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of success in steady and unwearied terly unable to compensate. It would esertion. And I appeal to any who be injustice to religion to admit, that are acquainted with the divine life, those exertions do in the slightest whether peace can coexist with idle-degree destroy its peculiar pieasures : ness. Surely God loves his setvánts they or the contrary enhance them. too well to suffer them quietly to But my paper has already, I fear, wander from his way, without en- swelled to too great a lengih, and I Jeavouring to recal them. The wan- hasten to a conclusion. Allow me derers find their path rough and however to remark, that no one thorny. In spite of a somewhat con- would be more really grieved than fident, and it may be, a just per- myself to give unnecessary pain to suasion, that they are still the ser- any weak, but sincere follower of vants of God, their mind is not at that compassionate Saviour, whose ease; something within seems to character it is not to break the bruiswhisper that all is not as it might cd reed. Yet to cure the wound, it be, perhaps, as it has been. Little must first be probed ; and tenderness satisfaction is experienced in daily for the feelings of the patient should sell-examination, and as little in the not interfere with exertions for his retrospect of past weeks or months. recovery. In reading the Scriptures, or any Let such readers as feel them. religious book, an unwelcome dread selves interested in the subject of respecting the commands of God, this communication, consider it with and the intimationsof his displeasure the attention and candour required towards the slothful and careless, from those who profess to hold the surprises and disturbs their minds; truth in sincerity. I feel the diffiand this is accompanied with a secret culty, or rather the impossibility, of disinclination to his service, and a sketching more than an indistinct desire either of explaining away the outline of a design, which the pecusupposed severity of the divine law, biar circumstances of individuals can or of shaping it by their own con- alone complete, and fill up with the duct. Such dispositions, I think, proper gradations of light and shade. clearly argue the heart to be in an Such persons have indeed an infalunsound state; and are rarely, ifever, lible criterion of conduct, I mean experienced by the more active the revelation of God in his word; Christian. That it saps the very and by that we shall be examined in foundations of religious tranquillity the day when God shall judge the is self-evident. Do the characters secrets of men by Jesus Christ accordin question, (I appeal to themselves) ing to the Gospel
. But the study of when they turn their thoughts with the sacred volume will avail little, in, and examine the general cast of unless each affection of the mind, their feelings on the subject of reli- and each course of action, be refergion, discover that perfect ease and red to its decision with that distinct satisfaction, not to say joy, that particularity which results from a peace of mind, or that unfeigned patient and honest anxiety to know willingness to lay open their hearts what we must do to be saved. Chriswithout disguise before God, which, tians should imitate those" children I think, characterise the diligent of this generation,” who, in arrangand self-denying Christian, except ing their secular concerns, avoid when his spirits happen to be op- confusion and uncertainty by mapressed by external causes? More naging every transaction separately. instances might be adduced in which Your readen, Sir, will perceive, the life of these persons is sadden- that my subject is by no means exed, and their mind burthened by hausted. The insertion of this padisquietude and suspicion; for which per may, perhaps, encourage me to their exemption from the cheerful pursue itas opportunities offer themlabours of a Christian warrior, is ute selves.
