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The laverock loes her musical mate,

The moorcock loes the mottled moorhen, The blackbird lilts it early an' late,

A-wooing his love in the birken glen ; The yammering tewit and grey curlew,

Hae ilk ane lovers around to flee, An' please their hearts wi' their whillie-ba-lu,

But there's naething to wheedle or sing to me.

Quo' I, My sweet, my innocent flower,

The matter's as plain as plain can be, That this heart o' mine it was made for yours,

An' yours was made for loving o' me. The lassie she lookit me in the face,

An'a tear o' pity was in her ee; For she thought I had lost a' sense grace,

An' every scrap o' fair modestye.

Virginiusone in which he has long gathered many laurels, and displayed much histrionic power. Indeed he has been generally acknowledged to have so completely identified himself with the noble portrait of the Roman given by the poet, that it was not till lately any actor ventured to appear in the same part. There is certainly no play which is better adapted to display the genius of Macready than that of Virginius.' This is to be attributed to the Spartan brevity and power of diction which characterise the whole piece ;—every line brings before the mind a new and striking thought, naturally and vigorously expressed. The attention is also powerfully arrested by the frequent application of homespun household phrases to the deepest and most sacred feelings of the heart, or to the most exciting incidents. It is in these simple, delicate, and touching passages that we think Macready preeminently excels. In the wilder bursts of anger and indignation he is excellent also ; but nothing can surpass the exquisite simplicity and natural pathos with which he pourtrays the tenderness of a father's love, the depth of a father's grief, and at last the small still flickerings of re-awakened reason and returning affection. therefore, in the two last acts that he chiefly shone, especially in his address to his daughter in the last scene of the fourth act. His burst of wild fury after his child's destruction does not strike us as sufficiently energetic. Indeed, when it is recollected that at this very point his reason is about to be unhinged, whilst, at the same time, the thirst for revenge is struggling for the mastery, the human voice seems scarcely capable of producing the desired effect. As a whole, however, Macready's Virginius is a very perfect piece of acting; and, with such a Virginia as Miss Jarman, we do not envy that man who could witness it without being affected in no common degree.”

Next Saturday we shall speak of Macready in propria persona ; and, in the meantime, we think it right to express a hope that he and Miss Jarman will be patronised by the Edinburgh public to that extent to which their united talents so well entitle them.

Old Cerberus.

It was,

The lassie she thought an' thought again,

An' lookit to heaven if aught she saw ; For she thought that man was connectit wi' sin,

And that love for him was the warst of a'. She lookit about, but she didna speak,

As lightly she trippit outower the lea; But there was a smile on her rosy cheek,

That tauld of a secret dear to me.

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The lassie gaed hame to her lanely dell,

It never was lovelier to her view; An'aye she thought an' thought to hersell,

An' the mair she thought she began to rue
If ilk sweet thing has a mate o' its ain,

Wi’ nature's law I e'en maun gang;
I never was made for living my lane-

The laddie was right an' I was wrang.
O Nature! we a' maun yield to thee ;

Your regal sway gainsay wba can?
For you made beauty, an' beauty maun be

The polar star o' the heart o' man.
There's beauty in man's commanding frame,

There's beauty in earth, in air, an' sea,
But there never was beauty that tongue could name
Like the smile of love in a fond young ee.




By the Ettrick Shepherd.
I AINCE fell in love wi' a sweet young thing,

A bonny bit flower o' the wilderd dell;
Her heart was as light as bird on the wing,

And her lip was as ripe as the moorland bell. She never kend aught o' the ways o'sin,

Though whil's her young heart began to doubt That wi' its ill paths she might fa'in,

But never—she never did find them out.

From the Spanish of the Bachelor Malventurado.

That much a widow'd wife will moan
When her old husband's dead and gone,

I may conceive it ;
But that she won't be brisk and gay,
If another offer the next day,

I won't believe it.

That Cloris will repeat to me, Of all men I adore but thee,

I may conceive it; But that she has not often sent To fifty more the compliment,

I won't believe it.

She oft had heard tell o' love's dear pain,

An' how sae sair as it was to dree; Sbe tried it and tried it again and again,

But it never could wring a tear frae her ee. She tried it aince on a mitherless lamb

That lay in her bosom, and fed on her knee; But it turn'd an unpurpose and beggarly ram,

And her burly lover she doughtna see. She tried it neist on a floweret gay,

And ()! it was sweet and lovely of hue ; Bat it droopit its head, an' fadit away,

An' left the lassie to look for a new :
An' aye she cried, 0! what shall I do?

