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, avowed, such unmerited encouragement ?-It is true, that its having done all this is sufficient to give Dr. Johnson a very mean opinion of its spirit, taste and judgment. But he should have been aware of carrying the imposition too far; he should not have presumed to think that this public, tasteless and ignorant as he may suppose it, could ever be prevailed on to grace his waying noddle with a wreath, irreverently torn from the brows of Shakespeare!
The self-sufficient, the arrogant, Dr. Johnson may possibly conceive, that the zeal, with which the very name of Shakespeare inspires me, is counterfeited ; and that I exprefs myself thus warmly, to provoke him to a reply.—No, Dr. Johnfon, you cannot reply. I must join in that deference, which I think the world hath undeservedly paid you, so far as to own, that I should never have presumed to publish any thing against Dr. Johnson, that I had not good reason to think UNANSWERABLE. It is indeed prudential in you to make a virtue of necessity, and previously to give out, that you will not do what you bave fo much reason to think you can not do.-Yet you have your satellites, your light-troops ; you may send them out to harrass the enemy whom you dare not encounter. But, as I am no fare ther your enemy than as you are Shakespeare's, send who you will, as many as you will; I will undertake, under lo gal. lant a leader, to rout an army of scribblers, to crush a myriad of cockle-shell critics, in his cause.'
Boldly said! Mr. Kenrick! Why, you are the very ORLAN. Do Furioso of Criticism ! But are you not apprehenfive of the fate of Tom Osborne ? • Presumptuous Tom Osborne! who, braving the vengeance of this paper-crown'd idol,' (the editor of Shake speare] was, for his temerity, transfixed* to his mother Earth ť by a thundering folio!' KENRICK's Pref. p. xi.
We intended fome farther extracts from this extraordinary Review; but the passages we have already quoted, have suf. ficiently extended the article: we shall conclude, therefore, for the present, with a word of exhortation, cordially of fered to Mr. Kenrick, -that he will, in the prosecution of this undertaking, humanely condescend to lay by his tomahawk, moderate his wrath against a fellow countryman and brother author, and, for the honour of letters in general, and British literature in particular, listen to the advice given by an ingenious young Bard to the Reviewers and Critics of the present age;
O be this rage for massacre withstood,
The Race. • Not run through the body, we hope, with a folio book!
+ This allude's to an anecdote current among the booksellers and printers.
hrough the body educe current amon?
A View of the Advantages of Inland Navigations : With a Plan of á a Navigable Canal, intended for a Communication between the * Ports of Liverpool and Hull.' 8vo. Isi Becket and De · Hondt, &c. TN a nation, which must derive its opulence, its strength and
I glory from the benefits of trade and commerce, every design for cultivating and diffusing those benefits, muft at all times merit our thanks, though the execution may not always command our applause.
But at a tiine, when we are bewailing the decay of trade, and lamenting that the balance is almost every where against us; when we are complaining that our rivals che French outfell us in most articles of commerce; that our friends the Portugueze are endeavouring to supply themselves from other markets, and that even our own colonies are attempting to set up for themfelves; when both traders and landholders are ready to sink under the weight of heavy impositions, and the excellive prices of all kinds of commodities.-At such a time, a design to enhance the value of lands, and to revive and extend the manufactures and commerce of Great Britain, must be peculiarly seasonable and acceptable : more especially, when the proposal not only displays a good intention, but a perfect and comprehensive knowledge of the subject. . Such is the merit of the little treatise now under consideration, · which, in the most perspicuous and intelligent manner, sets .forth the advantages arising from inland navigations in general, and the particular benefits which may be derived from the proposed communication between the ports of Liverpool and Hulle by means of a navigable canal. 1. Happy would it be for this nation, if men of fortune and in.fluence, instead of wasting their wealch and misapplying their
talents in election-squabbles and party broils, would turn their · thoughts to such national objects, and entertain a generous emu- Jation who fhould best promote the interest of their country!
That the trading interest of this kingdom cannot be more effectually improved than by means of inland navigations, is evident - from the noble experiment made by his grace the Duke of Bridgewater, which has been attended with such beneficial effects to that part of the country.
Whatever temporary obstructions may occur, it is certain, that the nation which fells cheapest will in the end take the lead in commerce; and they who employ the fewest hands will afford
their commodities at the most reasonable rate. It is well known, j; and daily experienced, that this kingdom is too thinly peopled, partiy owing to the vast numbers who migrate to our extensive
colonies, whereby they help to drain their mother country, partly perhaps to the legal discouragements thrown in the way of matrimony, with other causes too tedious to enumerate ; and it is Jone great excellence of inland navigations, that they lessen the number of hands. But it would be unjust to detain the Reader any longer from our Author's account of the benefits resulting from fuch navigations.. , • The first, says he, and most obvious effects of inland Navia «gations, from whence the more remote advantages chiefly arise, are, that they greatly diminish tbe price.of.carriage, and open ealy communications between the distant parts of a country, and from each of those parts to the fea.
o Those who can lay in their raw materials, be furnished with plenty of food and fuel, and carry their goods to market, at the least expence, can afford to sell them the lowest ; and therefore may always have the preference, where they are not -kept out by force: and it is plain that all these consequences do in a great measure depend upon cheapness of carriage ; raw-materials, and food, and manufactures, being all affected by it. - Inland navigations do not only greatly promote the manufac
tures where they are already establifhed, for the reasons above mentioned, but occafion the establishment of many new ones, in éplaces where the lands before were of little value, and almost destitute of inhabitants ; thus enlivening and enriching every part through which they are extended.
