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tween study and labour that none dred pounds sterling for educatbe lost in idleness; that 200 acres ing a number of the Indian boys. of land should be devoted to their Mr. Samuel Holden of London, use, which they should cultivate; and Madam Holden were also that they should be accustomed liberal benefactors of the mission. to restraint and obedience ; that To these may be added the girls as well as boys should be names of Dr. Watts, Dr. Aysreceived into the school, and that cough, and Capt. Coram of Lonthey should be taught the duties don, and Gov. Belcher and Dr. of doinestic life; and at the same Coleman of Boston. time that the principles of vir- ticularly the last mentioned gentue and piety should be instilled tleman, whose name deserves to into their minds in a way, that be held in remembrance. He should be likely to make the was the early friend of the mismost lasting impression." sion and unwearied in his exer
This was the plan for a school tions to promote its interest. formed by Mr. Sergeant, and Through him the bounty from which by great exertion he was England was communicated to · 'enabled in part to carry into exe- Housatonic. He rejoiced in the cution just before his death. hope of promoting the salvation
It would perhaps be useless to of the heathen, and it was but enter into a detail of events, four days before his death that which had relation to this mis- “ with a sick and faint breast and sion at Housatonic, but there are a trembling hand” he wrote to two inquiries that will naturally Mr. Sergeant to make known to be made ; first, by what means him a new instance of the liberwas Mr. Sergeant supported, and ality of Mr. Hollis. At the from what sources did he derive close of this letter we find the funds for desraying the unavoida- following affecting benediction, ble expenses to which he was
the Lord be with thee ; subject, and secondly, what suc- and prosper thou · when I am cess rewarded his labours ?
dead." He received an annual salary As to the success, which attendof 120 or 130 dollars from the ed the benevolent labours of Mr. Commissioners for Indian affairs Sergeant, it was such as must have at Boston, which however was administered to his heart the very incompetent for his own
purest satisfaction. When he 'comfortable subsistence and that went to Housatonic in 1734, the of his family. The General whole number of Indians living Court, besides building a school- there did not amount to fifty ; house, and house for public when he died in 1749 the numworship, made him a small grant, ber was increased to 218; of and for what was still wanting he these 129 had been baptized, and was dependent on the generous 43 were communicants, 18 males donations of individuals. Among and 24 females. About 70 oththese it is pleasing to recollect ers had been baptized who were the munificence of Mr. Isaac not living. When it is recollect. Hollis, of London, who in the ed that Mr. S. was cautious as to course of four or five years the admission of members into contributed upwards of two bun- his church, that he carefully examined those who offered them- At last, in July, 1749, after selves, perhaps without presump- commending his departing spirit tion we may indulge the hope, to the blessed Redeemer, he died that most whom he received in peace, and has entered, it is were real Christians, truly peni- believed, into that rest, which retent and believing. If however maineth for the people of God. he was the means of bringing Mr. Sergeant has left an exbut one heathen to the knowl. ample, which in many respects edge of the gospel, this event is worthy of imitation. He was would fill heaven with joy. frequent in the duty of secret
The wives both of the Captain prayer. Morning and evening and Lieutenant died, expressing to he worshipped God in his famihim their hope of salvation, and ly, reading at the same time a giving evidence that their hope portion of the sacred Scriptures, was not groundless ; and several and making such observations others, while Mr. S. was living, upon it as he thought would be closed their eyes in peace, and useful. He, preached four serjoyful expectation of eternal life.
mons every Lord's day, two to At length the time arrived the English, and two to the Inwhen he himself, was to be sum- dians, and in the summer season moned into the world of spirits. usually spent an hour with the In his sickness he was frequently latter after the common services, visited by the Indians, and he instructing and warning and extook every opportunity to enforce horting them in the most familupon them the
instructions iar manner. Besides this, during which he had given them, charg. the week he kept his eye upon ing them to live agreeably to the them, and continually endeavgospel, as they would meet him oured to promote the objects of at last in peace. So great was his mission. He was very caretheir affection for him, that they ful in the improvement of his assembled of their own accord, to time. He translated into the Insupplicate their Father in heav- dian language those parts of the en for the continuance of his Old Testament, which contain precious life.
