« السابقةمتابعة »
provided. We know of no publica- to one service more Prayers than many tion which possesses such legitimate people inay have leisure to use, or can expressions of religious feelings as
command attention to profit by them. this now under our review. And, be
Some of them, therefore, may either be sides, each Prayer is not only adapted entirely omitted, or occasionally changed, to the special occasion, but is so dis
or may make two separate acts of devo
tion.”-“May these Prayers become, in posed as to be in its proper place.
the family and the closet of every MeinIn an advertisement prefixed, Mr. ber of our excellent Establishment, a prinClapham says:
ciple of life, a support in sickness, a re“ I have endeavoured so to adapt them
fuge in distress, and an admonition in to the Family, the Closet, the Sacrament, prosperity !” .&c. &c. &c. that every one, whether We have only to add that, solicitalarmed with apprehension, drooping with ous as we are for the welfare of the despondency, or rejoicing in hope, may Established Church, and the practice hold communion with God; and, by of the Gospel morality, we participerseverance in prayer, may at last find pate the feeliugs of the worthy Edi. rest to his soul." "I was farther encou
Lor; and hope that this Volume will raged to make this collection, in the hope that it will be esteemed an useful appen
not only make a part of the library dage to the Family Sermons I have pub
of every Churchman, but will be daily lished, and which, from the patronage they
used both in his family and his closet. have received, have been found, I trust,
Could the Members of the Church productive of good, in deterring from pro
once be brought to appretiate justly Aigacy and vice; in discouraging luke- the value of their religion, and to warmness and indifference in religion; practise it in its purity, Schism, which in elucidating many passages of Scripture now triumphs, would shrink before which perplex the generality of readers ; the Truth. and in demonstrating to the understanding, 4. Gratitude to God for National Mercies: that the doctrines of the Church are indeed the doctrines of the Gospel.”
a Sermon, preached November 18, 1810,
by Robert Young, D. D. Minister of the Mr. Clapham next gives the cha- Scotch Church, London Wall, being the racter of his Author in the language Day set apart, by Authorily, for the putof two celebrated scholars, the late lic Acknowledgment of the Divine GoodBiskop Warburton and Dr. Parr. ness, in the Abundance of the Harvest.
Text, Psalm 107, Verse 8,-" Oh! that “ Bishop Taylor ranks in the very first
men would praise the Lord for his goodclass of English writers. The late Bishop
ness, and for his wonderful works unto Warburton * says, “Tillotson is no orator, the children of men !” Williams and in the Greek and Roman sense of the
Smith; 8vo ; pp. 30. word, like Taylor. You cannot sleep with Taylor; you cannot forbear thinking with
IN this Sermon, which we have
read with pleasure, there evidently Barrow. Taylor and Barrow are incomparably the greatest Preachers and Divines appears a tone of love to God, and of their age.
But my predilection is for regard for our fellow men. Among Taylor. He has all the abundance and the blessings we enjoy, the Doctor solidity of the other, with a ray of lightning thinks that, in this Country, we ought of his own, which, if he did not derive it to be thankful, not only that we from Demosthenes and Tully, has, at have lived so long under a mercileast, as noble and generous an original.' ful King and Governor, and that we And a greater than Warburton has said t, enjoy the liberty of conscience, de
Ofteu has my mind hung with foudness nied to many ; but also that we ought and with admiration over the clouded, yet to be thankful for the plenty we enclear and luminous galaxies of imagery, joy, in consequence of the abundant diffused through the works of Bishop Taylor.' In the Prayers which compose this
harvest; which are the principal tovolume, I knov not whether I shall have
picks of the Sermon. more exquisitely gratified taste, or more
In speaking of the liberty of conefficaciously assisted devotion. As speci- science we enjoy, the Doctor, in the mens of composition, they exhibit the
Notes at the end of the Sermon, com'happy union of eloquence and piety."- pares the present state of the Country I have, in various instances, appropriated with that of former times, and quotes
these beautiful words of Graham on * Warburton's Letters to Hurd. Let the Sabbath : ter L.
co blissful days! + Dr. Parr. Şee Tracts by Warburton When all men worship God as conscience and a Warburtonian.
