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Art. 37. The Defcription of the Hot Bath, at Bath, rebuilt at the Expence of the Chamber of that City; together with Plans, Eleva tion, and Section of the fame: The Defigns of John Wood, Architect. Folio. 5 s. DodЛley. 1777.
UTILITY and ELEGANCE feem to have united, in order to give perfection to this great improvement in our principal refort of HEALTH and PLEASURE.
Art. 38. A Sketch of the Hiftory of Two Acts of the Irish Parliament of the 2d and 8th of Queen Anne, to prevent the farther Growth of Popery. 8vo. I s. 6d. Murray. 1778.
A defence of the Roman Catholics of Ireland.-The Author complains, feelingly, of the burdens impofed on our fellow-fubjects, of the above-mentioned perfuafion, in that kingdom; and there may be caufe of complaint: but EXPERIENCE fhews that PROTESTANT STATES cannot (confiftently with justice and the rights of conscience) be too much on their guard, against those who are zealously attached to a fyftem which has ever proved a powerful engine for the fupport of arbitrary power, and, confequently, in the highest degree, pernicious to freedom, civil and religious. If, however, the restrictions under which the prudence of our forefathers may have thought it neceffary to lay the trith Catholics, are, now, found to be too fevere, and inequitable, by all means let that severity be softened but let us, however, proceed with CAUTION, in a matter which may prove, (with respect to either party) of the utmost confequence to the welfare of these kingdoms.
Art. 39. Scotch Modefty difplayed; in a Series of Converfations
The title is an innocent deception.-This pamphlet is, really, a a laboured and well-written defence of the Scots, against the popular objections of the English. The Author undertakes to demonftrate, ⚫ that the Scots do not poffefs that immenfity of power and places that the mock-patriots pretend;' and, even, that our northern brethren have not their fare of them. He endeavours to fhew, likewife, that fo far from infufing, into the King notions of arbitrary power,' the Scots, deteft, and always have have opposed, fuch doctrine. He likewife, in a very fatisfactory manner, vindicates the country of Scotland, with refpect to the last rebellion; and we fhould, with little, if any referve, have commended his performance, throughout, had it not been for his continual fneers at all people in oppofition to the prefent, miniftry, and treating them as though they were univerfally hypocrites and profligates.
Art. 40. A ferious Letter to the Public, on the late Tranfaction be tween Lord North and the Duke of Gordon. By Junius. 8vo. 13. Hooper.
An earnest vindication of Lord N. The tranfaction alluded to has been fufficiently ftated in the news-papers. But who is this Junius? Not the celebrated writer who figured, with fo much ap
plaufe, under that fignature. We cannot, here, difcern the leaft -refemblance of ftyle or language. NAVIGATION.
Art. 41. An Epitome of Theoretical and Practical Navigation, containing a complete Syftem of that Art greatly improved, &c. By Robert Waddington, Teacher of Mathematics, late Mathematical Matter of the Royal Academy at Portfmouth. 4to. 12 S.
Tho' the Author, juftly enough, obferves that publications on the • fubject of navigation are already fufficiently numerous; he offers this additional treatife to the Public becaufe, in the first place, it contains a clear, eafy, and practicable method of keeping a journal at fea:'-a matter which, he alleges, has not yet been fully explained. In the next place, he profeffes, in this treatife, to teach the young navigator every particular effential to his art; without his being under the neceffity of having recourfe to any other Author on the fubject. He corrects likewife many errors refpecting the tides, on our coafts particularly, which deferve the attention of the mariner. Inftead of a table of logarithms he has given a traverfe table on a new plan; the working by which he deems fufficient for the purposes of navigation in general: though as the young navigator may have occafion for a book of logarithms to work the various cafes of trigono metry, and for the working of amplitudes, azimuths, &c. he propofes hereafter to publifh a small treatife on the fubject of trigonometry, which will contain the neceflary tables of logarithms, and their ufes, in the various branches of the mathematics.
Art. 42. An Enquiry into the Nature of the Corn Laws, with à
The immediate objects of this judicious and well informed Writer, in the prefent pamphlet, are to thew the inexpediency of fixing, at one invariable point, either the market price at which the importation of corn fhall be allowed, or the rate of the bounty on exporta. tion; and to propofe that the rate of the bounty fhould be made at all times to depend upon the market price of grain. On thefe topics, and others nearly related, he reafons with great ftrength and clearnefs; and his obfervations will doubtlefs be of material ufe in determining the queftions which gave occafion to them.
