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superior knowledge is worthless without ac- its own mistakes

and to bring into prac-

tive virtue. Parents and instructors must tical exercise what, in theory, it admires and BY THOMAS ROSCOE.

learn to regard as nothing short of sin all loves. The melancholy, the romance, the OH! why with tears

efforts to stimulate a girl's mind, for the gra- ardour, if not untractableness, that more or Bedew the memory of the young,

fication either of their vanity or hers. It less mark every gifted girl, arises mainly Whose gentle years

is treating genius as the Jews did their false from unoccupied energy ;---provide that Have known nor sorrow, care, nor wrong, Messiahs, going out after it, with an adulating energy with suitable employment, treat its But ere they weep on earth, to heaven belong!

cry of “ Lo here, and lo there!" It is making possessor with tenderness, and, by degrees, Life's fairest flowers

mind subservient to notoriety, instead of use what seemed strange and troublesome will no sooner blown than blasted":

and happiness; it is dissevering attainments pass away. Mrs. Colonel Hutchinson has A few brief hours

from the moral application of them, which left a curious picture of her childhood, which Their fragrance breathes, and then is wasted:

so often makes genius, mind, and attain- | may be quoted in proof. Play among other We may not ask why they no longer lasted.

ments to woman, a snare, an anxiety, and a children" (we give her own words,) " I deBut the young bloom,

reproach. Another remedy might be found, spised; and when I was forced to entertain
Not of the earth, but spirit, glows

in equally high views of the influence of such as came to visit me, I tired them with
Seasons to come,
'Mid climes where tempest never blows,

woman being early addressed to the heart more grave instruction than their mothers,
Nor blight can reach-an Eden of repose.

and understanding of gifted girls, still based and plucked all their babies to pieces, and

on the doctrine of responsibility. Show her kept the children in such awe, that they
Too early blest,

that it is not in the quantity of talent, or in- were glad when I entertained myself with
Thither thou 'rt gone. Why shed the tear?
No more carest;

fluence, but in the faithful appropriation of elder company, to whom I was very accept-
Ah! still we miss thy dear voice here-

each, that merit consists; and that the mo- | able; and being in the house with many Those gentle words and looks that did so sweet

ment she is satisfied to use either for mere that had a great deal of wit, and very profitappear.

personal advantage, she has taken a step to- able serious discourse being frequent at my

wards becoming weak and contemptible. father's table, and in my mother's drawing
ON MODERN FEMALE CULTIVATION.-No. IV. The constant cry of all young imaginative room, I was very attentive to all, and gathered
(Concluding Paper.* ]
minds, is,

up many things that I would repeat again,
Women and the working classes are, as

What shall I do to be for ever known?

to the great admiration of many who took my
regards cultivation, similarly circumstanced. But her next is, if a female, “there is no- memory and invention for wit.” Now, the
Few now dispute their right to knowledge; thing for women to do." She feels in the above is by no means an attractive picture ;
but the best mode of presenting them with position of Esan: man has taken the birth- yet we know that this identical child after-
it, and the best mode of rendering the gift right; and she fancies that for her no bless-wards matured into a matron and a heroine
beneficial, remains yet an unsolved problem. ing is left. Those who would comfort the of the purest and stateliest kind
The recognition of the principle, that it is grieving enthusiast by pointing out literary A perfect woman, nobly planned
the privilege of all to ask for knowledge, and fame, would act neither wisely nor kindly :

To warn, to comfort, and command.
the duty of all to "give to every one that few of the many who feel the yearning are Her parents wisely discerned the folly of
asketh"; and that the only limit to the gain- equal to the attainment of that fame ; and, seeking to feed such a mind on acc

