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ceedlng beauty scarce ever receives full justice. Surely that square-set strength, as of a fortress towering against the clouds, and catching the last light always on its fretted parapet, and every, ■where embossed and enriched with foliage and tracery and figures of saints, and the shadows of vast arches, and the light of niches gold-starred and filled with divine forms, is a gift so perfect to the whole world, that, passing it, one should need say a prayer for tbe great Taddeo's soul.
Hero and thero nn unmistakaMe antiquity stands In its own impressive shadow • the church ol Or San A/ichde. for Instance, once a market, hut which grew to he a church by some Inherent utiles* and inevitable consecration. Hawthorne.
Oratoire. A French Protestant church in the Rue St. Honore and Rue Ue Rivoli, Paris, originally erected in 1630 lor the priests of the Oratory.
Order of Pools. An association founded in 1381 by Ailolphus. Count of Cleves. It consisted of gentlemen of the highest rank and character, and their object was the promotion of benevolence and charity.
Ordinance, The. A picture by Jean Louis Ernest Meissonier (b. 1811), the French painter.
Ordre, Tour d\ See Toon, D'orDbk.
Oread, The. A seminary in Worcester, Mass. The buildings are of stone.
Oriel College. A noted college in Oxford, England, founded alxmt 132H, one of the 19 colleges included in the University.
Orient, L\ A French vessel, the blowing-up of which formed a decisive point in the Battle of the Nile. An incident connected with the destruction of the vessel is commemorated by Mrs. Heruans in her well-known poein of "Casabianca," which begins:— M The boy stood on the burning deck."
Young Casabianca, a boy 13 years old, son of the commander, remained at his post after the
ship had taken fire and all the guns had been abandoned, and was blown up with the vessel when the fiatnes reached the magazine. Oriental Club. A London club, established in 1824 by Sir John Malcolm. The Alfred Club joined the Oriental in 1855.
Oriente, Plaza de. See Plaza De Okiente.
Orleans House. The former residence of Louis Philippe, and afterwards of his son, the Due dAuraale, at Twickenham, near London.
Orloff Diamond. This great diamond of the sceptre of Russia is said to weigh 193 carats. It was once the eye of an Indian idol. Catherine II. bought it, in 1775,. for £!K),000, with the addition of an annuity of £4,000, and a patent of nobility.
-JEJ- "For a time supposed to be the
largest in the world, ft turns out to
be smaller than the Koh-i-nor, though
(touiyeyesat least) of a purer water."
Eye of a pod was this blitzing stone,
E. D. Proctor
Orpheus. A statue by Thomas Crawford (1814-1857). In the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Mass.
Orpheus, The. A British steam corvette which foundered off the coast of New Zealand, Feb. 7, 18(i3, with a loss of nearly two hundred lives.
Orpheus charming the Animal World. A picture by Paul Potter (1625-1654), the Dutch painter, and one of his most admired works. It is now in the Amsterdam Museum.
Orr's Island. A small island in Casco Bay, near Harpswell, Me., made familiar by Mrs. H. B. Stowp's story, "The Pearl of Orr's Island."
Orsay, Palais d\ This palace, opposite the Tuileries Gardens, one of the most imposing in Paris, was begun by .Napoleon I., aud completed by Louis Philippe. It cost more than half a million sterling, and the interior is adorned with beautiful frescos and paintings. The building was designed for exhibiting the works of industry of France, but under the Republic it was used for the sittings of the Cours des Comptes and the Conseil d'Etat.
Orsotasen. See Obelisk Of Oitso
Orto del Paradise [Garden of Paradise.] A chapel, so called from its remarkable splendor, in the Church of Santa Prassede in Rome. It contains the famous relic —one of chief objects of pilgrimage iu Rome —the column to which the Saviour is said to have been bound. The column, whicli is of blood jasper, is said to have been obtained from the Saracens by Giovanni Colonna, cardinal of this church. The present name of the chapel (Colonna Santa) is derived from this relic.
Osborne House. The sea-shore residence of Queen Victoria, situated in the Isle of Wight, in the immediate neighborhood of East Cones. At the corner of the palace is a massive tower which is a conspicuous object for miles around, aud affords a magnificent view.
Osgoode Hall. A fine structure in Toronto, the capital of Ontario, Can. It contains the superior law courts of the province.
*3- "The Osgoode Hall Is to Upper Canada what the Four Courts are to Ireland. The law courts are all held there." Anthony Trollope.
Ostiensis, Porta. See Porta Os
Otsego Hall. The old mansion of the Cooper family in Cooperstown, N.Y. It was destroyed by fire in 1854.