Why canna a lassie be happy her lane ?
I find my heart maun hae something to loe,

An' I dinpa ken where to fix it again.

That Celia will accept the choice
Directed by her parent's voice,

I may conceive it;
But that, as soon as it is over,
She won't elect a younger lover,

I won't believe it.
That when she sees her marriage gown,
Inez will modestly look down,

I may conceive it;
But that she does not from that hour
Resolve to amplify her power,

I won't believe it.

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That a kind husband to his wife

One volume of Moore's Life of Byron is printed, and the other is Permits each pleasure of this life,

expected to be finished by the end of this year. Each volume ex

tends to about 500 pages quarto. I may conceive it;

THE LITERARY UNION.- A Society is now in progress of forma. But that the man so blind should be,

tion, in London, to bear the above title, and having for its object As not to see what all else see,

intellectual intercourse and amusement. It is proposed that it shall I can't believe it.

consist of four or five hundred members, professors and friends of

art, literature, and science. Unexceptionable personal character is That in a mirror young coquets

to be an indispensable requisite to admission; and simplicity and Should study all their traps and nets,

economy are to be held leading principles of the Society, three or I may conceive it;

four pounds being the utmost anpual subscription required. It is

intended to procure a house in a central situation ; the committee But that the mirror, above all,

are at present in treaty for the Athenæum Club-house, Waterloo Should be the object principal,

place, Pall-Mall, where such refreshments as the Society shall decide I won't believe it.

on shall be furnished, and such publications as they may deern "pro

per taken. Thomas Campbell, E.q. has been appointed chairman That woman, like a crystal toy,

by the committee, who at present hold their meetings at the British The slightest zephyr will destroy,

Coffee-house, Charing-cross.
I may conceive it;

But that you may not both cement,

we noticed an odd blunder which has occurred in the Monthly NsIf e'er they get a flaw or rent,

gazine, regarding a sea -song here said to have been written by Bez I won't believe it.

ver, but which is in reality the production of Richard Cumberland, the dramatic writer, and the contemporary of Jihnson, Richardsoa,

and Goldsmith. That a critic I should not deny

The London Literary Gazette, in reviewing the

Life of Beaver (which is edited by Captain W. H. Smyth, R.N.) .To be a better judge than I,

serted the song at full length, and praised the wonderful precruity I may conceive it;

of talent which it displayed ; and the Quarterly Review, the last 12::But that my Muse should cease from hinting, ber of which contains a review of the same work, also inserts part of That all her rbymes are worth the printing, the song, “which," they remark, “both for its'spirit and dietioa, is I can't believe it.

a most remarkable production for a boy in his fifteenth year." It is somewhat singular, that ihe editors of three of the principal London

periodicals should all have been led into the same error, and all alike LITERARY CHIT-CHAT AND VARIETIES.

ignorant of the fact, which is related in Cumberland's Memoirs, that

the song in question was written by him, and not by the deceased We understand that a very superior edition of John Bunyan's Captain. As we are rather admirers of Cumberland, we do not like Pilgrim's Progress is in the press. It is to be elegantly printed in

to see the credit of even a song taken from him, and given to a bej Jarge octavo, under a most vigilant revision by the Poet-Laureat, of fifteen years of age ! Of course, the primary cause of this blunder who is to prefix a literary and biographical introduction, for which is to be attributed to the editor of Beaver's papers, but the literary he has got some very curious and interesting materials. It will be reviewers, whom we have noted above, might have known better. also richly embellished with large wood-cuts, drawn by Harvey, and Theatrical Gossip.-Mr Elliston, the Manager of the Surrey engraved by the first artists, and with a Portrait of the Author, and Theatre, has availed himself of the suggestion made by the Literary two other copper-plates, from splendid designs by Martin.

