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reight have been difficult, even with all these “ appliances frequency and aggravation, shrewd guesses may be made and means to boot,” to have got up such a detailed state- at the progress of a nation in population and in wealth, ment of some of the cases on record, as would have shown, in luxury, refinement, and knowledge, and in the consewith some degree of clearness, the form of procedure ob- quent more marked and felt inequality of rank. served by our Justiciary at that period; but still it was pos- The picture presented to our view, is such as the presible; and, for such an attempt, it is natural to suppose that vious history of Scotland would have led us to expect. Mr Pitcairn's habits, as a regular bred lawyer, would The long and frequent minorities of its kings,—the conhave been of advantage to him. No attempt of this kind, centration of wealth and power in the hands of a not very however, is made : and this we are inclined to regard as numerous nobility,—the close union of these few into a neglect not very pardonable in the editor of a work of clans, by means of frequent intermarriages, had been sucsuch national importance. We have not, after two care- cessful in keeping the executive too weak to organize and ful perusals of the book, been able to ascertain from Mr quiet the country. Literature and science had for some Pitcairn's selections, at what stage of the proceedings, time found their way into the nation ; but they were as or in what manner, the witnesses were examined, or even yet only struggling for a firm footing, even among the whether it were thought necessary to examine them at wealthier and more easy classes. A few bright lights all. We could have wished more clear information on this there were, but the mass of the nation remained as yet particular, for, from what appears, we are inclined to sus-dark--neither softened nor warmed by their ray. Turpect that the officers of the crown were at that time in bulence and rudeness, but, to counterbalance them, a want the practice of receiving the information, upon which of the more polished vices, were the characteristics of sothey proceeded, on oath ; and that if the “ dittay" bore ciety. Among the people had been kindled the zeal of that the communications were so made, or, if the king's an ascetic and intolerant system of religion.
The deep advocate swore to the truth of the facts therein stated, devotion which it recommends as the motive of every acthe assize required no further evidence. The only infor- tion, the rigid correctness of life which it enjoins, were mation we obtain on this point is :—first, in the case of destined, at a later period, to form a peasantry of high
William Huchesoun, and his spous,” (p. 43,) where we and severe moral worth ; but, at that time, they seem but find the woman's prelocutor calling upon the King's advo- to have exaggerated the unquiet and harsh features of the cate to swear to the truth of one of his assertions ;-in the Scottish character. case of Grabame of Fyntrie, (p. 74,) where the “preloqui. In accordance with this sketch, we find, in the book tor" for the panel produced, after the “ dittay" was read, now before us, a court of justice, timid and dilatory in its a letter from one of the pursuers, declaring " that he was proceedings ; interrupted now by the non-appearance of onlie moueit be malice of utheris personnis to persew the the culprit, now by a deficiency in the number of those same;" which does not seem to have been attended to;—and who ought to have taken a part in its deliberations, and not kstly, in the case of Johnne Mayne, (p. 82,) where the unfrequently by the interference of the King. Most of "testimoniallis and writtis" produced both for and against the offences, we have already said, originated in the dis"the pennall" are inserted at full length, but without any turbed political state of the country. We have frequentnotice how or when they were laid before the assize. ly instances of men called on to underly the penalties of The only other ground we have to go upon, is the gene- law for absenting themselves from the King's arms—from ral form of recording the verdict; from which it would the raids, as they were then called. The Court of Justiseem, that the assize were in the habit of retiring imme- ciary seems not unfrequently to have been used by podiately after the reading of the libel, and the conclusion litical parties as a means of wreaking their malice upon of the pleadings to the relevancy, taking with them the each other, after the civil power had wrested their wea"takinnis and depositioneis produceit,” and making up pons from their hands. In the numerous cases of their minds among themselves. This, joined to the pos- “slauchter," when we find a number of men put to the sibility (vide case of Megot and Dobye, pp. 4 and 7) that bar for a murder, we may be almost sure that, in the months might elapse between the commencement and ter- course of a page or two at furthest, we are to find the kin mination of a case, during the whole of which period the of the murdered man arraigned for killing a friend of the jurors were mixing in society as usual, left great room first accused. Comparatively few of these cases of slaughfør undue bias and misrepresentation. For the sake of ter and oppression seem to have had their origin in prihaving some elucidation of this point, as well as for the vate brawls, and these few are confined, in a great meagreat skill and subtlety shown in the drawing of some of sure, to the Highlands and Borders, which, from very the indictments and pleadings on the relevancy, we could different causes, seem to have been equally behind the have wished a greater degree of fulness in the selections; rest of the country in civilisation. Of trenson, we have and we hope to find this wish gratified in future num- ample store in these pages. The murder of Darnley, and bers.
