like venom, where no venom else',
But only they, hath privilege to live.
And, for these great affairs do ask some charge,
Towards our assistance, we do seize to us
The plate, coin, revenues, and moveables,
Whereof our uncle Gaunt did stand possess’d.

York. How long shall I be patient? Ah, how long
Shall tender duty make me suffer wrong?
Not Glofter's death, nor Hereford's banishment,


4 Love they- ] That is, let them love. Johnson. Noribumberland-] was Henry Percy, Earl of Northumberland.

WALPOLE. our pilgrimage must be : ] i.e. is yet to comc. MASON.

wbere no vencm else,] This alludes to a tradition that St. Patrick freed the kingdom of Ireland from venomous reptiles of every kind. STEEVENS.



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Not Gaunt's rebukes, nor England's private wrongs,
Nor the prevention of poor Bolingbroke
About his marriage, nor my own disgrace,
Have ever made me sour my patient cheek,
Or bend one wrinkle on my lovereign's face.-
I am the last of noble Edward's sons,
Of whom thy father, prince of Wales, was first;
In war was never lion rag'd more fierce,
In peace was never gentle lamb more mild,
Than was that young and princely gentleman ;
His face thou hast, for even so look'd he,
Accomplish'd with the number of thy hours”;
But, when he frown'd, it was against the French,
And not against his friends : his noble hand
Did win what he did spend, and spent not that
Which his triumphant father's hand had won :
His hands were guilty of no kindred's blood,
Bat bloody with the enemies of his kin.
Q, Richard ! York is too far gone with grief,
Or else he never would compare between.

K. Rich. Why, uncle, what's the matter?

York. O, my liege,
Pardon me, if you please; if not, I pleas'd
Not to be pardon'd, am content withal.
Seek you to seize, and gripe into your hands,
The royalties and rights of banith'd Hereford ?
Is not Gaunt dead ? and doth not Hereford live?

as not Gaunt just? and is not Harry true ?
Did not the one deserve to have an heir ?
Is not his heir a well-deserving son ?
Take Hereford's rights away, and take from time
His charters, and his customary rights ;

8 Nor the prevention of poor Boling broke

Abcut bis marriage,) When the duke of Hereford, after his banishment, went into France, he was honourably entertained at that court, and would have obtained in marriage the only daughter of the duke of Berry, uncle to the French king, had not Richard prevented the match. STEEVENS.

? Accomplish'd witb the number of iby bours;] i. e. when he was of thy age. MALONE. VOL. v.



Let not to-morrow then ensue to-day;
Be not thyself, for how art thou a king,
But by fair sequence and succession ?
Now, afore God, (God forbid, I say true!)
If you do wrongfully seize Hereford's rights,
Call in the letters patents that he hath
By his attornies-general to sue
His livery, and deny his offer'd homage',
You pluck a thousand dangers on your head,
You lose a thousand well-disposed hearts,
And prick my tender patience to those thoughts
Which honour and allegiance cannot think,

K. Rich. Think what you will ; we seize into our hands His plate, his goods, his money, and his lands.

York. I'll not be by, the while: My liege, farewel: What will ensue hereof, there's none can tell; But by bad courtes may be understood, That their events can never fall out good. [Exit.

K. Rich. Go, Bufhy, to the earl of Wiltshire straight; Bid him repair to us to Ely-house, To see this business: To-morrow next We will for Ireland; and 'tis time, I trow; And we create, in absence of ourself, Our uncle York lord-governor of England, For he is just, and always lov'd us well. Come on, our queen : to-morrow must we part; Be merry, for our time of stay is short. [Flourishe

[Exeunt King, Queen, Bus. Aum. Gre, and BAG. North. Well, lords, the duke of Lancaster is dead. Rofs. And living too; for now his son is duke. Willo. Barely in title, not in revenue. North. Richly in both, if juitice had her right.

Ross. My heart is great; but it must break with silence, Ere's be disburden'd with a liberal tongue. North. Nay, speak thy mind; and let him ne'er speak

more, That speaks thy words again, to do thee harm !


deny lis offer'd bomage,] That is, refuse to admit the homage, by which he is to hold his lands. JOHNSON.

