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much cheaper in any market than they can do at present; which is the great point that ought ever to be aimed at.
The law ought to aim at encouraging every ceconomical saving, and should therefore ftudiously remove every unnecellary bar out of the way of the adventurers.
• If this liberty Mould be granted, it would be a strong encouragement to every adventurer; but it would be in a particular manner favourable to those employed in the Greenland fithery. For they would be at perfeit liberty to remain in the northern seas as long as they found it profitable and safe for themselves to continue there ; and as soon as they could unload at home, and take on board their filhing tackle, could proceed immediately to the herring-fishery without losing a day, (and the loss of time to them who are obliged to have such a number of hands is of great moment). There they could employ themselves till they had completed their loading, or till the time was elapsed which entitled them to the bounty, and chen would be at liberty to proceed on any profitable voyage without loss of time.
• To facilitate both thefe trades, it would be found extremely convenient to ellablith a sort of entrepoft or staple at Brassa sound in Shetland, which would be directly in the road of the Greenland fhips to the herring-fishery. There they might conveniently unload their whale fins, blubber, &c. where it might be refined by the natives, while the thips were employed in the fishery. This would give spirit and activity to the natives of these northern illes; and would soon make that a great and flourishing place, as it would be here that the Greenland herring fishers could moll economically take on board their nets and stores for the herring fishery; and here also it would be most convenient for the Greenland thips aniversally to rendezvous, and to take on board their stores before they proceeded on their voyage. I need not point out the manifold advantages that would result to that part of the country from this arrangement.
• According to this plan, not an hour would be lot from the time tha: the Greenlandmen proceeded on their vorage to the northern feas, till they had completed their herring fishery for the season. And whenever that fishing was over, there stout vessels would be immediately at liberty to take on board a cargo of herrings, and, without returning home, they might (having put on fhore their superfluous hands, who could during winter be employed in mending Dets, repairing their filhing tackle, barpoons, &c. to be ready by the time the vessel returned) proceed direcily to Portugal, Spain, or the Straits, to dispose of it. From whence they could return with their loading just in time to take in their fores, and proceed again on their Greenland voyage.
• Thus would begin anew their never cealing round of useful employment, which could not fail to benefit the country in the highest degree, and breed up an amazing number of hardy seamen, who would be ready to carry the British shunder 'sound the çlcbe whenever the exigencies of the fate might require it, and make our little spot the only, the astonifament, and the terror of all surrounding Ducions.'
In this manner does our beneficent Author, forgetting for a time the many obstacles that unavoidably clog the way of every generous undertaking, indulge himself in contemplating the pleasing prospect that this propofal suggests; but quickly recoljecting himself he closes the volume with the following pathetic reflections:
• Would io God the (the British nation) could thus acquire power without ambition; and chat, contented with her own territories, and with availing herself to the utmost of her own internal advantages, the should neither cover the dominions of another, nor endeavour to cramp their trade by unjust retrictions, or to disturb their quier by unnecessary exertions of power. Then would me be belaved and revered by all ma kind, and promo:e in the higheid degrie the common felicity of the whole inhabitants of the globe! But vain are these w thes. Sooner shall the shadow be driven from its subliance, than che heart of man, when ela:ed by power, submit to be circumscribed by the feeble dictates of beneficence and humanity. Pride will ever trample the weak in the dull; and ambition aspire at ex tended dominion. Thus does man pervert the bleflings of Heaven, and employ them on all occasions to the hurt of his fellow-creatores. The sympathetic heart turas with averlion from this scene of criminal enjoyments, and unsatisfactory delight, and says to ittelf, If this is the perfection of that rational nature which exalis man above the other creatures of God, all is indeed vanity and vexation of spirit.'