of the two regents, Murray and Lennox; the execuA good number of our readers will, in all probability, tion of Morton and the Raid of Ruthven, occupy a goodly give us small thanks for dwelling so long on this subject. portion of them, and some interesting and authentic, if We can only say, in our defence, that it seemed import- not exactly new information, on these points, is given. ant; and we now turn to that view of the work in which The book bears testimony, in like manner, to the zeal all take an interest—the picture it gives us of the age. with which priests and their favourers were hunted out.
From what we have said of the nature and form of the With regard to private criminality, we are sorry to say Records, the reader will easily conceive that we hear in that three very improper connexions with married wothem, as it were, but the echo of the waves of society men have a prominent place; and that the money and which were at that time lashed into such noise and com- plenishing of the jolly dames seem in all the three to motion. We see the facts through the cold medium of have been the chief object of the gallant, as their waste abbreviated legal forms; and, moreover, the selection of seems to be the chief topic of the husband's complaint. the editor is confined almost exclusively to offences of a In the case of the Mongomeries of Scotstoun, we have a political nature, or connected with political feuds, or ori- tale of the most unmanly and brutal violence that ever ginating in the superstition or bigotry of the age. We disgraced a country's annals, (p. 60.) The only remainare not very conversant with the records of our Justiciary ing matters that can have any interest for a general Court, and cannot, consequently, say from experience reader, are three rather minutely detailed cases of witchwhether the kinds of crime which now-a-days keeps it ex- craft. The first is the case of Bessie Dunlop, (p. 49.) clusively employed, were then thought scarce worthy its This poor woman seems to have been a visionary: there notice ; but if theft, fraud, and such matters, are to be is nothing malicious in her self-delusion, nor impure in found in the original, we should have liked to have found the feelings upon which her day-dreams seem to have some notice of them here ; for, from their comparative been founded." Though all had been true that was laid
to her charge, we cannot for our life see its guilt. Her ists--11th, Church Establishment- 12th, Blencathrastory contains an interesting exposition of the popular Threlkeld Tarn- The Cliffords Privileged Orders, The superstition of the time. The case of Alesoun Peirsoun American Government- 13th, The River Greta-Trade (p. 161) is yet more pitiable. She seems to have been - Population-Colonies—14th, The Library—15th, The alike weak and sickly in body and in mind. The fearful | Conclusion-A number of learned Notes and an Appendix reality with which her nightmare dreams presented are added. themselves to her fancy, is the only crime that we find It will thus be seen that a great variety of subjects come brought home to her. There is not even an allegation under discussion, on all of which something is said worth that she ever did, or wished, harm to any human being. reading, though on some of them Mr Southey holds peruYet both of these women were burnt by the orders of liar tenets, with which we are by no means disposed to men, who showed themselves in other matters noways agree, and his enlarging upon which, may prevent his book deficient in strength or acuteness of intellect. The case from becoming so popular, as on the whole it deserves. The of Lady Fowlis is one of a more criminal cast. It is one conversations are supposed to take place between the spiwhere we admit the justice of the ultimate sentence, not- ritual essence of Sir Thomas More (who is allowed to rewithstanding the ridiculous by-ways by which it is come visit the glimpses of the sun for this special purpose) and
Mr Southey himself, under the fanciful name of Montesinos. This is a dreary view of human nature; but what else We must refer our readers to the work for any accurate nois to be looked for in the records of crime? On the tion of its contents; but one or two short and detached passwhole, this book is an interesting one, and worthy of the ages we shall have much pleasure in extracting, as specipublic attention. If some parts of the detail of its execution be amended in the future numbers, it will prove lates to one of his own likes,
mens of our author's truly excellent style. The first rehighly valuable.
