« السابقةمتابعة »
A desperate fate the madden'd girl obey'd,
And from the dark cliff plunged into the wave.
There the deep murmurs of the restless surge,
The mournful shriekings of the white sea-mew, The warring waves, the wild winds, sang her dirge,
And o'er her bones the dark red coral grew.
Yet though that form be sunk beneath the main,
Still rests her spirit where its vows were given ; Still fondly visits each loved spot again,
And pours its sorrows on the ear of Heaven.
And wiped the drops of agony,
The music of her siren tongue
He sank and fainted on her breast." These and similar passages naturally prepare the mind of the reader for the history of the Wandering Jew,—to which indeed they are merely introductory. We can afford room for only one other extract from this canto; 'it is a passage immediately preceding the commencement of Paulo's narrative, and is one not unworthy the future author of“ Prometheus :"
“ 'Twas on an eve, the leaf was sere,
As it gleam'd on the stormy cloud ;
The thunder mutter'd loud,
That spectre wanders through the Abbey dale,
And suffers pangs which such a fate must share; Early her soul sank in death's darken’d vale,
And ere long all of us must meet her there." At the conclusion of the song, Paulo declares his intention to relate to Rosa and Victorio, who is also with him, his past adventures, which be accordingly does in the next canto. Cantos third and fourth are by far the finest; but our extracts having been so copious already, we must postpone their consideration till next Saturday, when we promise our readers several passages of thrilling power and beauty.
Sermons on various Subjects and Occasions ; including
threc Discourses on the Evidences, the Obligations, and the Spirit of the Gospel. By the Rev. James Walker, D.D., F. R.S. E., of St John's College, Cambridge, Episcopal Professor of Divinity in Edinburgh. To which is added, a Sermon on Redemption. By the late Rev. James Ramsay, A.M., Vicar of Teston, and Rector of Nettlestead in Kent. London. Rivingtons. Edinburgh. Bell and Bradfute, 1829.
They talk'd of the ghosts of the mighty dead, If, when the spark of life were fled,
They visited this world of woe ?
Or if, in the realms above,
In friendship or in love ? —
Thought upon thought began to rise ; Her thrilling wild harp Rosa took ; What sounds in softest murmurs broke
From the seraphic strings !
Caught the dulcet melodies,
As if to bid the fading day farewell,—
Which glides along the rough and pathless dell ? Nightly those sounds swell full upon the breeze,
Which seems to sigh as if in sympathy; They hang amid yon cliff-embosom'd trees,
Or float in dying cadence through the sky.
In piteous strains of woe its vesper sings;
Sermons may be divided into two classes, the purely didactic and the persuasive; or, in other words, the doctrinal and the rhetorical. The French, generally speaking, excel in the latter, while the English are found to have devoted their talents and learning almost entirely to the former. The interests of a contested Reformation first led our countrymen to a minute examination of the grounds of their faith ; whereas the hereditary and more constant belief of the Roman Catholics has allowed their pulpit orators at all times to dilate more exclusively on the beneficence, the grace, the hopes and the fears of our holy religion; to connect it more closely with sentiment than with reason; and to employ its divine authority for stirring the affections of the heart, rather than for confounding the sophistry of the sceptic, or for strengthening the conclusions of the speculative Christian. The solemnities, too, of the Popish Church, invested with the powerful associations which have come down to her on the current of a venerable tradition, afford a subject extremely favourable to the declamations of an eloquent preacher; who, on the annual festival, addresses not only the faith of his auditors, as applicable to the grand mysteries in which they are engaged, but also their imaginations, excited by the splendid accompaniments of their captivating ritual, and warmed by the recollection of those old times, when their remotest ancestors are supposed to have performed a similar service.
