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There with thee, new welcome Saint,
Like fortunes may her soul acquaint,
With thee there clad in radiant sheen,
No Marchioness, but now a Queen*.


Song. On May Morning.
Now the bright morning star, day's harbinger,
Comes dancing from the east, and leads with her
The flow'ry May, who from her green lap throws
The yellow cowslip, and the pale primrose.

* There is a pleasing vein of in Niccols's Cuckow, 1607. and lyric sweetness and ease in Mil- in G. Fletcher's Christ's Victory, ton's use of this metre, which is c. i. 82. T. Warlon. that of L'Allegro and Il Penseroso. 3. --who from her green lap He has used it with equal suc- throps &c.] This image seems cess in Comus's festive song, and to be borrowed from Shakespeare, the last speech of the Spirit, in Richard II. act v. sc. 4. Comus, 93, 922. From these

-who are the violets now specimens we may justly wish That strow the green lap of the newhe had used it more frequently. come spring ? Perhaps in Comus's song it has

3. So Niccols, in the descripa peculiar propriety: it has cer

tion just cited, of May, tainly a happy effect. T. Warton.

And from her fruitful lap eche day 1. Now the bright morning-star,

she threr day's harbinger,] So Shakespeare, The choicest flowres. Mids. N. Dr. a. iii. s. ult.

We have the same image in R. And yonder shines Aurora's harbinger. Greene's description of Aurora,

T Warton.

as cited in England's Parnassus, 2. Comes dancing from the east, 1600. p. 415. And in Spenser, and leads with her

of Nature, F. Q. ii. vi. 13. and The flow'ry May, &c.) of May, F. Q. vii. vi. 34. T. So Spenser, in Astrophel, st. iv. Warton. As sommers lark that with her song 4. —the pale primrose.] In the doth greet

Winter's Tale, a. iv. s. 5. The dancing day, forth coming from the east.

-Pale primroses

That die unmarried. The same expressions occur in the Faerie Queene, i. v. 2. and in And again in Cymbeline, a. ix. Peele's David and Bethsabe, 1599, S. 2. T. Warton.


Hail bounteous May that dost inspire
Mirth and youth and warm desire;
Woods and groves are of thy dressing,

Hill and dale doth boast thy blessing.
Thus we salute thee with our early song,
And welcome thee, and wish thee long.




On Shakespeare. 1630*. WHAT needs my Shakespeare for his honour'd bones The labour of an age in piled stones, Or that his hallow'd reliques should be hid Under a star-ypointing pyramid? Dear son of memory, great heir of fame, What need'st thou such weak witness of thy name? Thou in our wonder and astonishment Hast built thyself a live-long monument. For whilst to th' shame of slow-endeavouring art Thy easy numbers flow, and that each heart Hath from the leaves of thy unvalued book Those Delphic lines with deep impression took; Then thou our fancy of itself bereaving, Dost make us marble with too much conceiving;


* This copy of verses on Shake the daughters of memory. See speare being made in 1630, our Hesiod, Theog. ver. 53. poet was then in the twenty- 8. -a live-long monument.] second year of his age: and it It is lasting in the folio Shakewas printed with the poems of speare, and the editions of these that author at London in 1640. poems, 1645, 1695, 1765. And

5. Dear son of memory,] He in Tickell and Fenton. Milton, honours his favourite Shake- I suppose, altered it to live-long, speare with the same relation as edit. 1673. T. Warton. the Muses themselves. For the 11. -unvalued] Inestimable; Muses are called by the old poets above price. Johnson.


And so sepulchred in such pomp dost lie,
That kings for such a tomb would wish to die*.


On the University Carrier, who sickened in the time

of his vacancy, being forbid to go to London, by

reason of the plaguet. HERE lies old Hobson; Death hath broke his girt, And here, alas, hath laid him in the dirt,

15. And so sepulchred] We ance of any length that was have the word with the same printed; notwithstanding the sinaccent in Fairfax, cant. i. st. 25. gular approbation with which it As if his work should his sepulchre be. had been previously received in

a long and extensive course of Milton has pronounced it other

private circulation. Lycidas in wise, as in Samson, ver. 103.

the Cambridge collection is only Myself, my sépulchre, a moving grave. subscribed with his initial. Most

* This is but an ordinary poem of the other contributors have to come from Milton on such a left their names at full length. subject. But he did not know The title of this piece in the his own strength, or was content second folio of Shakespeare was, to dissemble it, out of deference An Epitaph on the admirable drato the false taste of his time. maticke Poet W. Shakespeare. T. The conceit of Shakespeare's Warton. lying sepulchred in a tomb of his + We have the following acown making is in Waller's man- count of this extraordinary man ner, not his own. But he made in the Spectator, No. 509. “Mr. Shakespeare amends in his L'Al

“ Tobias Hobson was a carrier, legro, v. 133. Hurd.