To the Editor of the Christian Observer. his design in his studies, and if it To the Editor of the Christian Observer. had pleased the Lord of life to have In the number for September last prolonged his days, it would have of your valuable publication, you been more of his work. For he was did me the favour to insert a paper, resolved, (as he once told me) very containing an extract from Mr. much to lay aside other studies, und Herbert's “ Country Parson," on to travel in the salvation of men's the most effectual mode of preach- souls, after whose good he most ardently ing—I now beg leave to resume that thirsted," To these passages, I will important subject, and to send you only add one word of admonition and some further observations on several of encouragement, to every clerical poiuis which are more or less con- reader. " Whatsoever thy hand nected wish it. The greater part findeth to do,” in the work of an of what I have to communicate will evangelist, in making full proof of still consist of extracts; both be thy ministry, " do it with thy might, cause the sentiments I wish to con- for there is no wisdom, or knowvey will be better expressed in the ledge, or device in the grave whi. language of others, than in my own, ther thou goest.” And to animate and because they will at the same your efforts, remember, that “ they time be illustrated and animated by that be wise shall shine as the brightexamples. Having been in the ha- ness of the firmament; and they that bit of noticing the most important turn many to righteousness, as the particulars relative to the clerical stars for ever and ever." character, as they have presented But what are the best means to prethemselves in the lives of eminent pare a inan for the work of the miministers, or in other historical or nistry, and to render him successful religious works, I proceed to extract in it? In addition to what has been a few passages from my common- already suggested in various
papers place book, which I trust may not in the Christian Observer, I would prove uninteresting or uninstructive offer a few miscellaneous remarks. to your clerical readers.
" There be four things,” said Mr. I shall introduce my observations Selden in his Table-talk, “ a minisby two short extracts, which may ter should be at. The conscionary serve to excite the attention of mi- part - Ecclesiastical story— School nisters to the supreme importance divinity-and the Casuists.” It is of their office, and to the necessity not my intention to enlarge partiof working in it whilst it is called cularly on either of these heads, but "to-day." Dr. Bernard in his life merely to enforce upon the clergy, of Archbishop Usher, makes the from the observation of the acute following remark on the ministerial and learned Selden, the necessity labours of that admirable prelate. of making very extensive and labo“ To have been a constant preucher, rious application to various objects he took in his elder years more com- of study, the ground work of usefort by the remembrance of, than in fulness in the church. Lest this auall his other labours and writings.” thority, however, should not be Of a similar nature, though it refers deemed sufficiently satisfactory, I rather to what was intended, than would subjoin that of the celebrated "to what had been practised, is the Bishop Bull. In a Visitation Serfollowing observation of Bishop Pa- mon, which deserves the attention trick in his accoant of Mr. John of every clergyman, this learned Smith, which has been already in- and pious prelate observes as fol-Serted in your weik. “ Our friend lows: “ The first requisite to the was as true, asanble a servant office of a teacher, is a very large (without making any compliment) knowledge. For the priest's lips to the good of mankind, as any per should keep knowledge, and they son that this day lives. This was should seek the law at his mouth :
Cursr. VESERY. No: 55.
for he is the messenger of the Lord examined into the most noted auof hosts.' Mal. ii. 7. Jesus saith thors in controversy, and read Belunto them, Have ye understood all larmine and Chamier, in opposition these things? They say unto him, to each other, quite through,-toYea, Lord. Then said be unto gether with some of the most rethem, Therefore every Scribe which ceived systems of school-divinity; is instructed unto the kingdom of which, however, soon disgusted heaven is like unto a man that is an him, on account of their subtle and householder, which bringeth forth out endless distinctions and disputes.of his treasure things new and old.' " In his hours of amusement, he ran This extends itself into a very wide through many volumes of history :
Since theology is tegen and it is scarcely conceivable what τεχνων, και επιστημη επιστημων. The a progress he had made in these studivine must be TAVETIOTYwy, he must dies, before he was eighteen, by an have compressed the eyxvxAOTLOIA. application which seldom fell short This at least is the perfection of a. of fourteen hours in a day.” It is teacher. The necessary qualifica- afterwards mentioned, that Mr. tion will be somewhat lower. Here, Nairn, an eminent Scotch clergyhowever, there must be theology, po- man, led him into a new course of sitire, i. e. a knowledge of the ne- reading. By his recommendation he cessary speculative truths revealed perused, “Smith's select Discourses, in Scripture,-polemical, or controver. Dr. Moore's Works, the Writings sial, i. e. tr. defend the truth against of Plato and his Followers : but no eneinies-moral or practical: theo- book pleased him more than Hooklogy is a practical science, abso- er's Ecclesiastical Polity, from the lutely necessary to be thus known principles of which he never deby every teacher-casuistical, i. e. parted.” By the advice; also, of to resolve 'donbts and difficulties of Archbishop Leighton, it appears, a moral or religious nature. Hence that Bishop Burnet became early it appears, that the teacher should " conversant with all the primitive be mighty in the Scriptures, and writers, going through the apologies, for properly understanding them, and other treatises of the Fathers of much of antiquity, history, and phi- the three first Centuries, and Bin. lology is requisite,” besides a large nius's Collection of Councils, down acquaintance with the best commen- to the second Council of Nice." tators.