ing and the diffusion of knowledge, is not could nothing else be objected to the remedy, ments and imaginations; it asked for “ strong
that assigned by man-circumstance; but it involves no general principle. The fair meat,” which was not withheld. With her
that marked out by Providence-capacity ;- answer is, to unfold to the complainant the brothers she was initiated in all grave, sound,
the recognition of this principle, and this records of biography ; to show her the grand masculine knowledge; and what was even
duty, forms an era in moral history, analogous fact, that in most of the triumphs achieved better still, in the uses of it. She did not
to those discoveries in science, which have by men, whether in arts, literature, morals, make the less affectionate wife or another for
subjected the elements to his sway. As yet, or religion, she has shared, and in the purest the costly garniture bestowed upon her in-
however, neither has advanced much beyond form, by having been their instructor, in- tellect : and those who remember how, by
a state of infancy; and to mature either into stigator, or friend. Separate and individual the exercise of that intellect, she stood be-
perfection, is probably reserved for the men triumphs are the lot of few women, and those tween her husband and death, will frankly
and years of another generation. The sub- few are rarely happier for them ; but colla- own that she made the better friend. The
ject of this paper is Female Cultivation; and teral triumphs she may have without number. old political axiom of maintaining a balance
to that therefore we restrict ourselves. The How few have been the distinguished men of power amongst various states, might with
great misfortune, then, that lies in the path who have not acknowledged that their deepest advantage be adopted in female cultivation.
of highly-cultivated women, is the absence obligations have, at some time or other, been Woman, as woman, is generally sure to
of active occupation for their mental energy, to a wife, a sister, or, above all, a mother! | abound in feeling: gifted woman is nearly
which, when combined with ambition, as it Let the mind of every girl, especially of every sure to abound in its excess: hence, she
too generally is, lays waste and consumes girl of talent, be sedulously directed to this stands less in need of stimulants than seda-
them. Men have professions and offices; cheering view of female influence—to the tives—of the spur less than the rein; yet, if
to them belong, of right and courtesy, all the beautiful and refreshing under-current which sedative and spur are harshly inflicted, in-
activities and authorities of life. Authorship it may furnish in the troubled course of daily stead of a regulated mind, we may have a
is the only accredited vent for a woman's life. Women are accused of being inimical broken spirit. The natural remedy is, to
intellect; and this, by obviating one evil, in- to enlarged views and principles : how should cultivate the imagination by means of the
duces many others. The fever of unoccupied it be otherwise, unless early led to look be- understanding; the feelings in connexion
energy is quenched; but, by and bye, the yond petty and individual interests ?-unless with the faculties; the heart through the
worse fever of sensitive ambition, or ungra- early led to discover the glory of a life set medium of the head. As a general hint,
tified longing after sympathy, arises, and apart to, and consecrated by DUTY?—unless there was much wisdom in the advice given
her position in society becomes yet more she be early convinced, that a passion for by an old mother to a young one : “stimu-
false. Where must the cure be sought? In self-aggrandizement deteriorates mind, and late the sensibility of your boys, and blunt
an inconceivably higher education of what alloys amiability ? Perhaps, after all, the that of your girls." There is nothing harsh
may be called the sense of responsibility. problem most difficult of solution, is, how to in this last clause but the sound: the process
Wherever genius indisputably exists in a make heart and mind co-operate tranquilly, may be effected in all grace and gentleness,
girl, there let parents and instructors frankly --imagination and will harmonize; how to by endeavouring to brace the nerves even
acknowledge its existence ; and on that ad- manage female intellect in connexion with when the heart is moved; by encouraging
mission ground a simple but serious incul- female sensibility. It is, perhaps, impossible reason to sit as judge over sympathies
cation of these doctrines :--that to possess that this result should ever be attained with- and impulses; by showing that imagination
intellect is, in the first instance, an accident, out much preparatory suffering; but surely and her conceptions, fancy and her fairy
not a merit; that it is by no means a novelty; the period of such suffering might be abridged. work, must, if good for anything, approve
that, like rank and wealth, it involves the The highest, and yet the simplest mode of themselves at the bar of the understanding.
most serious cares and duties; and that even education, consists in teaching mind to ma- Poetry and fiction devoured for amusement
• The previous Papers appeared in Nos. 222, 224,

nage itself—to understand and make efficient enervate the mind : poetry and fiction consi-
use of its peculiar endowments—to profit by 1 dered as subjects for study, and taken in

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connexion with high reading of other kinds, On coming to himself, Shelley found that had failed in original compositions, he would will have a sobering effect even upon the the villain had disappeared. Raging with translate the 'Prometheus'; and it is to be most imaginative and romantic. It is not the insult, he immediately sought his friend lamented that he did not carry his design thinking that unrealizes the mind, but musing Mr. Tighe, who lost no time in taking mea- into effect. His 'Cyclops ' of Euripides and and dreaming. Probably those who live sures to obtain satisfaction. Mr. Tighe was Hymn to Mercury' of Homer, are specileast under the influence of imagination, are some time in discovering the hotel at which mens of what his powers as a translator practised poets and novelists, and this, from the cowardly aggressor had put up, but at were, and how critically he was versed in the habit of submitting their inventions to length traced hiin to the Donzelli. It seems Greek, and caught the true spirit of his authe test of judgment and experience. Before that he was an Englishman, and an officer

thors. Plato he read with all the facility of closing these remarks, we must advert for a in the Portuguese service : his name I have a modern work, and had made a translation moment to a class of females who, as nearly now forgotten.

of the Symposium,'-an attempt so difficult, as possible, seem to have all the good of cul- He had, however, started for Genoa, whither that the Germans pretend their language is tivation and none of the evil. They may be Mr. Tighe and Shelley followed, but without alone capable of mastering it. This splendid called the enjoyers of literature, in opposition being able to overtake him, or learn his route effort I had hoped Mrs. Shelley would have to the producers; the world never hears from that city. This anecdote will show given the public, having promised, in 1824, their names, and yet they may be clever and the feeling of animosity which the malice of some of his posthumous prose works. influential within their private sphere. Want- Shelley's enemies had excited against him During this winter he wrote little-withing genius, and free from ambition, they are in the breasts of his compatriots ;- but the out encouragement, who can? One of his interested in the minds both above and be time is happily past when Quarterly Re- poems I must not, however, forget to men. neath them; their happiness is their chief views can deal out damnation, or that they tion, (and perhaps not the least exquisite, concern: literature is the garnish of their can drive out of the pale of society, or point though it fell dead from the press, the lives, not its food; they value knowledge, out as a mad dog to be knocked on the head, Epipsychidion. This Psyche was the but they never dream of celebrity. Every any one who does not happen to profess the Contessina Emilia V. She was an interestone acquainted with Madame Roland's 'Im- same creed as themselves. How little did ing, beautiful, and accomplished girl, and partial Appeal,' knows her touching remark, the reverend writer of that article know of immured in the odious Convent of St. Anne, of which the mention of these women has Shelley, when he says that " from childhood by a jealous stepmother. reminded us. We give it entire.

