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LITERATURE AND SCIENCE.
TOPOGRAPHICAL LIBRARIES. OUR Publication has now, for own, that many works on the subject are nearly a century, encouraged the very scarce, some unique, and of some no study of Antiquity and Topography, copy is known to be in existence. through all the changes of public nade to such purts of miscellaneous works
2. Under the next head, references are taste. We therefore feel some interest belonging to the Institution, as relate to ip being the means of circulating a
Lincoloshire. Many of these are more plan for the promotion of our favour- important than some works written ex, ite pursuit. There are
pressly on the County Topography, and County Towns in which a Stock sometimes occur, where the title of the Library is not established ; and it is book would not lead us to expect such in. proposed that the managers of these formation. This branch, however, must Libraries should make it a peculiar always remain imperfect, though the Liobject to collect the Topography of brary contains many such publications of their own Counties. This is not diffi- considerable value. The great parliacult vor expensive, and may be of mentary returns are a deficiency, which infinite utility. The City of Lincoln
it may hereafter be proper to supply.
3. A distinct head has been devoted to has already set an example with some success, but the following Report numerous and important, and include acts
local Acts of Parliament. These are very will best explain the object and the for drainages, canals, inclosures, roads, details.
harbours, houses of industry, and many RePORT.
other local objects. With these, very im. The design of the Topographical Col. portant interests and rights of property lection will best appear from a short are involved, yet there is no accessible view of the Catalogue, which contains an collection on the subject. Many of these account of such articles as are now in the acts are only found in manuscript, and it possession of the Lincolo Library. It is is an actual fact, that Commissioners have divided loosely into such heads as natu. sat under Acts of Parliament, of which rally present themselves for arranging only one copy could be found in the such a miscellaneous body of documents. County.
1. The first head consists of Printed 4. A head is allowed for the proceed. Works, relating exclusively or principally ings of public Bodies under Charters or to any part of the county. The titles of Acts of Parliament. To this class may these books are entered at length. It is
be referred addresses, and lists of voters to be lamented, that among them there is at elections, exhibiting an interesting not to be found any regular County His
view of the state of public feeling and potory ; a deficiency which cannot be attri. litical parties, and the state of property buted to any want of interesting materials, at different periods and at different places. as no county has exhibited, more exten. This class includes also charters, the prosive agricultural improvements, or greater ceedings, surveys, and orders of the Comefforts in drainages or other public works;
missioners and Trustees, and such pampband certainly few present a more exten- lets and other papers as have appeared sive field of ecclesiastical antiquities. on public subjects, often serving as saluThe magnitude of the undertaking, and tary cautions or judicious precedents for the want of an accessible collection of the future. It is indeed sufficiently obdocuments, has hitherto prevented any vious, that any person comes with the adequate attempt. It has, however, had greatest advantage to the discharge of a the effect of inducing ingenious persons public office, who has an accurate view of to undertake accounts of their own neigh. its previous management, its failures and bourhood. Such works are numerous and valuable ; the greater proportion are al- 5. It is very creditable to the county of ready in the library, and it would not Lincolo, that the next head is of considerrequire a large sum to make the collec- able magnitude. It relates to all private tion in some degree complete. This, it is Associations, for benevolent, intellectual, presumed, would meet the wishes of the or other purposes ; it contains rules proprietors, among whom the antiquarian of such bodies, lists of their members, department has always many readers. So reports of their proceedings, and all other small, however, is the interest which other papers which may illustrate their consticounties feel in any Topography but their tution and management. It includes Gent. Mag, Suppl, XC. Part II.
Wills and other documents relative to sent year, certain members of the Com. Charitable foundations, papers concern. mittee were requested to turn their altening Hospitals, Dispensaries, Saving Banks, tion to it, and to expend a sum for carryFriendly Societies, Religious Associations, ing the design into effect. They have Libraries, Book Clubs, Reading Rooms, made some progress already. Circulars Schools, with a number of bodies, whose have been written to the principal Bookexistence is not sufficiently known to the sellers of the County, many of whom are public. There are many wealthy and themselves good Antiquaries, giving an benevolent persons, to whom such a col. extensive view of the plan, and requesting lection would afford opportunity of select- them to send a priced list of articles in ing the most proper objects of support their possession, that an order might be It would also suggest improvements in given for such as are not already in the their management, by showing how simi. Library. Application has also been made lar institutions are conducted elsewhere, to some professional Gentlemen in the and would suggest their establishment neighbourhood, who have shewn a most where they do not already exist.