Thus much I have thought it ne. As a practical illustration of the nessary to extract upon the subject preceding observations respecting of the knowledge and learning of a the importance of knowledge in a Chris- Christian minister. I do not mean tian minister, I add the following to say, that every particular which account of Bishop Burnet's studies, has been stated is alike important; from his life prefixed to the history or that the preceding unconnected of his own times. Besides an accu- passages contain any regular or enrate acquaintance with the learned tirely eligible method of study.languages, the biographer of this Something of this kind will, I trust, excellent prelate informs us, that hereafter appear from sone one of “he went through the common me- your learned correspondents. In thods of the Aristotelian logic and the mean time, I shall be happy if philosophy with applause. He then any thing which I have brought studied for a year the civil and feu- forward should awaken the attendal law, but upon deterinining to tion of any of your younger clerical enter into the church, he began his readers, or of any who are intendtheological studies hy going through ed for the church, to this subject, the Old and New Testament with and should afford them any useful all the conmentaries upon the dif- hints towards laying up those stores ferent parts of it then in repute : he of knowledge which may, under the
divide blessing, tend to make them composing it, than I did of publish“able ministers of the New Testa. ing this. An awful circumstance has ment,” “workmen that need not to however determined ine to do it. It be ashamed, rightly dividing the was the last I ever preached. The word of truth.”
same evening, after my return from It was my intention to have pro- Morley, where I had delivered it, a ceeded to several other points, rela- blood-vessel broke in my lungs, and tive to the spirit and temper of a finished my capacity for usefulness, Christian minister, and to the best as a preacher, in an instant. A cirmode of preaching: but as this pa- cumstance which I hoped might per is already sufficiently extended, procure it some extraordinary deI shall defer what I have further to gree of attention, especially from communicate to a future number. those who had a personal value for
“ Another reason was, that it To the Editor of the Christian Observer. bearing
my dying testimony against
would give me an opportunity of The author of the inclosed paper that delusiou of delusions, by which was the Rev. William Whitaker, of I am persuaded Satan undoes more Leeds, in Yorkshire. The last ser- souls than by all his other devices; mon he ever preached was on Matt. I mean the hopes of a death-bed rexxiv. 44: “ Therefore be ye also pentance,grounded on the presumpready, for in such an hour as ye tion of a lingering death. This, I think not the son of man cometh.” flatter myself, I may be able to do This sermon he was induced to pub- with some advantage (notwithstandlish, with a preface, entitled " An ing my present very weak circumAddress to the Reader on the Dan- stances, and utter unfitness to treat ger of delaying the concerns of the any subject with accuracy) as I have Soul, in hope of a lingering Illness.” seen so much of the flattery and deI was particularly struck with this lusions of a decline, during that address as applicable to that nume- long and tedious indisposition, rous class of persons who labour un- through which the Almighty, in the der consumptive complaints, and course of his all-wise providence, who, it is well known, are exceed- has called me to pass. This is the ingly apt to indulge fallacious hopes sole design of this introductory adof recovery, while their danger is dress. plainly visible to every other eye. “ I know the generality of manAn anxious wish to prevent the la. kind are so far from having any formentable effects of this wretched midable apprehensions of a condelusion, has made me desirous to sumption, that they think it affords obtain for the address in question, a most happy opportunity of prenow little known, a place in the paring for the coming of the Lord; Christian Observer. And I am sure and in the hopes of dying such a that should it be the means, as I lingering death, often, alas! put off trust it may, of awakening the that which their conscience tells minds of any to a perception of the them is their duty, and which they necessity of instant preparation for would not for the world have left eternity, you, Sir, will feel amply finally undone. When they think compensated for the space which it of the fever, the palsy, the apo