Journal regarding Sir Walter Scott's Tragedy in the Keepsake få There is preparing for publication, a Journal of Occurrences and 1830. “ The House of Aspen" has been produced with great set Events during a residence of nearly forty years in the East Indies, cess, and is likely to have a run. It was Mr Elliston who establish from 1790 to 1829, by Colonel James Welch, of the Madras arıny.

ed, seven years ago, in the case of Lord Byron's Marino Faliero, the In two vols. 8vo, with numerous Engravings.

right of acting any published play.-A clever melo-drama, called Fitz of Fitz Ford, an Historical Romance, in 3 vols. illustrative

“ The Brigands," from the pen of Mr J. R. Planchè, the author of of the History and Antiquities of Devonshire, by Mrs Bray, Author

Charles XII." and many other popular pieces, has been received of the “ White Hoods," &c. &c., is in the press.

with complete success at Drury Lane.-A stupid opera, from the A Second Edition of Lectures on English Poetry, with Historical

French of Boieldieu, called " The Night before the Wedding, and the Tales, and Miscellaneous Poems, being the Literary Remains of the Wedding Night,” has been all but damned at Covent Garden - Mis late Henry Neele, author of “The Romance of History," &c. &c.,

Phillips, the star of Drury Lane, is said to have written a tragedy 23 is now in the press; and will shortly be published in one thick vol. well as Miss Kemble, the star of Covent Garden. To write a tragedy post 8vo, with a Portrait.

is nothing, unless it be also a good tragedy.- Madame Vestris bas Our readers are no doubt aware that some remarkable documents,

been performing at Wakefield and other provincial towns. 18 known by the name of the Stuart Papers, were brought to this coun- Smithson is at Carlisle.- Braham has been singing to almost erop try from Rome after the death of Cardinal York, the last of the fa

houses in Dublin.-De Begnis has taken the Caledonian Thea:re. mily, and deposited in St James's Palace. The King, we are inform

and is to be here by the second week of December.-Miss Paton & ed, recently transferred these papers to the hands of Sir Walter Scott, peared in Glasgow as Adelaide in the " Haunted Tower," on Thursfor examination and publication. Sir Walter Scott has availed day evening. She was to conclude her engagement there last nigba

, himself of the assistance of his son-in-law Mr Lockhart, who is now and is then, we believe, to return to Edinburgh, but not to appear actively employed in arranging the whole.

in public. Robert Montgomery has in the press another poem of a religious

WEEKLY List of PERFORMANCES. character, entitled, " Satan." In a short time will be published, Notices of the Brazils in 1828

Nov. 21.-Nov. 27. 9; by the Rev. R. Walsh, LL.D.

SAT. Rob Roy, & Charles II.

MON. The Cabinet, The Sultan, o The Robber's Wife. A poem, entitled “ 1829," from the pen of the author of the Open- Tues. Douglas, The Youthful Quren, Robinson Crusol. ing of the Sixth Seal, will be published on New-Year's Day.


Virginins, f The Robber's Wife.
The Life of Sir Humphry Davy, by Dr Paris, is soon expected. THURS. Hamlet, William Thompson, Robinson Crusoe.
A vision, written during his last illness, in the playful style of Sal-

FRI. Macbeth, 4 No Song No Supper.
monia, has been left by Sir Humphry to his executors, for publica-

TO OUR CORRESPONDENTS. Mr Valpy has issued a prospectus for publishing a Family Classi- The interesting communication on the subject of Burns shal cal Library, or English Translations of the most valuable Greek have a place next week.-" Notices of Eminent Lecturers will not and Latin Classics, in monthly volumes, with a biographical sketch exactly suit us. The subject is one which requires much tact-We of each author, and notes, when necessary, for the purpose of illus- are afraid we cannot find room for the paper entitled, " I vill be an tration. The scries is not expected to exceed forty volumes, and the Author."—We are obliged to “ Anna;" --she asks a question, the first will appear on the cominencement of the new year.

swer to which we could whisper to herself, but it must not be giran The Panorama of the Thames, from London to Richmond, exhi. here." Proteus” has our thanks. We had not forgotten “L." biting every object on both Banks of the River, is announced. This We are not yet quite satisfied that our Correspondent in the neighwork has been ihe labour of nearly two years. It is upwards of sixty bourhood of Dunbar is a poeta natus.--We can scarcely promise feet in length, and on a scale of sufficient extent to exhibit every insert the Lines by " W. G.," or those entitled, " The First Love.. building on either shore of the River, in a distinct form.

and “ To Mary.”—The « Submarine Scene," and the Lines by companied by Descriptive Notices of the most remarkable places; and “W. B." stand over for consideration when we next put on our Slippreceded by a General View of London.

