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bones of Theseus. The Theseum I is thought to have furnished the model for the Parthenon.

MS" "It Is a memorial at the flame [ time of the hero's friend Heracles, and of the alliance between the cities which the two represent, Athens and Argos. . . . Very appropriately this temple is now occupied as a museum of relics of ancient Greek art." T. Chaae.

K&~ " The oldest temple of this class [the Doric temples built in the forty or fifty years which succeeded the defeat of the Persians at Salamis] is that best known as the Theseium or Temple of Theseus, at Athens, though it is nearly certain that it ought more properly to be considered the temple of the god Mars. It constitutes a link between the archaic and the perfect age of Grecian art; more perfect than the temple at ^Egina or any that preceded H, but falling short of the perfection of the Parthenon, its near neighbor both in locality and in date." Ftrgunmn.

JjST " This edifice, the best preserved of all ancient temples, stands on a mound at the foot of the Areopagus, on its western side, overlooking a part of the modern city. Its outer colonnade of Doric pillars, tinted with a rich golden stain, is entire; the cella is for the most part so, and little but the roof Is wanting. It is small, but very beautiful,and with such a background! — the olive-groves of the Academy, Colonos, and Parties." Bayard Taylor.

Theseus. An ancient Greek statue. Now in the British Museum, London.

tg- "The Apollo Belvedere as compared with the Theseus In the British Museum —perhaps the best work now left to us of the best period of Grecian ort — jg like Prydcn's Alexander's Feast as compared with Milton's Ode on the Nativity. The latter is the production of the greater genius, but nine readers out of ten will prefer the former." Ilillard.

Thetis bearing the Armor of Achilles. A noted picture by Francois Gerard (1770-1837), the eminent French painter.

Thiergarten. An extensive public park adjacent to the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin, Prussia.

Thomas a Beeket. See ConsecraTion Op Thomas A Becket and Shrine Ok Thomas X Becket.

Thomas d'Aquin, St. See St. Thomas D'aquin.

Thomas. See Increduijty Of St. Thomas.

Thomas's Hospital, St. See St. Thomas's Hospital.

Thornbury Castle. An ancient castellated mansion of historical interest, begun by the Duke of Buckingham in the reign of Henry VIII. It is in the town of the same name in Gloucestershire, England.

Threadneedle Street. [Or Threeneedle Street.] A street in London said to derive its name from three needles, the sign on the shield of the Needle-makers' Company's arms. The Bank of England is situated in this street, and is sometimes referred to as the "Old Lady of Threadneedle Street."

Contrive to talk well, you will get to heaven, the modern heaven of the Knsllsh l>0 not talk well, only work well, and heroic:' lly hold your pence, you have no chance whatever to vet thither: with your utmost industry you may get to Threadneedle Street, ana accumulate more gold than a dray-horse can draw.


Nav. if M'Crondy offered his own lift for sale in Threadneedle Street, would any. body buy It? Not 1, lor one. Carlyle.

Even so. ve indtpent milllonnaires, and miserable bankrupt populations rilling ia gold, — whose note-of-hand will go to anv length In Threadneedle Street, and to wliom in heaven's bank the stern answer Is, "No effects!" Bankrupt. I say; and Callfornlas and Eldorados will not save us. CrabU

Threave Castle. The ancient seat of the Douglas family, situated on an island of the Dee, in Scotland, and inaccessible by land except in a very dry season. It is now a ruin.

Three Ages. A noted picture by Titian (1477-157C). "A youth and a maiden — she playing the lute — sit in the foreground; children, undisturbed by a cupid, sleep in the middle distance; and, further from the eye, an old man contemplates two skulls on the ground." In the Bridgewater Gallery.

JO- "One of the most beautiful idyllic groups of modern creation."

Kugler, Handbook of Painting*

Three Brothers of Antwerp. The name given to three celebrated rubies. They are alluded to in Sir 'Walter Scott's "Anne of Geicrstein."

Three Cranes In the Vintry. A famous old tavern in London. It figures in Scott's novel of "Kenilworth," and was one of the taverns of Ben Jonson's time.

There hath been great sale and utterance

ofWinc, Besides liccre, nnd Ale, nnd Ipocraa fine, In every counlry. region, and nation, But chiefly in Billingsgate, at the Salutation: And the llor*s Head . . Three Cranes in the Vintry.

Xewesfrom Bartholomew Fayre.

Three Fates. A remarkablo picture usually ascribed to Michael Angelo, but the correctness of this ascription is doubted. In the Palazzo Pitti, Florence, Italy.