The people, moreover, in the countries of southern Europe, present in their ardent susceptibility, an advantage to the Christian orator, which is every where denied in these cooler and more argumentative latitudes. Hence the appeals of Massillon, which, in his native land, were attended with effects resembling the power of electricity, would have fallen on the ear of a Scotsman like the bursting of a soap-bubble, and, instead of alarming the conscience and shaking the nerves, would only have given birth to a feeling composed of surprise and ridicule. When placed on the narrow isthmus which divides the
Oft will it rest beside yon Abbey's tower,
Which lifts its ivy-mantled mass so high; Rears its dark head to meet the storms that lour,
And braves the trackless tempests of the sky. That form, the embodied spirit of a maid, Forced by a perjured lover to the grave;
sublime from the laughable, the British mind naturally in the world, may be generally seen by a reference to Scripsteps aside into the latter, and, amidst all the tropes and ture, and may be easily imagined, beyond what is there refigures of the rhetorician, measures, with unrelenting corded, from his peculiar character. How well he was criticism, the approach which the theological declaimer thus qualified from his position, as he stood connected with
the very origin of the human race, and with ultimate purmakes towards the province of the buffoon or the mounte- poses of redeeming mercy, we will now shortly consider: bank.
He was the tenth in lineal descent from Noah, and the It cannot be surprising, therefore, that the prevailing nineteenth from Adam. We trace his descent from Adam character of English sermons is founded upon clear reason- and Seth, through a list of men who seem to bave preserved ing and chaste illustration. Several attempts have, in- the knowledge and the worship of the true God with great deed, been made to approximate our pulpit oratory to the the world and of man, by a course still shorter, and there
But Abraham's knowledge ascends to the origin of continental model; but owing to the decided bias of our fore less liable to error, than that which we have just mennational feeling, and to that modesty which our more tioned. Lamech, the father of Noah, was born fifty-six lively neighbours have identified with boorish bashful- years before the death of Adam, with whom, of course, he ness, every effort has only contributed to establish the would have frequent personal intercourse, and from whom fact, that we are more an intellectual than an imagina- he doubtless derived all which he could teach, and all which tive people, and hence, that those who wish to please us it was important for him to know. Lamech lived till must address our judgment, and not merely our feelings. within tive years of the flood, when Noah, his son, whom Even in a country kirk, the rugged features of the pea- 600 years old. Heber, the great-grandson of Shem, Noah's
it was his duty to instruct in all which he had learned, was sant are expanded towards the minister, in expectation second son, was born 283 years before the death of Noah, that some doctrine will be opened up,—that some point of and doubtless received from him all the information which truth will be illustrated or defended,—that some heresy he had derived with his father's personal intercourse with will be exposed to condemnation,—and that some per- Adam. Heber, froin whom Abraham was the sixth in plexed portion of holy writ will be explained and brought lineal descent, died at the then uncommon age of 464, hawithin the limits of his comprehension. The perfection ving survived his illustrious descendant four years. of a sermon, no doubt, consists in that lucid exposition of
“ Thus, then, we have a short and easy line of communi.
cation from Adam, the first man, through Lamech, Noah, divine love, and of human duty, which affects at once the and Ileber, to Abraham ; so that he is removed three de understanding and the heart ; combining the onction of grees only from personal intercourse with our first parent; the French with the convincing argument of the English while a thousand connected and concurring testimonies preacher; and eschewing equally the empty rhetoric would still confirm their communications; to which even which occasionally inflates the compositions of the one, the appearance of the world, and the condition of mankind, and the dry discussion which ever and anon stiffens and would then add ample evidence."-Pp. 8-11. deforms the logical essays of the other.
Thus is there established a chain of evidence, reaching To justify. these remarks, we might refer to the works from the first dawn of time, even to our own days, and of the principal authors at home and abroad, who, at va- confirming the purpose of Divine Providence in the oririous periods have written on practical theology. But ginal promulgation of the Gospel to the parents of the the names of Bossuet, Flechier, Bourdaloue, and of the human race. In later periods, indeed, there have eloquent Bishop of Clermont, will immediately occur to been occasional epochs of darkness, when the light of every reader, contrasted with those of Barrow, Sharp, Divine truth, and of historical evidence, appeared to be Tillotson, Sheriock, Secker, and even of Blair ; on which withdrawn from the church, and when the faith, the account, instead of pursuing a comparison which would hope, and even the duties of a Christian, could not be soon carry us beyond our limits, we prefer to illustrate perceived but through the medium of superstitious rites, the statement we have made by a reference to the able which were not less likely to pervert his conscience than volume now before us.