. These comniunications by water, also greatly contribute to the benefit of the merchants, who reside at the ports where they terminate; by enabling them to export greater quantities of goods from those parts which lie at a distance from the sea; and to supply a much larger space of country with their returns from abroad. : . It is another very great advantage of inland navigations, that they render the keeping of an immense number of horses, which are not employed in agriculture, unnecessary; and thereby prevent the destruction of vast quantities of food, which might be *exported to foreign markets, or applied to the nourishment of more profitable animals, and the support of numerous useful and industrious families. do
5 Inland navigations likewise have a tendency to advance and perpetuate the value of estates near which they pass, by making it the interest of the gentleman, the manufacturer, and the merebant, to dwell together in the same country, and enabling them mutually to supply each others wants. From this connexion, a thoufaud reciprocal advantages arise, which ought to banish all jealousies, or apprehensions of contending interests, from the minds of those whose interests are inseparable.
These * These navigations are also directly advantageous to the landet gentleman many ways.
• They give distant estates the opportunity of an easy and cheap communication with large towns and sea-ports; and hereby enable the proprietors, or farmers, to bring their products to markets from which their remote situations formerly excluded them. In heavy and bulky articles, such as corn, timber, iron, coals, stone, &c. this is a circumstance of so much importance, that an unfavourable situation with respect to carriage, does often prevent many of these commodities from being of any value to their owners.
• They frequently occasion the discovery of mines, or useful minerals.
• They greatly promote the cultivation of poor and waste Jands ; either by bringing manure and conveying away the produce at a cheap rate; or by encouraging artists and manufactyrers to settle upon their banks, in situations which were be. fore uninhabited and unimproved.
: Canals do alfo, of themselves, directly tend to improve the lands through which they are carried, by taking away the superAuous moisture; and likewise may be made to furnish the farmer · with the means of watering his meadows in seasons of unusual
drought; either by (pouts, which may be laid through the banks of the canals, or by large reservoirs, made in convenient places for this purpose, like those in China.“ 1.6 While we are emumerating the general advantages of inland navigations, we must not forget how much they contribute to the stability and perfection of the public roads. .
We may add likewise, that navigable canals, give employe ment to vast numbers of people ; and where they go through corn countries, and in the neighbourhood of collieries, diffuse plenty of food universally about them; and furnish fuel for the use of the mechanic arts, and the comfort of the poor inhabi- tants; frequently at half the price they must otherwise have paid for it.'
The Writer concludes his view of these general advantages with the following genteel and highly merited encomium on the Duke of Bridgewater : « The poor of Manchester, says he, and its neighbourhcod, will acknowledge these benefits, with tears of gratitude in their eyes : and the pleasure this must give to the noble author of them, perhaps he himself can better feel than deferibe. It is the private reward of public virtue and bene ficence.'
He then proceeds to a description of ihe intended canal. : Many ccurses, he observce, for navigable canals have been pointed out, in our own country; that are very practicable and
olisi wouldi Treninde: a.icate withe meety a pare near the Duke ones
eligible: the most striking and beneficial of which are, those that would join the Thames and the Severn, the Severn and the Trent, the Trent and the Weaver ; ' and lastly, the Firth of Forth with the Clyde; as by their means the principal ports of our island would communicate with each other; and the most fertile parts of the country with the metropolis.
. The present design comprehends only a part of the great one mentioned above. It is to join the river Trent, near Wilden in Derbyshire, with the river Weaver in Cheshire, or the Duke of Bridgewater's navigation, or the tide-way in the river Mersey, as Thall be found most expedient, by a canal, with branches to Birmingham, Lichfield, Tamworth, and Newcastle,
• The reasons for prefering a canal to a river navigation, are many and important. The shortness of the voyage on the former, which is protracted on the latter by the winding course of the stream ; the absente of currents, which in rivers impede che upward navigation more than they assist the downward *, and hourly undermine and wear away the banks; the security from the mischief and delay occafioned by Aoods; the easier draught for the horses, as the boats will, in a canal, move nearer the towing path ; and the advantage of choosing high ground for the locks, while in the other case, the fituation of them must be regulated only by the accidental shallows of the rivers, are all circumstances greatly in favour of canals; and especially the laft: for as in river navigations, the locks must frequently be erected on low lands, the neighbouring meadows are thereby often rendered damp and swampy; while in canal navigations this disadvantage is no: only avoided, but as the canal, to pursue it's most convenient course, must frequently wind along the edges of the rising ground, numberless springs will be cut through, and the plain beneath rendered actually drier and more fertile. It is also another circumstance not unworthy of notice in favour of canals, when compared with river navigations, that as the conveyance upon the former is more speedy, and without interruptions, and delays, to which the latter are very liable, opportunities of pilfering carthen wares, and other small goods, and stealing and adulterating wine and spirituous liquors, are there. by in a great measure prevented. The losses, disappointments, and difcredit of the manufacturers, arising from this cause, are so great, that they frequently choose to send their goods by land
« . This advantage can hardiy any where appear in a more full and ftriking light, than at Barton Bridge, in Lancashire; where one may, as the same time, see feven or eight atout fellows labouring like Naves to drag a boat Nowly up the river Irwell; and one horse drawing two or three boats at a great rate upon the canal; which is carried over the river at this place, like a magnificent Roman aqueduct.