he (Shelley) has carried about with him a Shelley was a martyr to a most painful com“ The study of the Fine Arts considered as soured and discontented spirit---untractable plaint, which constantly menaced to terminate part of the education of a young woman, as a boy, and unamiable in youth-querulous fatally, and was subject to violent paroxysms, ought, in my opinion, to be less directed to and uninanly in all three." But as if this which, to his irritable nerves, were each a the acquisition of distinguished talents than foul nomenclature was inexhaustible, the separate death. I had seen to the inspiring them with a love of employ-critic ends by taxing him with “low fraud, tised in India and at Paris, and at his earnest ment; to the making them contract a habit cold selfishness, and unmanly cruelty.” Are request consented to try its efficacy. Mesner of application, to the multiplying their means such libellers to pass with impunity? Is this himself could not have hoped for more comof amusement; for it is thus that we escape proper and decorous language froin a clergy- plete success. The imposition of my hand from that ennui which is the most cruel man?

on his forehead instantaneously put a stop
disease of man in society. Oh, what an in- Shelley's whole time was dedicated to to the spasm, and threw him into a magnetic
jury did those do me who took it upon them study. He was then reading Calderon, and sleep, which, for a want of a better word, is
to withdraw the veil under which I loved to mad about the Autos; but he did not the called somnambulism. Mrs. Shelley and
remain concealed. If those who knew me more lay aside his favourite authors, the another lady were present. The experiment
had judged properly in respect to facts, they Greek dramatists: a volume of Sophocles was repeated more than once.
would have prevented me suffering a sort of he used to take with him in his rambles : During his trances I put some questions
celebrity which I never envied; instead of generally had a book even at dinner, if his to him. He always pitched his voice in the
now spending my time in refuting falsehood, abstemious meal could be called one ;t and same tone as mine. I inquired about his
I should read a chapter in Montaigne, paint told me he always took a book to bed with complaint, and its cure—the usual magnetic
a flower, or play an ariette, and thus beguile him. In the evenings he sometimes read inquiries. His reply was—"What would cure
the solitude of my prison without sitting aloud a canto of Dante or Tasso, or a canzone me, would kill me,” (alluding probably to li-
down to write my confession.”

of Petrarch. Though his voice was some- thotomy. I am sorry I did not note down some
what broken in the sound, his recitation of of his other answers. Animal magnetism is,
poetry was wonderfully effective, and the in Germany, confined by law to the medical

tones of his voice of varied modulation. He professors; and with reason—it is not to be
[Continued from p. 504.]

entered into the soul of his author, and pe- trifled with. Shelley afterwards used to walk In the autumn of 1820 I accepted Shel- netrated those of his listeners.

in his sleep; and Mrs. Shelley once found ley's invitation to winter with him at Pisa. Prince Mavrocordato was his daily, almost him getting up at night, and going to a He had been passing part of the summer his only visitor. It was with peculiar delight window. It is remarkable, that in the case among the chesnut forests of that delicious that I listened to Shelley's spirited and of the boy Matthew Schwir, recorded by Dr. retreat-the baths of Lucca; and I found him poetical version of the Prometheus and Aga- Tritchler, the patient spoke in French, as at those of St. Julian, at the foot of the memnon of Æschylus ;-in the last of which Shelley in Italian. He improvised also verses mountain, which Dante calls the Screen of lie used to rave about the opening chorus. in Italian, in which language he was never Lucca. A few days after my arrival, we He was become, as well he might be, dis known to write poetry. I am aware that in were driven from his house by the overflow- gusted with publishing, with seeing poets England the phenomena of animal magneting of the Serchio, and migrated to the south | enjoying reputation who did not possess a ism are attributed to the imagination. I only side of the Arno, at Pisa, next door to the tithe of his genius, and some even of those state these facts that may perhaps shake the Marble Palace, with the mystical inscription decking themselves ont, like daws, in his bor- incredulity of the most sceptical. “ Alla Giornata.” Shelley complained of rowed plumes. He used to say, that as lie Shelley was afterwards magnetized by a his health: his nerves seemed dreadfully

lady, to whom he addressed some lines,
shattered ; but his appearance was youth- + The reason for Byron's absteriousness was a very entitled,
ful,—-nay, almost boyish, although his hair

different one from Shelley's. Like his late Majesty,
Byron was horrified at the idea of getting Jat; and to

The Magnetic Lady to her Patient,
(which had a natural wave) was mixed with counteract this tendency of his to corpulency, mortified
grey. A few weeks only had elapsed since his Epicurean propensities. Hence he vined four days

of which I remember some of the stanzas: in the week on fish and vegetables; and had even Sleep on! sleep on! forget thy pain : a singular, and almost incredible and das

stinted himself, when I last saw him, to a pint of My hand is on thy brow, tardly outrage had been committed on him.

My spirit on thy brain; He was at the post-office asking for his Naturam expellas furca, tamen usque recurret.

My pity on thy heart, poor friend;

And from my fingers flow letters, when a stranger, on hearing his name,

Thus bis sensuality broke out now and then; and I have seen him eat of as great a variety of dishes, as a

The powers of life, and like a sign, said, “What ! are you that


He succeeded, it is true, Shelley ?” and without more preamble, be- in overmastering nature, and clipping his rotundity

And brood on thee, but may not blend

With thine. ing a tall powerful man, struck him a blow of its fair proportions; but with it shrunk his cheek

and his call. This the Guiccioli observed, and seemed Sleep on! sleep on! I love thée not which felled to the ground and stunned him. I by no means to admire Milord's eremitish diet.