to regulate his actions. We request the reader's atThe great merit of Dr Walker's sermons will be found tention to the following judicious observations on the neto consist in the happy combination of doctrinal reason- cessity of a fixed standard in national faith, and on the ing, with glowing pictures of Christian purity, and regard which is due to the constitution and verity of the with animated exhortations to practical godliness. The church : first, which is on the original, successive, and permanent “ The Scriptures contain all necessary truths; but the evidence of revealed religion,” contains many fine pas- fact is notorious, that, respecting the truths therein consages ; setting forth, in a very convincing manner, the tained, men vary exceedingly, Let us therefore consider scheme of redemption, as it was announced immediately for an instant what has been the result among those, who, after the Fall, confirmed in the Abrahamic covenant, the mission of her ministers, and the sacred mysteries of
lightly regarding the constitution and unity of the Church, adumbrated in the Mosaical institutions, unfolded with a which they are the stewards, have left themselves without gradually increasing light to the several prophets, and those sacred guides, which were given along with the Scripfinally established by the ministry of the Redeemer in tures, in order to keep us in the way of truth and soberthe fulness of time. In reference to the patriarchal eco
ness. If we refer to the ancient Puritans of our own nomy, he says,
country, we shall find many of them men of learning and
men of piety, mixed up, most unfortunately, with much “ It is not my present purpose to consider the personal passion and prejudice, and with an eager zeal, wasted upon character of Abraham, in the various and interesting lights, by absolute trifles; a zeal to which the Redeemer's reproof will which he is so eminently distinguished as the friend of God, frequently apply,-- Ye know not what manner of spirit ye and the Father of the faithful, but simply to consider him are of.' While they disturbed most lamentably the peace as the selected depositary of revealed truth, and as the means of the Church, they very generally retained the great subof communicating it with authority and evidence to his pos- stantial articles of the Christian faith ; sometimes, indeed, terity, and through them to us, and all mankind. In the carried to excess, by dwelling exclusively on partial views, history of the world he stands in a remarkable and conspi- without attending to that necessary modification, which recuous position, admirably fitted for the purpose which he sults from the first combination of all the parts, as they are, was thus selected to fulfil. That purpose was to bear wit- in fact, connected truths of one system. As those warmness to ancient truths; to the first intercourse of God with minded men receded gradually more and more from the sacred man; to the first intimations of redemption, and to the forms of the society which they left-urged by feelings of practical effects which they at first produced ; that purpose prejudice at first, which were raised into feelings of hostility was, farther, to disseminate the knowledge and the influ- afterwards,—they came at length to consider preaching as ence of those ancient truths, and to prepare the way for fu- the one thing needful—the essential ordinance and the only ture and clearer revelations of God, of redemption, and of effectual means of grace. But, alas! the prenching of falhuman duty. How well Abraham was qualified, from his lible men, in the very best circumstances, is peculiarly liable temper and moral qualities, to communicate the saving to error. Such was most lamentably the case in this counknowledge of religion to his children, and his household try in the seventeenth century. Men, freed from the reafter him, and through them to preserve and disseminate it straint imposed by the Church, not on liberty, but on li
centiousness, fell into every variety of extravagance and ab- Dr Walker's own discourses, thirteen in number, are surdity. The Westminster divines lamented the errors followed by a pious and most excellent sermon on “ The and enormities of that unhappy age, which they themselves in fact commenced, and they attempted a remedy in their purposes and effects of the mediation of Christ,” written famous Confession and in endeavouring to enforce their dis. by his uncle, the late Reverend James Ramsay, a clergycipline, taken, as they maintained, from Scripture. Look man of the English establishment. The style is very forward a little, and see the successors of these eager men, plain, partaking largely of that simplicity of diction in whom, as they thought, centred all Christian orthodoxy, which characterised the theology of this country during
- see their successors swerving gradually from the doctri- the earlier part of the last century; but the views are nal peculiarities of their fathers, into a system somewhat truly sublime, pointing to causes and effects in the hismilder,—trace them forward still
, as they deviate into high tory of redemption, which respect the eternal welfare of Arianism, and as they descend at length, with gradual the whole creation of intellectual beings in this world steps, through the medium of Arius and Socinus, into that kind of Deism which has, in our own age, assumed the and in all others. The argument is so constructed that Unitarian name. When the eager zeal which leads to se-it admits not of abridgement, for which reason we must paration on minor points subsides, as subside it must, it is leave to the reader the gratification of perusing the disimpossible to liinit the subsequent deviations; because, the course at length, in the form in which it is now for the great safeguards of truth and uniformity being removed, first time laid before the public. the power of delusion is systematically placed in the hands of every popular preacher over whom those who give to
Our opinion of the volume, of which we have given so preaching such perilous pre-eminence over all the other
meagre an account, (for our limits do not permit greater means and ordinances of religion can have no competent dilatation,) may be gathered from what we have already control.”—Pp. 26-9.