We have felt considerably interested (and perhaps our feelings may be shared by some of our readers) to find, in pe
“ A tall, raw-boned, hard-featured North Briton said rusing these volumes, those whose names we have been ac
one day to one of our Keswick guides, at a moment when çustomed to meet with only in the narrative of high poli- your lake; it's a poor piece of water, with some shabby
I happened to be passing by, 'Well, I have been to look at tical emulation, or (higher yet) in the poet's song, dischar- inouitains round about it.' He had seen it in a cold, dark, ging quietly the ordinary avocations of life. That the names cheerless autumnal afternoon, to as great a disadvantage as, of Darnley, Morton, and Gowrie should occur, and that our | I suppose, from the stamp of his visage, and the tone and distinguished lawyers should play a distinguished part in temper of his voice, he could have wished to see it, for it these annals, was to have been expected; but among the light it up. I have visited the Scotch Lakes in a kindlier
was plain he carried no sunshine in himself wherewith to jurymen also, we meet with old acquaintances. We have disposition; and the remembrance of them will ever be only time to specify George Heriot, goldsmith. His ha- cherished among my most delightful reminiscences of natubit of serving as juryman, sufficiently accounts for the inti- ral scenery. I have seen also the finest of the Alpine lakes, mate acquaintance he displayed in after life with the law of and felt on my return from both countries, that if Ders Scotland, as the reader may find recorded in the pages of went water has neither the severe grandeur of the Highland that true history, “ The Fortunes of Nigel.”
waters, nor the luxuriance and sublimity and glory of the Swiss and Italian, it has enough to fill the imagination and
to satisfy the heart."-Vol. i. pp. 237-8. Sir Thomas More; or Colloquies on the Progress and Pros
Our next quotation we consider a passage of much pects of Society. By Robert Southey, Esq. LL. D. Poet
beauty : Laureat, &c. &c. &c. with Plates. Two vols. London. John Murray. 1829.
“ Surely to the sincere believer, death would be an obThe purity of Mr Southey's style, and the varied stores ject of desire instead of dread, were it not for those tiesof his information, make him the best writer of English | those heart-strings-by which we are attached to life. Nor prose now living. We do not mean to apply this praise so
indeed do I believe that it is natural to fear death, howmuch to his matter, as to his execution; for though the for- ever generally it may be thought so. From my own feelmer is commonly far above mediocrity, it is seldom so con
ings I have little right to judge; for, although habitually
mindful that the hour cometh, and even now may be, it has spicuously excellent as the latter.
never appeared actually near enough to make me duly appreThe work which the Poet Laureat has now given to the hend its effect upon myselt. But from what I have obserpublic, is of no small dimensions, and bears the traces of ved, and what I have heard those persons say whose procareful and laborious composition. The great research which fessions lead them to the dying, I ain induced to infer that he displays in the course of it, and the extent of reading and the fear of death is not common, and that where it exists, learning which he calls to his aid, without ostentation or
it proceeds rather from a diseased and enfeebled mind, than
from any principle in our nature. Certain it is, that among pedantry, are perhaps its most prominent features. With the poor, the approach of dissolution is usually regarded many parts of it we have been much pleased. The tone of with a quiet and natural composure, which it is consolatory the whole is grave and dignified, and at the same time be- to contemplate, and which is as far removed from the dead nevolent and gentle. We cannot, however, say that, after palsy of unbelief, as it is from the delirious raptures of a pretty attentive perusal, we have been so much struck fanaticism. Theirs is a true unhesitating faith ; and they with the profandity or originality of the author's views, as
are willing to lay down the burden of a weary life in the
sure and certain hope of a blessed immortality. Who, inwith the copiousness of his illustrations, the fine English deed, is there that would not gladly make the exchange, if he richness and vigour of his style, and the interesting man- lived only for himself, and were to leave none who stood ner in which lighter and more imaginative writing is occa- in need of him, no eyes to weep at his departure, no sionally dovetailed into the serious disquisitions and abstract hearts to ache for his loss? The day of death, says the reasonings in which the work abounds. The Colloquies, of Preacher, is better than the day of one's birth,-a sentence which there are fifteen, bear the following titles : 1st, In- that he has not lived ill, must heartily assent.