But when I think that he

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Seal thee from thine hour of woe;

German at a table d'hôte.

of Italy.t

Who made and makes my lot

from an Irishman; and, whether merited | his Parody on Wordsworth’s ‘Peter Bell,' As full of flowers as thine of weeds, Might have been lost like thee;

or no, were cruel and ungenerous. Shel- and some other fugitive pieces of the same And that a hand which was not mine,

ley considered Coleridge's Ode to Swit- kind, remarkable for a keen sense of the Might then have chased his agony

zerland' as the best in modern times. He ridiculous.
As I another's-my heart bleeds
For thine.

knew it by heart, and used to declaim it and At the latter end of this year he paid a Sleep, sleep, and with the slumber of

the Ancient Mariner' in his peculiar and visit to Lord Byron at Ravenna. He was The dead and the unborn :

emphatic manner. Byron knew as little then writing · Cain,' and owes to Shelley the Forget thy lif and woe;

what an ode meant, as he did a sonnet—the Platonic idea of his Hades and the phantasmal Forget that thou must wake forever; Forget the world's dull scorn ; most difficult of all compositions.

worlds---perhaps suggested to Shelley him-
Forget lost health, and the divine
Shelley's lines beginning,

self by Lucian's ' Icaro-Menippus.'*
Feelings that die in youth's brief morn;
And forget me, for I can never

There's blood on the ground,

It was this visit which decided Byron on Be thine.

were not composed on the occasion of the wintering at Pisa-a wish to be near Shelley Like a cloud big with a May shower,

Spanish revolution, as they are entitled, but was one of his inducements; independent of My soul weeps healing rain. on the Manchester massacre.

which, Tuscany was almost the only State On thee, thou withered flower, It breathes mute music on thy rest;

We had many conversations on the subject in Italy where a foreigner, situated as Byron Its odour calms thy brain !

of Keats, who, with a mind and frame alike then was, could find refuge or safety. The Its light within thy gloomy breast, Speaks like a second youth again.

worn out by disappointment and persecution, part he took in the affair of Romagna, By mine thy being is to its deep

was come to lay his bones in Italy. Shelley thongh denied by that veridical article in the Possest.

was enthusiastic in his admiration of Hy- Westminster Review, is now known ;-nor The spell is done. How feel you now?

perion' and the Ode to Pan in the 'Endy- shall I enter into the question how far he Better--Quite well, replied

mion’; but was little partial to Keats's other The sleeper. What would do

was wrong in intermeddling with the politics You good when suffering and awake ?

works. Their correspondence at this pe- of other countries. I bear too great a love What cure your head and side ?

riod would prove highly interesting. Poor for Italy, and abhorrence of Austrian desTwould kill me what would cure my pain; And as I must on earth abide

Keats died three days before I arrived at potism, to blame him. Had not Cardinal Awhile, yet tempt me not to break

Rome, in March or April 1821; and much Gonsalvi been then the Pope's prime miMy chain.

of the remainder of that year, which Shel- nister, perhaps the stiletto (if he had not been There has been an imaginary voyage of ley passed at the Baths of St. Julian, was openly arrested) would have ended his days. Lord Byron's to Corsica and Sardinia, with occupied on “Adonais,' which breathes all Byron's name is still a terror to the despots the Countess Guiccioli and Shelley, pub- the tenderness of Moschus and Bion, and

His writings have done much to lished by Galignani, and which has passed loses nothing in comparison with those di- fan the flame of liberty. Shelley used to say through several editions. This voyage is vine productions on which it was model- that poets were the unacknowledged legissaid to have taken place during the winter led. Not the least valuable part of that lators of the world. I passed at Pisa, and which Shelley never | Idyll is the picture he has drawn of himself, I shall end this part of my sketch with quitted. The writer of this vision conjures in the two well-known stanzas beginning some curious observations of his :up a storm, and makes Shelley so terrified, " 'Mid others of less note." How well do “In one sense, religion may be called that he is put on shore God knows where. those expressions, “a pard-like spirit, beau- poetry, though distorted from the beautiful Now, it so happens, that Shelley was never tiful and swift !"--"a love in desolation simplicity of its truth. The persons in whom so much in his element as at sea. Storms marked”—“a power girt round with weak- this power abides may often, as far as rewere his delight; and when at the lake ness"-designate him.

gards many portions of their nature, be of Geneva, he used to be taken for Byron There is a passage in that elegy which Atheists ; but although they may deny and braving Bises in his boat, which none of the has always struck me as among the sublimest abjure, they are compelled to serve--which is Batteliers could face.

in any language, though it is rather under-seated in the throne of their own soul; and Shelley was in danger of being lost more stood than to be explained, like Milton's whatever systems they may professedly supthan once at sea, and had a very narrow 'Smoothing the raven down,” &c.

port, they actually advance the interests of escape in coming from the Isle of Man in

Life, like a dome of many-coloured glass,

liberty. It is impossible to read the prothe year 1813 or 1814. He had taken his

Stains the white radiance of eternity,

ductions of our most celebrated writers, whatpassage in a small trading craft, which had Until death tramples it to fragments.