It is ac


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their summits,—of individual prowess and suffering,

bugle.notes floating on the breeze,--and masses of men Annals of the Peninsular Campaigns, from 1808 to 1814. glittering in warlike panoply. These vague generalities By the Author of Cyril Thornton. William Black

are the characteristics of war on a large scale, at all times wood, Edinburgh. "1829. 3 vols, post 8vo. Pp. something that will speak to the heart of human nature

and in all places ; we want a description of the reality388, 366, and 450.

without the aid of a commentator. Looking also to the The author of this work disclaims all intention of en- author's management of his narrative, we are of opinion, tering into competition with the elaborate annals of Dr that while he has on some occasions--for example, in his Southey, or the more scientific labours of Colonel Napier. account of the advance of Sir John Moore, and of the reHis object has been to compose "a work which should treat of Soult from Oporto-omitted details which were introduce to the intimate acquaintance of the great body necessary in order to give a clear understanding of the of the people, the events of one of the most memorable whole; he has on others frequently in his third volume periods in the history of their country, and which should -encumbered his pages with unnecessary notices of subdiffuse and imprint more widely and more deeply a fit-ordinate movements, as meagre and uninteresting as the ting pride in the great achievements of British arms.” paragraphs of a newspaper. In discharging this self-imposed task, he claims credit for Viewing the work next in regard to its claim to be fairness and impartiality. He pretends to no peculiar reckoned “fair and impartial,” we fear that there lies qualifications for his undertaking beyond a knowledge of in the word “impartiality” a deeper meaning than our many important localities, acquired by his having been a author attaches to it. Impartiality does not consist in sharer in some of the hard-fought battles it is now his blaming our friends occasionally, and at times extendpart to describe. We, however, will add what his mo- ing praise to our enemies. Impartiality knows neither desty has kept untold—that the high talents displayed in of friend nor enemy-it probes the conduct of both parties his former works had led the public to look upon him as to the bottom, and, conscious of its own rectitude, can well qualified to become their historian. Lastly, he ad- brave the world's insinuations, and decide in favour even mits the possibility of some unimportant errors having of those with whom it is linked and affied, when conerept into his history—of which, we will also say, that vinced that they are in the right. It is not enough, therenone but an ungenerous and carping critic would take fore, that our author should stand, now bowing to a advantage. This is an abstract of what the author has French, now complimenting a British general —now stated in his preface to be the object and ambition of his moaning over the excesses of the enemy's troops, now inwork; and we proceed to judge him by his own stand- dignant at those perpetrated by our own. He says that ard.

he is impartial; but we must investigate the whole tenor Viewing the book, then, as nothing more than what it of his book, to see whether it does not betray a leaning of pretends to be an introduction to the history of the war which he was not aware—a leaning which can noways in Spain, a first guide to such as purpose studying its impeach his character, but which may oblige us to pause annals,—or a compendious view for the use of those who before we assent to his conclusions. Tried by this test, rest satisfied with a superficial knowledge of them—we he is found deficient. There is an evident struggle think it is deficient. The object in a popular history of a throughout his whole work to praise, more highly than war is, without entering into a detail of every evolution, they deserved, the character and conduct of the Spanish or a profound criticism of the operations on both sides, to nation. He lavishes, in the outset, commendations on narrate the principal events in such a manner as to show the people at large, and on the Guerillas in particular, their mutual bearing on each other, the plans of the which his own subsequent statements prove to have been leaders, and whether, or in how far, they succeeded. In unmerited. He endeavours to raise to a false elevation order to effect this, it is necessary that each individual Palafox and some others, who have long sunk to their operation be so described, that the reader obtain a distinct real level. He attributes to the French generals the outconception of the local relations and successive motions of rages perpetrated by the soldiery, because it could not have both parties. If the history of a war come up to this ventured on them without their connivance; he exstandard—which it may, without having recourse to any culpates the English commanders, because the soldiery tedious and repulsive detail-it will not only be an in- cannot always be restrained_diametrically different instructive book, but its truth to nature, the thousand in- ferences from identical data. The plundering of the teresting episodes which are inseparable from the thread French soldiers is execrated,—the boiling French generals of its narrative, and the breathless anticipation excited by alive, and sawing them between planks by the Spaniards, the continuity of the mighty stream of events, will render are passed over in silence, as excesses deeply to be regretted. it one of high interest. The work now before us does The truth is, that our author is a partisan, and his evinot, in the most distant degree, approximate to this cha- dence is be received with caution. racter. The martial movements are described with that Has the book, then, any thing good about it? Much. degree of vagueness which we find in all accounts of mo- It is written by a man neither of a very clear nor a very dern warfare, except those of Napoleon and Colonel Na- comprehensive mind, and by one who has not studied his pier. It is of no use to give us picturesque accounts of subject either long or profoundly; but it is, at the same craggy cliffs, with the morning mist rising slowly from time, the work of a gentleman and a scholar. The author

