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While the learning of England was Mr. URBAN,

Dec. 20. confined, before file aircula Porn, tingYou need some have recentlycena people were content with the taste. sions on the novel of the Monastery. less ribaldry of Scogan, and but little It certainly does not exhibit those io. improvement is to be discovered in teresting particulars of character and the Merrie Tales' of the succeeding incident, which accompany the preage. The Wits of Elizabeth, if they ceding works of the Author: but I produced no refinement in anecdote, do not conceive this deficiency, in its at least brought it into a smaller cir utmost extent, to have even the “ alicle, filled by works in which we take quando bonus dormitat Homerus," but a deep interest : the earlier collec- to arise in part from the plan, and in tions may serve to dispel the vapours part from the subject. of ao idle hour, but the jests of Tarle The plan seems to be formed on a ton and Peele are of higher rauk; in fatality, exhibited in the agency perusing them, we find ourselves, as Spirit, like the Hamlet of Shakspeare. it were, in the company of living There does not seem, in this view, personages, the manners of former

any more objection to the White ages are brought nearer to the view, Lady, than there would be to the play and our imagination gradually as in question, because the existence of

a convivial cast. An hour ghosts is dubious. The tale is not makes us as familiar with mine host. one of History or Biography. It is ess of Wyco or the poetical Tap: professedly a fiction; and every novelsfer in Pye Corner, as if we had tasted writer knows, that the common inci. their ale: we see the Jester himself, dents of life do not furnish the requinot upon the slage, but in his cham site materials for his work. There ber, with “his wife plucking of larks," must be character and event, strongly and his daughter “turniog of the spit,” diversified and

The while his means are low; or making Poetical Justice or fortunate catasmerry with his boon.coinpapions in trophes, hair-breadth escapes and miFriday-street, when fortune bad be raculous coincidences, essential to the come more kind. Whilst the plan, interest of this kind of writing, are which is to procure bis friend a sup all equally out of life, i. e. though per, is in agitation, we feel an inte possible are not probable : and to rest for the poor famished wight, and object to a Spirit so adınirably introapplaud the scheme, however disho. duced, as it is in the Monastery, with nest, which provides him with a meal. such exquisite poetical invocations, In the more copious . Budgets of Wit,' like those of Ariel in the Tempest, is the character of the Jester is lost to somewhat like wishing for a plumbus, for a single anecdote conveys but pudding without plumbs, or a pantolittle information ; which is not the inime without its conjuration. case with works dedicated to tbe The subject of the Monastery could pranks of a single individual. Gior not, in its nature, abound with the gione (who died in 1511) *, employed incident belonging to other topicks. his whole talent to manifest that Paint. The only obsolete matter would have ing possesses as extensive a power as been: legend and fictitious miracle, Sculpture, and contrived to repre which might have been, indeed, spar. sent every side of a man's body in ingly used; but if used at all, would the same picture, by the aid of re have only excited contempt in proflection, from water at his feet, a testant readers. The Author has mirror at his side, and a suit of shin. adhered to the standard authority of ing armour : in the same

Mr. Fosbrooke; and Monks were is every trait of character or dispo- characters in still life. Political Hissition reflecled by the diversified tory can indeed furdish character and Tales in the collection now before incident of the most interesting kind, us, as minutely as if the subject had

in scenery and adventures of perpetual been investigated, and a disquisition bustle, novelty, and most romantic drawn up upon it.

cast; but, in the uniform sameness of Yours, &c.

J. T. M. Monastic life, we can only expect

subtle investigations of character, and

nice shades of discrimination. Father * Biog. Dict. Eustace is au admirable picture of bi.



PART II.] Scogan.-Tour through Germany, in 1818. 593 gotry, talent, and firmness, in his joculator), there can be little doubt own way; and the mere spinster Ave. that he was the Henricus Scogun, pell and Glendinning are in perfect Armiger, who occurs among the keeping, as characters belonging to gentry having letters of protection to the age, i. e. without any intellectual attend King Richard II. into Ireland, cast.

in the year 1399. I could enlarge much further : but Yours, &c. Philo-SCOGAN. think I have said enough to show, that if the Sculptor of the Laocoon, which is the sublime of expression, LETTERS FROM THE CONTINENT. had also executed a statue io repose, (Continued from p. 514.) it does not justify censure, that the

LETTER XII. effect is inferior to that of his other work. The idea is of a distinct kind.

Frankfort, Aug. 24, 1818. Yours, &c.


Aug. 22. A"the thermometer was

T British Museum, 52. There is a fortification on the Mr. UBBAN,

Dec. 30. hill above Kirn; the town stands in A!

