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to all. Even in the hour of victory, when the was forced to visit England. Here renewed associaBurmese capital was occupied by British troops, tions with the friends of youth, and the rest and Havelock assembled his soldiers for divine service, peace of family life, contributed to the restoration of after the struggle of the day had ceased. While, then, Iis shattered constitution and the recovery of all his the usual scenes of revelry and drunkenness, alas ! powers. In 1851 he returned to India, alone. so characteristic of a victorious army, were being Who could have foreseen the terrible future for enacted in the streets of Rangoon, a little knot of England and her great dependency ? More wars warriors, stained and begrimed with dust and smoke, and more rumours of wars; more trouble and more were found offering up, in the Great Temple of bloodshed. Men were looking grave and apprehenIdols, a hymn of thanksgiving and of praise to sive in India, and anxious and sad at home. Not a God.

rift in the clouds was there, but darker and darker Havelock's conduct in this his first campaign was grew the horizon. marked by bravery and coolness worthy of a veteran The Persian war added to our embarrassments, and soldier, although his bodily weakness was, at times, it was necessary to strike sharply and decisively. A a source of great anxiety to all who knew him. divisional command was accepted by Havelock, and

A long term of peace followed the conclusion of the every nerve was strained by him to justify his Burmese war, but Havelock was not idle. He wrote selection for the post. Victory crowned the efforts of a book upon the campaign, and he fell in love with the British, and again Havelock escaped uninjured the daughter of Mr. Marshman, his biographer. The from what seemed certain death. After one action, marriage was a happy one, but the book was a he wrote to his wife, “I felt that the Lord Jesus was failure. It was too outspoken in its criticisms, and at my side.” No wonder he was such a successful gave great offence in high places. But the ability general; with such companionship, who could of the work and the exemplary character of its fail? His confidence in Divine protection was a author eventually triumphed.

peculiar feature of his career, and without this faith As an instance of our hero's attention to the he must have been crushed by the responsibilities of claims of duty, our readers will, perhaps, remember the next few years, responsibilities as great as ever the story of his wedding morning. He was sum

man incurred. moned to attend a court-martial, and he determined The year 1857 heard the first mutterings of a that nothing should interfere with his attendance storm which deluged the plains of India with blood, , thereat. His friends remonstrated with him, but and whose thunder has scarcely died away to-day, Havelock was inflexible. The marriage was therefore The native troops stationed at Meerut mutinied, and solemnised at Serampore early in the morning, and regiment after regiment followed their example. noon saw the bridegroom-soldier in council at Mutiny was followed by murder, and murder was Calcutta. This devotion to duty was kingly. accompanied by outrages more or less hideous.

Havelock had served twenty-three years as a Panic seized all English residents in the peninsula, subaltern, when in 1838 the long.wished-for order and, in the opinion of many, the knell of British for advancement came. He had been too poor to buy influence in India had sounded. Within a month promotion, and his merit had been but poorly recog. after the outbreak the whole country was in flames, nised. But now was he captain, and in the Afghan and it needed almost supernatural strength on the war of 1839 his military reputation was greatly part of the tiny English army to quell the conflagraadvanced.

tion. The campaign was prolonged and disastrous. An Havelock was summoned from Bombay to CalEnglish army, victims of Afghan villainy and deceit, cutta, and was selected to command the Highwas cut to pieces in its retreat from Cabul; one landers, those marvellous troops of whom the world single survivor, depicted so graphically by Miss is proud. Never had a leader greater confidence in Thompson, riding back to Jellalabad to tell the awful his men, and never did men more heroically serve a tale.

leader whom they adored. The quest was a treHavelock was shut up with a small garrison under mendous one.