We have thus, in a cursory manner, given a light sketch of the principal matters contained in this volume, and are sorry that the nature of our journal will not allow us to be more para ticular. It is at all times our desire to extend our remarks in proportion to the utility of the works that come before us, but our plan, which we must endeavour, as much as possible, to adhere to, will not permit us, invariably, to follow that rule. Had we strictly observed it, in the present instance, this article would have been extended to a length which must necessarily have excluded many other publications. We must therefore conclude with our thanks to the ingenious Author for the pleasure and information which he has afforded us. In return, we warmly recommend his book to such of our readers as have a desire to contribute to the ease and felicity of their fellowcreatures, being assured that they will find themselves both entertained and instructed by the perusal of it.
The language of this performance, though interspersed with idiomatical expressions, or what we commonly understand by Scotticisms, is in general intelligible, in some places fowing, frequently energetic, and sometimes pathetic and tender. The style is, indeed, far from faultless. It is extremely unequal, Sometimes prolix and embarrassed, often too highly figurative, and in general careless and inaccurate. Of these defects we
take notice in this place, because we are apprehensive that the Author may have deemed this inattention very pardonable in an epiftolary correspondence, and because we are satisfied that with a small' degree of care, these blemishes might have been avoided. We would not, however, recommend that extreme and studied attention to an easy fow of language which begins to be discoverable among the literati of the present age, as we think this produces a smooth monotony of uniformly rounded periods, which is contrary to the rules of judicious composition, and diverts the attention from matters of greater importance. Where the thoughts are bold, the language naturally will and ought to be strong, and in fome degree unequal. 'The mind, when fully intent upon the subject, ought not to sacrifice too much time to all the minutiæ of ornament: but there is a correctness of outline, to borrow a figure from the painter, that will be always observable in works of true taste; and it requires much time and assiduity to give an artist such facility in practice as to ensure correctness while he works with rapidity: if he attempts it before his hand has been sufficiently exercised, even where genius is not wanting, instead of the graceful ease of a Raphael, we shall find, at best, the harsher touches of a Julio Romano. Yet these bold touches, though in fonie degree imperfect, are infinitely superior to the faultless unmeaning labours of inferior artists.
Art. XI. Reply to Mr. Wales's Remarks. By George Forster, F. R S.
Naturalift on the late Voyage round the World, by the King's Appointment. 4to. 1 s. 6 d. White, 17,8. N this Reply to Mr. Wales's pamphlet *, Mr. Forster sets off
with insinuating that envy, because ' Dr. Forster's fulary exceeded his own,'-added to, what he calls, ' another weighty confideration, of a yellow complexion, suggested to him by a certain nobleman-have been the principal motives of Mr. Wales's attack on his father and himself: though Mr. Wales chose to avow a very different motive, or a certain personal provocation, as the cause which produced his Remarks, He likewise, in contradiction to Mr. Wales, afferts that every line of the Aca count of the Voyage round the IVorld, which Mr. W. in his “ Rea marks," confiders as the undoubted production of his father,
was undoubtedly drawn up by himself, according to his own circumscribed ideas ;' and immediately subjoins, though surely somewhat unnecessarily, that the manner of writing, and the turn of the expressions, is [are] likewise intirely his own,' excepting certain grammatical and other corrections furnished by
Of which fome account was given in our Review for February,
a friend.'-The world, he adds, will soon be in posseffion of another proof, more decisive than his simple assertion, of the difference between his own and his father's manner of expreffing himself, by the publication of those Obfervations which his father has drawn up,- and which were intended to be printed along with Capt. Cook's narrative, but rejected by the Earl of Sandwich, with a superiority of knowledge, and an equity, of which his Lordship alone can determine the propriety.'
It would afford very little entertainment or edification to our urcumdha; Readers were we to enter into the particulars of this controversy. anues
Justice however, seems to require that we should give the Author's answer to those particular charges against him which we happened to extract from Mr. Wales's Remarks ; in the first of which we browevermoblerte, we our felves happened to be somewhat interested,
Supposing our Readers to recollect, or to have reperused, our extract of Mr. Forster's relation of the horrid adventure of the boat-hook, at the Friendly Isles, given in our Review for June, 1777, p. 462, and Mr. Wales's very different account of the fame transaction, contained in our Review for February, 1778, p. 128 :-we shall simply, and without any comment, give them Mr. Forster's reply to the charge, in his own words.