liberal feeling on the subject. This 6. A division for Miscellaneous Papers source, however, bas only been slightly has been allowed. It would include Prints, drawn upon ; neither has application yet Plans, Drawings, Monumental Inscrip- been made to such gentlemen as have tions, Genealogies, Manuscript Articles been in the habit of acting as Commissionof ecclesiastical and parocbial history, ers under Acts of Parliament, and who surveys of manors, with a large mass of have it in their power to render very valumiscellaneous materials, of great value able assistance. There are also many to future inquirers, and highly useful to literary Gentlemen of eminence in the persons in want of any local information. County, to whom application will best be
A place in this Catalogue has been set made, when the Collection has taken an apart for such documents as are not in established form. The principal reliance, the collection of the Library. This will however, must be upon the exertions of have the advantage of directing the atten- the Society itself. It will be proper to tion of the proprietors to such articles as appoint annually some active member of are wanted to complete the design. It the Committee, who may take au interest will be useful in itself, as showing the ex- in the subject, to expend a liberal sum tent of the department, and as pointing upon this department.
It will also be out where any very rare or valuable docu- proper to impress upon the Proprietors ment can be referred to, in the possession at large, that the great mass of a topoof an individual or public body.
graphical collection is not an object of A few words should be added as to the direct purchase, but must be left to the progress which has been made in this de. iudustry of individuals. No article should sigo. The attention of the Institution be considered too trifling for this purpose; was first directed to it by the President though each may have a small intrinsic of 1818, but from peculiar circumstances, value, yet the whole collected may be nothing material could then be effected. interesting and important for the purposes The Committee bave however, since that of reference and comparison; nor should time, leaned very favourably towards the it be forgotten, that this is a design in purchase of such topographical works as which it is, ių the power of every one to have been proposed to them. In the pre- be useful.
E. F. B.
CELEBRATION OF OLIVER GOLDSMITH's BIRTH-DAY. IN page 445, we briefly noticed the ce- sufficiently aware of the great value of lebration of the Birth-day of this eminent education, particularly of that description poet, which took place on the 29th of No- of it which has been denominated Classi. vember at Ballynahon, in the county of cal-how it distinguishes one man from Longford, in the immediate vicinity of another, almost as much as nature has which the Poet was. born, in the house of distinguished man from the order of beings his maternal grandfather, the Rev. Oliver below him in the creation. Education of Jones, Curate of Forney, on the 29th of that kind acquires and preserves rank in November, 1728.
society, as well as the means of supporting On the opening of the business, the Rev. that rank. Countless families bare risen Mr. GRAHAM, of Lifford, addressed the by it into opulence and distinction-witmeeting nearly in the following words : vess the descendants of men of the differ
" We are assembled here, Gentlemen, ent Learned Professions, who are now in upon an occasion as interesting to the almost every county of Ireland proprietors scholar, the philosopher, or the statesman, of that soil on which the founders of their as any other which has occurred in this families, with difficulty, obtained the rudiisland for many centuries. We are all ments of the education which raised them
from the lower walks of life, to be Rulers the subject of a Monument in honour of of the land, to sit among Princes: and as Oliver Goldsmith, that prodigy of talent many at least have, by the neglect of edu. and purity, considering the time in which cation, fallen in a generation or two from he lived, and the low state of Literature in the highest walks of life, into the lowest the country which produced him. His state of obscurity and indigence. Con. Poetry stands unrivalled at this day, nected most intimately with the cause of for true sublimity and genuine pathos. Education, is that of Literature, by which Disdaining the meretricious the minds of mankind are smoothed, har. and gaudy imagery which characterizes monized, and rendered capable of calmly more than one of our modern Poets, his investigating truth, and separating it from finds the way at once to the heart ; and falsehood ; and by it, next to the divine such is the classical purity of his muse, influence of the Christian faith, are men that no sentiment is to be found in his rescued from that degraded demi-savage charming Poems, which the most scrupu. state, which ever prevails in the absence lou, father would withhold from the pure of Education, rendering them unsocial, and uncorrupted mind of his child. The diffident, suspicious, and hostile to the same observation may be made of his slightest gleam of the light of knowledge, Prose ; his unrivalled Vicar of Wakefield, which never fails to prove offensive to eyes his Citizen of the World, his Essays, his habituated to darkness