ever may be their systems relative to thought only three hands on board. It was in His great amusement during this summer or expression, without being startled by the the month of November, and the weather was with his friend Williams, to navigate the electric life which there is in their words. boisterous when they left Douglas, which clear and rapid little river, the Serchio, and soon increased to a dreadful gale. The Cap- the canals that branch from it. This chosen

Northcote used to take leave of his pupils going on

their continental tours, with " Now, young man, retain attributed to Shelley's exertions so much companion and partaker of his fate, lived in member you cross the Alps expressly to become a the safety of his vessel, that he refused, on the place of Pisan Villagiatura, some miles thief.” Byron was as little scrupulous as the great landing, to accept his fare. It is a strange higher up the stream, against which Shelley

artist in appropriating to himself the works of others;

but he had the ingenuity to select those that were in fancy some people have to libel the dead, used often to tow his light skiff, in order to bad repute, and therefore not generally read. Shelin order to gratify the malignity of the enjoy the rapidity of the descent. A boat ley's Queen Mab' and Casti's "Novelle

' were two of

his favourite cribbing books. I taxed him roundly living. was to Shelley what a plaything is to a child

more than once with this habit of his ; and especially It was during my stay with Shelley that -his peculiar hobby. He was eighteen of bis having plagiarized his lines in · Cain' from the Neapolitan insurrection broke out. His when he used to float paper ones on the Ser

Earth's distant orb appeared

The smallest light that twirkles in the heavens; ardent mind, with a truly poetical, but, un- pentine ; and I have no doubt, at twenty- Wbilst round the chariot's way happily, not a prophetic spirit , hailed this as eight, would have done the same with any

Innumerable systems rolled, the dawn of Italian freedom; and as the boy. It was the revival of this dormant pas

And countless spheres diffused

An ever varying glory, &c. Spanish short-lived revolution had inspired sion for boat-building which led to the fatal and of taking • Don Juan' from Casti, passim. I him with his magnificent · Pæan to Liberty,' project of building a schooner at Genoa, mean," said I to him, “one of these days to translate the so he then wrote his 'Ode to Naples;' com

• Novelle.'” Byron seemed rather alarmed at the idea. of a most dangerous construction: all her

“Casti! why you could not have a notion of such a pared with which, those of Collins have al- ballast, I forget how many pounds of lead, thing? There are not ten Englishmen who have ever ways seemed to me tame and lifeless. It being in her keel.

read the Novelle.' They are a sealed book to women. has the merit of being, what few of our Eng

It is in the Pope's Index. The Italians think nothing

It may be imagined that Shelley was of of it.”–* What do you think of it, Byron?”—“ I sha’nt lish modern odes (ill called so) are, really a melancholy cast of mind-on the contrary,

tell you," replied he, laughing, and changed the subject. an ode, constructed on the model of those he was naturally full of playfulness, and speaking of the Index. Expurgatorius," Shelley used left us by Pindar, and worthy of the best remarkable for the fineness of his ideas; On passing the frontier, his books were searched with days of Greece. The Italians are enthusiastic and I have never met with any one in whom

much strictness, and among them was a Spinosa and

an English Bible. Which do you suppose was seized in their praise of this ode ;--perhaps neither the brilliance of wit and humour was more

and confiscated? The Bible ! Felicaja or Petrarch have produced any more conspicuous. In this respect he fell little + Some months since, being at Genoa, the police, sublime. Shelley could never endure Moore's short of Byron ; and perhaps it was one of hearing that I had been with Byron at Pisa, sent me

an order to leave the city in twenty-four hours, on the lines against the Neapolitans, beginning, the great reasons why Byron found such a suspicion of my being a Carbonaro. It is true, that on "Yes, down to the dust with them,” &c.


my arrival at Turin, our ambassador offered me his insulted in every petty state.

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He used to say that such taunts came ill l whether Byron could have surpassed him in protectionbut British"officers and subjects are now


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They measure the circumference and sound stamps were applied to them in order to save it will desire something original; but little the depths of human nature, with a

time, and the constant reference to the scales, that can be called original seems at present prehensive, all-embracing, all-penetrating and that barter was thus facilitated in Western promised. spirit, at which they are themselves most

Asia for ages prior to that of Lycurgus, are not Mr. Mason, we hear, is anxious to obtain sincerely astonished: it is less their own

only facts very supposable and credible in themspirit, than the spirit of the age. They are selves, but may be authenticated from the cir- permission to give German

operas in the

months of November and December. This the priests of an unapprehended inspiration

cumstance of “stamped ingots” being alluded in the mirror of the gigantic shadow that book of Job. Thus it may be seen how possible Although the fashionable patrons of music

to in the Hebrew and Arabic versions of the might not prove an unprofitable speculation. invests them--the echoes of words, of which it is for very numerous and extensive commu

are then absent from town, there is a large they conceive not the power which they ex- nities to arrive at national and commercial pros

class of residents to whom the Germans press—the trumpet which sounds to battle, perity, and to attain popular happiness or com

chiefly owe their success, who would certainly and feels not what it inspires—the influence fort without money, without even the knowledge give him their willing support. We are, indeed, that is moved not, but moves. Poets and of that which to modern habitudes and to some inclined to think that it would be a very bephilosophers (he repeats) are the unacknow- modern philosophers appears to be so indispen- neficial regulation to give nothing but GerIedged legislators of the world." sable to every purpose of life, and almost even

man operas, up to Easter, when the principal
(To be continued next week.]