Havelock and the Highlanders were Sir Robert Sale in that city, and never was a to co-operate with the gallant Sir Henry Laurence position of almost hopeless difficulty more nobly at Lucknow, and Sir Hugb Wheeler at Cawnpore, in and courageously defended. Like the Jews of old " dispersing and utterly destroying all mutineers and under Nehemiah's guidance, they laboured with spade insurgents.” They did so co-operate, and they smote in one hand and sword in the other, and they prayed the insurgents hip and thigh with great slaughter. to the God of battles to grant them the favour He had It is in these two towns that the terrible interest vouchsafed to His ancient people. The walls that a of the story culminates. At Lucknow, Sir Henry fox might have broken down were rendered impreg Laurence, with 500 English soldiers, was besieged by nable, and for a while the garrison was safe. a force of half-maddened sepoys of twenty times the

Havelock's bravery and military genius were never number. Meanwhile a tragedy of horror was being more exemplified than in this siege and in the enacted at Cawnpore, that is exceeded in intensity by actions which ensued. The Afghans were beaten no record of old or new world's crime. English men, back in a series of victories, and the safety of India women, and children were butchered under circumwas for awhile secured.

stances of the greatest barbarity by him whose name The difficulties and dangers he had experienced, has become a byword for all that is cowardly, lowever, were light in comparison with those he was perfidious, and cruel

. It was with such foes as Nana yet to overcome.

Sahib that Havelock was called upon to deal. The In 1849 his health was so enfeebled by the hard-force at his disposal was small, but every man was a ships and privations of incessant campaigning that he hero. Every man, too, was animated by the one

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thought—"Justice to the murderers of the women Position after position was carried at the point of and the little children.” Onward they marched, over the bayonet. Each man seemed impelled by almost broken roads and across rivers swollen with the supernatural courage, and by nightfall the main summer rains. Ill-fed, ill-clothed, ill-provided with body of the troops was within five hundred yards of transport and ammunition, they toiled on under a the Residency. Darkness seemed only to intensify burning sun. Many a strong man fainted with the scene of horror. The distant walls were one the heat and exhaustion, but the courage of blaze of fire, and the issue was still doubtful. Are none faltered. Havelock's bravery was shared by the troops to rest and renew the attack in the his men, and they scattered their enemy in the first morning, or shall the succour of the_beleaguered pitched battle like chaff before the wind. On July garrison be attempted immediately? The generals 16, 1857, our troops were face to face with Nana decided for the latter, and at the head of the Sahib's army, which was strongly posted, and amply Highlanders and the Sikhs moved onward to the supplied with powerful artillery. Havelock's plans Residency. No words can describe that marvellous were quickly matured. Silently and solidly, as at advance. From battlement and house-top, from wall the charge of Tel-el-Kebir, the Highlanders advanced, and window, seen and unseen foes in their thousands the stillness of the morning air broken only by an flashed death down upon them. Animated by their occasional bursting shell. Nana was outflanked, and heroic leaders, strong in the thought that their cause with a hasty effort he endeavoured to change his was of God and of humanity, the royal troops fought front. Onward and ever onward pressed the kilted a good fight, at which the world is wondering still. warriors with firm and pitiless determination. Now Then, with a cheer that rent those tempest-torn they are within eighty yards of the guns which belch clouds, they cleared the last and final barrier, and forth fire and death. Then rings out the General's Lucknow was relieved ! voice, “ Advance !" and with a skirl of the pibroch The meeting of the delivered and their deliverers that rent the heavens, and with a cheer as only was heart-breaking in its joyful intensity, and in British throats can raise, the Highlanders swept up that moment of supreme happiness the wearied the hill. The enemy broke and fled; the charge of heroes were amply compensated. On the 17th the 1800 was irresistible. It was a triumph of con- of November, the brave Sir Colin Campbell entered summate generalship and of almost superhuman Lucknow with 5,000 men, and Havelock's work was valour.

