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the bond three times over, was nothing; because she could not
be sure the money would be taken. Nay, she evidently does
not intend to trust to that acceptance. It is therefore, I think,
very evident that she had even at this time concerted the scheme
with her cousin Bellario. How far Belmont might be from
either Venice or Padua, I cannot exactly say: but it appears
from circumstances that it could not be very far. "From Bel-
mont to Venice, it seems, there was a common traject, or
ferry; so that the distance of both from Padua could not be too
great for transacting the business in question. It is true, that
the formality with which Portia introduces her charge to Bal.
thazar, when she sends him for the notes and cloaths, seems to
favour the supposition, that this was the first time she had sent
to Bellario, in which case there would be some grounds for Dr.
Johnson's remark; but we must observe, that Balthazar is now
to be intrusted with a more important charge than he had before
been, in merely carrying and bringing back a letter ; or, it is
not unlikely, that Portia entrusted that business with a servant
of less importance. All these things duly considered, it is plain,
· I think, that Dr. Johnson has very rafhly and unadvisedly pre-
fumed to call Shakespeare unskilful, because he wanted fill him-
felf. I fall dismiss this note, therefore, with advising our edi-
tor never to wade so far out of his depth for the future. It is a
trite adage, but it is a very good one, and worthy to be ob-
ferved ; Ne futor ultra crepidam. I do not say that Dr. Johnson
may not probably be well skilled in some things. Not that I know
that he is well skilled in any * ; for, though I have read all his
works, I declare he does not appear to me (at least so far as I
myself am able to judge) to be master of any one science, or any
one language, so that he must not plume himself on my suffrage.
Not that I deny him to be master of the whole circle of sciences, and
of all languages ancient and modern. But, if it be fo; if it be
seally true, as his friends inform me, that he is poffessed of such
amazing stores of literary and scientific knowledge, I cannot help
thinking him extremely culpable, not to say very ungrateful, to
keep them all avariciously to himself, and fob off the public with
mere shreds and patches. How dare Dr. Johnson treat that public
with so much contempt, which hath done him such extravagant
honour ? How dare he behave to that public with such unpara-
lell’d ingratitude, which hath given him such unparalell’d, such

. . I will except indeed the article of literary compofition; in which, fo far as the meritof a speech, an essay, a life, or a novel, goes, he is undoubtedly the best writer in Christendon. But his merit even here is in a great measure mechanical, and may be justly accounted for in a manner that will do litile honor either 10 bis boaited genius or learning.


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avowed, such unmerited encouragement?-It is true, that its having done all this is sufficient to give Dr. Johnson a very mear opinion of its spirit, taste and judgment. But he should have been aware of carrying the imposition too far; he should not have presumed to think that this public, tasteless and ignorant as he may suppose it, could ever be prevailed on to grace his waving noddle with a wreath, irreverently torn from the brows of Shakespeare !

The self-sufficient, the arrogant, Dr. Johnson may possibly conceive, that the zeal, with which the very name of Shakespeare inspires me, is counterfeited ; and that I express myself thus warmly, to provoke him to a reply.—No, Dr. Johnson, you cannot reply. I must join in that deference, which I think the world hath undeservedly paid you, so far as to own, that I fhould never have presumed to publish any thing against Dr. Johnson, that I had not good realon to think UNANSWERABLE. It is indeed prudential in you to make a virtue of necessity, and previously to give out, that you will not do what you have fo much reason to think you can nit do.—Yet you have your satellites, your light-troops ; you may send them out to harrass the enemy whom you dare not encounter. But, as I am no fare ther your enemy than as you are Shakespeare's, send who you will, as many as you will ; I will undertake, under to gallant a leader, to rout an army of scribblers, to crush a myriad of çockle-shell critics, in his cause.'

Boldly said ! Mr. Kenrick ! Why, you are the very ORLANDo Furioso of Criticism ! But are you not apprehenfive of the fate of Tom Osborne ? • Presumptuous Tom Osborne! who, braving the vengeance of this paper-crown'd idol,' (the editor of Shake speare] was, for his temerity, transfixed* to his mother Earth by a thundering folio ! KENRICK'S Pref. p. xi.

We intended fome farther extracts from this extraordinary Review; but the passages we have already quoted, have sufficiently extended the article: we shall conclude, therefore, for the present, with a word of exhortation, cordially offered to Mr. Kenrick,—that he will, in the prosecution of this undertaking, humanely condescend to lay by his tomahawk, moderate his wrath against a fellow countryman and brother author, and, for the honour of letters in general, and Britifh literature in particular, listen to the advice given by an ingenious young Bard to the Reviewers and Critics of the present age:

O be this rage for massacre withstood,
Nor thus imbrue your hands in brother's blood!

The Racz, • Not run through the body, we hope, with a folio book!

+ This allude's to an anecdote current among the booksellers and printers .

4 View

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A View of the Advantages of Inland Navigations : With a Plan of

a Navigable Canal, intended for a Communication between the Ports of Liverpool and Hull. 8vo.

IS: Becket and De Hondt, &c.


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Na nation, which muft derive its opulence, its strength and

glory from the benefits of trade and commerce, every design for cultivating and diffusing those benefits, must at all times merit our thanks, though the execution may not always com'mand our applaule.