Par other times our fathers' grandsires Th' assembled people dar'd in face of knew,
To worship God, or even at the dead (day to A virtuous race, to godliness devote. Of night, save when the wintry storm What though the Sceptic's scorn hath dar'd rav'd fierce,
[blood to soil
(the men And thunder-peals compelled the men of The record of their fame! What though To couch within their dens : Then dauntOf worldly miods have dar'd to stigmatise lessly
[deep dell, The sister cause, Religion and the Law, The scatter'd few would meet, in some With Superstition's name. Yet, yet, their By rocks o'er-canopied, to hear the voice deeds,
Their faithful Pastor's voice. He by the Their constancy in torture and in death,
gleam These on Tradition's longue shall live, Of sheeted lightning op'd the Sacred Book, these shall
And words of confort spake: over their On History's honest page be pictur’d bright
[young To latest times.
His accents soothing came as to her With them each day was holy-every hour The heathfowl's plumes, when at the close They stood prepar'd to die “a people
[simple maids. She gathers in mournful her brood disTo death-Old men, and youths, and By murd'rous sport, and o'er the remnant With them each day was holy--but that spreads
[breast [Lord fondly her wings : close nestling 'neath her On which the Angel said, " See where the They, cherishd, cower amid the purple Was laid,' joyous arose, to die that day
blooms." Was bliss. Long ere the dawn, by devious ways,
(wastes, they sought 5. Memoirs of the Life of Peter Daniel O'er hills, through wonds, o'er dreary Huet, Bishop of Avranches : zeritten by The upland muo's, where rivers there but Himself, and translated from the original brooks
[brooks Latin, with copious Notes, biographical Despart to different seas : fast by such and critical, by John Aikin, M. D. In A little glen is sometiines scoop'd, a plat Two Volumes; 8vo ; Longman and Co. With greensward gay, and flowers that and Cadell and Davies. strangers seem
The dedication of these Memoirs Amid the heathery wild, that all around is to William Roscoe, esq. ; and, Dr. Fatigues the eye.
In solilules like these, Aikin observes, had it been a matter Thy persecuted children, Scoria, foil'd
of consideration with him to whom A Tyrant's and a Bigol's bloody laws.
he could, with the greatest propriety, There, leaning on his spear (one of th' array
offer a work including the view of a That in the times of old bad scatld the most interesting literary period, no On England's banner, and had powerless
name would more immediately occur struck
(host to him than that of the Biographer Th’infatuate monarch, and his wav'ring of Lorenzo de Medici and Leo the Yet rang'd itself to aid his son dethron'd), Tenth. To this consideration, he The lyart veieran heard the word of God, ailds the recollection that Mr. Roscoe By Cameron thuniler'd, or by BENWICK was the beloved associate of his youth, pour'd
[loud the object of his peculiar respect and In gentle stream: then rose the sons, the esteem, and one of those remaining Acclaim of praise : the wheeling plover friends for whoin he feels the “ warm
ceas'd Her plaint--the solitary place was g'ad,
est affection." And, on the distant cairns, the watcher's
The Translator's Preface observes, ear*
that it is barely possible the biograCaught doubtfully at times the breeze- phical narratives of eminent men, But years more gloomy follow'd; and no written by themselves, should fail to
possess both useful instruction and
*“Sentinels were placed on the surrounding hills, to give warning of the approach of the military.
+ "The father durst mot receive his son, nor the wife her husband : the country was prohibited to harbour the fugitives, and the ports were shut against their escape by sea. When expelled from their homes, they resided in caves, among morasses anu mountains, or met by stealth or by night for worship. But, whenever the mountain-men, as they were styled, were discovered, the hue and cry was ordered to be raised. They were pursued, and frequently shot by the military, or sought with more iasidious diligence by the spies, informers, and officers of justice: and, on some occasions, it appears, that the sagacity of dogs was employed to track their footsteps, and explore their lurking retreals.---Laing's History, vol. 2."
