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ges of the man, and cease to think ADVICE TO YOUNG LADIES. when he begins to write.

No.I. CURIOSITY. Yet while we regret that History is THE President Moté de Champlathos liable to be made the vehicle of treux opinions which are probably danger- nent characters in the Parliament of ous, or absolutely hurtful, it is some Paris.

His integrily was so incorconsolation that the Historian is so ruptible, that he merited the surname often tempted to bring himself for- of Aristides. His perfect knowledge ward, and that, in obtruding his pecu- of the jurisprudence of his country liar principles and accommodating gave him a great pre-eminence over facts to them, he is less capable of dis- the most enlightened lawyers; and gujse than he may supposc. He lays his advice, in difficult and obscure himself open to detection and to refu- matters, was looked upon as the most tation. Upon this account, I ain in- certain and safe. By these qualificaclined to hope, that much mişchief has tions his name was rendered famous ; not been done by the prejudices of our

and bis merit was considered so supeeminent Historians, because they have rior, that his associates, far from beheen immediately discovered, and ing jealous, confided implicitly in his completely answered, If the reader impartiality. is thus put upon his guard, he may 'The private and public character of enjoy all that is pleasing and valuable the President Moté were equally lau

in their writings, without suffering dable; for, having lost his wife, in very materially by their misrepresen- whom his happiness was chiefly centations. Let it be considered too, tered, he undertook the charge of his that few men are so unwise as to trust only daughter; and succeeded so far, their information in the hands of any that Amelia's mird was cultivated one Historian. In the history of most with all those good qualities which Dations, and particularly of our own, render young persons amiable. Bewe have access to various authorities, sides an accurate knowledge of her and do not implicitly give credit to own language, she could speak Geronė series of narratives, unless we man and Italian ; with regard to the cannot discover that other evidence English language, she was so well acis inaccessible.

quainted with it, that she translated After all, it must be allowed, that into French the master-pieces of the after the tedious process of dry inves- English authors. Her understanding tigation is gone through, we revert was not only enlarged by an acquaiuwith pleasure to the Robertsons, tance with all the practical sciences, Humes and Gibbons; and refresh but, what is still more valuable, withi our memory, where at the same time the precious seeds of virlue. These our taste is gratified, perhaps improv, bad operated on her heart so admiraed, and our imagination delighted. bly, that Amelia was modest, without We had useful Historians before affectation ; mild and engaging, withHume; but where is the history of our out timidity; submissive, without country traced with such elegant per- losing her dignity; generous, without spicuity, such connexion of cause prodigality ; kind and condescending and effect, as to leave on the mind an to the servants, without familiarity impression of unity, of something aiteutive and respectful to her father, whole and entire? Yet Huine could pot only from a sense of gratitude, not probably have produced thiş but also from that of affection, tenwork, had bis mịnd been less imbued derness, and love. with opinions of one'kind, as to polis The only fault wlich her father had fical governinent. Would the case not been able to correct in her was have been otherwise, if he had chosen Curiosity, `· Extremely desirous of to exert his talents on the history of kpowing every thing, sbe would not another pation ? If Hume had taken let the least thing pass in the house the Roman empire, and Gibbon the without enquiring into the particuHistory of England, should we have lars. If she heard a double knock at seen less of Hume and Gibbon in their the door, she ran to the window to respective narratives?

see who it was ; if a carriage entered Yours, &c. P. P. the yard, she was immediately hanging over the staircase, to hear whe- her always to the same point that ther it was a visitor, or somebody on of wanting to know everything : so business; if a visitor, she would run difficult is it to get rid of the habit of down stairs, and be at the carriage Curiosity, whenit has once been condoor before the servants of the house; tracted. if somebody,on business, she continu- About the tenth of August, 1792, ed running backwards and forwards the most considerable men in the Gofrom the staircase to her room, from vernment held a meeting to deliberate thence to her father's antechamber; upon the deplorable condition of tben down stairs to enquire of the France, and came to a resolution to servants who it was, and on what bu- protest against all innovation. This siness they came.