NOVELS and MEMOIRS.
Art. 43. Sketches from Nature; or, the History of Henry and
If we were to call in question this Writer's abilities for drawing Sketches from Nature, we are apprehenfive that a numerous train of female advocates would appear, with tears in their eyes, to plead
* Of Monkfhill, in Aberdeenshire, author of Effays relating 19 Agriculture and Commerce,' and of Obfervations on the Means of ex citing a Spirit of National Industry ;'-mentioned in our late Reviews.
his caufe. Rather than risk fo unequal a conteft, we therefore pronounce these tales natural and pathetic.
Art. 44. The Old English Baron. A Gothic Story. By Clara Reeve. Izmo. 3 s. fewed. Dilly. 1778.
We mention this publication only to inform our Readers that it Is the fame which was noticed in the Review for January laft, p. 85, under the title of the Champion of Virtue. The work is revised and corrected, and more elegantly printed; and the title is changed, as the Author tells us in her preface, because the character of an old English Baron is thought to be the principal one in the story. AMERICAN CONTROVERSY.
Art. 45. The Subftance of General Burgoyne's Speeches, &c. on Mr. Vyner's Motion, on the 26th of May; and upon Mr. Hartley's Motion, on the 28th of May, 1778. With an Appendix, containing General Washington's Letter to General Burgoyne, &c. 8vo. 1 S. Almon. 1778.
The newspapers have given fome part of these two speeches, but here appears, in fubftance, an authentic edition of the whole. The contents, however of the fpeech on Mr. Vyner's motion for taking into confideration the ftate, &c. of the army which furrendered at Saratoga, do not afford fuch important articles of information as the public had been led to expect. We have, nevertheless, in this pamphlet, fome things worthy of obfervation.-First, the General heartily afferts, in contradiction to certain reports, the cordial friendfhip and harmony fubfifting between him and Sir Guy Carleton; he vindicates, in a fatisfactory manner, the principles and views under which the Indians were engaged in our fervice; he speaks, in the handsomeft terms, of the candour and generofity manifefted toward himself and his followers, by the commanders of the victorious provincials, particularly by General Scuyler, whofe valuable property, at Saratoga, had been deftroyed by our troops, and whofe noble treatment of General Burgoyne, fubfequent to the great lofs which Mr. Scuyler had fuftained, in confequence of Mr. Burgoyne's orders, is, perhaps, beyond all precedent; he produces, likewise, a very liberal and polite letter from General Washington, which, as our military orator juflly remarks, does honour to the human heart;' he throws fome light, though, indeed, not much, on the detention of our captivated army in America, and this without any impeachment of the honour and good faith of the Congrefs; he pleads earnestly, for a ftrict examination of his conduct, in order to clear his reputation; and at the fame time (with respect to government, as well as to himself), he candidly and fairly explodes that popular but erroneous polition, that where there is mifcarriage there must be blame,' and confequently, that the acquital of one man infers the condemnetion of another.'-This, furely, is a very unjust mode of reafoning; yet we have heard it much infifted on, with regard to the unfortunate iffue of the General's late expedition. There muft,' it has been infifted, have been either a criminal defect in the plan, on the one hand, or a want of skill and conduct on the other.'-But wherefore this fuppofition? Have we never heard of the miscarriage of even the best concerted schemes? Or is it in the power of human
forefight to guard against every poffible contingency ?-Finally, the General takes occafion to obviate the idea of his having been, himfelf, the planner of thofe orders under which he ultimately acted. The original plan of the expedition he does not difclaim; but he fpeaks of its having been changed and garbled,' in a manner by which the minifter made it his own.'-The following paffage may be laid before our readers, as a fpecimen of General Burgoyne's eloquence:
As for myfelf, if I am guilty, I fear I am deeply guilty an army loft! the fanguine expectation of the kingdom di appointed! a foreign war caufed, or the commencement of it accelerated! an effufion of as brave blood as ever run in British veins fhed, and the feveret family diftreffes combined with public calamity.-If this mafs of miferies be indeed the confequence of my misconduct, vain will be the extenuation I can plead of my perfonal fufferings, fatigue and hardship, laborious days and fleepless nights, ill health and trying fituations; poor and infufficient will be fuch atonement in the judgment of my country, or perhaps in the eyes of God-yer with this dreadful alternative in view, I provoke a trial-Give me -inquiry-I put the interests that hang molt emphatically by the heart-ftrings of man-my fortune-my honour-my head-I had almost faid my falvation, upon the teft.'
