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encomiums upon the former. The cook's shops in London, where one single man who lives extravagantly is served with slices of baked or in Paris may spend four or five boiled meat and nasty pudding, and pounds per week, but the same kind yet made to pay handsomely; a of living would cost him twelve Frenchman, accustomed to his silver or fourteen pounds in London. For fork and clean napkin, in an elegant five pounds per week he may take room with five or six waiters at his his dinner at Very's, Grignon's, the command, must have a poor idea of Frères Provençaux, or the Rocher de English manners if he judges of Cancale, and go to the theatre every them by the eating houses, taken evening ; but he may have luxurious whether as to the mode of serving living at a still lower rate. A young the meats, the places themselves, or friend of mine, who likes to enjoy the manner of the attendance; the himself at a cheap rate, assures me mere substance of what a man eats that he has a good bed-room, takes is less to be considered than the a good breakfast and dinner, with mode of eating, and certainly nohis half bottle of Champagne or thing tends so much to civilize a Bordeaux Lafitte, his coffee in the nation and polish the middling evening, and his amusement at the classes as genteel intercourse at theatre, for sixty francs a week, and table. The clerk in France who I believe him.
has only eighty pounds per annum, There are several restaurateurs in accustomed to dine in the same manParis who give a very good dinner ner, though not with such expenand half a bottle of vin ordinaire for sive dishes, as the wealthiest noble. two francs. There are some as low man in his own hotel, has all the as twenty-six sous, but for two elegance of manner and self-ease of francs one has soup, four well dress- the latter. The very mechanick, who ed dishes, wine, desert and bread. dines for twenty sous, has his silver I dined the other day at the Salon fork and clean napkin, and being Français, which are very elegant treated like a gentleman, he behaves rooms, superior in splendour, though as such. Behind us as the French not equal in size, to the Argyle- are in most things, I must confess Rooms in London. For the infor- that in this respect they are before mation of the members of the John us by centuries. This is a subject Bull family who meditate a trip to well worth the attention of persons Paris I will state the particulars of in England who desire the improvemy dinner:--First, I had pea soup, ment of the middle and lower classes. which was very good ; then a stew I should be the last man in the of calves head; my second dish was world to recommend an imitation of the wing of a fowl and cresses; the French vice or folly, but I think third a fried sole ; the fourth a bei- the English, instead of priding gnets de pommes, a kind of apple themselves upon their plainness, fritters very nicely cooked, and then which too frequently approaches to a desert of preserved cherries : for coarseness and brutality, would do this, and the wine and bread, I paid well to imitate the French in the two francs; a more serviceable din- habits which give them ease and ner could scarcely be had at Very's elegance in society. for six times the money. At the There is another way of living present low price of provisions in economically in Paris for single England I am sure the same dinner, persons, that of boarding and lodgwith porter instead of wine, and ing in a French family; a person certainly good English porter is may be very genteelly boarded and better than bad French wine, might lodged in a family where the best be given for the same money, with society is to be found for 100 francs a profit of thirty per cent. ; but on- per month to 120 francs, but as it is fortunately people of small income the custom in such places to have in London have no idea of living only two meals a day, breakfast and genteelly upon a little, and there- dinner, I, who am an advocate for fore nobody sets up such an esta- the old English mode of making blishment in the dread of not being four meals a day, cannot recommend encouraged. Nothing can be more the French mode to my acquaintdisgusting in my opinion than the
SKETCHES OF POPULAR PREACHERS.
(Continued from page 328.)
THE REV. GEORGE SAXBY PENFOLD, A.M,
MR. Penfold is the Vicar of Go- benevolence; to hope, by telling ring, Sussex ; Rector of Pulham, the fear of conscience, and the eterDorset; and Minister of Brunswick nal happiness promised to those Chapel, St Mary-le-bone.
who act in compliance with the ad. This gentleman is a plain useful monitions of duty; to fear, by repreacher; and though he does not presenting the punishment denouncpossess the talent necessary to con- ed against those who violate the de. stitute a great orator, yet the ab- clared will of their Creator; to insence of gross defects, and the pre- terost, by enforcing the considerasence of many qualities indispensable tion that abstinence from a few in the Christian Teacher, render him evanescent pleasures is recompensed a valuable advocate in the cause to by perfect felicity; to benevolence, which he is dedicated. His voice is by depicting the pernicious influence not powerful, but very pleasing in of bad example, and the corruption its tones and modulations. His ge- it spreads over the circle within the neral deportment is not ungraceful, reach of its infection. though it cannot claim the epithet On the Sacrament of the Lord's of elegant. He is earnest and ani- Supper Mr. Penfold has preached mated ; far removed from lifeless many useful discourses; he enlarges monotony of manner, and equally on the benefits accruing from the at a distance from boisterous rant observation of this ordinance, its and noisy vulgarity. He gives to tendency to check in the mind the all he utters the additional adran
growth of evil inclinations, and to tage of an apparent anxiety to im- nurture and mature virtuous and part his own convictions to his pious dispositions ; the consolation hearers, the result of an unpreju- it imparts to the heart, which has diced investigation into their truth. sorrow alone for its inmate, and
His sermons are marked by a de- which turns from a world where cided inequality in merit; the lan- disappointment has crushed the guage is sometimes very indifferent, latest spark of joy to that religion the arrangement confused, and the which has peace for its companion conceptions common-place; these here, and the hope of an immortality defects, however, are the occasional, of bliss, to support the spirit which and not the invariable, characteristics droops beneath the evils that opof his discourses, which on many press it. Mr. Penfold's charity sersubjects are well calculated to ope- mons are animated, pathetic, and rate the reformation of his hearers, sometimes powerful appeals to the by describing the various motives compassionate sympathies of the soul; to virtuous conduct in a manner he awakens the dormant feelings of adapted to win their assent to the pity, which but for him might have truth of the propositions he is en- slumbered unnoticed beneath the forcing. His sermons on the Sab- selfishness that encrusted them. He bath display, in vivid colours, the pleads the cause of the aflicted with mischiefs consequent on the neglect the zeal of a man deeply interested of this sacred and important institu- in the success of bis endeavours, tion; he describes it as the first re- and labours to turn the stream of trogade step from the path of piety, philanthropy into the channel most as an almost unerring criterion by productive of utility. which to infer the decline of holy Mr. Penfold illustrates what he thought and religious attachment reads by, pointed and judicious emin the soul.