said. As Presbyterians, there are, we admit, some points The second discourse, on “ The obligations of the Gos- in the sermons which we do not clearly comprehend, and pel as they affect the final judgment of Christians," is de
of which we do not hold ourselves impartial judges, while voted to expose the errors which usually attach to the there is certainly more stress laid on the authority of doctrine of merit, and to illustrate the fundamental tenet
Bishop Bull, and other Episcopal writers, than we hold of the Reformation, that man is justified by faith alone.
to be due to speculative theologians of any school, howWe must not extend our extracts beyond the third ser
ever great may have been their learning and reputation mon, which, by many readers, will be esteemed the best
in their own communion. But, upon the whole, we are in the volume. Its subject is, “ The spirit of the worla ready to acknowledge, that, since the commencement of and the spirit of the Gospel considered and contrasted."
our critical career, we have not seen a selection of reliDr Walker, we believe, has been occasionally engaged in gious discourses which unites so much sound discussion, controversy in defence of his religious opinions, and professional erudition, and eloquent writing; and, were hence we may infer, that the following remarks were
a few verbal inaccuracies corrected, and the composition suggested by experience in the course of his warfare with in two or three places pruned of a little rhetorical exuncharitable adversaries:
crescence, we should not hesitate to pronounce them equal “ Controversy is necessary for the maintenance and for the last forty years.
to any which have issued from the British press during the elucidation of the truth. Many of the most important works in theology, both ancient and modern, are, in whole or in part, controversial. The spirit of Christian controversy is not a bad spirit. Even when the controversialist, Tales of the Wars of our Times. By the Author of “ Reheated with his subject, or prompted by the injustice and collections of the Peninsula.” London. Longman, the intemperance, or, what is still worse, by the smooth ma- Rees, Orme, and Co. Two volumes. 1829. lignity and by the cunning craftiness of his opponent, expresses his indignation with the force which every Christian will feel, still it is not a bad spirit, provided he does not ex
Captain SHERAR has been long and favourably known ceed the bounds of Christian decorun-in which case, he to the public as the author of “ Recollections of the Peinjures himself much more than he injures his opponent.
ninsula," a work which we consider among the very best The honest warmth of fair and honourable controversy, of its kind which has appeared in this country. In its even if it rise into indignation at artifice, ignorance, and glowing and graphic pictures, the features of Spanish injustice, not only may, but must be tolerated, and, if need scenery, her modes of life, and the character of her late be, encouraged ; 'unless we would lose that which gives to controversy its value-which is sincerity, and the natural ex
war, are delineated with such felicitous effect, that while pression of sincerity. Nay, as there are gradations of evil, perusing its pages, we seem to accompany the author some more and some less tolerable, even Warburton, with all through every scene which he describes, and to breathe bis violence, is better, his utmost virulence is more tolerable, the very air of that land of romance. less injurious to the fame, and less hurtful even to the feel There are many persons, we are well aware, who give ings, of his opponents, than the cool malignity and the cun- a decided preference to the cold, military, and gazettening craftiness of those whose words are softer than butter, like narratives, redolent of the names of places, dates of having war in their hearts, and smoother than oil, yet be actions, numerical strength of armies, and plans of posithey very swords.