is possessed of an elegant turn of mind, and his heart is neath the incubus, and while the rest of Europe continued in its right place. Such a person cannot go over so fertile to advance, Spain sunk slowly back into barbarism. The a theme without suggesting some thoughts worthy of our treasures from its American possessions, which, from the attention, For example, we think that, cautiously em- beginning, flowed more into the royal treasury than the ployed, his knack at recognising what is good in human national purse, were at first squandered on vain attempts nature, even when presented in the questionable actions to crush the reformation in other lands, and afterwards, of a degraded populace, might afford a useful lesson to from a variety of causes, dwindled away.

At the he men, who, like Colonel Napier, trained in the school of ginning of this century, Spain was a poor nation—her active duty, have no tolerance for the weakness and in- populace almost on a par with the savage, except in se consistency of the majority.

far as they were held in check by superstition, or the We not long ago presented our readers with a catalogue hand of power. The small number who were possessed of raisonnée of some of the principal contributions to the knowledge had acquired it in a foreign school. They had history of the exertions made by this country in behalf nothing in common with the bulk of the nation. Their of Spanish independence. The present, however, is the information, superficial as it might be, separated them, as first book that has come before us, since the commence by a gulf, from the rest of their countrywomen, and dement of our critical career, professing to give a completo prived them of all community of opinion and feelings, narrative of that great struggle, and we shall therefore When the moment of action came, therefore, it found the avail ourselves of this opportunity of giving a brief sketch people, and those who, from their rank, ought to have of what seems to us its real character,

been their leaders, incapable of understanding each other. The contest between France and England, which com- This paralysed the nation's efforts. Feeling the natural menced shortly after the breaking out of the Revolution wish for independence, it was unable to strike one effectire in the former country, had changed materially in its out- blow; it stood by, and saw its battles fought by another ward features at the beginning of the present century; power, or, at the most, by its ill-directed efforts impeded but the animating principle was still the same. A deadly the exertion of its friends. Its rooted hatred of the spirit of enmity had been awakened in the two nations, French rendered it impossible that they could ever hold and exaggerated and embittered by reciprocal acts of hos- the land but by the sword; but its weak struggles were tility. Different language had been assumed by each, vain in the clutch of the eagle's talons. Our attention, according to the varying policy of Europe different pre- therefore, is limited to the warlike operations of the texts had been held out to justify aggression, but a rooted French and English. All the efforts of Spain can only feeling of rivalry lay at the bottom of the whole. Eng- be reckoned for one of the subsidiary advantages or disland had fought at one time against democratical princi- advantages resulting from the peculiar situation of these ples, at another against a military despotism ; France had parties. fought first for equality, and afterwards for universal Aided by the imbecility of the Spanish and Portuguesa empire. But whatever were the pretexts, the war, from governments, Napoleon succeeded in occupying both counfirst to last, was to decide, whether England for herself, I tries without opposition. His possession of Portugal was or France, either as an independent nation, or represented too brief, and had too slight an influence on the subseby and identified with Bonaparte, should have the ascend-quent struggle, to render it necessary to notice it here

. ancy. It is true, that the liberty of Europe depended on Besides, the plan of operations in that country under the issue of the contest; but it is no less true, that this Junot was entirely independent of the measures taken to was the last idea in the minds of the combatants. The insure the subjection of Spain. The plan of operations enmity was personal—the war could only end in the in this latter country, as we have it in Napoleon's own overthrow of one of the parties.