plexy, or the cholic, they are alarm
S. L. ed; fear chills all their members, and MR. WHITAKER'S ADDRESS.
they are almost persuaded to fice
frorn the wrath to come. But as to CHRISTIAN READIR,
a consumption, it carries no terrors “No one, I believe, ever thought with it; so far from it, that they less of publishing a sermon when think, if they may but be so happy
as to die of this disorder, all will be overflow the hiding place, and your safe enough; they will then have covenant with death shall be displenty of time to reflect upon their annulled, and your agreement with past lives, to humble themselves be- hell shall not stand; when the overfore God, to apply to the blood of flowing scourge shall pass through, Jesus, and the grace of the Spirit; then shall ye bë' trodden down.and that they shall moreover have Isaiah xxviii. 17, 18. so many daily calls to attend to, and “The reason, I presume, why this improve, this favourableopportunity, disorder has been generally thought that there is little danger of their so favourable to the great work of neglecting to improve it. This is faith and repentance, is, that it is all a delusion! a dreadful delusion, in itself extremely dangerous; yet big with the eternal ruin of most, if attended with no great apparent not all who trust to it. A consump- pain or distress, and generally contion affords none of those favourable tinues for a long time. Hence, I sup. opportunities of acquainting our- pose, it has come to be thought faselves with God, and preparing for vourable, both as affording calls to eternity, which it so speciously thoughtfulness, and time for everpromises. No: like the harlot, it cising it. It njust be confessed there smiles only that it may the more appears something specious in this. easily delude.
One would imagine, considering “This, reader, is not the rash hasty how generally fatal all kinds of declaration of a recluse immured in consumptions are, that they would his closet, but the deliberate opi- at once alarm the person seized with nion of one who has past through them, and put him upon an immethe various stages of this most de- diate attention to the things that beceitful disorder, and grounded upon long to his peace; in which case he his own observation during a long would generally have considerable course of trial: of one, whose firm time for it. Yet surprising as it may persuasion it is concerning his own appear, this is so far from being the soul, that if he had not been pre- case in fact, that it has passed into a pared before he fell ill, he had been common proverb, that a consumptite undone for ever, (though no one man never thinks himself in danger. was ever carried on in a manner The justice of this I scarce knew more apparently favourable) and how to allow, till I came to expewhose experience makes him as cer- rience it. But I am now convinced tain, that if thou trust to it, for mak- that it is an awful truth, well deing thy peace with God, it will as serving the attention of all those certainly undo thee. Bear with me, who depend upon this as a season Christian reader, while I offer thee for repentance. some of those observations which “The disorder alarms others, but have induced me to be of an opi- it seldom creates any great alarm nion so very different from that of to the patient himself, till he comes the generality of mankind. If they to the very last stages of it; and perappear only the hasty conclusions haps not then neither, as nothing of a person rendered fretful by á is more common than for a conlong course of sufferings, then con- suniptive man to die in his chair of tinue thy former bopes; but if thy on his couch. To this insensibility conscience tells thee, as I am per. uf danger a variety of things consuaded it will, that they are just, tribute. dread one moment longer to pursue “ One is, the gradual and intera course which may be attended terrupted manner in which this diswith the most fatal consequences. temper proceeds. When the jinpeOh remember that awful declara- tuous warrior, who by raising bartion, the hail shall sweep away the tery upon battery, destroys his enr. refuge of lies, and the waters shall my's defences in a moinent, ab