But at a time, when we are bewailing the decay of trade, and lamenting that the balance is almost every where against us; when we are complaining that our rivals the French outfell us in most articles of commerce; that our friends the Portugueze are endeavouring to supply themselves from other markets; and that even our own colonies are attempting to set up for themselves; when both traders and landholders are ready to sink under the weight of heavy impositions, and the excessive prices of all kinds of commodities.-At such a time, a design to enhance the value of lands, and to revive and extend the manufactures and comInerce of Great Britain, must be peculiarly feasonable and acceptable : more especially, when the proposal not only displays a good intention, but a perfect and comprehensive knowledge of the subject.

Such is the mierit of the little treatise now under consideration, which, in the most perspicuous and intelligent manner, sets forth the advantages arising from inland navigations in general,

and the particular benefits which may be derived from the proposed communication between the ports of Liverpool and Hull, by means of a navigable canal.

Happy would it be for this nation, if men of fortune and in· fluence, instead of wasting their wealth and misapplying their talents in election-squabbles and party broils, would turn their thoughts to such national objects, and entertain a generous emulation who fhould best promote the interest of their country! . That the trading interest of this kingdom cannot be more effec

tually improved than by means of inland navigations, is evident - from the noble experiment made by his grace the Duke of Bridgewater, which has been attended with luch beneficial effects to that part of the country.

Whatever temporary obstructions may occur, it is certain, that the nation which fells cheapest will in the end take the lead in commerce; and they who employ the feweft hands will afford

their commodities at the moft reasonable rate. It is well known, i and daily experienced, that this kingdom is too thinly peopled, partiy owing to the vast numbers who migrate to our extensive


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Kolonies, whereby they help to drain their mother country, partly perhaps to the legal discouragements thrown in the way of matrimony, with other causes too tedious to enumerate; and it is lone great excellence of inland navigations, that they leffen the number of hands. But it would be unjust to detain the Reader any longer from our Author's account of the benefits resulting from fuch navigations.

• The first, says he, and most obvious effects of inland Navigations, from whence the more remote advantages chiefly arise, are, that they greatly diminish the price of carriage, and open eafy communications between the distant parts of a country, and from each of those parts to the fea.

• Those who can lay in their raw materials, be furnished with plenty of food and fuel, and carry their goods to market, at the least expence, can afford to sell them the lowest ; and therefore may always have the preference, where they are not kept out by force: and it is plain that all these consequences do in a great measure depend upon cheapness of carriage ; raw-mateTials, and food, and manufactures, being all affected by it.

Inland navigations do not only greatly promote the manufactures where they are already establifhed, for the reasons above

mentioned, but occafion the establishment of many new ones, in places where the lands before were of little value, and almost destitute of inhabitants; thus enlivening and enriching every part through which they are extended.

· These comniunications by water, also greatly contribute to the benefit of the merchants, who reside at the ports where they

terminate; by enabling them to export greater quantities of
goods from those parts which lie at a distance from the sea; and
to supply a much larger space of country with their returns from
: " It is another very great advantage of inland navigations, that
they render the keeping of an immense number of horses, which
are not 'employed in agriculture, unnecessary; and thereby pre-
vent the destruction of vast quantities of food, which might be
'exported to foreign markets, or applied to the nourishment of
more profitable animals, and the support of numerous useful and
industrious families.

Inaond navigations likewise have a tendency to advance and perpetuate the value of estates near which they pass, by making it the interest of the gentleman, the manufacturer, and the merebant, to dwell together in the fame country, and enabling

them mutually to supply each others wants. From this con- nexion, a thousand reciprocal advantages arise, which ought to

banish all jealoufies, or apprehensions of contending interests, from the minds of those whose interests are inseparable.

« These

« These navigations are also directly advantageous to the landel gentleman many ways.

• They give distant estates the opportunity of an easy and cheap communication with large towns and sea-ports; and hereby enable the proprietors, or farmers, to bring their products to markets from which their remote situations formerly excluded them. In heavy and bulky articles, such as corn, timber, iron, coals, stone, &c. this is a circumstance of so much importance, that an unfavourable situation with respect to carriage, does often prevent many of these commodities from being of any value to their owners.

• They frequently occasion the discovery of mines, or useful minerals.

• They greatly promote the cultivation of poor and waste Jands; either by bringing manure and conveying away the produce at a cheap rate; or by encouraging artists and manufactyrers to settle upon their banks, in lituations which were before uninhabited and unimproved.

Canals do alfo, of themselves, directly tend to improve the lands through which they are carried, by taking away the superAuous moisture; and likewise may be made to furnith the farmer with the means of watering his meadows in seasons of unusual drought; either by spouts, which may be laid through the banks of the canals, or by large reservoirs, made in convenient places for this purpose, like those in China. 1** While we are enumerating the general advantages of inland navigations, we must not forget how much they contribute to the stability and perfection of the public roads.

• We may add likewise, that navigable canals, give employment to vaft numbers of people ; and where they go through corn countries, and in the neighbourhood of collieries, diffuse plenty of food universally about them; and furnish fuel for the use of the mechanic arts, and the comfort of the poor inhabi- tants ; frequently at half the price they must otherwise have paid for it.' The Writer concludes his view of these general advantages

with the following genteel and highly merited encomium on the Duke of Bridgewater: "The poor of Manchester, says he, and its neighbourhood, will acknowledge these benefits, with tears of gratitude in their eyes : and the pleasure this must give to the noble author of them, perhaps he himself can better feel than deferibe. It is the private reward of public virtue and beneficence.'

He then proceeds to a description of the intended canal.

Many courses, he observce, for navigable canals have been pointed out, in our own country, that are very practicable and


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