to existence itself. India, Persia, Assyria, Judæa, Italian singers having fulfilled their engage-
Egypt, Greece, Etruria, Rome, the nations of

ments in Italy and at Paris, Mr. Mason
Asia Minor, including Tyre and its dependen.

cies, all arrived at civilization and comfort with might secure a most efficient and complete We have great pleasure in having it in our

out the current use of cash, and carried on their corps. power to present our readers with an abstract of extensive mercantil

Laporte is said to be in treaty with Maliand manufacturing trans

bran for Covent Garden; we doubt much if the very interesting historical notice on this sub actions, merely by bartering commodities in ject, which formed a part of the Lectures lately kind—bullion being reckoned amongst those

he will succeed, as she is already engaged read by the elder Mr. Landseer at the Mecha- commodities. These nations were populous, for Naples and Milan. Mad. Grisi and her nics' Institution.

almost beyond credibility, and transported their sister, with Tamburini, are also engaged for Strange as it will appear to those who are produce, manufactures, and other merchandizes the forthcoming season at Paris. Should more accustomed to active life than to silent in ships of Tyre and Tarshish from Ophir, and the Mr. Mason retain the theatre, Grisi will respeculation, Assyria, (says Mr. Landseer,)

ritmost Indian Isle (which is believed to have turn to complete her engagement. with her immense hosts, and her spacious and been Ceylon), to Gaul and our own Cassiterides.

Moscheles and Schlesinger are now at magnificent cities, had no money--Egypt, opu

We regret that it is not in our power to aclent, populous, mysterious, and abundant Egypt, company the lecturer further in his important the Continent, and John Cramer is gone to

Hamburgh. Mr. Neate shortly leaves for had no money-Ancient Persia, before the age and interesting inquiry, but must conclude with of the first Darius, had no money—the early Hea brief historical notice of money in England.

the Modern Athens, where he has before brews, even during the most prosperous period Coined golden money appears to have existed played with unbounded success. Thus these of the age of Solomon, and down to the time of here as early as the reign of Cunobelin, the father celebrated pianists migrate from country to Judas Maccabæus,were without money-Etruria, of Caractacus, but there is reason to believe its country with their passport at their fingers

' from first to last, was without money-Rome

use reached not far beyond the payment of ends. Oury, the violinist, and his wife, the was without money to the time of Servius Tul- British tributes to Rome, where larger and celebrated pianiste Madlle. Belleville, are on lius—and the Greeks of the heroic ages were

more ponderous articles of property could not their way to the Russian capital. equally destitute of money.

easily have been transmitted; since Adam Smith Among all those nations, gold and silver, informs us, that the Saxon Kings of England,

SCIENTIFIC AND LITERARY when used in barter, was weighed out by the

for several ages after Cunobelin, record their scales; as when Abraham purchased the cave of

revenues not in money, but in kind, that is to Machpelah, he "weighed to Ephron the silver say, in cattle, corn, and the more endurable spe.

Aug. 7.—Papers were read. On the drying of which he had named in the audience of the sons cies of provisions. William the Conqueror in

plants for the Hortus Siccus,' and 'On the adof Heth;” moreover, there was anciently no

troduced the custom of paying the royal revenues vantages of irrigating garden grounds by means money in Arabia, or the riches of the Patriarch in cash: the money, however, was for a long time

of tanks or ponds. The first communication was Job would not have been estimated by his received at the Exchequer by weight, and not

by Dr. Knight, of Marischal College, Aberdeen, camels, oxen, and she asses: and there was by tale.

and the second by Mr. Knight, the President of none in Greece down to the time of Homer,

the Society. who nowhere mentions or alludes to it, but, on

The flowers and fruits exhibited were very the contrary, by informing us, that the armour

beautiful, especially the carnations, picotees of Diomede cost only nine oxen, while that

The Reform Bill promises to be fertile in salvias, verbenas, noblesse peaches, and striped which Glaucus generously gave in exchange for matters of art. An eminent sculptor, we hear, Hoosainee melons; an ingenious contrivance it, cost one hundred, shows that cattle, in their has been chosen to perpetuate in marble the was also exhibited, by which a flower-stand of larger purchases, were made the current measure labours of the chief men of the ministry; the three or four stages could be instantly metamorof value. It is from this circumstance too, of hint is to be taken from the signing of Magna phosed into an armed bench. A new part of the oxen and asses being at the time the ordinary Charta, and the portraits of Lord Althorp, Transactions was announced as being ready for and known signs of property, and current mea

Lord Brougham, Lord John Russell, Sir delivery. Notice was also given, that, in consesure of value, that we find them specifically mentioned in the tenth commandment; and the virFrancis Burdett, Earl Grey, Mr. Coke, of quence of the meeting room being about to un,

dergo repair, the meetings would be suspended tuous prohibition of covetousness derives locai Norfolk, and other Reformers, are to put on intelligibility from the notoriety of the fact. the sentiment of patriotism in Parian stone.

until the 2nd of October. Nor is , a of

Lieut.-Colonel O'Reilly, and Thomas Warden, curious adaptation of engraving to the purposes

The invention of coining was not only a very high, is proposed to be erected, with the , Esq., were elected Fellows of the Society. of Society, but an important event in the History King on the summit

, and the base ornamented

FINE ARTS of the World. It is not, however, known when or

with bas-reliefs, describing in bronze the difin what country money first became the substi- ferent stages of the Reform Bill with its final