an'account of the creation, of When he was asked, whether the fall of our first parents, of the grave excited any terror, he the calling of Abraham, of the replied, “ Death is no surprise dealings of God with the patrito me. My acquaintance with archs and children of Israel, and the blessed world, to which those which relate to the coming I hope I am now hastening, of Christ, and the whole of the through the mercy of God in New Testament, excepting the Christ, is not now to commence. Revelation. This was a work, I can trust him, in whom I have which cost him much labour, and believed, and long ago placed my the reading of it to the Indians, as everlasting dependence upon.” their language abounded in gut--On being reminded that his work turals, was extremely fatiguing. was well done, “I can call my- Mr. Sergeant was just, kind self,” he answered, “ most un- and benevolent; compassionate profitable servant, and say, God to the afflicted, liberal to the be merciful to me a sinner.” poor, friendly to his enemies, Vol. II, No. 10.
and anxious to save the sinner The reader, who with a befrom death. He was careful not nevolent joy has seen the gospel to speak evil of any one. No en- conveyed to the Indians at Houvious or unkind word fell from satonic, will naturally desire to his lips, and no resentment was know what has been the state of excited by the injuries he re- that tribe since the death of Mr. ceived. His cheerfulness did Sergeant.
Sergeant. The Rev. Jonathan not degenerate into merriment, Edwards succeeded him as misnor his seriousness into melan- sionary at Stockbridge. Anumcholy ; but he seemed always to ber of years after his death the have the quiet possession of whole tribe emigrated to New himself.
Stockbridge, near Oneida, in the Such is the representation, state of New-York, where they which is given us of the Rev. now live under the pastoral care Mr. Sergeant. Many traits of the Rev. John Sergeant, a might be added to this portrait, worthy son of the excellent man, but those who wish for more mi- a sketch of whose life and labours. nute accounts are referred to the has thus been given. pamphlet already mentioned..
ence of outward means and inward agency, he may take pos
session of that seat to which he (Concluded from page 419.) is entitled ; but which has long If the doctrine of divine in- been occupied by the world and fluence, as before stated, be true; sin. we are reminded of the unspeak- 2. It appears, likewise, that able goodness of God. He has our depravity must be very great not only ushered in an economy indeed, or else such a kind and of which divine grace lies at the gracious gospel, as that of foundation'; he has not only sent Christ, would need no spiritual his Son, the great and blessed influence to procure it a ready reIMMANUEL, from heaven, to ception. It is strange, that sinopen a way for the exercise of ners under sentence of eternal mercy; to open prison doors 10 death, need to be urged to accept them that are bound, and to break pardon, and a heavenly inherittheir chains; but he sends his Men do not require urgspirit, to take them by the hand, ing to accept earthly benefits. and lead them out. As all out. They readily and gladly accept ward means, however numerous, them. One would suppose, that or forcible, are insufficient for men would be greatly dissatisfied our delivery, on account of the with their sinful state, and very deep corruption of our hearts ; anxious to avoid the dangers of he sends his Spirit, to operate it ; that the offer of forgiveness within, that, by the joint influ- and eternal life. would be em
braced with joy .unspeakable. advance in the ways of righteousBut instead of this, so great and ness without the influence of the inveterate is our attachment to Spirit, than the sinner would, sin, that without the impressive, without it, turn to righteousness. persuasive, and transforming in If we be the children of God, our Huence of God on the heart, lives are spiritual, i. e. not only these offers would certainly be conformable to reason and the rejected, and we should remain dictates of the mind ; not only in the number of those, who will opposite to sensuality and the not come unto Christ, that they law in our members ; but, in a may have life.