Abridgment of History-in fact, to use the “ Omnes hi metuunt versus, odere Poetas." words of a distinguished Christian philo,
The press is ever charged with elec- sopher, who was never known to give such tric horrors for them ~ 6. Quisquis tibi tie unqualified praise to any other writer, anmet, odit, horret." From such persons
cient or modern, only may we expect either opposition or “Nullum fere scribendi genus non tetigit, want of support on the present occasion, Nullum quod tetigit non ornavit, and of such a Trulleberian race did Sive risus essent movendi, Goldsmith himself speak in his letter to
Sive lachrymæ, his brother-in-law, Daniel Hudson, Esq. Affectuum potens, at lenis dominator,. directed to the post-office of Ballyma. Ingenio sublimis, vividus, versatilis, hon, on the 27th of December, 1757, Oratione grandis, nitidus, venustus." in which the following passages may " But, superadded to his general merit be found : “ Unaccountable, indeed, is it, as a Poet, a Philosopher, and Historian, that a man should have an affection for a
Goldsmith possesses a more endearing place, who never received, when in it, claim, if possible, upon the veneration of above common civility, who never brought his country; unlike Swift, Congreve, and any thing out of it but his brogue and his others, he never denied his country, or left blanders. But to be serious, let me ask it a matter of doubt to posterity; on the inyself what gives me a wish to see Ire contrary, we see that although he had left land again-the country is a fine one, per- it early and poorm-though he could boast haps ? No. There are good company in of having received no more than common Ireland ? No, the conversation is there civility in it, and but little of that even made up of an obscene toast, or an impro- from persons on whom he had the strongper song, the vivacity supported by some est claim, the love of Ireland was ever uphumble cousin, who has just folly enough permost in bis mind wherever he went. to earn his dinner. Then, perhaps, there Her lovely scenery is immortalized in his is more wit and learning among the Irish ? poems, and he never gave up his intention No; there is more money spent in the en- of returning to the spot where first he drew couragement of a favourite race
his breath, “till he resigned that breath there, one season, than given in rewards in the arms of a beloved countryman, who to men of learning since the times of attended his death-bed with the tender so. Usher."
licitude of an affectionate brother.” To “ But the times, Gentlemen, are now his brother, the Rev. Henry Goldsmith, at altered for the better in all parts of the Lissoy, was bis “ Traveller” addressed, British Empire, as well as in Ireland, "We and to the post office of Ballymahon the now hear of Poets purchasing estates, of packel, containing that immortal Poem, Booksellers enrolled among the Legislators was directed. That Lissoy is the identiof the Realm ; and when a man writes, cal spot from which he drew the enchantnone of his friends (as in the days of Gold- ing scenery of his “ Deserted Village, smith) imagine that he starves, or that he has been demonstrated by the late ingelives in a garret. We, therefore, consi. nious Dr. Newell, of Cambridge University, der this to be a favourable opportunity of who a few years ago republished his paying a debt of public gratitude, too poems, with drawings of the Parsonagelong due, and hitherto most shamefully house, the Church, the Mill, and the Hawneglected, and, therefore, have called this
thorn tree, accompanied by potes, which meeting, in the hope of its proving the put the maller beyond all doubt to those means of drawing the public attention to
acquainted with the local bistory of the
country; and this demonstration, Gentle. erection of some testimonial equally wor. men, came from the pen of a learned thy of his memory and the spirit of a CounEnglishman, notwithstanding a line or ty which claims the honour of his birth. two in the Poem which would seem to in- 6. The necessity of our being among the dicate that the description was intended first to carry so just and so patriotic an for an English village :
undertaking into effect, may be readily “A time there was, ere England's griefs proved. I need not inform you, Gentle. began,
men, that the natal spot of Goldsmith, as When ev'ry rood of ground maintain'd well as that of Homer, is in some danger it's man."