Otsgaragee Cavern. See Howe's Cave.
Ouen, St. See St. Ouen.
Our English Coasts. A picture by William Holman Hunt (b. 1827), and regarded as one of his master-pieces. Painted in 1853.
Our Lady of Loreto. See Sasta Casa.
Our Lady of Walsingham. See Shkine Of Oub Lady Of Wal
Outer House. The name by which the Parliament House in Edinburgh, Scotland, is now known. See Pakliament House.
Overland Route. A name frequently applied to the new and shorter route between England and India via the Suez Canal. A mail-route by the way of the Isthmus of Suez was established by Lieut. Waghorn, in 1847. effecting a saving in time of 13 days. The term was also formerly applied to the direct route from the Eastern States to California.
Oxford and Cambridge Club. A
club in London, for members of these two universities. The clubhouse in Pall Mall was finished in 1838. There are 500 members from each university.
Oxford Arms. A quaint and celebrated old London inn in Warwick Lane. It was destroyed in 1877.
These are to notify that Edward Bart
lett . . has removed his Inn In London
... to the Oxford Armt. In Warwick
Lane, where he did inn before Hie Fire.
London Gazette. 16TJ-7J.
Oxford Marbles. See Abu.vdeI.i w Makbles.
Oxford Street. A well-known street in London, a mile and a half in length, and extending westward to Hyde Park corner.
03- " It Is the longest, broadest, and In a certain sense the most important thoroughfare in London. ... It '*» however, really the continuation of * great street, which runs very directly through London from east to weat.aud which is called successively, beginning at the east, Mile End. \Vhltech»P« Koad, Aldgatc High Street, Leadenball Street, Cornhlll, Cbeapsidc, Newgate Street, Skinner Street, Ilolborn, Oxford Street."
Richard Grant White.
9&f " The various, shifting, motley group that belong to Oxford Street, and to Oxford Street alone! What thoroughfares equal thee in the variety of human specimens! in the choice of object* for remark, satire, admiration! Ke«ides,the other streets seem chalked out for a sect, narrow-minded and devoted to a coterie. Thou alone art catholic—all receiving." 2T. P. Willie.
My good people, 1 hardly see you. You
no more Interest me than a dozen orange* women In Covetit (ianlen, or a shop bookkeeper in Oxford Street. T/taekeray.
Yet my creature said She saw her stop to speak in Oxford
Street To one ... no matter! Mrs. Browning.
Ozinda's. A coffee-house which was situated in St. James's Street, London.
A Whig will no more go to the Cocoatree or Ozinda's than a lory will be seen at the Coflee-houfus St. James's.
Journey through England, 1714.
Pacific, The. A steamer belonging to the Collins line, plying between New York anil Liverpool. She left the latter port Jan. 23, 1850, with nearly 200 persons on board, and was never heard from afterwards.
Paddington. A now populous district of London.
Pitt is to Addlngtnn,
As Loudou is to Paddington.
Paddock Elms. A row of stately elms which, until recently, stood before the Old Granary Bnryingground in Boston, Mass. They were brought from England and planted by Capt. Adino Paddock, a loyalist, about 1702. During the British occupation of the city they were well cared for and protected, but within a few years have been cut down.
We walked under Mr. raddock's rowof English elms. The vrny squirrels were out looking for their breakfasts; and one of them came towa-d us in light, soft, intermittent leaps, until he was close to the rail of the burial-ground. Uolmes.
Peestum, Hoses of. See Rusks Of
Painted Chamber. A room of historical interest in the Old Palace at Westminster, so called from its having been painted by order of Henry III. It was hung with tapestries representing the siege of Troy. In this room Parliament sat for a time. The building was taken down in 1852.
Painter in his Studio. An admired picture by Jean Louis Ernest Meissouier (b. 1811).
Painting. See History Of PaintIng.
Pair, The. See Memnon.
Pais, lie de. See Ile I>e Paix.
Pais, Hue de la. One of the prin
cipal streets of Paris, extending from the Place Vendome to the Boulevart des Capucines. Here are some of the most elegant shops in Paris, over which are fashionable residences and hotels.
Nay, it was said that his victories were not confined to the left bank of the Seine: reports did occasionally come to us of fabulous adventures bv hfm,accompli»neti In the far regions of the Rue de la Pan. Thackeray.
There is a little Jewess hanging about the Louvre, who beys with her dark eyes very eloquently; and In the Ruedela Pan there may be found at ail hours a melancholy, sick-looking. Italian bov, with bit hand in his bosom, whose native Ift7i**us?e and picture-like face are a diumalpieasure to me. Jr. P. ViMu.