JS&~ " In the Pittl Palace, a picture of the Three Fates la ascribed to Michael An^clo. It was executed, however, by ltosso Fiorontiuo." Kugler.

£J- "Michael Angclo's Fates are three very grim and pitiless old women, who respectively spin, hold, and cut the thread of human destiny, all in a mood of sombre gloom, but with no more sympathy than If they had nothing to do with us. I remember seeing an etching of this when I was a child", and being struck even then with the terrible, stern, passionless severity, neither loving nor hating us, that characterizes these ugly old women. . . . They are a great work, containing and representing the very idea that makes a belief in fate such a cold torture to the human soul." Uaicihorne.

Three Graces. A mythological picture by Raphael Sahzio (14&i1520), and one of his earlier compositions. It is in the Dudley Gallery, London.

Three Graces. A group in one of the frescos in the Farnesina, Borne, executed wholly or in part by Raphael Sanzio (1483-1520).

Three Graces. A well-known picture by Giacomo Pahna, called II Vecehio (14«0?-1548?). This picture is said to represent the painter's daughters. It is in the Gallery at Dresden, Germany.

Three Kings of Cologne, Shrine of. See Shrine.

Three Marys. A well-known picture by Aunibale Caracci (10601C0!)), "of singular grandeur and pathos." It is now at Castle Howard, England.

Three Moors. See Deei Mohren.

Three Sisters. Romantic islets at Niagara Falls, from which is obtained the best view of the rapids at their widest and most disturbed part. "The Three Sisters are mere fragments of wilderness, clumps of vine-tangled woods, planted upon masses of rock; but they are parts of the fascination of Niagara which no one resists."

Three Trees. A celebrated picture by Paul Remlirandt van Ryn (IGOfi-lficy). It is known through reproductions.

And ye Tfiree Trees of Rembrandt, black In shadow agaimt the blaze of sunlight; and thou Rosy Cottager of Sir Joshua,— thy roses hinted liy the peppery burin of Bartolozzi; ye. too) of lower grades in nature, yet not unlovely nor unrenowncd, Young Bull of Paulus Potter, and Sleeping Cat ot Cornelius Visscher: welcome once more to my eyes! llolmes.

Thule. See Ultima TnuLE.

Thunder, Castle. See Castle Thunder.

Thunderbolt. A beautiful pleasure-ground on the Warsaw River, near Savannah, Ga.

Thuron. A picturesque ivy-clad ruined castle on the Moselle, in Rhenish Prussia. The fortress was built in 1209.

Ticonderoga, Fort. See Fort Ti


Tiffagnes. A ruined castle in France, between Nantes and Poitiers. It is said to have been one of the haunts of the famous Gilles de Retz, the "Blue Beard of the Loire."

Tigellum Sororis. [The Sister's Beam.] A name given to a structure, in the form of a yoke, in ancient Rome, erected to commemorate the legend of the last of the Horatii, who, being sentenced to death for the murder of his sister, had his punishment commuted, at the intercession of his father, to passing under a yoke. It is said that this structure was still standing in Koine as late as the fifth century of our era.

Till, Tomb of. See Tomb Of Tih.

Tinker, The. A well-known picture bv Franz van Mieris (163510H1), "the Dutch ,</enre-nainter, and considered one of his masterpieces. It is in the Gallery of Dresden, Saxony.

Tintagel. A fatuous ruined castle, near the town of Camelford in England, reputed to have been the birthplace of King Arthur, and tlio residence of Queen Isolde. [Also written Tintadi/el.] Four of the train combined to rear The terrors of Tintadgcl't spear.


Tintem Abbey. 1. A famous and picturesque ruin, four miles from Chepstow, England. The monastery was founded in 1131. The existing remains are the property of the Duke of Heaufort. They are associated with one of Wordsworth's most admired poems. The men who called their passion piety, And wrecked this noble ariro.y of lalth, — They little thought how beauteous could

be death. How fair the face of time's aye-deepening

sea 1 Lord Houghton.

2. A ruined abbey in Wexford county, Ireland.

Tiryns, Kuins of. Tiryns, one of the oldest cities of Greece, was situated a short distance southeast of Argos, and 12 stadia from Nauphlia. According to the fable, Tirvns was built for Prcatus by the Cyclopes, about i:S79 B.C. The walls are well preserved.

Titania, The. An English iron yacht belonging to Mr. B. Stephenson, which was beaten in the ocean race of Aug. 28, 1851, by the United States yacht the America.

Titian. A portrait of himself by the painter. In the collection of autograph portraits in the Ufflzi, Florence, Italy.