of being disputed by posterity. Such has “ The scene of his celebrated Comedybeen the blundering stupidity of several of “ The Mistakes of a Night," was laid in the early Editors of our Poet's Works, in the town of Ardagh, in this immediate' the biographical scraps which they preneighbourhood, as related in Otridge's fixed to them, that one of them tells us he splendid -edition of his works, and con- was born at Elphin, in the county of Rosfirmed to me by the late Sir Thomas Fe. common, merely because he had many retherston, Bart. a short time before his lations in that neighbourhood, and among death. Some friend had given the young them his cousin german, the grandfather Puet a present of a guinea on his going of my venerable friend here, John Gold. from his mother's residence in this town, smith, of Ballyoughter, Esq. ; and in the to a school in Edgeworths' town, where, it very same page almost, gives us his epiappears, he finished his education, of which taph, written by Dr. Johnson, directly conhe received the rudiments from the Rev. tradicting that alleg ion in these words, Mr. Hughes, Vicar of this parish. He had which are inscribed on his monument in diverted himself on the way the whole day, Westminster Abbey : by viewing the gentlemen's seats on the “Natus in Hiberniả Forniæ Longfordiensis road, until the fall of night, when he found
In loco cui nomen Pallas." himself a mile or two out of his direct road, “ Another biographer, worthy to be in the middle of the street of Ardagh. classed among the early editors of Shaks. Here he inquired for the best house in the peare, gives the origioal words of this epiplace, meaning an inn; but being wilfully taph, and translates them thus in a paralmisunderstood by a wag, a fencing.mašter del column, trausferring the birth place of of the name of Kelly, who boasted of hav- the poet into the county of Wexfording been the instructor of the celebrated “ He was born at Fernes, in the province Marquis of Granby, he was directed to of Leinster, at a place where Pallas had the large old-fashioned residence of Sir set her name." An unlucky mistake reRalph Fetherston, the landlord of the town, specting the natal spot of our poet, occurs where he was shewn into the parlour, when also on the books of Trinity-College, owing he found the hospitable master of the to the residence of his uncle, Henry, at house sitting by a good fire. His mistake Lissoy, or the circumstance of his father was immediately perceived by Sir Ralph, having resided there the entry runs thus: who being a man of humour, and well ac. -" 1744, Olivarius Goldsmith, Siz. Filius quainted with the Poet's family,encouraged Caroli Clerici, ann, agens 15, natus in Cohim in the deception. Goldsmith ordered mitatu Westmeath, educatus sub Ferula a good supper, invited his host and the fa- M. Hughes-Tutor, M. Wilder." But, mily to partake of it, treated them with a notwithstanding these very contradictory bottle or two of wine, and at going to bed, statements, we may give full credit to the ordered a hot cake to be prepared for his united testimony of many respectable perbreakfast; nor was it till his departure, sons, including some of the nearest relawhen he called for the bill, that he disco- tions of the Poet, but lately gone to their vered that while he imagined he was at an graves, that Oliver Goldsmith, who has inn, he had been hospitably entertained in been, in the same spirit of error, so often a private family of the first rank in the denominated a Doctor, was born within country.
a mile and a half of Ballymabon, on the “ It was originally intended, Gentle- southern bank of the river Inny, at Pallas, men, to hold this first anniversary of the in the parish of Cloncalla, commonly birth of our Poet in Dublin, where, at this. called Forney. The walls of the house are season of the year, we might hope for an yet standing; the roof fell in but two attendance far more numerous than under years ago ; it is distiuctly visible from the any circumstances could be hoped for canal between this and Tenelick, and in here; but it occurred to some of us, bound it, perhaps, rather than on any other spot, by ties whose force the Poet felt, that in even his beloved "mount before Lissoy this neighbourhood, if not in this very spot, gate,” should his monumental pillar be directly opposite 'to the house in which he erected. The name of the townland in dwelt for many a year with his widowed which this interesting ruin stands is spelled mother, the proceedings ought to com- Pallice in our barony books; but those mence, which will, we hope, lead to the
who can feel the charm of classic allusion of Goldsmith's family, and to the acquaintunder such a temptation, will readily par- ance of his nephew, Mr. William Hudson, don the great Anlæus of Literature, the au. whose beautiful elegy on the death of se. thor of the Dictionary of the English Lan. veral members of his family, including the guage, for having once in his life-time Poet, bears the strongest marks of heredispelled a word erroneously. This evi- tary genius *, and the lost stanza of which derce, Gentlemen, I consider to be con- I make no doubt of being able to recover. clusive ; for Dr. Johnson cannot be sup- You may suppose I became interested in posed to have known that such obscure every thing belongiog to the Poet. When places as Pallice or Forney existed, except I setiled on the spot, I attempted to refrom the lips of the Poet himself, who was place some of the almost-forgotten identi. on the most intimate terms of friendship ties that delighted me forty years since. with him.