LTHOUGH the subject of Sco a narrow part of the valley of the

gan has occupied no inconsi. Nah. On leaving Kirn, we travelled derable portion of your pages, the three miles along this valley, which following particulars, relating to the was almost shut in by bills; it afterJester of that name, may perhaps find wards expanded. We occasionally a place in some future Number. Mr. saw ruined Castles and Convents, in Malone, together with Tyrwhitt, picturesque situations on eminences. doubts the existence of such a person; Afterwards the valley became less inwhile Ritsoo, preferring facts to the teresting. We passed through some opinion of those learned editors, has old towns with ruined fortifications, left us little doubt upon the subject. and arrived to breakfast at Sobern

Drayton, in the preface to his heim. This is also an old walled Eclogues, says, that the Colin Clouk town. Jo one part of our way to it, of Scogan, under Henry the Seventh, the River Nah has shisted its course is pretty :" this piece was probably from one side of the valley to the pastoral.

other, and has left an old bridge on But to turn to more ancient au dry ground. On quitting Sobernthorities, Holinshed, enumerating the heim, we also left the valley, and great men under Edward IV. makes proceeded over a very hilly country mention of “ Scogan, a learned gen. till we descended again into the same tleman, and student for a time in Ox- valley Dear Kreutznach. Abodl half ford, of a pleasaunt witte, and bent to a mile from that town, a tree was merry devises, in respect whereof he placed across the road to signify it was called to the courte, where giv was under repair, and not then passing himselfe to his naturall inclina able. We proceeded across a field tion of mirthe and pleasauot pastime, and down a narrow bye lane to a he plaied many sporting parts, al farm-house ; where was a ford. Here thoughe not in suche uncivil maner the lane was blocked by some carts, as hath beene of hym reported." one of which had stuck fast and was

Although the editors of Shakspeare unable to cross the ford. Whilst we have doubled whether Scogan really were waiting, a young man came up, existed, it is clear that he died, from and asked in French if we were Engthe following epitaph, which throws lish. He then said in English that he some light upon his character; it is had studied the lauguage at Kreutzpreserved in a coulemporary Ms. nach: he spoke it in a very broken Harl. Bib. 1587.

manner, but intelligibly; and expressed “ Hic jacet in tumulo corpus Scogan ecce

great satisfaction in meeting with two Johannis,

(annis; Englishmen. As soon as the obstrucSit tibi pro speculo, letus fuit ejus in tion was removed, we crossed the Læti transibunt, transitus vitare nequibunt; ford, and arrived at Kreutzbach, Qud nescimus ibunt, vinosi citd peribunt.” where our engagement with the Ger

As to the elder person of this name nan postillion from Treves ended. (so frequently confounded with the Kreutznach is a town of some size Gent. Mag. Suppl. XC. Part II,