to which, whoever has lived long, and may humbly hope
The exceltroduction-2d, The Improvement of the World—3d, The lent Henry Scougal used to say, that, abstracted from the Druidical Stones— Visitations of Pestilence-4th, Feudal will of God, mere curiosity would make him long for anoSlavery-Growth of Pauperism—5th, Decay of the Feudal ther world.' How many of the ancients committed suicide System-Edward VI.-Alfred—6th, Walla Crag, Owen from the mere weariness of life, a conviction of the vanity of Lanark—7th, The Manufacturing System-Sth, Steam of human enjoyments, or to avoid the infirmities of old -War-Prospects of Europe-9th, Derwentwater-Ca- state, not with the hope of change, for in their prospect
age! This, too, in utter uncertainty concerning a future tholic Emancipation-Ireland—10th, Crosthwaite Church there was no hope.; but for the desire of death."-Vol. i. -St Keutigern— The Reformation-Dissenters-Method pp. 241-3.
ON THE FEAR OF DEATH.
The following will be read with interest :
Biographical Sketches and Authentic Anecdotes of Dogs ; MR SOUTHEY'S LITERARY CAREER.
with a copious Appendix on the Breeding, Feeding, Train
ing, Diseases, and Medical Treatment of Dogs, together « Never can any man's life have been past more in accord with his own inclinations, nor more answerably to his own
with a Treatise on the Game Laws. By Captain Thodesires. Excepting that peace, which, through God's in
mas Brown, F.R.S.E., &c. Edinburgh. Oliver and finite mercy, is derived from a higher source, it is to litera
Boyd. 1829. Pp. 570. ture, humanly speaking, that I am beholden, not only for When Pierre says that he is “a friend to dogs," he gives the means of subsistence, but for every blessing which I en- for his reason, that they are “ honest creatures.” Now joy ;-health of body, and activity of mind, contentment, “ honesty” implies virtue, and virtue implies reason, and cheerfulness, continual employment, and therewith conti
reason mind, and mind soul, and soul immortality. This is nual pleasure Suavissima vita indies sentire se fieri meliorem; and this as Bacon has said, and Clarendon repeated, just the point we wish to come to ;-we cannot help belieis the benefit that a studious man enjoys in retirement. To ving that dogs have souls, and that those souls are immortale the studies which I have faithfully pursued, I am indebted Put an intelligent dog by the side of a silly man, and what to friends with whom, hereafter, it will be deemed an ho- will be the result of the comparison ?-unquestionably this, nour to have lived in friendship; and as for the enemies that in all things the quadruped is superior to the bipel, which they have procured to me in sufficient numbers, only, that the one, possessing accidentally the power of happily I am not of the thin-skinned race: they might as well fire small-shot at a rhinoceros, as direct their attacks speech, which has been denied to the other, has been enabled, upon me. In omnibus requiem quæsivi, said Thomas à by the facilities thus afforded for mutual co-operation with Kempis, sed non inveni nisi in angulis et libellis. I too his fellow-men, to make farther advances from a state of have found repose where he did, in books and retirement, primitive nature. Yet even with the vast advantage to be but it was there alone I sought it: to these my nature, under derived from the power of uttering articulate sounds, are the direction of a merciful Providence, led me betimes, and the naked savages of central Africa-men though they be the world can offer nothing which should tempt me from entitled to look down with proud contempt upon the Newthem."-Vol. ii. p. 346.
foundland or the shepherd's dog ? Deprive these savages We subjoin only one other extract on an important sub- of speech, and we question very much whether they would ject, and on which no one has a better right to deliver an conduct themselves with so much moral and intellectual opinion than Mr Southey :
propriety as dogs generally do. And, on the other hand,
give speech to dogs, and thus enable them to form themTHE CORRUPTION OF ENGLISH STYLE.