“ This narrow and sectarian spirit, with whatever fair tions; such things being associated in their minds with phraseology it may be decorated, darkens the understand the idea of truth, while descriptions of the former chaing, destroys, to a certain, and sometimes to a fearful extent, racter they conceive to be pictures of imagination, rather the moral faculty, and cuts up charity by the very roots.
than of realities. Never was there a more erroneous You will seldom fail to detect in such men temporal views opinion. We maintain, that he only who has the of and selfish objects, such as actuated the apostles in their un- the painter and the poet, can truly and fully describe things converted state. You almost always find them identifying as they exist in nature. Your matter-of-fact men, are themselves, their own condition in society, their own in. fluence and personal consideration, with the progress of the
no doubt very good, as far as they go ; they tell the truth, peculiar system of religious belief which they have adopted. indeed, but not the whole truth. They are excellent They promote this progress by every possible effort-by pub- landsurveyors, and inform you for your edification, that lic preaching and speaking-ever pressing the same partial here stands a hill, and there lies a valley; that the right views, and the same peculiar phraseology, which draw an of the British attacked and turned the left of the enemy's exelusive circle around them. They promote it, now by po- army, which, by retreating, caused a corresponding movesitive, and anon by artful insinuations, involving the most
ment of its right, and so on. All this is very well to fill orthodox, and exemplary men beyond their circle; which may, if need be, be dissembled and disavowed, but which up the pages of gazettes, and general history ; but of the are ever and anon viewed with eager assiduity. They em- appearance of a country, of the peculiarities of a soldier's ploy the agency of zealous friends of both sexes; they cir- life, and the real nature of war, such generalities not culate cheap tracts and controversial treatises in every varied only give us no idea, but (to use the emphatic phrase form."
of an Irish orator, with whom we once had the pleaşure
of meeting) not even the “ shadow of the ghost of an ing of a story called “ The Tyroler,” the whole of which idea.” To return from this digression.
we like exceedingly :The work before us consists of a series of tales, which
“ Hand never rested more lightly on a stile, nor did the the author informs us are “pure fictions,” “ inventions,” gathered feet ever clear a leap more cleanly, than those of but in which the character of the late wars is so com- Albert Steiner, as, late on a pleasant and sunny evening pletely preserved, that they seem “ truth in fairy fiction early in April 1809, he vaulted over the stone fence of a dressed.” They abound in tender, interesting, and often cattle yard, belonging to the good inn, the Golden Crown, heart-rending incidents, beautifully relieved by consola- in the small post town of Sterzingen. He had been jour: tory glimpses of the brighter side of things. Throughout neying all day ; but his heart was light, his rifle hung steady
on his manly shoulder, and his thoughts were running on the whole work there runs a deep vein of piety, and of before faster than he could keep pace with them, to greet poetry; of amiable feeling, and frequently of strong and his dear Johanna, the kellerim of this clean and comfortable original conception. The first volume is entirely occu- hostelrie. pied by one tale, “ The Spanish Brother.” It opens with
“ It was a month, a long month, since he had looked into the following description of Cordova.
her soft eyes, and he came as usual by the mountain path,
and entered, as was his custom, by this yard. Here he was “ Cordova, in Spain, is a city of ancient and fair renown, not unfrequently met and smiled upon by the welcome of and has been always very famous in the history of that ro- Johanna ; but now, as he made his footing in it, a very difmantic land. The capitano of the mule train coming from ferent scene was presented to him. Instead of the lovely. Castile and La Mancha, as he winds down the bare and kine with the full udders waiting the milking-hour, there stony road which descends from the gloomy solitudes of the Sierra Morena, does always suspend his way-beguiling song heads fastened up
against a dead wall, and a brawny Ba
were a dozen or more tine stout tall chargers, with their at the welcome sight of its cathedral tower-points out to varian dragoon, in forage-cap and stable dress, with each. the traveller in his company where its white dwellings lie; The jump of Albert, and his sudden turning of the corner, sunny and shining among green and pleasant gardens, and made the nearest horse start ; and the like motion being inpromises him both plenty and pleasure in merry Cordova; stantly gone through by the whole squad of these full-fed is garrulous about its snowy bread—its fine fruit-its excel animals, there arose a volley of rough curses, which, Albert lent chocolate—its delicious ices;—tells of the famous mez
was made sensible by look and gesture, he was at liberty to, quita--of the many and gay festivities—the bull-fights;-forgets not to narrate how black the eyes, how small the feet,
appropriate. of the pretty donnas; and above all, how that wine is so
* Although a little startled himself, Albert readily reco
vered his self-possession. good and so cheap, that'vino puro, e non poco,' is the motto
“ * You have brave cattle, friends.' of the men of Cordova. “ It was, in truth, a merry city some twenty years ago, looking giant, with sandy moustaches o'ershadowing his
“Yes, friend,' said the nearest soldier,-a fierce, surlyand the most aged person within its walls could not remem- mouth with their rude bristles ; 'yes, and good swords to. ber when it had been otherwise. Had any one at that pe- boot." riod passed through its streets in the noon of a summer night, he would have heard the tinkle of light guitars, and
“A good horse is more to my fancy,' rejoined Albert.