I rebuilt his “ Three Jolly Pigeons,” re“ If we, in Ballymahon, have on this oc- stored his “ Twelve good Rules, and Royal casion dwelt with too much minuteness Game of Goose,” inclosed his “Hawthorn upon this disputed point, our best apology tree,” now almost cut away by the devo. is, that the contending for the bonour of tion of the literary pilgrims who resort to the birth-place of such an ornament to his it; I also plauted his favourite hill before country, is a pardonable ambition; and Lissoy gate-that spot which presented to it will be recollected, too, in favour of our his eye the most agreeable horizon in naclaim, as well as in apology for our main- ture ; and had not family affairs led me tenance of it, that one of the wishes dear. to reside in England for some years, I est to the Poet's heart, wheu unable to re- should bave doue a great deal more to turn to the place of his nativity, was, that gratify myself, and to point out the loca« his brother and his sister, Lissoy and lities of the charming scene of “ The De. Ballymahon, would altogether make a serted Village." migration to him into the county of Mid. “Some years past, a Gentleman named dlesex.”
Newel, a fellow of Cambridge, came “ We have now, Gentlemen, only to over here on a literary tour, and sketchread some of the many interesting let. ed these scepes alluded to in the Poem, ters addressed to us on this occasion, and with great truth and spirit. On his reafterwards proceed to the consideration of turn to England, be published an edition the most practicable means of accomplish- of Goldsmith's Poems in thin quarto, eming the object of our meeting. Our une bellished by those views, and enriched by dertaking is an honourable one, but we copious notes on the “ Deserted Village, should recollect in limine, that the success proving the scenery of Lissoy to have of it depends upon causes entirely beyond been uppermost in the Poet's iniud, while our control. It is, as it were, a touch composing it. He meant to have followed stone of the times we live in ; if it suc. this up by soliciting subscriptions for ceeds, the Statesman and the Philosopher some public testimonial to the memory may augur favourably of the rising intel- of Goldsmith, on the spot of the “ Deligence and prosperity of our Island—if serted Village," and even on that mount not, the very effort will stand in record on before Lissoy Gate, which he mentioned the pages of our history, to protect this with so much enthusiam in one of his let. generation, at least, from the Baotian im. ters, but Mr. Newel died before he could putation of insensibility to the honour accomplish his wish.” which devolves upon our Country, for hav. Several other letters were read to the ing produced such a man. As for him, meeting. to use the language of one of his earliest John Hogan, Esq. being called to the admirers,
Chair it was Resolved, that a Committee 26 His own harmonious lays and Secretary, should be appointed for the Have sculptur'd out his monument of purpose of managing the concerns of this praise ;
undertaking: and it was also Resolved, These shall survive to Time's remotest day, that Lord Viscount Newcomen and Co. bé While pillars fall,and marble tombs decay." requested to receive the subscriptions.
On the motion of John Hogan, Esq. seExtracts of Letters read at the meeting. conded by John Lyons, of Ladystown,
From Mr., now Sir Walter Scott, dated Esq. the thanks of the meeting were unain April 1818, observing that the neglect nimously voted to the Rev. John Graham, of the birth-place of Goldsmith is rather for his laudable exertions in forwarding discreditable to the country which de. the object of this Meeting and the 29th rives so much honour from his birth. of Nov. 1821, was appointed for the next
From a gentleman present at the meet- Anniversary to be held at Morrison's ing, whose exertions, on this occasion, re- Hotel, Dawson-street, Dublin. ceived the unanimous thanks of those as- At six o'clock, the Company sat down sembled at it, John Hogan, of Aubern, Esq.
" Circumstances led me in the early * See Gent. Mag. vol. LXXXIX. pt. I. part of my life to the knowledge of part p. 162.