done. For his distinguished services he was made When the soldiers of the Queen saw the place of Knight Commander of the Bath, and never was an massacre, when they saw how delicate women and honour more fitly conferred. The effect of his children had been cut to pieces as they begged for victories was great, and terror was struck into the mercy, when they saw the wells choked with human hearts of the mutineers throughout the length and limbs, when they looked down on their blood-stained breadth of India. shoes, they vowed & fearful vow that no earthly Four days after Sir Colin's arrival Havelock became power should stay their avenging hands. Now were unwell. Toil and fatigue, exposure and privation their faces turned towards Lucknow, and, with hearts had done their worst, and at half-past nine on full of righteous vengeance, they commenced their November 24th he fell back upon the arm of his murch. Every mile of the road was contested by gallant and wounded son, and gently breathed overwhelming numbers of insurgents. Cholera, too, his last. began to do its fearful work, but undismayed were the No fear was there in Havelock's soul as the angel leaders and the led. For a while they were delayed of death smote him; he died as he had lived—a by the want of reinforcements, and a change in the fearless warrior of the Great King. Never unprepared generalship was contemplated. Sir James Outram in the sudden emergencies of his profession, the last had arrived from Persia, and, as superior officer, was roll-call found him ready. This is a characteristic entitled to the supreme command. With noble of Havelock, and it is a characteristic of the truly generosity, however, Sir James refused to deprive kingly. “Ready, aye, ready,

Ready, aye, ready," must he be who Havelock of the honour, and preferred to act as his wishes to conquer and to reign. subordinate and companion, rather than take from No quackery was there in Havelock; he was earnest him an object so ardently pursued.

and sincere in all things. Not only did he possess On the 19th of September, 1857, the Ganges was that rare gift of personal enthusiasm, but he had crossed on a bridge of boats by 2,500 English and the rarer power of communicating his enthusiasm to Sikh troops, and, four days after, the booming of guns those around him. He loved, as all great men do, was heard in the direction of Lucknow, telling the the approbation of bis fellows, but he could stand alone weary and exhausted soldiers that their last and and brave reproach and censure at the bidding of fiercest struggle was at hand. The morning of the conscience and religion. memorable 25th dawned, and between eight and nine No wonder that the heart of England was heavy o'clock the march began. Every foot of the journey at the tidings of the hero's death. No wonder that was contested by the mutineers, and every advance three Continents gathered in spirit around his was a battle and a slaughter.

soldier's grave to drop their tears of sorrow and of All the energies of Havelock and Outram were love. No wonder that the nation's gratitude was needed to cope with the tremendous odds against richly manifested to his widow and to the brave them. Through an incessant storm of shot and boy Harry," the inheritor of his name and title. shell from every window and loophole of the city, A king had passed away from the people, a king of against batteries planted with terrible skill, and over thought and a king of action, a king of character and every obstacle that human or_inhuman ingenuity a king of influence. could suggest, the handful of Englishmen pressed. Havelock saved a nation, and then he died.


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OT far from Sopem College is Chalkie was a carpenter by trade), and in the boot a chalk pit, rented from a and knife cleaning department. Report said he neighbouring farmer by a man, sometimes cooked the meals, but the loud-tongued who, for all we boys knew to goddess was silent as to whether he ever ate any. the contrary, might have been He was a very scarecrow of a youth, and many a lump in existence as long as the of cake from a Sopemite's pocket found its way into chalk had.

his hungry jaws, for we all liked and pitied him. He was a hardy specimen of This Jim had to take his post at the horse's head, humanity, whose dried up lest the gallant steed should attempt to run away; visage gave no satisfactory but as the animal was always about three parts asleep, clue to the owner's age. Short Jim's post for once was a sinecure. in stature, he was yet shorter Next came Old Chalkie with a couple of chairs and in temper, and was a species a footstool. One chair was put into the cart, the

of human dynamite, warranted other on the ground, and the footstool by its side, thus to explode at the least friction.

forming an easy gradation for Mrs. Chalkie to obtain To “get a rise" out of Old Chalkie was the daily her lofty position. delight of Sopem boys, and instead of growing used In due time she appeared, and, by the aid of hoists. to our chaff, he seemed to become more susceptible. from her husband, and gentle pushes from Jim, she

He made himself obnoxious to us by petty com- arrived, puffing and blowing, at the inside chair, plaints to the head-master; and while biding our where she jerked out an angry complaint at the tartime for a grand fight, we amused ourselves with diness of her poor little husband who had to replace preliminary skirmishes to keep our hands in.

the furniture, lock the door, and remount, before he Looking back upon those days, I am obliged to could give the fiery steed her head. own that we were really very aggravating, but I see If a contingent from the College happened to be also that we had serious grievances. We had held watching the proceedings, a loud and ironical cheer out the hand of friendship one summer, when Old greeted the start, accompanied with various warnings Chalkie had a field full of hay and could get no one not to let Bucephalus go too fast. to make it.