“ and the first man in this island This poem firstappeared among “ who let out hackney horses. other recommendatory verses, “ He lived in Cambridge, and prefixed to the folio edition of “observing that the scholars rid Shakespeare's plays in 1632, but hard, his manner was to keep without Milton's name or initials. a large stable of horses, with This therefore is the first of Mil-"boots, bridles, and whips, to ton's pieces that was published. “ furnish the gentlemen at once, It was with great difficulty and “ without going from college to reluctance, that Milton first ap- college to borrow, as they peared as an author. He could “ have done since the death of not be prevailed upon to put his “ this worthy man: I say Mr. name to Comus, his first perform- “ Hobson kept a stable of forty


Or else the ways being foul, twenty to one,
He's here stuck in a slough, and overthrown.
'Twas such a shifter, that if truth were known,
Death was half glad when he had got him down;
For he had any time this ten years full,
Dodg’d with him, betwixt Cambridge and the Bull.
And surely Death could never have prevail’d,
Had not his weekly course of carriage fail'd;
But lately finding him so long at home,
And thinking now his journey's end was come,
And that he had ta'en up his latest inn,
In the kind office of a chamberlin


“ good cattle, always ready and relieving the poor, and building “ fit for travelling; but when a a public conduit in the market.

man came for a horse, he was place. The inscription on the “ led into the stable, where there conduit is as follows. « Thomas “ was great choice, but he “ Hobson, late carrier between “ obliged him to take the horse “ London and this town, in his “ which stood next to the stable- “ life-time was at the sole charge “ door; so that every customer of erecting this structure, A.D.

was alike well served accord- “ 1614. He departed this life “ing to his chance, and every

“ January 1, 1630, and gave by “ horse ridden with the same

“ will the rent of seven lays “ justice: from whence it be- " of pasture-ground lying in St.

came a proverb, when what Thomas's Lays towards the ought to be

election was

“ maintenance of this conduit “ forced upon you, to


Hob- “ for ever. Moreover at his death " son's choice. This memorable he gave £10. towards the fur" man stands drawn in fresco at “ther beautifying the same.”

an inn (which he used) in I cannot say much in commend“ Bishopsgate-street, with an ation of these verses upon his “ hundred pound bag under his death: they abound with that “ arm, with this inscription sort of wit, which was then in “ upon the said bag,

request at Cambridge.

14. In the kind office of a “ The fruitful mother of an hun. chamberlin, &c.] I believe the dred more.”

chamberlain is an officer not yet Mr. Ray, in his Collection of discontinued in some of the old English Proverbs, says that he inns in the city. But Chytræus, raised himself to a great estate, a German, who visited England and did much good in the town, about 1580, and put his travels

Show'd him his room where he must lodge that night, 15
Pulld off his boots and took away the light:
If any ask for him, it shall be said, ,
Hobson has supp'd, and's newly gone to bed.


Another on the same.


HERE lieth one, who did most truly prove
That he could never die while he could move;
So hung his destiny, never to rot
While he might still jog on and keep his trot,
Made of sphere-metal, never to decay
Until his revolution was at stay.
Time numbers motion, yet (without a crime
'Gainst old truth) motion number'd out his time:
And like an engine mov'd with wheel and weight,
His principles being ceas’d, he ended strait.
Rest that gives all inen life, gave him his death,
And too much breathing put him out of breath ;
Nor were it contradiction to affirm
Too long vacation hasten’d on his term.
Merely to drive the time away he sicken’d,
Fainted, and died, nor would with ale be quicken'd;



into Latin verse, mentions it as at the end of his Memoirs of an extraordinary circumstance, Cromwell, has printed Hobson's that it was the custom of our will, which is dated at the close inns to be waited upon by of the year 1630. He died Jan.

In Peele's Old Wives 1, 1630, while the plague was Tale, Fantastique says, “ I had in London. This piece was

even as live the chamberlaine written that year. Milton was “ of the White Horse had called now a Student at Cambridge. “me up to bed,” a. i. s. 1. Peck, 7. Warton.


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