Titian and his Mistress. A picture, bearing tlus name, by Titian

(1477-1576), representing "a beautiful woman, with a male figure holding a mirror behind her." This picture, of which there are many repetitions, is in the Louvre, Paris.

Titian's Beauty. See Bella Di Tiziamo.

Titian's Daughter. See DalghTeb Of Titian.

Titian's House. At Tai Cadore, Italy.

Titian's Slave. See Schiava Di Tiziano.

Titian's Schoolmaster. A picture called bv this title, but misnamed, in the Duke of Sutherland's gallery, in Stafford House, England. It was painted by Giovanni Battista Moroni (1510-1578).

Titus, Arch of. See Akch Of Ti


Titus, Baths of. See Baths Of Titus.

TivoU Gardens. 1. A beautiful place of public resort in the city of Mexico, situated on San Cosme Avenue. The trees and fountains and singing birds and tropical luxuriance of these gardens make them a spot of rare attractiveness.

2. A place of amusement in Paris.

On mv retnrn home. I found all Tarls In motion in the upper port of the city, chiefly with a /etc at the Cordon of 7Yvoli. Ocorye 7'tctitor.

Tobit. 1. A picture by Rembrandt van Ryn (lfiOO-106'.), the Dutch painter, representing the family of Tobit. adoring the departing angel. It bears dat« 15.17, and is now in the Louvre, Paris.

2. A picture by Gerard Dow (1613-1074?), the Dutch (/«• jirf-painter, representing the blind Tobit going to meet bis sou. In Wardour Castle, England.

Todtenleuchter. [Lantern of the Dead.] An ancient and curious monumental structure near Vienna, Austria. It is 30 feet in height, and the date inscribed upon it is 1381. "There is a small door at a height of about five feet from the ground, and near the summit a chamber with six glazed windows in which the light was exhibited."

Toilet of Venua. A picture by Francesco Albani (1578-1660), and one of his best works. In the Louvre, Paris.

Tolbooth. A building which formerly stood on the Castle Hill in Edinburgh, Scotland, and which served the various purposes of a House of Parliament, a Court of Justice, and a jail for common criminals, and for insolvent debtors. After degenerating into a mere prison, it was taken down in 1817. This prison is poetically known as the "Heart of MidLothian." The word Tolbooth is a general name for a jail.

9Sf*lA massive, turreted, five-storied stone structure of various ages. ... At a later period the structure served for a prison, once under the name of the old Tolbooth, but since, and probably for coming time, distinguished as the * Heart of Mid-Lothian.' . . . The entrance door and the huge padlock and key were removed to Abbotsford, where they now appear anions the many curiosities collected by t>eott." ' J. F. liunnewelt.

His fScott'R] house Itself is a kind of collection of fragments of history; architectural ornaments,— copieB from Melrose In one part, the old Identical gate of the Tolbooth, or rather the stone part of * it, through which the l'orteous mob forced its way, in another.

George Ticknor. But whar*s the gude Tolbooth gane now? Whar's the auld Claught, wl* red and

blue? Scott.

The Tolbooth felt, — for marble sometimes

On such occasions, feel as much as man,—
The Tolbooth felt defrauded of his charms.
If Jeffrey died, except within her arms.

Arthur's steep summit nodded to itn base.
The surly Tolbooth scarcely kept her

place. Byron.

Toledo, The. A celebrated street in Naples, Italy, and the chief business avenue of the city, about a mile and a half in length. It was built in 1540 by Don Pedro de Toledo, and separates the ancient from the modern city. It swarms with people, and has been pronounced the noisiest

street in Europe. It is now called the Strada di Roma.

You remember J , and what a dandy

he was, the faultlessness vt his boots and cravats, the brilliancy of his waistcoats and kid-gloves: we have seen his splendor in ltegeut Street, in the 'J'uilerles, or on the Toledo. Thackeray.

Tom, Great. See Great Tom. Tomb of Aaron. See Aabon's

Tomb. Tomb of Abelard and Eloise. This tomb is in Pere-la-Chaise, the celebrated cemetery in Paris. Abelard died in 1142, and Heloise in 1163.

Come to yon stately dome, With arch and turret, every shapely stone Hrenthlnj! the legends of the Paraclete, Where slumber Abelaril and Heloise, 'Ntath such a world of wreaths, that

scarce ye see Their marble forms recumbent, side by side. Mr*. L- II. Sigournty.