selves into communities, and we see nothing chimerical in More lasting effect was produced by translators, who, supposing, that their progress in civilisation, science, and in later times, have corrupted our idiom as much as, in early the fine arts, would be great and rapid. Intensity and arones, they enriched our vocabulary; and to this injury the dour of feeling are universally allowed to lie at the foundaScotch have greatly contributed; for, composing in a language which is not their mother tongue, they necessarily tion of the brightest achievements of genius; and where do acquired an artificial and formal style, which, not so much we find such devoted attachment-such unshrinking fidethrough the merit of a few, as owing to the perseverance of lity-such unhesitating confidence—such generous heroisin others, who for half a century seated themselves on the -such disinterested friendship, as in dogs? We ask the bench of criticism, has almost superseded the vernacular question with a grave and melancholy conviction, that the English of Addison and Swift. Our journals, indeed, have been the great corrupters of our style, and continue to be so; his sentiments expression, clothing them in the pleasant
answer must be—“ Nowhere !” Man, it is true, can give and not for this reason only. Men who write in newspapers, and magazines, and reviews, write for present effect; garb of flowery language, and thus attach to them an imin most cases, this is as much their natural and proper aim, portance which they do not possess, and an apparent duraas it would be in public speaking; but when it is so, they bility which is no part of their nature; but then how are the consider, like public speakers, not so much what is accurate virtues which he can thus occasionally display alloyed and deof just, either in matter or manner, as what will be accept-based by the continual intermixture of more sordid elements! able to those whom they address. Writing also under the excitement of emulation and rivalry, they seek, by all the Dogs cannot blazon forth their good deeds, nor can they artifices and efforts of an ambitious style, to dazzle their write sonnets to the lady of their love; but if their lives are Teaders; and they are wise in their generation, experience more obscure, they are far less characterized by the indulhaving shown that common minds are taken by glittering gence of vice and unholy passions. Far better to shake the faults, both in prose and verse, as larks are with looking- honest paw of a dumb Newfoundland dog, than to grasp the glasses “ In this school it is that most writers are now trained ;
hand of many a plodder through the tawdry meanness of and after such training, any thing like an easy and natural his selfish life ! movement is as little to be looked for in their compositions,
If any one wishes to entertain enlarged and enlightened as in the step of a dancing-master. To the views of' style, opinions regarding this noble class of animals, (whether he which are thus generated, there must be added the inaccu- coincide in the sentiments we have just expressed or not, ) let racies inevitably arising from haste, when a certain quanti- him peruse these “ Biographical Sketches” and “ Authenty of matter is to be supplied for a daily or weekly publica- tic Anecdotes” just published by Captain Brown. He will fidence as well as fatigue and inattention will produce,—and here find, besides a mass of highly useful and delightful inthe barbarisms which are the effect of ignorance, or that formation regarding the natural history and habits of every swattering of knowledge which serves only to render igno- species of dog, upwards of two hundred and twenty anecdotes, rance presumptuous. These are the causes of corruption illustrative of their dispositions, and all of the most enterin our current style; and when these are considered, there taining kind. Captain Brown has pursued his subject with the last century might become as obsolete as ours in the indefatigable industry and enthusiasm, and hesitates not to like process of time, if we had not in our Liturgy and our express his conviction, that the dog “ possesses intellectual Bible
, a standard from which it will not be possible wholly qualities of a much higher nature than mere instinct, and w depart."— Vol. ii. pp. 390-3.
that many of his actions must be ascribed to the exercise of These volumes are got up in a manner which reflects reason, in the proper sense of the word.” Elsewhere he credit even on Mr Murray, and are enriched with several dwells on the unsullied and inviolable ardour and purity of beautiful engravings. There can be little doubt that they to anticipate, bis master's wishes, on his dread of giving of
the dog's attachment,-on his anxiety to execute, and even of the most industrious, learned, and zealous authors of the fence.--on his zeal, vigour, and gratitude for the little kind
nesses be receives,-on his firmness in submitting to punishment, and on his indignation at unmerited injury. With such dispositions and capabilities, give dogs language, and
THE ENGLISH GREYHOUND.