words, was the most masterly that human genius has One of the fiercest struggles of this prolonged contest devised. In the course of a few weeks, Spain was inunwas the war in Spain. Napoleon pretended that he had dated with troops, sufficient to overpower all resistance. been forced to subdue the Peninsula by the intrigues of The frontier fortresses were secured, and a line of come Britain seeking to seduce it from his alliance. England munication was kept open from thence to Madrid, from accused him of overthrowing, without offence, an inde- which centre the conquering force was to spread itself, in pendent state. It is of little importance who was the wider and wider circles, in every direction. Care was aggressor. Before the invasion of Spain, that nation was taken for the speedy concentration of the different divivirtually the slave of Napoleon, and forced, in common sions, should any one of them be threatened by a superior with the whole Continent, to co-operate with his ambitious force. The scheme must have been successful, had the ends. The existence of Britain, as a powerful commer- projector superintended its developement in person, but cial country, depended upon loosening his yoke from the he intrusted it to weaker hands. Plunders induced me nations. The interest of either coincided with the dic- pulses, and, in the consternation of the moment, Napo tates of their mutual hatred; the uncertain condition of leon's officers deviated from a system, the advantages of the Peninsula held it out as the apple of discord ; they which they were unable to appreciate, and retired behind could not avoid joining battle on that field; and where the Ebro. both were alike eager and willing for the fray, it is idle At this moment England prepared to advance into to enquire who struck the first blow. The task of the Spain. The British government had been misled by the historian is to describe the nature of the field of battle,– boasts of the Spaniards, and the statements of its own the character and conduct of the combatants.

inefficient agents, into most exaggerated notions of SpaThere were still human hearts beating in Spain, but, nish power and resolution. It was thought sufficient to viewed as a nation, she was effete. Her union under one send an auxiliary army.

General Moore advanced at crown, conterminous with the final subjugation of the the head of one sufficient to have inspired the Spaniards Moors, had caused an increase of power in the sovereign, with confidence had they been men, but insufficient to to be met on the part of the people by a devoted loyalty make head of itself. Scarcely, however, had be clearrel and a bigoted hatred of all religions but the Catholic, the Spanish frontier, when he had reason to suspect the results of a long war against enemies of a strange (what afterwards proved to be true) that the Spanish faith inhabiting the same land. This coincidence favoured armies, as they were called, were utterly ineffective, and the organization of a despotic temporal power, and the the French troops in full advance. Napoleon had put introduction of the most powerful engine ever placed in himself at their head, in order to reinstate the order of priestly hands—the Inquisition. A succession of nar- things which the incapacity of his generals had allowed row-minded and bigoted princes riveted the union be- to be shattered. Moore, although unaware of the whole tween the throne and the altar, and strengthened their danger that threatened him, saw that an army so small foundations. The spirit of the nation was stifled be- as his, was not what the circumstances required, and


thought of retreat. Delusive accounts of Spanish armies zards by which his adversary so frequently succeeded. with which he was to co-operate were brought to him; But if we are to judge by results, his unchecked prospe. but in vain-his penetrating judgment saw through the rity bears testimony to the genius of the English General. flimsy lie. Still the national honour was to be preserved, If we look to the measures by which that success was which nothing could protect from the slanders of our secured, we find proofs of a comprehensive mind, a disimbecile allies, but a demonstration that they were men position daring and rapid as the lightning, yet with a who could not be assisted. By a bold and nicely-calcula- power of self-control beyond what the calmest tempers ted movement, Moore advanced sufficiently to place this betray. The great characteristic of Wellington is intense point beyond a doubt; and then by a retreat which has power--a power which often escapes the gaze of the suelicited the admiration of the three greatest commanders perficial observer, who is more impressed by the rage of of the age, he saved his army-alas! at the expense of the whirlwind and volcano, than the quiet eternal strength his own invaluable life. Napoleon, after re-establishing which upholds all nature-a strength which overwhelms his power in Spain, again left it to his delegates; and the reflecting mind the more, from the awful stillness of Britain, after receiving a severe lesson, which for a while, its manifestation. The genius of Wellington is essenhowever, seemed to add little to her wisdom, had to com- tially practical. He cannot talk brilliantly and fluently mence operations anew.