«« I should guess so,' said the soldier, though I suppose the rattle of lively castanets, from many an open casement. — In the very midst of their accustomed pleasures, as they lay you held the mane fast, and put his head the right way, four
it's not much use you could make of either; to be sure, if singing in the lap of peace, they were startled by the voice legs would carry you faster out of danger than two.' of war."
". Did you ever see a bear ?' asked Albert. The entrance of the French into Cordova, and their “• What do you mean, you goat-herd ?' consequent excesses, are thus described :
“ • I mean that I have killed many a one in these rocks “ The trumpet of France already sounded at her gates, above you, and made no words about it.' the eagle of Napoleon hovered over the devoted city, and the
“ The slow and surly Bavarian did not understand Aldusty Legion, which arrived before it on the burning noon bert's words to the full, but as he looked into the blue and of a hot June day, with scarce a pause for breathing or re- brilliant eyes of the fair and fearless youth, who stood erect freshment, formed its black column of attack.
before him, with very evident contempt in his smile, he saw “One hundred sappers, with the necessary tools, advan- that he was defied. ced briskly to the stockarles and barriers; they were covered
" • I will tell you what, my jack-bird,' said he, 'you shall in their dangerous but familiar labours
, by the quick and take your naked feet out of this quicker than you brought well-directed fire of a cloud of skirmishers, and a few pieces wisp of straw from his hand, and, relying on his huge size
With that he dropped the of cannon.
“ The Spaniards were astonished : their own heavy but and superior strength, advanced towards the youth to put irregular fire, did neither check the boldness, nor disturb his threat in execution. Albert, stung by the sneering menthe good order of their enemies. Some of the French sap- tion of his mountain costume,—for he wore the sandal on his pers fell by the very knives of the people; but after a short paked foot, and upon his graceful and well-proportioned struggle, the barriers were in part demolished, a breach ef- legs the half-stocking without feet, gartered beneath his fected, and a heavy column of French infantry rushing small firm knee; stung by this, and eager for an essay of through it, like the loosened torrent of a tumbling river, his prowess avainst a Bavarian, he slipped his rifle quietly flooded the city. Alas, for Cordova! The troops and mer
on the ground behind him, and, with fixed eye, awaited his cenaries retreated with despairing haste and terror-her antagonist. The heavy monster put out his broad and bony citizens, resisting many of them to the very last, taking the hands to seize the shoulders of Albert, but, ere he had a firm last true shot, giving the last firm stab, fell slain upon their hold of him, the active youth, with equal courage and adown thresholds, and saw not the miserable after-scenes-- dress, had caught him behind the knees, and threw him the swift and headlong runnings—the hands together smote, prostrate in his cumbrous length upon the puddly ground. and uplifted in agony to Heaven—the pillaged altars—the
" " There, bullock, lie there, and have a care in future defiled beds babes in their innocent blood. Alas, for Cor- how you play tricks with
naked-footed mountaineers,' exdova! At length the shades of evening closed in ; from ultingly cried the young Tyroler, and, catching up his rifle, blowing
open doors, and breaking in windows—from plun- he walked past the man towards the house, before, stunned dering and killing, the soldiers betook themselves to cooking by the shock, the soldier bad breath to regain his legs. and drinking Furniture served for fuel, and wine ran
“ The loud laugh of his comrades galled the savage sol. free in the open cellars, and they sung-the happy and in- dier to madness, and with clenched fists
, and an arm raised nocent fellows-about ' L'Amour et La Glorie,' and at
as though collecting all his strength for a ponderous blow, length, tired with the toil of their pleasant crimes , placed ! he ran after Albert, who turned to face him, and
dexteroustheir booty-filled knapsacks beneath their heads, and slept !y avoiding the descent of it, had the fresh triumph of see-without a dream. The bright moon of a lovely June ing his clumsy assailant trip against a stone, and fall prone night, sailed calm and silent in the blue heavens above them, upon his face. and looked with its soft light as kindly on their slumbers phemus of old, he roared out for his sword,
and swore he
“ With a fury as fierce and well-nigh as blind as Polyas on those of cradled infancy.” We cannot, of course, attempt any analysis of the dif- an officer, who had been spectator of the whole scene from
would have the young brigand's blood. But by this time ferent tales; but we shall present one other specimen of a window above, called out in anger to the sergeant below, Captain Sherar's powers. It is the following spirited open- and bade him place the infuriated giant in confinement.