ANECDOTES OF THE NEWFOUNDLAND DOG.
why might we not see among them orators, statesmen, poets, ing, is beyond human calculation, for her road lay through and warriors ? Educate them on the system of Lancaster, sheep the whole way. Her master's heart smote him Hamilton, or Sheriff Wood, and we feel certain that many when he saw what she had suffered and effected : but she of them would make the best wranglers of Cambridge and was nothing daunted, and having deposited her young Oxford look to their laurels.
one in a place of safety, she again set out full speed to the Without farther preface, we shall present our readers hills, and brought another and another, till she removed with a few amusing extracts from this work, the whole of her whole litter one by one ; but the last one was dead. which we have read with the highest satisfaction. Our I give this as I have heard it related by the country people ; first quotation treats of
for though I knew Mr Walter Steel well enough, I cannot say I ever heard it from his own mouth. I never enter
tained any doubt, however, of the truth of the relation ; “ We owe much of the superiority of our present breed and certainly it is worthy of being preserved, for the of greyhounds to the perseverance and judgment of the credit of that most docile and affectionate of all animals, late Earl of Oxford, of Houghton in Norfolk; and it is the shepherd's dog.”—Pp. 159, 160. supposed he obtained the great depth of chest and strength But, in a state of purity, and uncontaminated, by a mixof his breed from crossing with the bull-dog. At his ture with any inferior race, the Newfoundland dog is undeath his greyhounds were sold by auction, and some of questionably the noblest of all. His docility, his sagacity, his best were purchased by Colonel Thornton; from one his anxiety to excel, the pliability of his temper, his fidelity, of them, Claret, which was put to a favourite bitch of and activity, are all conspicuous. We select, though almost Major Topham's, was produced the best greyhound that at random, a few of our author's anecdotes, illustrative of ever appeared, Snowball; although, indeed, he was nearly this animal's character. No one can read them without equalled by his brothers, Major and Sylvia, who were all feeling that the Newfoundland dog has a right to be viewed of the same litter. They were never beaten, and may be as a friend and fellow-creature. considered as examples of the most perfect greyhound. The shape, make, elegant structure, and other character
« There is another remarkable instance which also came istics of high blood, were equally distinguishable in all the under the observation of the owner of the dog just menthree; the colour of Snowball was a jet-black, and, when tioned.
One of the magistrates of Harbour-Grace had in good running condition, was as fine in the skin as black
an old animal of this kind, which was in the habit of satin. Major and Sylvia were singularly, but beautifully, carrying a lantern before his master at night, as steadily brindled. Snowball won ten large pieces of silver plate, as the most attentive servant could do, stopping short and upwards of forty matches, his master having accepted when he made a stop, and proceeding when he saw him every challenge, whatever might be the dogs of different disposed to follow. If his owner was from home, as counties which were brought against him. His descend
soon as the lantern was fixed to his mouth, and the comants have generally been equally successful. The last mand given, · Go, fetch thy master,' he would immematch run by this celebrated dog was against the famous diately set off, and proceed directly to the town, which greyhound Speed, the property of Hall Plumber, Esq. of lay at a distance of more than a mile from the place of Bilton Park, in the West Riding of Yorkshire. He his residence. When there, he stopped at the door of gained the match; and so severe was the run, that Speed every house which he knew his master was in the habit died soon after it. This terminated the career of Snow- of frequenting ; and, laying down his lantern, would ball's public coursing, as the owner, in consideration of growl and beat at the door, making all the noise in his his age, then declared he should never run another. This power, until it was opened. If his owner was not there, dog was perhaps the fleetest of his race that ever ran, and, he would proceed farther in the same manner, until he like the Flying Childers, which was the swiftest of found him. If he had accompanied him only once into horses, may never be outstripped in rapidity of move- a house, this was sufficient to induce him to take that ments."--Pp. 109, 110.
house in his round."---P. 206. One of the most placid, obedient, serene, and grateful “ A gentleman residing in the city of London was gomembers of the canine race, is the shepherd's dog, whose ing one afternoon to his country cottage, accompanied by greatest delight seems to be when he is employed in any Cæsar, a favourite Newfoundland dog, when he recolkind of useful service. Captain Brown has given many lected that he had the key of a cellaret, which would be anecdotes of this animal's instinctive propensity to industry, wanted at home during his absence. Having accustomed and inviolable fidelity; but we have room for only one, his dog to carry things, he sent him back with the key; which, we believe, has been supplied by Mr Hogg :
the dog executed his commission, and afterwards rejoined THE SHErherd's Dog.