meeting was held at the President The President having often shewn Moté de Champlatreux's house; and, her the impropriety of such mean ac- as the resolution to be taken was of tions, Amelia dared not apply to him the highest importance, there was a when she wanted to be informed of numerous and respectable assembly; any thing; but used to bribe his Se- the sitting was prolonged until eight cretary, by whom she was informed of in the morning. all that was transacted in her father's You cannot conceive the impatience office. Thus her inconsiderate curio- and curiosity of Amelia during the sity not only rendered her culpable, time of the deliberation: she did not but corrupted the fidelity of her fa. let a single servant pass, without enther's confidant. The President, who quiring the number of persons at the had several times discovered that his meeting, the time of their arrival, daughter was acquainted with secrets and the molive of their remaining so which he thought were improper to long. As the servants knew nothing be entrusted to her, could not con- of the matter, the less she could get ceive how she came to the knowledge from them, the more was her curiosiof them.

ty inflamed. During the whole of the When I say secrets, do not suppose nightshe could not shut her eyes ; nay, that the President improperly with- she could not even lie in bed, but held any thing from the knowledge of walked a hundred times from her his daughter, on whom he so fondly apartment to the door where the comdoated.” On the contrary, his great pany were deliberating. pleasure was to converse with his About one o'clock in the morning Amelia on all the affairs of the family; she heard the door open, and saw her aud he entrusted her with the manage- father conducting two young magis. ment of all those matters which he trates, very secretly, toward the garçould not attend to himself, or which den door: the latter were carrying a belonged to her department. The leaden box, apparently very heavy. secrets that he kepi, from her were At this sight the heart of Amelia not his own; they were either those throbbed with joy: she followed them of the state, or of private people, at a distance, and perceived them which he could not have disclosed digging a hole about seven feet deep But at the danger of his life, or his re- in the garden, into which they put the putation. One maxim which the Pre- box. After this, they filled the hole, sident maintained was, that he who which they covered with grass, that violated a secret entrusted to him, no appearance might be left. Amelia deserved punishinent ten times more observed every circumstance; and, than he who robbed you of your pro, when she saw them returning, flew perty. It was for this reason that he back to the top of the stairs, and rewould never abuse the confidence re- tired to her chamber. posed in bim by the public, hy relating The magistrates had taken so much to his daughter affairs which were of precaution to prevent a discovery of no concern to her. M. Moté had inore the place where they had concealed than once explained this distinction to the box, that they could not suspect Amelia, whose good sense never failed Amelia's baving seen them ; besides, to assent to so reasonable a discretion. they supposed that she was too well But, though sensible of the truth and bred to descend to so mean an empropriety of her father's representa- ployment as that of a spy. Lions, her insatiable curiosity brought The next morning the artful Ame

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lia began to coax her father' more she could derive no satisfaction. As
than usual; who giving a loose to his morning began to dawn, they has-
tenderness, she inquisitively asked tened to put the paper into the box,
him what they had been doing during and buried it again in the same hole,
the whole preceding night. The vir with all possible precaution. After
tuous President answered, that they this they went to bed ; Amelia. being
had been deliberating upon matters heartily disappointed, and the valet
of great importance, but of which he well pleased to discover a secret
could say nothing, since all the mem- which was of far greater importance
bers present had taken an oath of se- than Amelia suspected.

“ However," said he, with a Some months after, the tyranny of smile of affection, “ this business does Roberspierre had obtained iis highest not regard our family, affairs, and pitch, and great rewards were offered therefore you may be quite easy about to any persons that would inform it.” He then turned the conversation against those who were disaffected to upon another topic; but, being call- Roberspiere's party; the: valet dc ed out, he left Amelia rather vexed, chambre of the President, blinded by and still more embarrassed in her the hopes of receiving a large sum, mind than before. For two or three went to the city hall, and told the days she was melancholy and thought- officers, that if they would search in a ful. At last, being unable to resist certain place in his master's garden, her curiosity to know what was in the they would find a paper of great conbox, she got up one night, went into sequence. Like another Judas, this the garden, and began to dig in the monster received the reward agreed place where she had observed her fa- upon, and conducted the gang to the ther deposit the box: she worked for place where the box was hidden. Thus an hour, but had hardly dug half the the prying coriosity of a child was way before she was tired. Herstrength the cause of the perfidious treachery now failing her, but her restless curio. of a servant who had been faithful to sity preying more strongly upon her, his master for nearly forty years! The she determined to call one of the ser. paper was delivered to Roberspierre. vants to her assistance.

