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HANS CHRISTIAN ANDERSEN. “He loved home, for he had known what it was to be homeless. He wrote to gladden youthful hearts, for his own warm heart had often craved gladness when he was but a youth."
CHARLES FOLLEN ADAMS.
His humorous writer, author of "The Puzzled Dutchman,” “Pat's
Criticism," and four other poems of this volume, was born in
of New Hampshire. He received a common-school education, leaving school when about fifteen years of age to enter a prominent
business house in Boston. In August, 1862, then being twenty years of
age, he enlisted in the Thirteenth Regiment, Massachusetts Volunteers. He was in the battles of Bull Run, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville and others, was wounded at Gettysburg, July 1, 1863, and held as prisoner for three days until Federal troops retook the town. Upon his return home he resumed business, and is now at the head of a large house in Boston.
His literary pursuits have but lately begun, his first poem having been written in 1870, and his first dialect poem (" The Puzzled Dutchman') in February, 1872. From that time he was an occasional contributor of the local papers, Oliver Optic's Magazine, Scribner's, etc., until 1876, when he became a regular contributor to the Detroit Free Press, his first poem in that paper being “ Leedle Yawcob Strauss,” which first appeared June, 1876. All of his subsequent productions, with the exception of “ Hans and Fritz,” have been written for that paper. His choicest pieces have been selected to enrich the pages of this volume.
BOSEPH ADDISON, who is pre-eminent as an author, essayist, hu
morist, and moralist, was born in Milston, in Wiltshire, England, May 1st, 1672. His father was the Rev. Lancelot Addison. He
attended school at the Charter House, and when about fifteen years of age he entered at the Queen's College, Oxford, with a splendid stock of
the best classical learning. In 1689 he removed to Magdalen College, where he remained about ten years. Before he had decided on the choice of a profession, he became acquainted with Charles Montague, the leading Whig financier. He was persuaded by Montague to decline the clerical profession, which his family preferred for him, and devote himself to the service of the state. In 1705 Addison was appointed Under-Secretary of State. He was elected to Parliament i: 1708, and on one occasion rose to speak, but was overcome by his natural diffidence, and at once abandoned all effort to become a debater. · His literary talents, however, rendered him one of the main men of the Whig party, as at that time public opinion was swayed by the pen more than by the tongue.
Addison was chief secretary to Lord Wharton, who was Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland in 1709. In this year his friend Steele began the issue of “ The Tattler," which afforded Addison a fine opportunity for the display of his genius. His graceful style, genial spirit, excellent invention and inimitable humor rendered “The Tattler" and its successor,
“The Spectator," immensely popular. The latter was issued daily from March 1st, 1711, to December 6th, 1712. In 1714 it reappeared as a tri-weekly. Addison himself wrote nearly one-half the editorial contents of the Spectator, the success of which was quite phenomenal.
On the death of Queen Anne he became secretary to the regency. After that date he again became secretary to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. He afterwards accepted a seat in the Board of Trade and began to publish “ The Freeholder.” He became one of the two principal secretaries of state in the ministry formed in 1717. He remained in office but eleven months ; his retirement was attributed to his ill health and inefficiency as a public speaker. He died on the 17th of June, 1719, and was buried in Westminster Abbey.
Of Addison's conversational powers Lady Mary Montague said, that she had “known all the wits," and that Addison was “the best company in the world." “ Addison's conversation,” said Pope,“ had something in it more charming than I have found in any other man."
ale authoress of the exquisite ballad “Rock me to Sleep, Mother,"
holds a deservedly high place in the esteem of all who love pure and tender sentiment. She was a native of New England, bort
in 1832, and volumes of her poems were published in 1853 and 1867. She subsequently became Mrs. Allen, and lived in Virginia.