his master, who discovered that he had been fighting, and
was much torn about the head. The cause he afterwards “ Mr Steel, flesher in Peebles, had such an implicit de- learned on his return to town in the evening. Cæsar, pendence on the attention of his dog to his orders, that, while passing with the key, was attacked by a ferocious whenever he put a lot of sheep before her, he took a pride dog belonging to a butcher, against which he made no in leaving them to herself, and either remained to take a resistance, but tore himself away without relinquishing glass with the farmer of whom he had made the purchase, his charge. After delivering the key in town, he reor took another road, to look after bargains or other busi- turned the same way, and, on reaching the butcher's ness. But one time he chanced to commit a drove to her shop from which he had been assailed, he stopped and charge at a place called Willenslee, without attending to her looked out for his antagonist; the dog again sallied forth, condition as he ought to have done. This farm is tive miles
-Cæsar attacked him with a fury which nothing but from Peebles, over wild hills, and there is no regularly revenge for past wrongs could have inspired, nor did he detined path to it. Whether Mr Steel remained behind, quit his enemy until he had laid him dead at his feet.”— or chose another road, I know not ; but, on coming home Pp. 208, 209. late in the evening, he was astonished at hearing that his
“ Mr M‘Intyre, patent-mangle manufacturer, Regent faithful animal had not made her appearance with the Bridge, Edinburgh, has a dog of the Newfoundland breed, tlock. He and his son, or servant, instantly prepared to crossed with some other, named Dandie, whose sagacious set out by different paths in search of her ; but, on their qualifications are truly astonishing, and almost incredible. going out to the street, there was she coming with the As the animal continues daily to give the most striking drove, no one missing; and, marvellous to relate, she proofs of his powers, he is well known in the neighbourwas carrying a young pup in her inouth! She had been hood, and any person may satisfy himself of the reality taken in travail on those hills; and how the poor beast of those facts, many of which the writer has himself had had contrived to manage the drove in her state of suffer- the pleasure to witness.
" When Mr M. is in company, how numerous soever him till he reach his home, and then return to his masit may be, if he but say to the dog, · Dandie, bring me ter, how great soever the distance may be."--- Pp. 218-22. ny hat,' he immediately picks out the hat from all the “ The late Rev. James Simpson of the Potterrow conothers, and puts it in his master's hands. A pack of cards gregation, Edinburgh, had a large dog of the Newfounds being scattered in the room, if his master has previously land breed. At that time he lived at Libberton, a disselected one of them, the dog will find it out and bring it tance of two miles from Edinburgh, in a house to which to him.
was attached a garden. One sacrament Sunday the ser: “ One evening, some gentlemen being in company, one vant, who was left at home in charge of the house, of them accidentally dropped a shilling on the floor, thought it a good opportunity to entertain her friends, as which, after the most careful search, could not be found. her master and mistress were not likely to return home Mr M. seeing his dog sitting in a corner, and looking as till after the evening's service, about nine o'clock. During if quite unconscious of what was passing, said to him, the day, the dog accompanied them through the garden, • Dandie, find us the shilling, and you shall have a bis- and indeed every place they went, in the most attentive cuit.' The dog immediately jumped upon the table and manner, and seemed well pleased. In the evening, when laid down the shilling, which he had previously picked the time arrived that the party meant to separate, they up without having been perceived.
proceeded to do so, but the dog, the instant they went to “ One time having been left in a room in the house of the door, interposed, and placing himself before it, would Mrs Thomas, High Street, he remained quiet for a con- not allow one of them to touch the handle. On their siderable time ; but as no one opened the door, he be- persisting and attempting to use force, he became furious ; came impatient, and rang the bell; and when the servant and in a menacing manner drove them back to the kitchen; opened the door, she was surprised to find the dog pull- where he kept them until the arrival of Mr and Mrs ing the bell-rope. Since that period, which was the first Simpson, who were surprised to find the party at so late time he was observed to do it, he pulls the bell whenever an hour, and more so to see the dog standing sentinel he is desired; and what appears still more remarkable, if over them. Being thus detected, the servant acknowthere is no bell-rope in the room, he will examine the ledged the whole circumstances, and her friends were altable, and if he finds a hand-bell, he takes it in his mouth lowed to depart, after being admonished by the worthy and rings it.