The next morning all the Presidents The President had a valet de cham- who had subscribed to the protestabre, of whom he was very fond, and tion were arrested, and among them, wbo, from having lived nearly forty of course, the President Moté, who years in the house, was much attach- was thrown into a dungcon, in which, ed to Amelia. Amelia, therefore, however, he did not languish long; going to his bed-room, desired him to for, three days after, he and about get up softly, and follow her into the forty others were tried, condemned, garden. The valet de chambre obeyed, and perished on the scaffold. Thus and, being desired to dig the remain the silly, mean, and culpable curiosider of the hole, he did it so heartily, ty of a child of fourteen, was the cause that in less than half an hour ħe of the ruin of her father, and of a reached the box. Imagining that it number of virtuous and innocent men, was full of money and jewels, he advised Amelia to have it broken open: they, Mr. URBAN,

Jan. 10. therefore, broke the lock, and, to their great astonishment, found no- against Cow Pox Inoculation thing in it, but a paper, upon which in your Magazine; but nothing has was written the resolution before excited my attention more than the mentioned, signed by all the Presie lelter of Mr. James Taylor, in answer dents of the Parliament of Paris, and to P. P. in your last volume, p. 524. by more thantwenty counsellors, men This has not been caused by his oh. of rank and dignity. It was a simple servations, but by those which he has protestation against the proceedings been enabled to adduce, of Dr. Jenof the National Assembly.

ner himself. It appears that P. P. At the reading of this paper, which was not wrong in asserting that Dr. Amelia could scarcely understand, her J. had inoculated his own ebild with kuriosity was strangely baffled; she the Small Pox, in 1798, after the disbegan to regret all the trouble that covery of Vaccination. This is a stub, she had taken for a trifle, from which born fact. Dr. J. tries to account for


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it by saying that the child, saving


ready to call for your share at all - Al been exposed to the small

Sealings, whereof ho receives many a ha infected. But how happened this?

half-crown in a year, and I hope ac502 He had been inoculated by Dr. J.

counts to you for them. Dr. Sellek himself with the Vaccine matter. It. came pot out of Stafford-shire till the is true, " the appearance excited by

a udit was ended, which was my time its insertion, produced

effect that of departure; so that I scarce exlasted two or three days only, and changed 2 words with him. I

suppose then died away.” But, if Dr. J. did

our Brethren will not be wanting to not know how to judge of the efficacy aske what they may, upon your acof this Inoculation, who shall decide

count: but there is some talke, as upon it? And if he had not supposed though he threatned warre. his child safe from contagion, would Sir, if in any thing I can serve he have suffered him to be exposed you whilst I am in this place, I

pray to the Small Pox at Cheltenham ? be pleased freely to.com’and

There is great obscurity in Dr. Your most faithfull and affectionate, Jenner's Reply to the Second Ques

RA. BATHURST. tion If the child was infected with Received by the hands of Dr. £. s. d. Small Pox, what signified it whether Creighton, 10 Guineas, i. e. or not Dr. J. bad Vaccine matter 101. 158. with him and how did this want of Given to Mrs. Williams to disVaccine matter reduce him to the al

tribute by her List of 60 poor ternative of immediate inoculation ?

people, as she doth weekly
from myselfe

1 100 I ain no party man, Mr. Urban, in

ToWidow Howell, and 2 others, any way, but I am a little astonished

by the approbation of the at Mr. Taylor's mode of refuting the as


0 10 0 sertion of P. P. A LOVER OF TRUTH. TO Mrs Bamfield, to distribute

to her poore

To the old servants of the
Dean BATHURST to Dr. BUSBY. Church, Gabriel Keek, San-
Rev. Sir, Oxon, Nov. 7, 1682.

ford, Gilbert, Lay

0 17 6

direction of the Chapter 1 10 0 of your to , till a little before I left Wells. Being

To Widdow Wilty, and ano

ther sick (by Mrs. Williams) 0 5 0 now come to Oxford, I send you an

To 5 of the Choristers

05 account on the back side hereof; and

To Mr. Hobs, for his wife (bewithall, abundance of thanks and

ing very poore)

0 5 0 hearty prayers for your life and health, To Alice, a poore chare-wofrom many weake and indigent soules,

6 who have been comforted by your To Widdow Richards


To ý antient poore mayd-ser
The fourscore pound you was

vants in the Liberty

0 1.0 0 pleased to pay-in to my brother Sir To a poore Widdow with seveBenjamin Bathurst, I returned here:

rall children

0 5 0 To Widdow Huffrens

5 viz. 101. I. pagd to Mr. Chaunter

To Kate Russell, an old sick
(Dr. Creighton)
for the repaier of the

mayů (by Mrs. Healy) 026 Choristers lodgings : the other 701.