Fair saint of passion, placidly reclining.
Thy glowing breast contained in marble
While Love's soft planet on thy brow is
A sister heart to thine would leud its
*Tis with a thrill of joy I see beside thee
The form that might not pass the con-
vent grate.
And gather that the happiness denied thee
On earth makes blessed thine immortal
state. Julia Ward Howe.

An avenue of tombs! I stand before
The tomb of Abelard and Elotse,
A long, a dark bent line ot cypress-trees
Leads past and on to other shrines; but

o er This tomb the boughs hang darkest and

most dense. Like leaning mourners clad in black.

Joaqutn Miller.

Tomb of Alexander. See AlexAnder's Tomb.

Tomb of Atreus. A subterranean dome, constructed under the slope of the hill at Mykenie, Greece. Here was stored the wealth of the early kings, cars atid armor, with treasures of decoration in embroidery, purple, and gold.

Tomb of Cecilia Metella. A circular tower, 70 feet in diameter, resting upon a quadrangular base, situated upon the Appian Way, two or three miles from Rome. It was built to the memory of Cecilia Metella, the daughter of Quintus Metellus (called Cretiens) and wife of Crassus, and is one of the best-preserved of the ancient monuments near Koine.

4S- " This tomb of a woman baa become the dungeon keep of a castle, and all the care that Cecifia Metella's husband could bestow to secure endless geace for her beloved relics, only eufced to make that handful of precious ashes the nucleus of battles, long ages after her death." Ilawthorne.

There is a stern round tower of other days.
Firm as a fortress, wllh its fence of stone,
Such as an army's baffled strength delays,
Standing with half Us battlements alone,
And with two thousand > ear* of ivy grown,
The garland of eternity, where wave
The green leaves over all by time o'er-

thrown; — What was this tower of strength? Within its ciive What treasure lay so locked? so hid? — A womun's grave. Byron.

Tomb of Dante. See Dante's Tomb.

Tomb of Barneses III. See HahpEhs' Tomb.

Tomb of St. Sebald. See St. SeBald's Tomb.

Tomb of Sethi I. See Belzoni's Tomb.

Tomb of the Volumnii. A noted ancient sepulchre, containing cinerary urns, in the immediate neighborhood of Perugia, Italy.

Tomb of Theodorio. See TheoDokic's Tomb.

Tomb of Tih. An interesting and (so far as it remains) excellently preserved specimen of an Old Empire tomb in Egypt. The sculptures and representations on the walls are in wonderfully good condition, having kept their delicacy of outline and their color. They are considered in some respects superior to those at Beni Hassan.

Tomb of Virgil. See Vibgil's Tomb.

Tomb of ■Washington. See WashIngton's Tomb.

Tombs, The. A massive stone building of Egyptian architecture in New York, serving as a city prison.

Tombs of Beni Hassan. See Beni Hassan.

Tombs of the Judges. A group of sepulchral monuments near Jerusalem.

49" "These are ornamented by a tympanum of a Greek or Roman temple tilled with scroll-work of a rich bat debased pattern." Fergu**on.

Tombs of the Kings. A group ol sepulchral monuments near Jerusalem.

*?- "They still retain traces of the original design, sufficient to fix their date within or subsequently to the Herodian period, without much possibility of doubt." /VrowMon.

Tombs of the Prophets. The

name given to a series of torn Is excavated in the side of Olivet near Jerusalem. The origin and history of these caves are involved in obscurity. They probably derive their name from the " tombs of the prophets" alluded to by Christ in Matt, xxiii. 29. Tombs of the Scaligers. A group of admired sepulchral monuments in Verona, Italy, erected to the memory of the Scaligeri, the family who ruled over the city in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries.

«- "The tombs of the Scaligers stand in the centre of the town, with a highly ornamental railing about them, and are a perfect mockery of death with tbelr splendor. If the poets and scholars whom these petty princes drew to their court had been buried in these airy tombs beside them, one would look at them wilh some interest. Now one asks,' Who were the Scaligers, that their bodies should be lifted high in air in the midst of a city, and kept for ages, in marble and precious stones?'" If. P. Hillit.

Tombs of the Stuarts. In St. Peter's Church, Rome, with a monument by Canova (1757-1822) to the memory of Janus the Third, Charles the Third, and Henry the Ninth, Kings of England.

«S- " To those who speak the Kng. lish tongue, the most interesting of the monument* in St. Peter's 1b that erected by Canova to the last three of the Stuart family. ... It is a marble structure, In form resembling a truncated obelisk. . . . IU Interest Is independent of its merit as a work of art." lliltard.

Tombs of the Scipios. [Ital. >'.polcri deyli Hcipioni.] These an

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