divine in regard to the proper use of the Sabbath. They “ Mr M. having one evening supped with a friend, on could not but consider the dog as instrumental in the his return home, as it was rather late, he found all the hand of Providence to point out the impropriety of spendfamily in bed. He could not find his boot-jack in the ing this holy day in feasting rather than in the duties of place where it usually lay, nor could he find it anywhere religion."— Pp. 227-8. in the room, after the strictest search. He then said to
A circumstance, indicative of the sagacity of a Newfounda his dog, Dandie, I cannot find my boot-jack,--search land dog, has come under our own observation, which is for it." The faithful animal, quite sensible of what had perhaps worth stating :-In his early youth, the dog to been said to him, scratched at the room-door, which his which we allude had been called Hector, but passing into master opened— Dandie proceeded to a very distant part the possession of a new master, he was re-baptised Nero. of the house, and soon returned, carrying in his mouth He soon got not only reconciled to his new name, but much the boot-jack, which Mr M. now recollected to have left fonder of it than his old one, seeing that his master preferthat morning under a sofa.
“A number of gentlemen, well acquainted with Dandie, red it; and what we consider remarkable, is, that when are daily in the habit of giving him a penny, which he any one, either through mistake or ignorance, still called takes to a baker's shop, and purchases bread for himself. him Hector, he never failed to testify his displeasure by One of these gentlemen, who lives in James's Square, growling, and sometimes even by more active measures. It when passing some time ago, was accosted by Dandie, in
was plain that he did not agree with Shakspeare in thinkexpectation of his usual present. Mr T. then said to
ing there was no value in a name. bim, “I have not a penny with me to-day, but I have
We subjoin three miscellaneous anecdotes, which are cuone at home.' Having returned to his house some time rious, though not more so than many others we are obliged after, he heard a noise at the door, which was opened by
to omit : the servant, when in sprang Dandie to receive his penny. In a frolic Mr T. gave him a bad one, which he, as
“ My friend Robert Wilkie, Esq. of Ladythorn, in usual, carried to the baker, but was refused his bread, as the county of Northumberland, had a black Poodle, which the money was bad. He immediately returned to Mr he had instructed to go through the agonies of dying in a T.'s
, knocked at the door, and when the servant opened very correct manner. When he was ordered to die, he it, laid the penny down at her feet, and walked off, would tumble over on one side, and then stretch himself seemingly with the greatest contempt.
out, and move his hind legs in such a way as expressed “Although Dandie, in general, makes an immediate that he was in great pain; first slowly, and afterwards purchase of bread with the money which he receives, yet very quick; and after a few convulsive throbs, indicated the following circumstance clearly demonstrates that he by putting his head and whole body in motion, he would possesses more prudent foresight than many who are reck- stretch out all his limbs and cease to move, as if he had oned rational beings.
expired, lying on his back, with his legs turned upwards. “ One Sunday, when it was very unlikely that he In this situation he remained motionless till he had his could have received a present of money, Dandie was ob- master's commands to get up.”—P. 248. served to bring home a loaf. Mr M. being somewhat
A PUZZLING DILEMMA. surprised at this, desired the servant to search the room “ There was a French dog which was taught by his to see if any money could be found. While she was en- master to execute various commissions, and, among others, gaged in this task, the dog seemed quite unconcerned till to fetch him victuals from the traiteurs in a basket. One we approached the bed, when he ran to her, and gently evening, when the dog was returning to his master thus drew her back from it. Mr M. then secured the dog, furnished, two other dogs, attracted by the savoury smell which kept struggling and growling while the servant of the petits pâtés that this new messenger was carrying, Want under the bed, where she found 74d. under a bit of determined to attack him. The dog put his basket on the cloth; but from that time he never could endure the girl, ground, and set himself courageously against the first that and was frequently observed to hide the money in a cor advanced ; but while he was engaged with the one assailner of a saw-pit, under the dust.
ant, the other ran to the basket, and began to help him“When Mr M. has company, if he desire the dog to self. At length, seeing that there was no chance of beatse any one of the gentlemen home, it will walk with ing both the dogs, and saving his master's dinner, he
A DRAMATIC POODLE.