To a poore family neare Mr.
I pagd to the Commoner (Mr. Dut-


5 ton) who reserves 501. of it to the

To 11 poore at once

0 6 fabrick of the Church; the other 201. Towards binding a prentice

0 he deposited in Mr. Heály's hand, to To a poors family in the Towne, manage for the Library, with the con- at Mr. Majur's request 0 5 0 currence and advice of our Brethren Given him, likewise, to distriupon the place, according to your

bute to other poore

0 5 0 directions : Audwe do all returne you

More to some of the Choristers 03 our hearty service and thanks for

At several times, by small

your pohle and charitable intentions


Left with some of my Brethren upon all those publick accounts. How

and Mrs. Williams to disthe money is more particularly dis

tribute the day before I went bursed, you shall understand in time.

away, the remainder

0 15 6 Dr. Holt saith, he hath taken a course to returne his account to yo! :

£:10 15 0 but (it seemcs) thinkes fitt to deduct To tho Rev. Dr. Richard Busby, at the 3Q1. for his owne paines. He is very College in Westminster,


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Jan. 22. EN of

"NCLOSED I send you my Meteorological Journal from Dec.16, to Jan. 15, which I consider to be a useful instrument in Meteorology. For a particular account of the kind of Hygrometer which I make use of, I refer your Readers to Phil. Mag. for November, 180.1.

METEOROLOGICAL JOURNAL, kept at Crafton, in Hackney,
from the 16th of December, 1810, to the 15th of January, 1811.
Thermometer. Barometer.

Hyg. Wind. Weather, &c. Month. Max. Min. Max. Min.

Day of


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Déc.16 38 3i 30.25

1:16 N. fair 17 48 45 30.10 29.94 2.9 W. S. W. misty._fair 18 49 37 29.65 29.45 2.12 S. W. showery-clear windy 19 44 36 29.84 29:50 1.21 W.--NW sun and clouds 20 49 34 29.81 29.38 1.17 S. W. fog-wind and showers 21 43 40 29.38 29.33 1.22 W. S. W. wind and rain-clear 22 40


1.12 W. showery 23

W. showery 24

W. showery 25

W. S. W. wind and showers 26 49 43 29.85 29.80 1.8 W.N. W. clear 27 48

29:54 1.9

showers-fair 28 37 29 30:30 30:20 1.5 N. fair 29 35 26 30-50 30.36 1.4 N. clear 30 35 24 30.50 30-50

0.23 N. clear 31 30 26 30:51 30.35 1:3 N. N. E. Iclouded and clear Jan. 1 SO 24 30.28 30:15 1.3

N. N. E. wind and snow 2 29 22 30.05 29.85

1.3 N. E. snow, and wind 24 18 29.76 29.71 1.2

SE-S windy and snowing 4 29 23 29.95 29.91 1.2 E. windy and sleet 5 27 24 29.89 29.83 0.23 E. N. E. clear and windy 6 25 22 29.94 29.94 0.22 N. E. clear and windy 1 29 24 29.9+ 29.90 0.20 E. windy

27 21 29.86 29.82 0.29 E. windy-cloudy

31 17 29.94 29.86 1.3 N. E. snowing--foggy 10

32 29.97 29.94 1.6 E. fog-rain 11 44 36 29.82 29074 2.18 NW--SW rain-fair 12 48 35 29.68 29.49 3

S. small rain and wind 13 37

29.70 29.66 1.20 S. S. W. fog-small rain 14 50 42 29.70 29.66

2.14 S. E. small rain, windy 15 45 32 29.60 29.62 2.8 S. E. Train--windy and clear

OBSERVATIONS. Dec. 16. Cirro-stratus disposed in beds of small round spots, this afternoon. Evapo

ration since 14th, 4o. 17. Cirro-cumulus seen in the intervals of fog A. M. Cirro-stratus P. M. Eva

poration, 340. 18. Burr observed round" Jupiter. 19. Evaporation, 70. 20, Hard squalls of wind during the night. 21. Very high wind, particularly at night. 25. High wind, accompanied by flashes of lightning all night. 26. The marshes along the course of the River Lee, flooded. Evaporation, 45°. * 27. Evaporation, so.

28. Evaporation, 50. 1811. Jan. 4. Very high wind.

5. Black fleeces of Cumulus seen. floating beneath Cirri, in a calm region

12. The doors of the house much swelled with damp.
14. Evaporation since 12th, 390.
16. Evaporation, 180. Citro-strati and Cirro-cumuli observable,

That is, 450 evaporated since last noticed,


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