amusement. An author knows of guarded disclosures will occasionally
'The Translator's observations on
own mind." student of human nature, and, perhaps, M. Huet was celebrated in the age afford more important lessons to the in which he lived for his various moralist, thau all that he acted upon works, the result of profound learuthe open theatre of the world ?”. The ing and excellent endowments of Translator admits that this species of mind. At the same time, Dr. A. narrative is liable to one objection, wishes that he may not be understood from the facility it affords to those as advancing, that the subject of bis who wish to deceive; but he thinks a labours ranked “among men of the very slight degree of sagacity will first order of intellect ;" but be filled enable the reader to detect an attempt one of those spaces in literary history of this kind. The motives on which which is too firmly associated with a person acts who offers his life to the durable monuments of lettered posterity may be readily imagined ; industry to be in danger of perishing, he wishes to appear to advantage, to the incidents of his life differed but inform the world of the merits of his little from ihose of the generality of mind and actions, which he supposes scholars and ecclesiastics ; yet there to be unknown or undervalued, and, were peculiarities in the manner of finally, to remove prejudices, either his training to each of the above cha. real or imaginary ; indeed, it is next racters, that render him a distinct to impossible that he should be en- individual in those orders of inen. tirely free from these propensities. As he long enjoyed the controul of “ Even they who appear the most his own actions, he was enabled to frank and undisguised have their re
choose his company,
his studies, and serves and glosses; and it is a shrewd places of residence. From his very remark of Bayle concerning Cardan, youth he had been an enquirer on that, freely as he has exposed inany religious subjects; and, equally conof his vices and frailties, a well-in- nected with Catholics and Protestants, formed observer of his character and “he imbibed a degree of learned conduct, who should have written bis Catholicism which, did not entirely life, would have made public much to quit hiw even when become a Prehis discredit that he has suppressed.” late ;" causing a more general acDr. Aikin thinks, besides, that there quaintance with his literary contem-. is an indiscreet loquacity apparent in poraries, than could have been the the works of those who undertake case had he been confined to a reli. to produce erroneous impressions in gious order, or destined to an ex, their favour, which will always serve clusive priesthood. “On these vac to counteract their efforts. . Un rious accounts, added to a lise pro
tracted to acarly a century, the bio. had their respective partisans. Lord graphy of few men aîords so wide a Herbert of Cherbury and Vannini also basis for the superstructure of a disseminated their deistical and atheliterary history of the age in which istical opinions, which roused into he tourished.” Although Dr. A. very action many defenders of Religion and properly resolved not to anticipate Revelation upon general grounds. the narrative of M. Huet, or to at. These various causes, operating in tempt the raising of any preposses
the minds of most men, produced sions in his favour, he thought it earnest speculations on theological right to premise in his Introduction subjects, “ to which they brought the "a sumnary view of the state of same resources of learning and arguEuropean literature, anteriorly to ment that have since, though perhaps the cominencement of this Biogra- with improved skill and accuracy, phical History, or in the early part been employed on those topics." of the 17th century ;" thus enabling Aristotle, whose authority in the the reader of it to form a correct idea schools had remained undisputed for of the vature of the education likely ages, was now doomed to sustain nuto be received by a youth, when merous attacks from speculators in Huet entered upon his studies; besides abstract philosophy; and some learn“ the progress that had already been ed persons attempted the revival of made in those branches of science and Platonism ; oihers appeared to be literature, which he and his contem- attached to the system of the Stoics, poraries were engaged in cultivating."? particularly in morals ; and those
Although the period had elapsed daring geniuses, Jordano Bruno which restored classical age to and Cardan,” had proposed new me. Italy, the eifect of it was visible in thods of philosophising, though with the remainder of Europe, where the little success: but, upon the whole, antient languages were correctly un- it was evident that the human intellect derstood, and a pure taste in compo- “could no longer bear the restraint sition prevailed. Scaliger, Casaubon, which had been imposed upon it.” Grotius, Meursius, Gruter, Daniel Bacon had lately published those great Heinsius, Ritterhuysius, Larthius, works which were destined to effect a Dousa, Gerard Johu Vossius, and nighty change in the pursuit of knowSalmasius, were a criticalgroupe which ledge in general; but it does not apwonld “ confer lustre on any period pear that their influence was imine. of philology.” The literati of the diate. Natural philosophy had recountry just mentioned had avoided ceived due attention; and Tycho theological controversy, till the pro- Brahe, of whoin much is said in the gress of the Reformation compelled Memoirs before us, had made many them to contend against the violcnt valuable discoveries in astronomy. At attacks of its proinoters. In the length Galileo diffused a bright and foremost rank of the Roman Catholic unextinguishable light over physical champions were the Cardinals Baro- science; and, being