Palace of Augustus. See Palace
OF THE C.KSAKS.
Palace of Justice. See Palais De Justice.
Palace of the Cresars. A mass of ruins upon the Palatine Hill, in Rome, being all that now remains of the extensive buildings erected by Augustus Ciesar and succeeding emperors for the imperial residence. The palace of Augustus, built upon the site of the houses of Hortensius, Cicero, Catiline, and Claudius, was the first Palace of the Ciesars. It was enlarged in different directions by Tiberius and by Caligula, ami ths Golden House of Nero with its grounds spread over the Esquiline and Ccelian hills, as well as the Palatine. Vespasian afterward contracted the limits or the immense edifice, and Titus made use of part of the foundations upon the Esquiline in building his Baths. The Palace of the C.npsars was repeatedly altered and rebuilt by the different succeeding emperors, and these various changes have all comW"e'j to make a most confused mass ot ruins. See Golden Hokse.
*y"In Rome Itself no ancient house — indeed, no trace of a domestic edifice —exists, except the Palace of the Caesars on the Palatine Mount; and this, even, is now merely a con
Jferies of shapeless ruins, so completey destroyed as to have defied even the most imaginative of restorers to make much of it except a vehicle for the display of his own ingenuity. The extent of these ruin*, coupled with the descriptions that have been preserved, eufiice to convince us that of all the palaces ever built, either in the East or the West, this was probably the most magnificent and the most gorgeously adorned. Never in the world's history does it appear that so much wealth and power were at the command of one man as was the case with the Caesars, and never could the world's wealth have fallen into the hands of men more inclined to lavish it for their own personal gratification than those emperors were. They could, moreover, ransack the whole world for plunder to adorn their dwellings, and could command the best artUts of Greece, and of all the subject kingdoms, to assist in rendering tbelr golden palaces the most gorgeous that the world had then seen, or is likely soon to see again. The -whole area of the palace may roughly be described as a square platform, measuring 1,600 feet east and west, with a mean breadth of 1.300 feet in the opposite direction. Owing, however, to its deeply-indented and irregular outline, it hardly covers more ground than the Baths of Caracalla. . . . Notwithstanding all its splendor, this palace was probably, as an architectural object, inferior to the Thermae. In its glory the Palace of the Cassars must have been the world's wonder; but as a ruin, deprived of its furniture and ephemeral splendor, it loses much that would tend to make It either pleasing or Instructive." Ferguson.
MS" " Imagine a hill, upwards of a mile In circuit, and less than 200 feet high, strewn with shapeless ruins and yawning with excavations to Buch an extent that the original soil is almost displaced by fragments of brick and mortar; Intersperse it with kitchen gardens for the growing of such matterof-fact vegetables as cauliflower, artichokes, and lettuce; throw in occasionally the vine, the laurel, the cypress, and the ivy; overshadow it with here and there a stately oak; crown the whole with a smart modern villa, — and you will have some notion of the Palace of the Caesars."
Where the Caesars dwelt.
And dwell the tuneless birds of night, amidst
A grove which springs through levell'd battlements.
And twines its roots with the imperial hearth*.
Ivy usurps the laurel's plnce of growth;
But the gladiators' bloody Circu* stands,
A noble wreck In ruinous perfection!
While Ctesar's chambers, and the Augustan halls,
Grovel on earth in Indistinct decay.
Palace of the Conservators. See Piazza Del Campidoglio.
Palace of the Lateran. See LatEr An, Palace Of The.
Palace of the Luxembourg. See Palais De Luxembourg.
Palace of the Senator. See PiazZa Del Campidoglio.
Palace. For names beginning with the word Palace, see the next prominent word of the title. See also supra.
Palais Bourbon. See Palais Du Corps Legislatif.
Palais de Justice. This ancient palace in Paris is very interesting from its associations. It was built by one of the Capets, and was the- residence of several of the ancient kings. It was originally small, but has been enlarged at various times, and of late nas been greatly improved and adorned. The square tower, known as the "Tour de l'Horloge," was built in the time of
■ Philippe Augustus. This tower contains a famous clock which was made by a German and presented to Charles V. The tocsin, or alarm-bell, which was rung at the death of a king or the birth of a dauphin, hung in this tower. This bell also, in response to the alarm from the bell of St. Germain l'Auxerrois, sounded the death-signal for the massacre of the Huguenots. The steps approaching the palace are adorned by figures representing Justice, Prudence, and Force, Since the reign of Charles V. the palace has served for the Parliament of Paris, courts of justice, and a prison. A Roman palace or cas