phasis ; this, united to apparent seriHe addresses his exhortations to ousness and devotion, distinct enunthose springs of action which usually ciation and a melodious voice, render influence the will in its decision's his labours in the desk a source of to hope, to fear, to interest, to gratification and instruction to those
who hear him. The subject of this mons rises to the highest scale of article can prefer no claim to the excellence, nor sinks to so low a character of a great argumentative point as to excite dissatisfaction or preacher, neither is his intellect disgust, they are distinguished by formed for the discussion of the ab- a pleasing mediocrity, which, comstruse points of divinity; he is chiefly bined with the interest and importadmirable as the inculcator of the ance of the subjects he is called upon great moral truths of Christianity ; to discuss, renders them, I have no as the expounder of the duties doubt, salutary and useful admoniwhich man owes to himself, to so. tions to those to whom they are adciety, and to the Being who created dressed. zuim. He never in any of his ser
LETTER RELATIVE TO THE STRICTURES ON POPULAR
independently of that spurious po. I am one among the numerous pularity, which some of its members readers of your well-conducted Mis- so assiduously seek to obtain by a cellany, who participate most amply character of effort that does not in the general satisfaction expressed consult, so scrupulously as it ought, respecting your Strictures upon that dignified elevation of mind and those Preachers of the National strict consistency of expression and Church, whom you have selected as delivery, which give to pulpit orathe most popular advocates of her tory all its impressive power of doctrines; and I beg to add my eloquence and usefulness. humble testimony to the talent dis- The object of the article alluded played in this article ; more espe- to appears to be the designation of cially as it is shown in the judicious this excellence in those preachers discrimination with which the cha- who possess it; and the manifestaracteristics of each Reverend Gen- tion of the want of it in those tleman are marked, the accuracy who factitiously pretend to it. The and truth of delineation, the manly claims of both are exposed to pubtone supported throughout, the cor- licity of acknowledgment or rejecrectness of style, and its perfect ap- tion; and public effort must be subpropriation to the subject.
jected to public judgment, by whatIt happens, Sir, that I have an ever class of men it be put forth. opportunity of hearing the opinions What barm then is to be dreaded of many of the Clergy upon this from the plan which you have adoptarticle, and it gives me pleasure to ed? As in a well-executed picture add that, with very slight excep- the true contrast of light and shade tions, it meets with considerable gives effect to the whole; so, by a approbation.
just disposal of descriptive traits in At its first appearance, indeed, some such portraitures of the popular needless apprehensions were mani. Clergy, the keeping of their general fested that the cause of the National character is preserved. Church might be, in some degree, Paul, Apollas and Cephas were deteriorated by the nature of those all preachers of the gospel, and Strictures; and by a few individuals each effective according to the pecuthey were regarded as altogether liar excellence which he possessed ; gratuitous and uncalled for. yet can it be supposed that the sa
Such impressions, however, I con- cred cause, which they upheld, was ceive to be erroneous, since within endangered because among their the pale of the Ecclesiastical Esta- hearers one was of Paul, another blishment of our country, and par. of Apollas, and another of Cephas? ticularly in the Metropolitan part of Or because their individual efforts it, there is a sufficient number of were characterized according to the able and eloquent divines to vindi- qualifications by which each was cate its pretensions to superiority, distinguished ? And if in this disand to maintain the balance of pub- tinction it appeared that the depth lic opinion in its favour; and this of learning, which Paul evinced, they are well aware can be done, and the argumentative skill with
Éur. Mag. May, 1823.
which he elucidated his subject were of the various pretensions which not found in Apollas and Cephas; the preachers, whom it has hitherto or the peculiar properties of elo- comprehended in its disquisitions, quence which the two latter pos- appear anxious to substantiate in sessed not discoverable in the estimation of their hearers. Paul, would the followers of any Allow me, therefore, to urge of them have considered the great your perseverance in this plan, and object of all three as placed in a to recommend to your consideration state of jeopardy, because a par- when the task, which in this inticular excellence or defect was at- stance of your labours you have
pretributable to one which was not so scribed to yourself, shall be accomprominent in another ? Truly I plished, the republication of these think not
Strictures in a small volume, for Surely then there is no reason for which I have no hesitation in anthe apprehensions indulged by those ticipating a favourable reception on who are averse from such a plan as the part of the public. you have adopted; and there can I am, Sir, with much respect, be less cause for offence at the im
Your obedient Servant, partial descriptions (for impartial
A Member of the They certainly are) that it contains
CHURCH of ENGLAND.
-66 While memory dictates, this sad shipwreck tell :
LIGHTLY the breezes o'er the waters flew,
Oh! many a wish, and many a rising care,
Wherever thought can soar on fancy's wing,
Such thoughts are in the ship—and many more
And now big drops descend—and, gathering fast,
“ Breakers a head !” Oh! what a cry is there! All is confusion, horror and despair.