followed by nius and Bellarmine, who were sup- Torricelli and other eminent disciples, ported by many others; to whom, introduced that broad day of knowDr. A. remarks, " the inexhaustible ledge which has since shone upon the wealth of the Romislı see administered world.” Kepler, who deserved equal substantial aliment." Sarpi main- credit for his advances in the science tained a dauntless front agaiust Papal of geometry, applied his skill with usurpations, but acquiesced in the such success in investigating the laws general doctrines of bis religion ; and which govern the motions of the beaGrotius commented on the Scriptures venly bodies, that he afforded Deswith exquisite penetration and Icarn- cartes and Newton the basis for their ing, without adopting the doctrines sublime discoveries. Several eminent of any particular sect of Christianis. anatomists had carried their researches Duplessis Mornai, and Dumoulin, into the animal economy to a very pleaded the cause of the Reformed re- prosperous length; " and that funda ligion in France, and it had able advo- mental law, the circulation of the cates in different parts of the continent. blood, bad been demonstrated by The Separatists were at the same Harvey a short time before the birth moment engaged in their own con- of our Author.” troversies, and Arminius and Gomarus Dr. Aikin farther observes, that
though, on the whole, the state of to every foreign nation; nor was the human knowledge might be consi- stock of our Latin currency of more dered as then only in its infancy, com- account. The civil commotions of pared with the consequences of sub- England were equally disadvantagesequent efforts of genius, yet the im- ous; and those whose minds were by pulse was given, and the mind directed this means diverted from learned purinto the true channel. The art of suits fell insensibly into the prevailing writing well was by no means un- infatuation for political and theologiknown, and respectable models for cal controversy. Perhaps,” says initation existed in nearly every spe- Dr. A. “ sew British names, except cies of composition ; yet taste wanted those of Bacon, Camden, Buchanan, greater refinement, and learning still Selden, and Usber, were familiar tó continued debased by pedantry. At the scholars of the rest of Europe, in the period of Hoet's entrance into his the earlier part of the seventeenth literary career, Italy had lost the su
century.". In France, the University premacy it once possessed, which in- of Paris had always possessed illusduced the learned and candid Tira- trious members; and Huet found maboschi to remark, in the Preface to ny examples of literary eminence, the Eighth Volume of his History of who had ** decorated the age of RichItalian literature, “ that whereas he lieu, which was introductory to that of had found it necessary to employ three Lewis XIV.” The civil law received voluines on the literature of the six- much improvement by the labours of teentlicentury, that of the seventeenth the professors of other French Uniwould occupy only one ;” and he does versities; and inany persons of the not deny that this circunstance was legal profession distinguished them. in great part owing to the declension selves as writers on various subjects, of letters in the latter period. As The language of the country under the freedom of discussion was watched consideration altained great excelin the Papal dominions with scrupu- lence; and Dr. A. is of opinion, that lous jealousy, Huct's acquaintance the celebrated “ Provincial Letters” with the Italian literati was very furnished Huet a specimen for imitalimited.
tion " which has scarcely admitted Holland, having had the liberality any subscquent improvement." The and circumspection to confide their Latin, besides, was cultivated with universities to men of known abilities equal success in prose and verse. At alone, and to invite their professors this period Corneille furnished the from all parts of Europe, with the French stage with master · pieces, additional advantage derived from a which rendered it the rival of that of
" seems to bave been the Greece ; and the Lilerati were then magazine whence the greatest number commencing their long career ofexcelof valuable publications issued, and lence in polite literature. The birth of the chief centre of learned commu- Huet happening in a provincial town nication throughout Europe." "The was not an unfavourable circumstance thirty years war in wbich Germany in the formation of his mind.“ Caen, had been engaged, was a sufficient the seat of an University, and long reason for the decline of literature one of the head-quarters of Calvinism, there; yet, with this dreadful disad- had imbibed a learned tincture, and vantage attending it, that country had not lost the regularily of manners contrived to maintain the reputation which usually accompanies a Reformwhich it had acquired for solid eru- ing sect.” The Jesuits, particularly dition, though many of her learned celebrated for their ardeni promotion sons were compelled to seek that en- of the interests of learning, had succouragement abroad which was devied ceeded in securing the principal share them at home. The English language of the arduous task of instructing seemed, at the time Dr. A. is now youth, “ and presented in their col. treating of, to be universally neglect- lege those incitements and aids to ed and despised on the Continent, early study, which have pre-eminently where, he observes, it was as little distinguished the seminaries of their understood and read, “ as those of order." Though it must be admitted Denmark and Sweden may now he ;” that the cultivation of the mind had thus, though we had formed a flou- reached a greater degree of perfection rishing school of literature, it was lost in the metropolis of France, yet Huet