This was not effected without some little trouble, very loud punctuality, every duty connected with their place in soremonstrances, and an oath, that if it came to war, he'd ciety, carrying through degradation and drudgery a spirit have the blood of as many of the ragamuffin rock-goats as which will eventually shine out, when the grand object is he could lay hands on.”
attained, with uninjured splendour. Minds of this order We are not acquainted with any two volumes of ficti- resemble the fairy-gifted tent in the Arabian Tales, which tions narrative, that have appeared within the last two or was so small as to be carried in the pocket of the proprietor three years, whose contents have, upon the whole, plea during the day, but at night could be expanded to such
a sed us more.
width as to cover a whole army. The world, which is too apt to judge of men with a mere reference to their origin
and early history, is seldom liberal enough to suppose, in History of the Rebellions in Scotland, under the Viscount the case of a man exalted above his native sphere, that he of Dundee and the Earl of Mar, in 1689 and 1715. and a spirit which fitted him for high situations, but
may have all along, from the very first, possessed a talent By Robert Chambers. Constable's Miscellany. Vol.
rally accounts for his rise by either the vulgar error of good XLII. Edinburgh. 1829.
fortune, or by suggesting that he was tempted forward, step
by step, by prospects which gradually opened before him. Really Mr Chambers is the most indefatigable and It is, however, abundantly evident, that such minds often active writer extant. He is enough to kill any degene exist, and that their rise is entirely owing to the discretion rate modern reviewer twice over, except ourselves, who with which they have managed their powers. Their merit being nearly seven feet high, are not easily killed, though prudent or possible, in their earlier situations, to give it os
was from the very first equally great, but only it was not we confess he works us hard. If he goes on publishing tensible shape. To such an order of minds—so great, yet at this rate, the periodical press will all be seen puffing so humble so far reaching in contemplation, yet so diligent after him like so many wearied hounds chasing a stag up in minute employment-Dundee unquestionably belonged.” a mountain, who, fresh and agile, turns round now and -Pp. 20, 21. then to snuff their approach, shaking his towering antlers But, whatever Dundee's faults or virtues may have in sportive ridicule. Al his books, too, are so full of been, he was, beyond all doubt, a very able general; and amusing and interesting matter, that it is impossible to of his qualifications in this respect, our author has drawn give him any thing like an extinguisher, or even a check. an animated, and, we believe, a just picture, in the folWe confess we should like exceedingly to ride our high lowing passage : horse over him,—to bury him under a few Johnsonian “ During this campaign, which lasted from the beginperiods, from which it would cost him the labour of a ning of April to the end of June, Dundee and his Lowland month to have himself dug out. But there is no getting the Highlands at that early period; often wanting bread,
friends suffered all the hardships incidental to a residence in hold of him to give him a fair shake. He is one of those salt, and all other liquors but water, for several weeks, and fortunate individuals whom every body seems to have a scarcely ever sleeping in a bed. Under any other commander, liking for, and whom no one can speak very severely of perhaps, than Dundee, such privations would have occathough he tries.