of art, science, and literature he does not shine in the The origin of the contemptuous tone under which a salon or boudoir_he keeps silence while the flimsy orator certain faction seek to hide the malice they bear to the sparkles in the festive hall, through the whole range of Duke of Wellington, can easily be traced. In the art of human knowledge ; but he can do something better,—he war, as in every other, a man of genius gives the ton can lead an army to assured conquest, and he can hold when he strikes out a new path ; Napoleon's system of the helm of state amid the dashing storms of faction, as extensive and rapid combinations had become fashionable coolly as others sail over a summer sea. He is the conin Europe; the parrots could chatter in his language, centration and ideal of the English character. He could although they could not do his deeds. In this state of enjoy himself had fate doomed him to be a private genmind, a system like the Duke of Wellington's, conspicu- tleman ; he moves unmanacled by greatness on the giddy ous for a sturdy unpretending sense, was received with ridge of state. We have penned this panegyric while he hootings. The cry has been kept up by a shoal of is in power : we are ready to abide by it should he be second-hand writers_“ The Duke owed his victories to found to-morrow in domestic retirement. good luck.” This might have been believed had he gained only one ; but an uninterrupted series of victories, filling The Quarterly Review. No. LXXXII. November 1829. up three long years, is not so to be accounted for. Let The Edinburgh Review. No. XCIX. October 1829. us look at them.

When the Duke landed in Portugal, the French were Both of these are good numbers of their respective again the sovereign power in Spain. The executive was works: the new Editor of the Edinburgh has made a in their hands, and the greater part of the population had creditable debut. As they come into collision in more sunk into a despairing acquiescence. In Portugal, Soult points than one, we take the liberty of criticising both at had thrown out his advanced guard beyond the Douro. Victor threatened the southern frontier. With a rapid- The more immediately political part we shall dismiss ity and enterprise that displayed the whole man, the very briefly. It consists, on the part of the Quarterly, in English leader drove back the former into Galicia, and an exposition of the state of our Finances, and dissertareturned to co-operate with the Spanish General Cuesta tions on the Ottoman Empire, the co-operatives, and pauagainst the latter. On his advance, he found his allies a pers—the last of which is worthy of particular attention. useless encumbrance, and his enemies too powerful and The Edinburgh treats us, on its part, to an exposé of the concentrated to be overthrown by the force under his French Commercial System ; and a brief article on the command. He struck them one stunning blow at Ta- New French Ministry, from which we infer that this lavera, and fell back upon the Portuguese frontiers to journal's inveterate habits of opposition are very far from wait for a better opportunity. Circumstances obliged being extinct. him to fall still farther back within the lines of Torres The controversial matter we dismiss with nearly equal Vedras, but this retreat was deeply planned, and had all brevity. The Quarterly contains a note called forth by the majestic port of victory. With the retreat of the certain remonstratory letters published by Sir R. Donkin, pursuing French army, he resumed his post on the fron- appealing against the Reviewer's treatment of his theory on tier, and there, in the face of two armies, so situated that the course of the Niger. The gallant knight would have a few days would have brought their combined and far behaved more wisely had he remained quiet. The Edinsuperior force to bear upon him, he took the two strong burgh contains a continuation of its controversy with the fortresses of Ciudad Rodrigo and Badajos, with a celerity Westminster. We would humbly represent to these pugthat confounded his opponents. He then advanced to nacious gentlemen, that as they have now got all their Salamanca, and again struck down the armies of France arguments exhausted, and have of late only repeated in the open field. Even in the full tide of victory, not- what they had said before, the public are beginning to withstanding the jeers of his foes, and the popular out- get rather tired of the dispute. The question seems now cry at home, he had the self-command to retreat-but it to be which of the parties is the cleverest fellow, and has was only, after concentrating his forces by a momentary the most pertinacity-a matter of no earthly interest to delay, and waiting the relaxation of his enemy's strength, any but themselves. If the fight is kept up, we must again to float forward on the broad wave of success, which raise a literary posse comitatus to apprehend and bind the bore him from battle to siege, and from one victory to combatants over to keep the peace; and if all rational another, far into the heart of France.

means fail, we must resort to a method we have seen emIn casting our eyes back upon these transactions, we ployed successfully in the case of fighting dogs—throtconfess that they want the dazzle of Napoleon's victories; tle them till they let go their hold, and then shut them but do they, therefore, display less genius? As delegate up in separate kennels. of another's power, Wellington had respects to observe Both the Edinburgh and Quarterly have devoted a con.. which the Emperor never dreamt of. As one who came siderable space in the numbers before us to America ; the not to make himself master of Spain, but to free it from former to its literature, the latter its society. Both are a foreign foe, Wellington's object was to expel the intru- filled with prejudice and misrepresentations, unintenders, not to organise a force for retaining the country in tional, we trust and believe. With respect to the Quarhis own hands. With a limited strength at his disposal, terly, we are not so much surprised. Its supporters are and responsible for its safety, ho dared not run the ha- | in every thing so diametrically opposed to America, that

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