One day we had been made very angry by Old We went to him, by deputation, and gave our word Chalkie. that we would do it for him, but he chose to dis- Our college has always been famous for the believe us, and drove our spokesmen from his cottage amateur pursuit of knowledge amongst the fellows. with his horsewhip. Need I say we determined We had prizes for the best collection of wild henceforth to make him uncomfortable, till such time flowers, butterflies, insects, fossils, &c., and naturally as we should consider we had wiped off the stain on the chalk pit was a great temptation to us. our honour. It was school-boy logic, but I don't know. Some of the most studious of our number, comthat it was any more unsound than politicians' logic, monly known as the Zoophytes, had on this particular who draw together some thousands of men, who have day braved the perils of old Chalkie's rage, and set no personal enmity, and call upon them to kill and quietly to work in the pit. maim each other, to wipe off an imagined stain on They found some grand specimens and were so the nation's honour !

engrossed that they did not hear the approach of Now, be it known to all who are interested in the Chalkie, who with a great garden hose gave them a fortunes of our war, that Old Chalkie possessed a good sprinkling, and then flew for his life. The wife.

ducking alone would not have angered us much, but She was, in everything but temper, the direct when it was followed by a complaint to the master opposite of her husband, and stood no humbug from of our trespassing, and the learned Zoophytes were anyone; indeed, it was firmly believed amongst us sentenced to five hundred lines, we all vowed that Old Chalkie would have surrendered at discretion vengeance. months before, if he had not been goaded on by his A half-holiday soon afforded the opportunity we bellicose partner.

desired, and closed windows and doors announced It was our delight to watch the “happy” couple the joyful fact that Chalkie & Co. were out, and that as they drove towards the neighbouring town. They we had a fair field before us. both looked so sour that chaff was necessarily Shall I confess it? I was a Zoophyte, and had elicited, and Chalkie has often been obliged to get received the greater part of the water down my neck down and threaten us with his ubiquitous horsewhip. on that luckless day. Water generally quenches But boys are as lightfooted as they are lighthearted, thirst, but my thirst for revenge was deeper than it and he seldom had the pleasure of touching us. had ever been. I had the very spirit of mischief Rejoiced as we were to come across the Chalk family raging within, and, regardless of consequences, a in the cart, it was nothing to the rarer pleasure of chosen band of twelve started, under my leadership, seeing the old dame take her seat therein.

for the cottage. First came Chalkie's assistant, a boy who helped Visions of police and burglary laws prevented our in the chalk pit, in the little carpenter's shop (for breaking into that, so we set to work to paint every

window a different colour, while the next-door in all directions for fuel, and a few destructive spirits neighbour, a great chum of ours, looked on with an actually took to pulling down the fence round the occasional chuckle of delight.

pit. A rudely-executed design on the street door by Such a noise as we were making could hardly our own artist represented Mr. Chalkie syringing the last long, before bringing down justice on our heads. Zoophytes, while a forcible verse below, from the Just as the fire was blazing at its height and old brain of our own poet, pointed out the moral. Chalkie had closed his door in despair, the junior

From the cottage we went to the workshop, which sergeant appeared from the college. Single-handed, stood at the end of the garden.

he was powerless to quell the tumult, so he fell back Here we found a window broken, and we scrambled on his old plan of putting down our names on a through it one by one. In a few moments we had greasy slip of paper, literally turned the place out of windows, every Next came the village policeman, but even the plank being carried carefully to the farther side of appearance of the redoubtable arm of the law was the chalk pit.