Art. 46. A Letter to Lord George Germaine; giving an Account of the Origin of the Difpute between Great Britain and the Colonies; with fome Remarks on the Manner in which the War has been conducted. To which are added, certain Terms, humbly proposed as a ground-work of a Reconciliation. By a Gentleman, for many years a Refident in America. 8vo. I s. 6d, Whieldon. 1778.
We have no doubt that this tract is actually the production of a perfon who has refided in America, It contains many obfervations which will materially inform the untravelled reader. The Author defends the measures of government,-General Burgoyne's unfortunate expedition, and all; and he is fanguine for conquest, should our conciliatory proposals be rejected ;-unless his own scheme for a reconciliation fhould be adopted. With refpect to his terms, however, we are of opinion that nothing but our fuperiority in the field can procure them acceptance among a people who are fighting for that INDEPENDENCY, to which our letter-writer advifes his noble corre-fpondent never to accede.'-As to any affistance which the Americans may derive from their alliance with France, he treats it, (in common with most of the adyocates for adminiftration) as a contemptible bug bear,- Who's afraid ?'
Art. 47. The Patriot Minifter. An Hiftorical Panegyric on
Of this work a very full account was given in our last Appendix. We have read a few pages of the present tranflation, and have ob served no material defect.
Art. 48. Biographia Claffica. The Lives and Characters of the
The obvious utility of this work, and the fhare of reputation it has obtained, are very good reafons for its republication. The Editor has the merit of having corrected and materially improved the language; and of adding ufeful lifts of the best editions of the feveral authors. Befides this, he has given four new lives, viz, of Theognis, Nicander, Dionyfius, and Nonnus, comprifed in four pages, and profeffes to have added in every life feveral particulars, and corrected many millakes in names, places, and facts.' Juftice to the public, however, requires us to declare, that we have taken fome pains to fearch for thefe corrections; and that in fix lives (thofe of Tibullus, Lucan, Statius, Dionyfius Halicarnenfis, Nepos, and Juftin), we are not able to difcover any particulars which the Editor has E.
Art. 49. A Catalogue of the Manufcripts in the Cottonian Library_ To which are added many Emendations and Additions. With an Appendix containing an Account of the Damage fußlained by the Fire in 1731; and alfo a Catalogue of the Charters preferved in the fame Library. 8vo. 4 s. fewed. Hooper. 1777.
The cata ogue of this valuable library published by Dr. Smith in 1696 is known to be very defective; the learned and ingenious have therefore long wished for a remedy of the inconveniences they have met with when they confulted this library. To gratify those wishes is the object of the prefent publication, which we doubt not-will be found, according to the Author's account, fo far fuperior to Dr. Smith's as to leave no room for fimilar complaints. Each fubject is fo difpofed that the reader may, without difficulty, have recourfe to the object of his enquiry. We cannot but lament the damage which the library fuftained by the fire that happened Oct. 23, 1731; though on the whole it feems much less than might have been justly appre hended. It is a laudable care to endeavour to make thefe collections as useful as poffible, and therefore this publication must be feafonable and valuable. The Author gives what we doubt not is Juft praife to the forty-two trustees who have the immediate direction of the British Mufeum), whofe excellent and judicious regulations, and very laudrble management, he fays have rendered this invaluable treafure of learning of much greater utility to the public than it has been at any former period.'
Art. 50. English Humanity no Paradox. Or an Attempt to prove, that the English are not a Nation of Savages. 8vo. Is. 6d. Lowndes. 1778.
This Writer declaims, with much fpirit, and fame humour, on the character of the English nation; endeavouring to refute the charge of barbarity brought against the English by Voltaire, Rouffeau, and other foreign writers, and to fhew that the national spirit of Englishmen is generous and humane. Through the whole he dif covers himself to be a zealous friend to liberty, and he writes in a