Having spoken to a preceding accusation, he addsClose Pthis follows a second instance of my fupposed malevolence,
ponible yet more cruel than the former. Another thief was observed escaping out of the ship, and pursued. Mr. Wales spends three pages to prove that the boat-hook was not darted at the man. but thrown over him, and so hooked him afterwards ; and that he was but flightly wounded by accident. The barb
of the boat-hook is as blunt, says he, as one's finger ; and it
thence, follows that the thief could not be much hurt by it. Mr. Wales might have remembered chat one of our feamen was wounded in the cheek at Irromanga by a dart, the point of which, according to Capt. Cook's own words, " was as thick as his finger, and yet it entered above two inches.” The truth is, that this action was owing to a must unpardonable want of reflection, if it be not more properly called wanton cruelty. One who was in the boat affirmed that the poor man bled very much. Upon the whole, I presume to hope, that whoever considers my book, without prepoffeffion, will see no impropriety in my remark, prefixed to these two transactions : "the harmless disposition of these good people (of Tonga-Tabu) could not secure them against those misfortunes, which are too often attendant upon all voyages of discovery.”—The natives were doubtless a harmless good-tempered people, but addicted to pilfering. The voyagers indeed could not be blamed if the natives were thieves ; but the latter were to be pitied, as persons
suddenly suddenly led into temptations greater than they ever felt before, but too severely resented by the Itrangers.”
The other subject of which we took notice, was the confinement of Dr. Forster, twice in the course of the voyage ; in consequence of wanton and unprovoked acts of cruelty to the natives, very inconsistent with his repeated professions of humanity [M. R. Feb. 1778. pag. 130.]. From the Author's account of the first of these incidents, all that we can learn is, that in consequence of a conversation between Captain Cook and Dr. Forfter, at Uliatea, at or before fupper, the purport of which however is not here mentioned, and in the course of which, as was not unusual, both parties supported their opinion with warmth, till the dispute became very violent' — Captain Cook' very rashly insisted on Dr. Forster's leaving his apart. ment. • This was so far from implying a confinement, that my father went to the island of O-Taha the next morning at five o'clock; &c.'
The story of the second confinement, says the Author, is not better supported. While Dr. Forster was expressing his indignation at one of the natives of Tanna, for having attempted to deceive him, by Thewing him a pretended nutmeg-tree ;· Lieutenant Clerke,' says the Author, hearing the natives about us very loud, asked my father, rashly, “What disturbance he was raising?” The answer was re-echoed in the same tone, “ that he made no difturbance." Whether Mr. Clerke had previously conceived some animosity against my father, or whether his disagreeable duty, on an unsheltered beach in the heat of noon, made that good-humoured man extremely wa.'pish at the time; true it is, he forgot himself so far, as to command my father to leave off making a disturbance, which did not exist, nor had ever existed. A free man is not so easily commanded : my father denied the Lieutenant's power over him. “ If you disobey my orders, was Mr. Clerke's reply, I shall bid the sentry to SHOOT you.
A pistol, which my father drew from his pocket, and levelled at the man who thus defied him, put an end to these extravagant heroics, and finally closed the whole dispute.'
Having done this piece of justice to the Author, we shall make no farther extracts from his pamphlet, in which we must say, we have found very few traces of that animated sentiment and di&tion which we observed, and commended, in the account of his Voyage round the World. Accordingly we think we cannot more properly conclude the present Article than by saying, in the very words of the Author, at the end of an advertisement prefixed to this Reply - The paths of controversy lead through a desart: they are dry, uninteresting, and 'uninItructive, Rev. May, 1778.