and с

and importance, at which a Newspa. preter, to what inn io MAYÉNCB we
per is published. It stands pleasantly wished to be driven. We arrived
on the Nah. There are three Churches, there in the dusk. Our inn, the Hotel
one of wbich is Roman Catholic, ano de l'Empereur, was a picturesque old
ther Lutheran, and a third Reform building near the East end of the Ca-
ed. This towo now belongs to Prus- thedral, in the close.--I have already
sia. After dinner, we proceeded with inentioned a part of this country as
very good horses at the rate of seven belonging to Holland, other part to
miles an hour to Bingen; distant Prussiama slice to Oldenburg. We
about eight miles. The valley of the are now in the territories of Hesse
Nah extended three or four wiles : Darmstadt; and Hesse Homberg has
the hills began to be inconsiderable, a part not far distant. Hesse Darm-
and, as we approached Bingen, the stadt begins at Bingen. It is sup-
line of the valley could scarcely be posed further changes will be made
traced. In the mean time the pros at the approaching Congress. There
pect opened upon us of the long chain is a large garrison of Austrians and
of hills on the East side of the Rhine, Prussians in Mayence; the town is
the uneven outline of wbich was very strongly fortified, and 400 sol-
strongly marked by a clear horizon, diers are at work upon the ramparts,
and a bright sky. The extent of &c. The River is admitted into the
these hills from South to North ap- sluices. This town claims the ioven-
peared about forly miles. On ap- tion of printing, but Strasburgh con-
proaching Bingen, a very bold high tests it.
hill appeared on the opposite bank of August 23.-We supped on Satur-
the Rhine, in front of us, clothed to day night at a large table d'hôte.
the summit with vines, and crowned French was little understood by the
with wood. Ao old Castle projected waiters. At breakfast this morning
near the bottom. We crossed the two gentlemen who came in, shook
Nah (which now appeared to be a hands with the waiter and kissed bim.
very considerable river), by a good The Cathedral is an old irregular
bridge near its confluence with the Saxon building of red stone, with a
Rhine ; and at length came in sight dome, or rather a tower, progres-
of this celebrated river ; but the road sively tapering. This building is
was not sufficiently near to enable us called, as at Treves, the Dome. It is
to judge of its magnitude. Bingen, a picturesque and strikiog object from
where we changed horses, is an old the Rhine, and in any view of the
close-built town on the Rhine. The town. Io the interior ibe usual order
Church is lofty, and must, when seen of things iš reversed. The entrance
from the River, have a picturesque is at the East end ; and the building
appearance. On leaving Bingen the rises by several steps to a Chapel at
road for two or three miles lay close the West end ; so tbat there is no-
to the Rhine ; and the view of the thing but the situation of the Altar
bold hills opposite, and the project to designate the East. The high Al-
ing Castle, was very grand. The tar stands at the lowest or East end.
River is here about half a mile The door is in the side aile. I look-
broad, and reminded us of the Straits ed into different Churches this moro-
of Menai. Our road soon quilted the ing: at the doors of which candles
River; the shore on both sides be were sold as at Ghent and Antwerp.
came tamer ; on the East side the From pine to eleven there was a
bills, though high, were at a consi- grand mass at the Cathedral; a fino
derable distance, and on the side we military band was placed on the steps
travelled, the country was an exten- at the West end, on one side of which
sive plain, covered with vines ; we is the organ. The band and the or-
soon lost sight of the River. We gan alternately played pieces of music
changed horses at Heider-lugelheim, by way of symphony; some of these
half way to Mayence. Though we pieces were beautifully soft, with solo
were now on a broad and much tra. parts for a clarionet; in others, the
velled great post road, the postillion trumpets and kettle-drums so unded a
had coarse canvas trowsers, and no sort of flourish or alarm. the con-
stockings or boots. He did not un- gregation filled the whole body of
derstand French, nor could we make the Courch; and there were no cbairs.
him comprehend, except by an inter- Tbe siogiog was in upison, by all the


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PART 11.] Tour through Germany, in 1818.-Mayence.

593 congregation joining in full chorus, water. I walked over the bridge in accompanied by the organ; which five minutes and a halt, at the rate had, in so large a building, and so of about four miles an hour. A little full a congregation, a very striking below the bridge are 36 floating corneffect. The service was concluded by mills in the stream of the River. a procession of the host down the These are moored together like the Church with banners flying ; the mili- boats. They are always going, and tary band playing a march; the prin- making a poise like the sea : they cipal officiating priest, a young man, grind a prodigious quantity of corn. had a wreath of flowers round his It being Suoday the shops were shut head.-- This Church contains a num. during the day; but at dinner (at ber of fine old monuments of Bishops one o'clock) at ihe table d'hôte, au and Founders. The outside suffered Italian, with his wife and daughter, much during the siege by the Allies played on guitars, and sang scenes in 1792; and the adjoining. Church from Operas ; after which, tumbling of Notre Dame was reduced to ruins. children were introduced. We sat This, from the few remains of it next to a Mr. Ogle, an English Gen which appear, was an elegant build- tleman, who had been travelling three ing in the ornamented Gothic stile.

years on the Continent. At two We looked into the Church of St. Au o'clock the great bell rang for a sergustine, where, as at the Cathedral, mon at the Cathedral. There was a young Priests were officiating. They full attentive congregation. It was had been ordained the day before, an extempore discourse in German : and tbis was their first appearance at

and the Preacher's tope and manner the different Churches ; at wbich were very grotesque. I went from they, exclusively, officiated. A part thence to the Protestant Church, a of the procession here struck me, small building; but service had endwhich I was not near enough to ob- ed. It was then not three o'clock. serve at the Cathedral; in the con At three, vespers began at the Cathecluding ceremony, the priocipal Priest, dral. The congregation chanted to a young man, having a garland round the organ, which played long symhis temples, was accompanied by a phonies between each verse. girl of twelve or thirteen years of We went from thence to the bandage, in white; both with clasped some modern Church of St. Igoatius, hands. On inquiry, we found that which has a shewy organ; very she represented the Church ; the splendid altars and lights, and a richly Church is the Priest's bride, whom painted roof.-- There was