sioned discontent and desertion. Under him, they were The volume before us gives an account of two distinct endured at least without complaint; for what gentleman episodes in Scottish history, connected only by the refer- or private soldier could think himself ill treated, when he ence which they both bear to the House of Stuart. These, saw his leader suffering the very same hardships, without together with Mr Chambers' two former histories, afford ral to sustain the spirits of men under the distresses of a
uttering a murmur? Bundee was exactly the sort of genea complete narrative of the struggles made by the friends campaign like the present. He demanded no luxury or inof the Stuarts in this country to support the fortunes of dulgence which could not be shared with his troops. If a falling family, and vindicate its hereditary right to the any thing good was brought to him to eat, he sent it to a throne in opposition to the determination of the majority faint or sick soldier. If a soldier was weary, he offered to of the people. It is true that neither the insurrection in carry his arms. He had also the invaluable qualification of 1639 nor in 1715 is at all to be compared in importance records of him, that, during one night, which he spent
being able to exist with little sleep. Tradition, in Athole, and interest to the religious civil wars which agitated in a gentleman's house there, he sat writing till morning, Scotland in an earlier part of the seventeenth century, or only now and then laying his clenched tists on the table, to the spirit-stirring Rebellion of 1745, when Prince one above the other, and resting his head thereon for a few Charles Edward passed through the land like a dream, minutes, while he snatched a hurried slumber. Besides and it was impossible to say whether the waking from being able to sleep by mouthfuls, he had other qualifications that dream would be upon a throne or a scaffold. But, which fitted him in a peculiar manner for keeping alive nevertheless, there is no inconsiderable degree of interest and controlling the spirit of a militia like the Highlanders. attached to the military exploits of Dundee ; and the in- He adapted himself to the manners and prejudices of that
people, and caused them, instead of regarding him with surrection of 1715 deserves a faithful chronicler, more, the jealousy due to a stranger, to behold him with a mixperhaps, on account of the spirited expedition of the ture of affection and respect superior even to what they Brigadier MacIntosh, than for any thing that was done usually entertain towards their chiefs. He walked on foot by the vacillating Mar, or the feeble and pusillanimous beside the common men, now with one clan, and anon with Chevalier. On the whole, we have been well satisfied another. He amused them with jokes—he flattered them with the manner in which Mr Chambers handles both them by a recital of the deeds of their ancestors, and
with his knowledge of their genealogies — he animated his narratives. It is very well known that he is a Jaco- of the verses of their bards. He acted upon the maxim, bite, and an incurable one; but we are not prepared to
that no general ought to fight with an irregular army, unsay that this is worse than being a Whig; and were he less he be acquainted with every man he commands." He neither one nor other, we would not give a fig for him. never, on the other hand, let this familiarity with his men What we have principally to object to in his first histo- go the length of generating contempt. The severity of his riette is, the impression it gives of Dundee's character, discipline was dreadful. The only punishment he inflicted which, if it be not a good deal too favourable, the "bloody was death. Like the corps of the Swiss guard at Paris, he Claverhouse” has been grievously wronged. As Mr thought that any inferior punishment disgraced a gentleChambers, however, has a theory of his own regarding not put one of them to the shame of submitting to such an
man-all his men he held to be of that rank; and he would Dundee's character, and as the passage
, though perhaps infiction. Death, he said, was properly the only punishto some it may appear fully as ingenious as sound, is un- ment which a gentleman could submit to; because it alone questionably an able one, we shall extract it :
relieved him from the consciousness of crime. It is reportwas one of those individuals, whose souls ed of him, that having seen a youth fly in his first action, are such an exquisite compound of lofty aspirations
and he pretended he had sent him to the rear on a message. groundling common sense, that, for the very purpose of ele- The youth fled a second
time: he brought him
to the front rating themselves out of the irksomely humble situation in of the army, and, saying, that a gentleman's son ought not which they find themselves placed by fortune, they will to fall by the hands of a common executioner, shot hiin heartily grapple with, and perform with the most serene with his own pistol," — Pp. 68-70.
“ He possibly