Colonel Murray's National Work, in which the tute for cattle and unstamped bullion, as the triumph. Other columns of the same character Literature and History of the Country are congeneral representative of property and the mea- are talked of. We will venture to predict that nected with its finest scenes. Part IV. sure of value. Mr. Landseer is of opinion that none of them will be carried into execution. We have hitherto spoken favourably of this the Darics, issued by the first Darius, are the When the nation was clapping its hands and work; there is considerable merit in the landoldest Persian coins that were ever minted in shouting for the victories of Nelson-an scapes, and no little skill in the views of the that empire.

eminent sculptor, Flaxman, proposed to carve ruins; nor has the pen failed to do its devoir There is, however, reason to believe, that a Britannia some two hundred feet high on

in the undertaking; in truth, many of the Darics were not the very first coins which the Greenwich Hill, in honour of our naval the anecdotes new and national. The author,

descriptions were very graphic, and some of , that the Lydians first found out the art of coin: triumphs; the nation applauded the notion, however, has called in the aid of the muse to em

as they do the Reform Column, and then ing money. By others, the invention is attri

bellish what is plain, and inspire what is dull

, buted to Phidon of Argos. But the arts of dye- turned to something else and thought no more

and has thus robbed the work of the charm of about it. engraving. and of the mintage of money, were,

Of literature we have heard little this week; sure of the muse, to treat us to fights of very

truth and reality: nor is this all; it is the pleano doubt, like most other arts, progressive. That ingots of bullion were in commercial use, that when the public grows weary ofrepublications, I ordinary minstrelsy. The slumberous influence

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of the verse, is not quite enough to make us | prising that we should-her dancing is so little words, on a first night; and before a piece has forget ‘The Pass of Killiecrankie, Schiekallien,' | of the earth that mortal terms seem scarcely been repeated often enough to give them a • Portree,' and "The Storr.' The latter is a applicable to it. After the ballet, the news- chance of becoming so, a new visitor is ansingular scene, with its pillared and pinnacled papers inform us that Malle. Taglioni proceeded nounced, and the last comer takes leave. These rocks, which seem to pierce the sky, and are to the Tower, and embarked in a steamer for remarks were particularly applicable on Monday only fit for the seat of the eagle.

France. It might be all very well for her to night to a new interlude, called 'Six to Four on send her trunks that way, because they would, the Colonel,' in which it was quite evident, if perhaps, be inconvenient to carry through the not to the audience generally, at least to those

air-but why she herself should have sought who had any stage experience, that all conKING'S THEATRE.

the troubles of a sea voyage, when three bounds cerned were much more abroad than at home. This eventful season terminated on Saturday would have taken her to Dover, and one more However, the audience seemed disposed to overlast, when with increased success, Paer's' Ag- have landed her on Calais pier, we cannot guess. look what the actors had not looked over, and nese,' and Albert's 'L'Anneau Magique,' were

Report says that she is already married-if so, all went smoothly. Some smart sayings and given to a crowded house. The German com

her husband has acted wisely in concealing the sentences here and there were so much laughed pany, shorn of its honours, by the absence of

fact-it is his only chance to escape falling a at and applauded, that we feel justified in asking Mad. Devrient, Malle. Schneider, Haitzinger, victim to public indignation. Report also men- for the remainder,-a favour which, we hope, it and Pellegrini, closed their season the night pre- tions something much more agreeable-which will not be thought too much to grant. Mr. vious, with an indifferent representation of is, that this dancing comet will again be visible Abbott bustled pleasantly enough through the • Fidelio ;' however, in justice to Mad. Fischer,

at Covent Garden in November and December principal part, and suited liis actions, we prewe must say that she sang the part satisfactorily,

next. We recommend good glasses to be kept sume, to the words. When the words come, and in other respects was not so much inferior in adiness.

we shall be better able to judge. Mr. Forrester to Devrient as we had expected.—A loud and

is a lively and agreeable actor, and, we are happy very protracted call for the manager, was at

to add, an improving one.

Mr. Williams was, Jast obeyed. 15,0001. for the compliment is, as On Wednesday night, after O'Keefe's comedy

as usual, careful, painstaking, sensible, and atFranklin would have said, paying too dear for a of The Young Quaker,' in which, by the way,

tentive to his part. Mrs. Honey is a sweet little whistle. Miss Turpin sang some snatches of ballads very

woman, and has only to stick to what she touches much as they should be sung, -we saw here an to make that sweet also. As its name imports, THEATRICALS 'original two-act comedy,” (we quote from the

the odds were “Six to Four on the Colonel at bill,) which was first produced on Saturday last.

starting. The lead was taken and kept, and the It is scarcely necessary at this eleventh hour to

owner, or author, is clearly entitled to the stakes. The play of Henry III.' by M. Alexandre

detail the plot; but it may be well to state that
Dumas, was given here on Saturday last. It has
it turns mainly on the rash determinations, and