Willo. Tends that thou'dft speak, to the duke of

Hereford ?
If it be so, out with it boldly, man;
Quick is mine ear, to hear of good towards him.

Roso. No good at all, that I can do for him ;
Unless you call it good, to pity him,
Bereft and gelded of his patrimony.
North. Now, afore heaven, 'tis shame, such wrongs

are borne,
In him a royal prince, and many more
Of noble blood in this declining land.
The king is not himself, but basely led
By flatterers, and what they will inform,
Merely in hate, 'gainst any of us all,
That will the king severely prosecute
'Gainst us, our lives, our children, and our heirs.

Ross. The commons hath he pill’d with grievous taxes, And quite lost their hearts: the nobles hath he fin’d For ancient quarrels, and quite lost their hearts.

Willo. And daily new exactions are devis'd; As-blanks, benevolences, and I wot not what: But what, o'God's name, doth become of this?

North. Wars have not wasted it, for warr’d he hath not, But basely yielded upon compromise That which his ancestors atchiev'd with blows: More hath he spent in peace, than they in wars.

Rofs. The earl of Wiltshire hath the realm in farm.
Willo. The king's grown bankrupt, like a broken man.
North. Reproach, and dissolution, hangeth over him.

Rofs. He hath not money for these Irilh wars,
His burthenous taxations notwithstanding,
But by the robbing of the banish'd duke.

North. His noble kinsman:-Molt degenerate king!
But, lords, we hear this fearful tempeft sing,
Yet seek no shelter to avoid the storm:
We see the wind fit fore upon our sails,
And yet we strike not?,, but fecurely perish 3.

Rofi. 2 And yet we strike mal,] To forike the soils, is, to contrakt them when there is too much wind. JOHNSON 3 but securely perish.] We perish by too great confidence in our VOL, V.

D 2

fe coriiy.

Rofs. We see the very wreck that we must suffer ;
And unavoided is the danger* now
For suffering fo the causes of our wreck.

North. Not so; even through the hollow eyes of death,
I spy life peering; but I dare not say,
How near the tidings of our comfort is.

Willo. Nay, let us ihare thy thoughts, as thou doft ours.

Ros. Be confident to fpeak, Northumberland :
We three are but thyself; and, speaking fo,
Thy words are but as thoughts; therefore, be bold.

North. Then thus :-I have from Port le Blanc, a bay
In Britany, receiv'd intelligence,
That Harry Hereford, Reignold lord Cobham,
[The son of Richard earl of Arundel,]
That late broke from the duke of Exeter,


fecurity. The word is used in the same sense in the Merry Wives of Windsor : “ Though Ford be a secure fool, &c. MALONE.

4 And unavoided is ibe danger-] Unavoided is, I believe, here used for unavoidable. MALONE. 5 Tbe fon of Ricbard corl of Arundel,

Ibar late broke from rhe duke of Exeter,] For the insertion of the line included within crutchets, I am answerable; it not being found in the old copies. Mr. Steevens observed, that“ all the persons enumcraled in Holinthed's account of those embarked with Bolingbroke are here mentioned with great exactness, except "Thomas Arundell, funne and heire to the late Earle of Arundell, beheaded at the Tower-hill.' And yet this nobleman is the person to whom alone that circumstance relates of having broke from ibe Duke of Exeter.” From hence he very justly inferred, that a line must have been lost, “ in which the name of this Thomas Arundel had originally a place."

The pallages in Holinthed relative to this matter run thus : « Aboute the same time the Earl of Arundell's sonne, named Thomas, wbich was kepe in obe Duke of Exeter's boufe, escaped out of the realme, by means or one William Scot," &c. “Duke Henry,--chiefly through the earnest persuasion of Thomas Arundell, lateArchbishoppe of Canterburie, (who, as before you have heard, had been removed from his fea, and banished the realme by King Richardes means,) got him downe to Britaine : and when all his provision was made ready, he tooke the fea, together with the said Archbishop of Canterburie, and his nephew Thomas Arundell, sonne and beyre to the late Earle of Arundell, beheaded on Tower-hill. There were also with him Regina Lord Co Sir Thomas Erpingham," &c.

There cannos, therefore, I think, be the imallest doubt, that a line


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