a very he had the preceding day spiritually crowded Church ; and the young, espoused ; and the garland on his Priests were employed. In front of bead was in honour of his nuptials. the organ was a military band; and St. Augustine's is a modern Church, between every verse of the chant with a painted roof, and splendid Al- (which was sung by the congregation tars. The town is old and irregular, in loud chorus to the organ), the mibut has a number of handsome public litary band, and the organ, alterbuildings. It stands close to the nately, played light pieces of musick; Rhine, the country on both sides of one of which was · Giovinette che which is nearly level. A range of fate all'amore," from Mozart's Opera wooded hills is seen to the North- of Don Giovanni; others from Haydo's east, about six miles distant. The Overtures ; the whole was quite in river is rather more than one-third of the theatrical stile, and the symphoa mile wide ; and sq rapid that it has nies were six times the length of the all the appearance of a tide-river-- chant. The occasional rolling of the except that it is the colour of the kettle-drums and blowing of the sea, and tide-rivers are always muddy. trumpets was quite martial. At all One would scarcely suppose that so the Churches, after service, a great large a body of water is fresh. There number of persons staid bebind, and is a bridge of boats across the River. crowded to receive the blessing of These boats are strongly moored to the young Priests who wore garlands. each other ; and covered with planks. They approached and kneeled, and Carriages of all descriptions cross the Priest laid bis hands on their the bridge with perfect safety. It is heads and crossed them, muttering all constructed to rise and fall with the the time, very rapidly. Young chil


dren in arms were brought to receive fast on the road, and passed through the benefit of this ceremony; and se a fertile and nearly level country, coveral of the military attended for the vered with vines. We arrived at purpose.

half-past eleven, at the Hotel d'AngleWe went to the Church of St. Ste terre in FRANKFORT, the most showy phen, which stands on rising ground looking ion we have yet seen. In near the ramparts. It is an old Go- the environs, we passed several villas thic building. I ascended the tower, of merchants. Every town we have near the top of which a man lives, yet seen since we landed on the Conwho used to watch a telegraph; bis tinent, has the appearance of decay, office now is to aların the town in except Paris, which may be considercase of fire. I had a view of the ed stationary; but here, for the first course of the Rhine for several miles, time, we see a town flourishing and and of the hills beyond it. I saw the rich ; buildings and improvements confluence of the Mayne with the going on in every direction. The Rhine, which takes place only half a cause is easily explained. A great mile above Magotz. The hills were part of Germany is supplied with much like the Welsh bills, as seen commodities of all descriptions from from Chester. The lower parts of Prankfort ; these came up the Rhine the hills are covered with vines. The and Mayne from Holland. The shops town was quiet in the evening ; less make no appearance; and the trade stirring than in York on a Sunday; is quite of a wholesale description. but there was dancing in some houses, The people were busy in unpacking even in the middle of the day; and, goods, and fitting up stalls for the we understood, that the cause of the great Fair, which is approaching. quietness in the town was, that a There are no flagged paths in any of place of amusement was open in the the streets. The bouses, though built country, four or five miles off, for of brick, are all covered with white dancing and other diversions.

plaster to resemble stope. It is pleaShowers have been flying about sant to see trade without smoke; the every afternoon for four days, and streets are in general spacious, and the air is cool.

many of the merchants' and bankers' August 24.-This morning at six, houses magnificent; but there are no we set off in the diligence to Franko regularly built streets. The environs fort. This machine carries six ioside, are laid out in gravel walks and and three in front, and has immense shrubberies, and are extremely pleabaskets for luggage. We have now sant. They have not the same stiffgot into a country where the simple ness and formality as the gardens at computation of money by francs and Paris.--We dined at the table d'hôte centimes ceases; and a complicated at one o'clock (it was scarcely lwelve system of florins and krentzers is sub. by York time). Lord Wolfe Mur. stituted. A florin is no specific num ray, a Scotch Lord of Session, and his ber of francs or centimes, nor any Lady, sat next to us. They sailed even number of English pence; and from Leith to Rotterdam, and came the silver pieces io circulation are through Holland, and up the Rhine. worth a fractional number of florins The Lady seems determined to cross and krentzers. It was a bright cold the Samplon into Italy, and my Lord morning The ticket for ihe dili. is willivg to do as she pleases. She gence states, that it is forbidden to speaks French very fluently, and is a smoke in the diligence; but one of most lively and talkative woman. the passengers asked leave of the They recommended us to several inos company, took out his flint and steel, on the road. They had violent tbunand struck a light for his pipe. We der storms in Holland after the heat. passed through the village of Hock- Mr. Gogel, the banker, to whom we heim, from which Hock wine takes had a letter of credit, introduced us its name. We met 80 horses, part of to the Cassino, a suite of handsome the Emperor of Austria's suite, going public rooms for reading, dancing, to Aix-la-Chapelle. Some of them billiards, &c. Forty or fifty Dewswere led horses. There were several papers are taken. Those of London waggons with six borses, and several are about ten days in arriving. coaches and four. His whole retione Though the general aspect of the consists of 400 horses. We got break- town is so pleasing, it contains few


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