As if determined to justify the remarks we
been previously made known to the English
as ready abandonments of those determinations,

have made above, the management has showered public through the inedium of a clever but someby one Mr. Sudden, in whom, by his re appel

two more new pieces on the town, both of which what heavy translation by Lord Leveson Gower, lation, the reader will easily detect Mr. Farren. were represented for the first time on Thursday -acted at this house, under the title of Cathe- This part is very well planned, and certainly night. The first, called in the bills “an oririne of Cleves. The French play is extremely well executed, by Mr. Buckstone, the author of ginal petite comedy," and entitled 'Ladies at well written, and the principal part is acted by the piece ; yet, if we did not already owe much Court, is stated upon the same indisputable Mdlle. Mars, in a style which throws criticism

to that author, on the score of amusement, and authority, to be by " a celebrated author." We on its back, and makes panegyric cry out for a at the same time like much to speak well of all

have not the honour of knowing whose head this new dictionary. The elegance, the chasteness,

we see, we should be inclined to carp somewhat cap is intended to fit, but have much pleasure the truth, and general beauty of the performance, at one or two little commonplace matters need

in congratulating the little unknown upon his cannot be equalled by any living performer; lessly introduced in it;-such, for instance, as

previously acquired celebrity, seeing how slender
and its occasional power in those parts which
the old and worn-out gag (for it is nothing a chance there is of any accruing to him from

touch on the province of tragedy, has not been
better,) of giving a direction to a servant, then

present exertions. In one respect, it is one evinced by any other actress since the best days letting him get as far as the door--then calling of the grandest pieces we ever saw, for there is of Mrs. Síddons. The acting of Malle. Mars, him back again for a few more words—then

Grand Duke-and a Grand Chamberlainwhen she first appears on the couch in Rug- suffering him to make a second half exit, and

and a singer at the Grand Opera. The grand gieri's apartment, and where she is, for some again having him back again with And, d'ye

chamberlain has a nephew, (or grand nephew, time, between sleeping and waking ; - her hear, Jolin?" and so on continually, until the perhaps,) and he is in love with a milliner-and avowal to St. Megrin of the passion for him whole is wound up with the usual " Oh no

he is also in love with the opera singer-and he which has long been devouring her in secret;

has had some adventure of some sort at some nothing." We object to these messages by inand the thrilling tones of mortal despair in stalments; but Mr. Buckstone is an old and a

time with some countessand the countess which she utters the words “ Rien-rien,” after

clever stager, and “verbum sap.We have said appears to be the mistress of her master, the a vain look round the chamber to discover above, that the interest of this piece turns mainly Grand Duke, and nobly refuses to become his something by which the object of her adoration upon the conduct of a character played by Mr.

wife--and the opera singer goes to the milliner's, may descend from the window, and escape imFarren; but one good turn deserves another,

where she meets the nephew-and the countess pending assassination, will never-can never- and that other is furnished by a part enacted by

comes there too, and meets him also, and they be forgotten by those who were present. To Mrs. Glover. This excellent actress played to

are jealous of one another, and the milliner is know the effect which consummate art can pro- the life a mother anxious to see her daughters jealous of both; and then the milliner is sent for duce in the utterance of the two simple words settled in life; and who accordingly smiles, and

to court, and appears there in fine clothes-and we have quoted, it must be witnessed, for it is

frowns, and coaxes, and storms, as occasion calls obtains from the Grand Duke a pardon for her beyond the reach of imagination. Those words, for, until they are all settled with a vengeance ;

lover, the aforesaid nephew, for something that " Rien-rien,” as delivered by this gifted being, for in the last scene we find these cared for he has done; and she snubs the old chamberlain, will ring in our ears as long as our senses per- young ladies severally united to Poveriy, Vul

who wants to make love to her; and the Grand mit us to have a care or a recollection about | garity, and Imposture. The moral of this piece,

Duke is told that the council waits, and he lets the stage. If it is permitted to joke upon a in both its main intentions, is good-the writing it wait; and some guns are fired, and an insursubject on which we feel so seriously, we should pleasant-and the acting excellent. For fur- | rection is announced; and the Grand Duke says, say that never before was so much made of ther particulars inquire at the theatre, any time

the chamberlain's nephew is at the head of it, nothing. But one or two more opportunities after seven in the evening. We need say no and the nephew comes, and says he isn't, and remain to an English audience of beholding the more-but stop-(as Mr. Sudden says)—"se

talks about saving his country and marrying the passions, as painted by this unrivalled artiste, cond thoughts": --we need say more-and that is milliner; and all this leads to the conclusion of of watching the awful storms and sunny calms this-Mrs. Humby played a little but impor- the piece, which is the only satisfactory concluwith which she alternately agitates and soothes tant character in Mrs. Humby's very best man

sion we came to. There were a few sentences her hearers. Those who have the best taste will ner; and more than that we can't say, whether

of smartish writing here and there; and this is be most eager to seize them. Nothing official we need or not,

all the praise we can, in justice, award to the has been said about this being her last profes

piece-except, that if it is free from attraction, sional visit to London, and we look with confi

it is at least free from offence. If it should have dence to M. Laporte to take care that it is not so. Novelties are produced so fastat this theatre, a run, we think we can guess which way it will

Malle. Taglioni made her last appearance at that they push one another off their stools before be. If we have not been clear in our description Covent Garden on Monday, on which occasion they are well seated. This system is unfair both of the plot, we beg to say, that it is the plot's the last new ballet, ' La Sylphide,' was repeated. to authors and actors, and we much doubt its own fault. The effect of it on us was like lookThe sun of her dancing set in a storm of ap- being beneficial to managers. The rapid suc- ing at a quadrille party without hearing the plause. Here again we feel the want of lan- cession of new parts prevents the possibility of music-one sees people in vigorous commotion guage to express our admiration; nor is it sur- the performers being perfect, even in their ! without being able to imagine what moves them.

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