manner imperceptible, influenc3. If the preceding observa ed and directed by the Spirit of tions be true, and the influence God. If we mortify the deeds of the Holy Spirit be essentially of the body, it is through the Spir- , necessary to conversion and a it. If we be not in the flesh, holy life; it is highly important, but in the spirit, the Spirit of that this doctrine should be sen
God dwelleth in us. And, if we sibly felt. We ought to imbibe have not the Spirit of Christ, we this, as a first principle, that, in are none of his. the work of religion, nothing ef 4. This doctrine of divine infectual will be accomplished fluence is exceedingly comfortamerely by our own strength; ble to those, who have a just and that therefore reliance is to opinion of their own weakness, be had on the grace of Christ. ignorance, and corruption. How Impressed with this idea, we strong are the temptations, to are humbly to acknowledge be- which Christians fore God our present corruption, times exposed! How arduous the fatal influence, which sin has is the warfare, in which they obtained over us, and earnestly to are engaged ! How numerous implore, that God would endue
their enemies ; and how us with divine strength, and di- unequal is their strength to all rect our souls to himself. It is the opposition, which they are by divine influence on the heart, required to encounter ! But God counteracting corrupt inclina- has a perfect knowledge of their tions, weakening the power of situation. He knows every cirsin, and directing the mind to cumstance with regard to them. God as the chief good; it is in He knows the very kind of aid this way, and not by the mere and direction which they need. strength and independent exer- By humble application to him, tion of man, that the obedient ser accompanied with their own vants of Christ, in allages, have'at watchful endeavours, they are tained a state of holinessand glory. sure of being saved from the
And if it be important to real- hour of temptation ; not indeed ize this doctrine, in the very out from being tempted, but from beset of a religious life, in our first ing overcome;' from being inquiries after salvation; it is tempted beyond what they are no less important, that the Chris- able to resist. God is able to tian realize it, in his endeavours make all grace abound toward after progressive sanctification. them ; to establish and confirm The pious believer will no more them ; to invigorate their reso
lutions, to subdue their sinful body, we shall maintain a con affections, and to enable them to tinual warfare with sin; we triumph, through Christ Jesus. shall be crucified to the world, The work of our salvation, bless- and the world to us, by the cross ed be God, is not put exclusive of Christ; we shall curb, restrain, ly into our own hands. It is and mortify those corrupt de, not confided to our own strength. sires and affections, which oppose We are to use the strength com the gospel ; we shall be spirit, municated from above. \ It is ually minded, and show that we God that worketh in us to will are risen with Christ, by placing and to do of his good pleasure ; our affections on things above. and therefore we are required We shall be employed, every to work out our salvation with day, in maintaining and strengthfear and trembling.
ening the new and spiritual life, 5. This doctrine of divine in- That day, that month, or that fluence affords great relief to the year, will be viewed by us, as Christian's mind, when he is call: best employed, and as turning to ed to act in perplexing circum- the best account, wherein most stances ; when he is required to has been done for God, and for take some active part, but yet the weakening and subversion knows not, on which side the of sin, in ourselves and others. path of duty lies. He feels dis- The character of God will appear posed to do right, but knows not glorious, sin hateful, and holi; what is right. He then rejoices, ness, above all things, lovely and that there is a Being, of whom desirable. The Spirit of God he can ask wisdom; who is rea- excites to humility, and leads us dy to pity the ignorant, and to speak of ourselves, in secret those that are out of the way. worship, in worse terms, than He knows that in God there is we should think ourselves justi: infinite wisdom ; and after la fied in applying to any of our menting his own ignorance, and fellow men. . imploring divine light and direc • These are some of the general tion, he feels the burden, in some qualities of those, who are led by measure, removed. He feels a the Spirit, and are the sons of humble hope, that God will lead God. If these qualities be poshim to a right determination sessed by us, we have unspeakaand suitable conduct. Most ble reason to rejoice and bless Christians are sometimes placed God, and to press on vigorously in such circumstances as these ; after greater attainments. But, and know the feelings, of which if we have them not, it is strong. we are speaking:
ly to be apprehended, that we Lastly, as true believers are are in a state of sin, of danger, said to have the Spirit dwelling and condemnation, and may with in them, it becomes an important good reason be urged and ex, subject of inquiry, whether we horted to flee from the wrath to have this Spirit, or not. And come.
Let every reader bear the apostle gives us a rule, by in remembrance these solemn which this is to be determined. words, in which is a brief descrip: If we are led by the Spirit, we tion both of the righteous and the shall mortify the deeds of the wicked. If ye walk after the