unavailing. At last the senior sergeant arrived, his Our artist and poet soon decorated the place with chest swelling with anger, and the various medals fancy sketches of Mr. and Mrs. Chalkie in their which decorated it glinting in the glow of the fire. youth, while one young scamp (now a learned We all admired him and loved to listen to his doctor) took off his coat and shoes and stockings, and battle stories, so his presence had the effect of putting on an apron, which he had discovered some subduing a good many of us, but it was not till two where, personated Jim as he was supposed to be or three of the masters appeared, and the bell when his master went out. The fun waxed fast and summoned us to tea, that we gave up our pleasurable furious till it reached its climax in a solo on the task of “guying” Old Chalkie. accordion from Charlie, while our poet improvised a The next morning, after prayers, we were on the song in which the principal feature was the chorus: look-out for a reproof from Dr. Jay, nor were we s. Then down with Old Chalkee, my boys !

disappointed. The rioters had to stand up, and have Down with Old Chalkee !"

their names noted down by the Prefects.

The result was, the road was declared “out of Charlie's coat had been hung across the window to bounds” for the future, we had to stay in for a prevent our being seen, but, alas ! it did not prevent certain number of half-holidays, and all pocket-money our being heard.

was stopped till expenses were paid. Just as we had given three groans for Old Chalkie Soon after this escapade I left Sopem College, and were preparing for three cheers for ourselves, but not before Chalkie had assumed a virtue which prior to our evacuation of the enemy's camp, the he did not possess, and left us all in peace. door flew open and Dr. Jay stood before us, with

E. M. W. little Chalkie just bebind him.

It is needless to linger over the shame of that retreat. Old Chalkie had turned the tables with a

NEGRO FIDELITY. vengeance, for Dr. Jay was the very last man to deal leniently with such an escapade.

All our holidays were stopped for some weeks, and Tula place of desceme perfectly happy at getting back to the we were ordered to pay for the repainting of the been deeply touched by many instances of devotion on their cottage : but, far worse than all this, letters were

part. On Sunday morning, after their church, having nothing

to do, they all came to see me, and I must have shaken hands written to our parents complaining of our bad with nearly four hundred. They were full of their troubles behaviour.

and sufferings up the country during the war, and the invariable For a time, therefore, the warfare ceased on our winding up was “Tank the Lord, missus, we's back, and sees side, but as the ever-memorable Fifth of November you and massa again.” I said to about twenty strong men,

"Well, you know you are free and your own masters now, approached, we determined to carry the war into the when they broke out with, “No, missus, we belong to you; enemy's country again, for Old Chalkie had by no we be yours as long as we lib." means ceased his aggressions, and would have denied

Nearly all who have lived through the terrible sufferings of us the right of walking on the Queen's highway, if it those who were sold seven years ago. Their good character

these past four years have come back, as well as many of had been possible.

was so well known throughout the State that people were very So now we resolved that we would veritably anxious to hire them and induce them to remain in the up guy" the old fellow, and then wash our hands of country," and told them all sorts of stories to keep them, him altogether. Accordingly we secured combustibles old man said, “ If massa be dead, den I'll go back to the old

among others ihat my father was dead, but all in vain. and fireworks of all kinds on the previous half- place and mourn for him.” So they not only refused good holidays, and on the eventful day, a band of a hun wages, but in many cases spent all they had to get back, a fact dred and fifty, left the college just as it was getting that speaks louder than words as to their feeling for their old dusk. A regular war-whoop began the proceedings,

master and former treatment.

One old couple came up from St. Simon's, Uncle John and and we pelted the window with squibs till Chalkie, Mum Peggy, with five dollars in silver half-dollars tied up in half-maddened by the noise without and the fury of a bag, which they said a Yankee captain had given them the his wife within, opened the door, whip in hand, to second year of the war for some chickens, and this money lash us off as usual.

these two old people had kept through all their want and

suffering for three years, because it had been paid for fowls The door being open was a good chance for us, belonging to us. I wonder whether white servants would be and we poured in a regular volley of squibs and so faithful or honest? My father was much moved at this act crackers. The old man for once was bewildered. of faithfulness, and intends to have something made out of the A hamper was lying near, and the instant it was seen,

silver to commemorate the event, having returned them the

same amount in other money.- Ten Years on a Georgia Planta. a shout for a bonfire was raised. Scouts were sentim. By Frances Butler Leigh.


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